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"Resolved, (Council concurring,) that a Joint Committee of the two Houses be appointed, for the purpose of considering the expediency of expressing the sense of this Legislature upon the important subjects now under discussion before the Congress of the United States."

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"When the House commands, it is by an 'order,' but facts, principles, their own opinions and purposes are expressed in the form of resolutions." Jefferson's Manual, 141.

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Sec. 43. Incidental powers of each House. Each house by single resolution can furnish its hall and committee rooms, may order fuel and stationary, may alter hall or passages leading to it, may purchase newspapers, pamphlets, and books, necessary for the use of its members.

Sec. 44. Unfinished business.

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Unfinished business of the previous session is reported by the standing committee on that subject, and numbered in order; this report is printed and laid on the desk of each member: for example; No. 1, of unfinished business, may be "a Bill to incorporate the Farmers' Bank at Medford, in the county of Burlington," and Mr.


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udd, member from that county, wishes to bring up for legislative action; he moves to take p the list of unfinished business, and, if the moion is sustained, he moves, "to refer No. 1, of unfinished business, to a committee." The Speaker puts the question, " as many as are in avor of that motion, will say, aye; contrary opinion, no. The ayes have it. Referred to Messrs. Budd, Flatt, and Rogers." The bill, or a bill is then reported by this Committee, and It goes through the same process to its final passage, as a new bill introduced at this session. The only advantage gained by leaving a bill on the unfinished business of the House, is, that no notice of the application need be made, by advertisement, agreeably to the requisitions of the act of February 14, A. D. 1833, in case the bill should come under that class of applications. The unfinished business of the preceding sitting, has also the preference by rule 5 of Assembly.

shall be opened to debate, and the same receive a determination by the question, unless it be laid aside by the house, or a motion be made to amend it, to postpone it, or commit, or for the previous question, or to adjourn.”—Rule 6 of Assembly.

"A motion to adjourn or to postpone shall always be in order."-Ibid.

"That on motion for the previous question no member shall speak more than once without leave of the House."-Ibid.

"A motion for commitment, until decided, shall preclude all amendment of the main question."-Ibid.

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"If a motion contain more than one simple question, any member, upon application to the chair, may have it divided into as many parts as there are distinct questions, if seconded on his motion."-Ibid.

"That every motion shall, on application of any member to the chair for that purpose, be reduced to writing by the person moving the same."-Ibid.

"That when any motion shall be made and seconded, the name of the person moving and seconding the same, shall be entered on the minutes therewith, if any two members require it."-Ibid.

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204 Sec. 47. Dispensing with the rules.

"That none of the foregoing rules shall be tered or dispensed with, unless by a vote of wo thirds of the whole House." Rule 18th, of Assembly.

Towards the close of the session, the House requently dispenses with Rule 10," that no bill or joint resolution shall be read more than once in the same day." Bills are then frequenty put upon their final passage on the same day that they are reported. After the first reading of a bill, the member who desires to dispense with the rule will move, "that the 10th rule be dispensed with, in order to take up this bill on its second reading." The Speaker puts the question; "It is moved to dispense with the rules in order to take up the Bill entitled 'an Act &c.' on its second reading. As many are in favor of that motion will say aye; contrary opinion, no. The ayes have it. The rule is dispensed with. bill will be taken up."

"That all bills, previous to their being passed by this House, all petitions, motions and reports, may be committed at pleasure of the House."Rule 7 of Assembly.

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A member has no right to read a paper in his place if it be objected to, without leave of the House.

"A member has no right to read even his own speech, committed to writing, without leave; but he is never refused, unless where his intention is to abuse the time of the House." 2 Grey, 227.

It is very customary in the press of business upon the Clerk's table, for the member who has charge of a bill, to read, in his place, the documents connected with it, in order to relieve the Clerk and expedite the business of the House.

The regular time for reading papers, memorials, remonstrances, &c., for or against a bill, is

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