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THE

INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES, ETC.,

OF THE

SOUTHERN AND WESTERN STATES:

EMBRACING A VIEW OF THEIR

COJMERCE, AGRICULTURE, MANUFACTURES, INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS,

SLAVE AND FREE LABOR, SLAVERY INSTITUTIONS,

PRODUCTS, ETC., OP TIIE SOUTII.

Together with

HISTORICAL AND STATISTICAL SKETCHES OF THE DIFFERENT STATES AND CITIES OF

THE UNION-STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES COMMERCE AND MANUFACTURES,
FROM THE EARLIEST PERIODS, COMPARED WITII OTHER LEADING POWERS-THE
RESULTS OF THE DIFFERENT CENSUS RETURNS SINCE 1790, AND RETURNS OF THE
CENSUS OF 1850, ON POPULATION, AGRICULTURE AND GENERAL INDUSTRY, ETC..

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PUBLISHED AT THE OFFICE OF DE BOW'S REVIEW,

MERCHANTS' EXCHANGE. NEW-ORLEANS;
79 JOHN STREET, NEw-York; AND East BAY AND Broad STREETS, CHARLESTOS

1852.

有 A

The paper on the Early History of Mississippi, page 21, is from the pen of the Hon. J. M. Chilton ; that on Maryland, by R. G. Barnwell, Esq.; on Missouri and North Carolina, by Prof. Duncan ; on the Mexican Republic, Hon. Joel R. Poinsett ; Mexican Mines, Brantz Mayer; Manufacturing Industry, 101, Senator James, of R. I. ; NewYork, T. P. Kettell ; Negro Slavery, Chancellor Harper and Hon. J. H. Hammond ; Negro Laws of the South, Hon. J. B. O'Neal ; Negro Diseases, Dr. Cartwright; Negro Life Insurance, Dr. J. C. Nott; Pennsylvania, A. W. Ely, M. D. ; Rice, R. W. Allston, of S. C., &c.

(FOR GENERAL INDEX

SEE

END OF VOLUME 111.)

79

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PAGE
Mississippi River-Its Sources, Mouth and Valley; the Balize, Etc...

1
The Great Importance of Improving it, Etc....

10
Deposits and Changes at the Mouth..

17
BASIN...

20
MISSISSIPPI-Early History of the State.

21
A Sketch of the General Character, Soil, Climate, Productions, Emigration, Pros.
pects, Etc....

41
MISSISSIPPI-Resources of..

45
MARYLAND-Historical Events, Government, Resources, Improvements, Commerce, City of
Baltimore, Etc...

45
MAINE-Its Early History, Physical Aspect, Agricultural and Mineral Resources, Commerce,
Manufactures, Government, Finances, Population, Schools, Colleges, Etc..

53
MISSOURI - History, Government, Courts, Boundaries and Surface, Natural Productions and

Climate, Rivers, Towns, Mineral Resources, Internal Improvements, Population, Educa-
tion, Etc., Etc...

56
MASSACHUSETTS—Her Productive Energies and Spirit..

67
MOBILE-Commerce of 1850-51.

76
Topography, Sanitary Condition and Vital Statistics.

78
Statistical History of..
MOLASSES, U. S. 1851..

80
MEMPHIS, Tery....

80
Convention, 1845.

81
1849

82
MINNESOTA.

83
MEXICAN REPUBLIC..

85
Mines and Mineral Resources.

92
Mexico- Products of Sugar, Cotton, Rice and Indigo..

99
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY—Theory of Manufactures, their Progress, Origin and Growth of

Cotton Manufactures in all Countries, U. S. Manufactures, and Southern Manufactures.... 101
MANUFACTURES-Inducements for, in the South and West...

107
Influence of, on the Growth of Cities.....

121
Progress of Cotton Manufactures in the U. S..

123
Extension of Cotton and Wool Factories at the South.

124
Relative Cost of Steam and Water Power....

128
MANUFACTURE of Shoes at the South...

130
MANUFACTURES OF GREAT Britais-Their Progress in Collon, Wool, Flax and Linen, Silk,
Etc, with Productions and Persons Employed.

131
NEW ORLEANS....

135
Custoin-House Revenues since 1801..

139
Vital Statistics of.....

141

142
Imports from the Interior, from 1840 to 1831.

143
Exports of Flour, Pork, Bacon, Beef, Lard, Whisky, Corn, Etc.

144
Cotton and Tobacco..

144
* Sugar and Molasses.

145
Arrival of Ships, Barques, Steamers, Etc..

145
Compared with New-York....

145
Comcial Statistics....

146 & 149
Vital istine Mortality, Etc., from 1785..

