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say, aye; contrary opinion, no. The ayes have it. The gentleman from Sussex has leave to introduce the bill." He will then hand the bill to the Clerk, who will read it at length, unless the House agree to take the title, for the first reading, which is usually done upon motion.


"Public Bills are such as are general in their operation and relate to the whole State." erland, 48.

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"Private Bills are local in their nature and are such as are limited in their provisions to particular counties or districts. The Speaker most generally determines whether a bill is public or private, yet the House may determine a bill to be of either description, notwithstanding his opinion may be to the contrary." Ibid 48.

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"That upon an order for a second reading of any private bill, the applicants for said bill at their own expense, shall furnish the usual number of copies, for the use of the members, unless the same be dispensed with by the House."— Rule 16 of Assembly.


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"That when any association shall be formed, for any purpose whatever, after the fourth day of July next, or any person or persons shall be disposed to make application to the Legislature of this State, for an act of incorporation; or any company or association already incorporated, shall be disposed to make application for a renewal of their charter, or any alteration in the law so incorporating them, or when any application shall hereafter be made for the purpose of

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obtaining a law authorizing the erection of a ridge over any navigable water in this State, shall be the duty of such person or persons so poplying or associated, or the directors or cockholders of such incorporation, or some of hem, to signify his or their intention, by adversement, to be inserted for at least six weeks uccessively, previous to making such applicaon, in one or more of the newspapers pubished in the county where the objects of such ncorporation are carried, or intended to be caried into effect, and if no newspaper be published n such county, then in the newspaper or newspapers published nearest to the same; and specify the objects of such incorporation or applications, the amount of capital stock requisite to carry their objects into effect, and in case of an application for any alteration in any charter already granted, it shall be the duty of the stockholders or directors of such incorporation to state in such notice specifically, the alteration so to be applied for, and that due proof shall be made of such notice having been published, previous to leave being given to bring in any bill to comply with such application."-Act of Feb. 14, A. D. 1833. Com. Law, 445.


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After the reading of the minutes, the Speaker will say, "The presentation of petitions and memorials is in order;" when a member who wishes to present a petition will proceed as follows: suppose Mr. Endicott, of Gloucester, desires to present a petition; he will rise in his place and say, "Mr. Speaker! I ask leave to present a petition from a number of the inhabitants of the county of Gloucester, praying for a law authorizing the taxation of bonds and mortgages." No objection being made, the Speaker rarely if every takes the question upon granting leave to present a petition, memorial, or remonstrance, but immediately replies, "the gentleman has leave." Mr. Endicott then sends the petition to the Clerk, and after the reading, the Speaker asks, "What order will the House take in relation to this petition?" A member moves, that "it be referred to the committee on taxation."

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The Speaker then says, "It is moved that this petition be referred to the committee on taxation. As many as are in favor of that motion, will say

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=; contrary opinion, no. The ayes have it. dered to be referred to the Committee on taxa

if a petition is presented upon a subject matwhereon no committee has been appointed; Mr. Valentine, from the county of Warren, sires to present a petition for a bank, as folws: "Mr. Speaker, I ask leave to present a tition from a number of the inhabitants of the unty of Warren, praying for the establishent of a bank at Hackettstown, to be called, he Warren County Bank,' with a capital of ree hundred thousand dollars. A notice of this oplication has been published for six weeks accessively, in the Warren Journal, a newspaer printed in the county of Warren, agreeably law." The petition is then sent to the Clerk s above, and upon the question, "what order vill the House take in relation to this petition," 1 motion is made "that it be referred." The Speaker then (if the ayes have it) will announce, the ayes have it. Ordered to be referred to Messrs. Valentine, W. Cook, and McDowell." The Clerk will at the same time, mark with pencil the names of the committee in order, on the back of the petition. The person who presents the petition is always first named, and by matter of courtesy, is considered chairman of the committee.

Note.-In putting a motion by the Speaker, I have omitted the words "and seconded." The

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rule requires, in order to perfect a motion, that it be seconded, but no reason can be given that the Chairman should announce the motion as seconded, when the object in putting questions is brevity; the annunciation by the Speaker, “it is moved," is an annunciation that it is seconded, for he can put no motion until seconded.

Suppose a member, after the appointment of the above committees, should present a memorial or remonstrance, upon the subject referred to one of those committees. The question then would be upon "ordering it to be referred to the Committee on that subject."

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Suppose these petitions should be presented after the Committee had reported a bill; the question would then be, "to order it to lie upon table," and it then could be called up at any time to aid, oppose, or explain the bill, either upon its second reading, or final passage.

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The petitions are usually referred to a committee of three, unless the House order a greater number. Petitions and resolutions in relation to fixing the quota of taxes, have been referred to a committee of fourteen, by special resolution, consisting of one from each county.

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"Petitions must be presented by a membernot by the petitioners—and must be opened by him, holding it in his hand." 10 Grey, 57.


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Regularly a motion for receiving it must be made and seconded, and question put, whether it shall be received? But, a cry from the House, of received,' or even its silence, dispenses with





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