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To the Right Honourable
FOH N Lord S O M E R S,
Baron of EVESH A M.
HERE is a Pleasure in owning Obliga-
more ty than Gratitude.
I had a very early Ambition to recoñinéad my self to Your Lordship's Patronage, which yet encreased in me as I Travelled through the Countries, of which I here give Your Lordship some Account: For whatever great Impressions an Englishman must have of Your Lordship, they who have been conversant Abroad will find them still improved. It cannot but be obvi
ous to them, that though they fee Your Lordship's Admirers every where, they meet with very few of Your Wellwishers at Paris or at Rome. And I could not but observe when I passed through most of the Protestant Governments in Europe, that their Hopes or Fears for the Common Cause rose or fell with Your Lordship's Interest and Authority in England.
I here present Your Lordship with the Remarks that I made in a Part of these my Travels; wherein, notwithstanding the Variety of the Subject, I am very sensible that I offer nothing New to Your Lordship, and can have no other Design in this Address, than to declare that I am,
Tour Lordship's most Obliged, and
most Obedient Humble Servant,
PRÉF A C E.
HERE is certainly no place in the world where a man may travel with greater pleafure and advantage than in Italy. One finds something more particular in the face of the country, and more aftonishing in the works of Nature, than can be met with in any other
part of Europe. It is the great school of Mufick and Painting, and contains in it all the noblest productions of Statuary and Architecture both ancient and modern. It abounds with cabinets of Curiosities, and vast collections of all kinds of Antiquities. No other country in the world has fuch a variety of Governments
, that are so different in their Conftitutions and só réfined in their Politicks. There is scarce any part of the nation that is not famous in History, nor so much as a mountain or river that has not been the fcene of fome extraordinary action.
As there are few men that have talent's or opportunities :for::ex. amining so copious a subject, one may observe among-iliofe who have written on Italy, that different Authors have succeeded befi en different forts of Curiosities. Some have been more particular
in their accounts of Pictures, Statues and Buildings; some have searched into Libraries, cabinets of Rarities, and colle£tions of Medals, as others have been wholly taken up with Inscriptions, Ruines and Antiquities. Among the Authors of our own country, we are obliged to the Bishop of Salisbury, for his masterly and uncommon observations on the Religion and Governments of Italy: Lassels may be useful in giving us the names of such Writers as have treated of the several States through which be passed: Mr. Ray is to be valued for his
Observations on the Natural productions of the place. Monsieur Miffon has wrote a more correct account of Italy in general than any before him, as he particularly excells in the Plan of the country, which he has given us in true and lively colours.
There are still several of these Topicks that are far from being exhausted, as there are many new subjects that a Traveller may find to employ himself upon. For my own part, as I have taken notice of several Places and Antiquities that no body else has spoken of, so, I think, I have mentioned but few things in common with others, that are not either set in a new light, or accompanied with different reflections. I have taken care particularly to consider the several pasages of the ancient Poets, which have any relation to the Places and Curiosities that I met with; For before I entered on iny voyage I took care to refresh my memory among the Classic Authors, and to make such collections out of them as I might afterwards have occasion for. I must confess it was not one of the least entertainments that I met with in travelling, to examine these several Descriptions, as it were, upon the spot
, and to compare the natural face of the country with the Landskips that the Poets have given us of it. However, to avoid the confusion that might arise from a multitude of quotations, I have only cited such verses as have given sus. Some.. Image of the place, or that have something else bejides the larë Name of it to recommend them.