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abbey Angevin Archbishop arms army attack baronage barons became Bishop borough Britain broke brought castles Chap Charter Chronicle Church claim clergy Cnut common Conqueror conquest Council court Crown death Duke Eadwine Ealdorman Earl Simon ecclesiastical Edward England English Englishmen fell feudal Flanders followed forced foreign France freedom French fresh Gascony gathered gave Gloucester ground Guienne hand head held Hengest Henry the Second Henry's John John of Gaunt justice Justiciar King King's kingdom knights Lancaster land Lollard London lord Mercia monks nobles Norman Normandy North Northmen Northumbria once Oswiu Oxford Papacy Papal Parliament passed peace Philip Poitou political Pope prelates Prince realm refused reign revolt Richard Rolls Series Roman Rome roused royal Scotch Scotland Scots scutage seemed shire Statute stood strife struggle summoned temper thegns throne town victory villeins Wales Welsh Wessex William
Sidan 247 - The influence of the trading class is seen in two other enactments by which freedom of journeying and trade was secured to foreign merchants and an uniformity of weights and measures was ordered to be enforced throughout the realm.
Sidan 440 - They are clothed in velvet and warm in their furs and their ermines, while we are covered with rags. They have wine and spices and fair bread ; and we oat-cake and straw, and water to drink. They have leisure and fine houses ; we have pain and labor, the rain and the wind in the fields. And yet it is of us and of our toil that these men hold their state.
Sidan 438 - I could not believe," said Petrarch of this time, "that this was the same France which I had seen so rich and flourishing. Nothing presented itself to my eyes but a fearful solitude, an utter poverty, land uncultivated, houses in ruins. Even the neighbourhood of Paris showed everywhere marks of desolation and conflagration. The streets are deserted, the roads overgrown with weeds, the whole is a vast solitude.
Sidan 155 - ... every rich man built his castles, and defended them against him, and they filled the land full of castles. They greatly oppressed the wretched people by making them work at these castles, and when the castles were finished they filled them with devils and evil men.
Sidan 285 - More yellow was her head than the flower of the broom ; and her skin was whiter than the foam of the wave ; and fairer were her hands and her fingers than the blossoms of the wood-anemone amidst the spray of the meadow fountain.
Sidan 565 - Parliament met in November, and a bitter strife between York and Somerset ended in the arrest of the latter. A demand which at once followed shows the importance of his fall. Henry the Sixth still remained childless; and Young, a member for Bristol, proposed in the Commons that the Duke of York should be declared heir to the throne. But the blow was averted by repeated prorogations, and Henry's sympathies were shown by the committal of Young to the Tower, by the release of Somerset, and by his promotion...
Sidan 55 - Lindisfarne, or of the new religious houses whose foundation followed that of Lindisfarne, looked for their ecclesiastical tradition, not to Rome but to Ireland ; and quoted for their guidance the instructions, not of Gregory, but of Columba. Whatever claims of supremacy over the whole English Church might be pressed by the See of Canterbury, the real metropolitan of the Church as it existed in the North of England was the Abbot of lona.
Sidan 244 - But in itself the Charter was no novelty, nor did it claim to establish any new constitutional principles. The Charter of Henry the First formed the basis of the whole, and the additions to it are for the most part formal recognitions of the judicial and administrative changes introduced by Henry the Second. But the vague expressions of the older charters were now exchanged for precise and elaborate provisions.
Sidan 502 - Children in school," says a writer of the earlier reign," against the usage and manner of all other nations, be compelled for to leave their own language, and for to construe their lessons and their things in French, and so they have since Normans first came into England.
Sidan 212 - In the silent growth and elevation of the English people the boroughs led the way : unnoticed and despised by prelate and noble they had alone preserved or won back again the full tradition of Teutonic liberty. The rights of self-government, of free speech in free meeting, of equal justice by one's equals, were brought safely across the ages of tyranny by the burghers and shopkeepers of the towns.