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ominations shall be made only fourteen days previous to the day appointed for the election to be held."-Ibid.

The following is the form of a warrant issued by the Speaker of the Fifty-eighth Assembly to supply a vacancy in the Assembly from the county of Warren.

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"In case of a vacancy in the office of VicePresident of Council, or Speaker of the House of Assembly, then and in that case, it shall be the duty of the Governor of the State, for the time being, to cause the vacancy or vacancies in the Council or House of Assembly, to be filled in the manner prescribed by this act, and the act to which this is a supplement, unless such vacancy shall happen under such circumstances as to induce a belief in said Governor, VicePresident, or Speaker, that the services of such member will not be called for during the remainder of the legislative year then unexpired; Provided nevertheless, That in case the board of chosen freeholders, of the county in which such vacancy shall happen, shall signify in writing to

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Sec. 8. What officers are excluded from holding seats in the Assembly.

"That the Legislative department of this Coony may be preserved as much as possible from all suspicion of corruption, none of the judges of the Supreme Court or other court, sheriffs, or any other person or persons possessed of any post of profit under the government, other than justices of the peace, shall be entitled to a seat in the Assembly; but that on his being elected and taking his seat, his office or post shall be considered as vacant."-Const. Art. 20.

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Sec. 10. Powers of the Legislature.

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It would seem by the implication contained in the constitutional oath of a member of the Legislature, that the Legislature possess every power of legislation which the people could exercise in their primary sovereign capacity, as a simple democracy, and subject to the Constitution, treaties and laws of the United States, excepting an assent to any law, vote, or proceeding, that should annul or repeal that part of the Constitution which establishes, "that the elections of members of the Legislative Council and Assembly shall be annual, or that part respecting the trial by jury, and that shall annul, repeal or alter any part or parts of the eighteenth and nineteenth articles of the same."

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The Legislature have in fact exercised this implied power by the act of June 1st, A. D. 1820, which virtually repeals the fourth article of the Constitution.

With this latitude of constitutional powers, the New Jersey legislator, therefore, in the conscientious discharge of his duties, will regulate his acts by the " public welfare," and the unquestioned incidental powers of legislation.

Sec. 11. Limitation of the powers of the Legislature by the Federal Constitution.

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"Sec. 10. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money, emit bills of credit;

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make any thing but gold and silver coin a ender in payment of debts; pass any bill of ttainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing he obligation of contracts; or grant any title of obility.

"No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the nett produce of all duties and imposts, laid by any State on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress.

"No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of war, in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay."

Sec. 12. Style of Laws, Commissions, Writs, &c. "The laws of this Colony shall begin in the following style, viz.: Be it enacted by the Council and General Assembly of this Colony, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same; that all commissions granted by the Governor or Vice President shall run thus: The Colony of New Jersey, to A. B. &c. greeting:' and that all writs shall likewise run in the name of the

Colony and that all indictments shall conclude

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