148
Prices
uc Wities, Etc., for Different Years...

152
Importance
her Foreign Commerce-Her Banking Capital-..

152
New-YORK-Commerc

Greatness of New-York-Position of City; Origin of
New-York, Early Hi

Improvements, Population, Resources, Commerce,
Prospects...

154
NEW-YORK--Commerce

163
Value of Rea

164
NORTH CAROLINA-Colon

od Subsequent History, Physical Condition, Pro-
duction, Industry and Re. copulation, Towns, Education, Sects, Courts, Canals, Rail.
Roads...

164
NORTH CAROLINA-Its Resous, Manufachures,

182
Improvements

183
NASHVILLE, Tenn...

185
NAVIGATION-Ship-Building in the U.S., but more particularly in the West.

185
The Merchant Fleets and Navies, of the World..

187
Vessels Built in U. S. since 1815...

194
Tonnage of U.S...
NEGRO Mania-The Negro and other Races of Men.

197
SLAVERY-Memoir on, by Chancellor Harper, prepared for, and read before the Socie-
ty for the Advancement of Learning of South Carolina...

205

195

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66

NEGRO SLAVERY AT THE SOUTH—(Gov. Hammond's Letter to Clarkson,) Introduction; the

Slave Trade and Futile Attempts to Abolish it; Proscriptive Rightof Slavery; Slavery in the
Abstract; in its Moral and Religious Aspeet, in its Political Influences as Affecting Public Or.
der, and the Safety and Power of the State, Abolition, Emancipation, Etc.

[Page 238
NEGRO SLAVERY-Calhoun's Letter to King...

265
LAWS OF THE SOUTH...

269
Population of the South, with reference to Life Insurance.

292
SLAVERY-Origin, Progress and Prospects of Slavery in the U.S.

303
Nature and Destiny of...

308
SLAVERY-Decline of Northern and Growth of Southern..

310
POPULATION--Remedy for its Excess..

313
NEGROES-Diseases and Peculiarities of, by Dr. Cartwright.

315
Physical Character of....

329
Management of, upon Southern Estates..

330
333

336
Houses for...

337
Black and Mulatto Population of the South.

338
Employment of, in Cotton Factories.

339
Slave Trade of the South...

339
NEGRO Civilization and the Dominican Republic.

342
NEGROES of Ancient Times...

343
NEGROES—(See Slaves.)...
OH10-Commerce and Resources of..

345
Wealth, Coal Trade, Etc....

347
OLIVES-Cultivation of the Olive in the Southern States.

348
Post-OFFICE-History of, in all Countries, Operations and Statistics of in the U.S., from the
Earliest Periods, Rates of Postage, Etc...

350
Post SYSTEM of Ancient Times.....

363
PENNSYLVANIA–History, Commerce, Manufactures, Agriculture, Etc.

365
PHILADELPHIA---Commerce of 1830, 1851.

374
PITTSBURG-And its Manufacturing Industry.

375
PLANK Roads as Compared with Rail-Roads.

377
PAPER Manufacture in the U.S...
POLITICAL Economy, Government, Etc.

385
RICE-History and Statistics of, by Col. Allston..

392
Planting...

411
Analysis, Crops, Culture, Etc.

414
Culture of...

419
in Southern States.

423
Estate of Gov. Aiken.

424
of the Uplands....

426
of Louisiana..

427
Culture in East Indies..

429
RAIL-ROADS-Address to People of Soubern and Western States.

43
RAIL-ROAD and Transport, at Home and Abroad....

457
Convention at New Orleans, 1852...

458
in United States, 1852...

471-474
Progress in U.S....

478
Prospects and Progress.

478
Communication between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, Progress of America,
California and Oregon, Panama, Tehuantepec, &c., Commerce of the East, Rail-Roads
across Mexico, Progress of Rail-Road Enterprise, &c.....

486
RAIL-ROAD TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN-Address of the Memphis Convention to People of
the United States, 1850...

507
RAIL-Roads to the Pacific Ocean.

516
for Arkansas..

519
in Georgia..

521
in Florida.

522
Mississippi Routes.

523
Tennessee Roads.

526
in Alabama...

.528-533
in Louisiana.

.536-541
Jackson Road, Miss.

536
in Texas..

544-546
Across Tehuantepec.

553
Competition....

555

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APPENDIX.--Chicago, 556—Cincinnati, 556—Cotton Statistics, 556—Commerce and Marine of the
World, 556—Libraries, Popular Vote and Population of U. States, 558--Provision Trade, U. States,
559—Railway System of the World, 559—St. Louis Commerce, 559–Population of American
Cities, 559—Statistics of Massachusetts, Emigration, &c., 560--Statistics of New York Trade, 560–
Statistics of Newspapers in United States, 560.

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