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it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him. 33 Hear another parable : There was a certain hous

holder (f) which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a wine-press in it, and

built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and 34 went into a far country. And when the time of

the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the huf

bandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it. 35 And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, 36 and killed another, and stoned another. Again, .he

sent other servants, more than the first: and they 37

did unto them likewise. But last of all, he sent un

to them his son, saying, They will reverence my 38 son. But when the husbandmen saw the son, they

said among themselves, This is the heir, come, let

us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance. 39 And they caught him, and cast him out of the vine40 yard, and flew him. When the Lord therefore of

the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those 41 husbandmen? They say unto him, He will misera

bly destroy those wicked men, and will let out his

vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall ren42 der him the fruits in their seasons. Jesus faith un

to them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the fame is become

the head of the corner : this is the Lord's doing, 43

and it is marvellous in our eyes. Therefore {ay 1 unto you, The kingdom of God fhall be taken from

( The owner of the vineyard is God; the husbandmen are the Jews, his chosen, peculiar, people; the servants were the prophets, who were sent to warn them to give the fruits of a holy and good life. But instead of amending by their admonitions, they put them to death. Thus they did likewise by the Son of God himself. The Jews then being no longer worthy of the divine grace, which they ihus abuled, the vineyard was given to others; i. e. the gospel was preached to other nations, whereby we have been called ont of darkness unto his marvellous light. Let us then take care to walk as children of light, in all holiness and virtue ; for in proportion to The means of grace will be our account at the last day,

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you,

you (8), and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits 44 thereof. And whosoever shall fall on this stone, shall

be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder (b). And when the chief

priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they 46 perceived that he spake of them. But when they

fought to lay hands on him, they feared the multitude, because they took him for a prophet.

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AND Jesus answered and spake unto them again by

parables, and said, The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage (a) 3 for his son, And sent forth his servants to call them

that were bidden to the wedding : and they would 4 not come. Again he fent forth other servants, say

ing, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are

killed, and all things are ready : come unto the mar5 riage. But they made light of it, and went their

ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise : 6 And the remnant took his servants, and entreated 7 them spitefully, and flew them. But when the king

heard thereoj, he was wroth : and he sent forth his

armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burnt up 8 their city. Then faith he to his servants, The wed

ding is ready, but they which were bidden were not (g) You will lose the benefit of the gospel revelation.

(2) Christ proceeds to speak of himself under a figure by which he is often described in Scripture, the rock on which the church is built, and the stone which crowns the building, the stone elect and precious, 1 Pet. ii. 6. the stone cut out without hands, which broke the great image, and filled the whole earth. Dan. ii. 34. And the ineaning of the passage is this; that whosoever fhall oppose Christ, fhall do it in vain, and to his own damage : but whosoever Shall wilfully and finally reject him, upon that man the vengeance of Christ shall fall, to his utter destruction. (a) A marriage feast.

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9 worthy. Go ye therefore into the high-ways, and 10 as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage. So

those servants went out into the high-ways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad

and good : and the wedding was furnished with II guests. And when the king came in to see the guests,

he saw theře a man which had not on a wedding12 garment (6). And he faith unto him, Friend, how

cameft thou in hither, not having a wedding-gar13 ment? And he was speechless (c). Then said the

king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and

take him away, and cast him into outer darkness (d): 14 there fhall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. For

many are called, but few are chosen. 15 Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how 16 they might intangle him in his talk. And they sent

out unto himn their disciples, with the Herodians (e), saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither careft thou for any man; for thou regardest not the person of men.

Tell us therefore, what thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Cesar (f), or not? (b) Considered in a moral and practical light, this parable should teach us the necessity of adorning the soul with all christian graces and virtues, that we may always be in a due fate of preparation to approach God, in any act of religion, and also to stand before him with humble confidence at ibe day of judgment.

(c) He had no reply to make; it being ihe custom in the East for great men to keep a number of garments for their guests to wear on occasions of ceremony and festivity ; so that it was a mark of infolence and contempt in this man, not to put on the garment that was provided for him as well as for the rest.

(d) Turn him out from the guest-chamber, the room where the company, was entertained, a scene of joy and splendor, into a mournful place, answering in a moral fense to Hell, the region of darkness and punishment.

(e) The Pharisees were against paying tribute : but the Herodians were of king Herod's party,

allerted the Roman emperor's right to it. i Cesar was a general title given to all the Roman emperors.

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18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why 19 tempt ye me, ye hypocrites ? Shew me the tribute

money. And they brought unto him a penny (8). 20 And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and 21 superscription? (b) They say unto him, Cesar's. Then

saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Cefar,

the things which are Cesar's : and unto God, the 22 things that are God's. When they had heard thefe

words, they marvelled, and left him, and went their

way. 23 The same day came to him the Sadducees, which

say that there is no resurrection, and asked him, 24 Saying, Mafter, Moses said, If a man die, having

no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and 25

feed unto his brother. Now there were with us feven brethren; and the first, when he had

married a wife, deceased, and having no issue, left 26 his wife unto his brother. Likewise the second also, 27 and the third, unto the seventh. And last of all the 28 woman died also. Therefore in the resurrection,

whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they 29 all had her. Jesus answered and said unto them,

Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the 30 power of God. For in the resurrection they neither

marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the an31 gels of God in heaven. But as touching the resur

rection of the dead, have ye not read that which was 32 spoken unto you by God, saying, I am the God

of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob ? God is not the God of the dead, but of

raise up

(g) The

penny mentioned here and in other passages of the New Tellament, is the Roman penny, equal in value to seyen-pence halfpenny English.

(hí They would not have allowed the Roman-money, which bore the name and head of the emperor, to pass current among them, if they had no been his subje&ts.

33 the living (i). And when the multitude heard this,

they were astonished at his doctrine. 34

But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered to35 gether. Then one of them which was a lawyer,

asked him a question, tempting him, and saying, 36 Master, which is the great commandment in the 37 law? Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord

thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, 38 and with all thy mind. This is the first and great 39 commandment.

And the second is like unto it, 40 Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On 41 these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jefus asked them, Saying, What think ye of

Chrift? Whose son is he? They say unto him, 43 The fon of David. He faith unto them, How then

doth David in spirit call him Lord (k), saying, 44 The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my

right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? 45 If David then call him Lord, how is he his Son? 46 And no man was able to answer him a word (1),

42

(i) To be the God of any person or people was commonly understood by the Jews themselves to imply the being, in a peculiar manner, their benefactor. The full effect of such a promise was not received by Abraham, Ifaac, and Jacob, in this life : yet God was not. ashamed to be called their God, long after their deaths. (See Heb. xi. 16. and Exod. iji. 6.) It follows therefore, that they are not wholly dead, but living, to enjoy in due time the completion of God's promises : for all live unto him; (as St. Luke adds, xx. 38.) though dead to us, they are alive unto God, in whose hands they are, reserved for the great day of reward.

(k) Our blessed Saviour was in his human nature descended from David ; but in a spiritual sense, and in his divine nature, he was his Lord; as David confesseth. Psal. cx. 1:

(1) In their answer they must either have contradicted this declaration of David, or else, they must have condemned themselves for their unbelief.

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