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know that “ the gates of hell shall not prevail against the Church of Chrift;" but it depends


curately ascertain which they are. What is the time from which we are to consider it as fallen and divided ? This is a needful previous question. Is not the division of the Roman power into the Eastern and Western parts of the Román empire fignified in the terms legs (of the image) being two? And, in this case, are we not to look for five of the toes in the East and five in the West? [Or, rather, “ supposing the feet to be the divided empire, the ten toes must belong to both parts of it: we are not, therefore, con. fined to the Western empire for the ten kingdoms.”. Vide Hist. Int. of Prophecy, vol. i. p. 331.] “ Wherefore is it, that these remains of the Roman and preceding empires are to be broken in pieces? It is because they will in the end contend with him by whom kings reign and princes decree justice.” It is because they will be deceived and deluded by the great adversary, and unite with him to contend with heaven and to make war with the faints. But, thanks be to God, the kingdoms of this world will not be all destroyed ; but, by the execution of the great judgements of God upon the destroyers of the Earth, they will be converted and preserved. For, in proportion as it speaks bitter things against those who do so, in like proportion it speaks confolation to those who are of an opposite character; and, therefore, there is good hope that those who fear and worship God, and highly praise his word and his truth, that those who acknowledge him to be the King of kings and Lord of lords, and pray for the establidhment of his kingdom upon earth, “ Thy kingdom come! Thy will be done on earth as it is in Heaven !" will be preserved from surrounding unbelief, delusion, impiety, and destruction. We may rest assured, that great as may be the sufferings of the world when these remains of the four great empires will


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upon ourselves whether we be thought worthy to retain fo great a blessing. We know that

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be broken to pieces, yet those kingdoms and people who fear God and serve him will be preserved and rewarded, And, if there are states and kingdoms to be preserved, by God giving them wisdom to avoid the snares into which others fall, why may we not hope that our kingdom will be one of them ? Can the encouragement of this hope do us any harm ? Is there any harm in giving way to the hope that we, as a nation, are not a part of that empire which muft be broken in pieces? We, no doubt, are as yet only one of “the kingdoms of this world;" but the time will come when the “ kingdoms of this world will become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Chrift.” May we not hope, at least, that we shall in time become so ? There are: many materials of this kingdom of our Lord, we trust, scattered in all parts of this kingdom. But possibly it may be faid, that hape without any foundation is worse than none.

What then is the foundation of our hope that we are not one of the ten kingdoms described in the book of Daniel, and the Revelation of St. John? In the first place I form some hope from the want of agreement and precision in those who have taken it to be one of them. Bishop Newton takes his account of these ten kingdoms in the eighth century, and he not only considers the Britons as one, but the Saxons as another. Sir Isaac Newton confiders the Britons as one, but does not mention the Saxons, Machiavel considers the Saxons and Angles in Britain united, as one of the ten. Mr. Mede canfiders the Britons and the Saxons in Britain as distinct, consequently as two of these kingdoms. Bishop Lloyd enumerates the Saxonis in the list (but he does not mention them as Saxons in Britain), and he omits the Britons. Here is, it is true, a variety of evidence, but the misfortune, or rather the com


“ in every temptation God maketh a way to escape," and that “ He that is for us, is


fort is, that it does not agree; for I am by no means desirous of being thought an old Roman, if it exposes our land and kingdom to be included in such an awful destruction. These commentators, it should be observed, do not so much remark the countries which formed the estate of the Roman empire, as the tribes of other nations, by whom it was broken and divided.[And here it is material to add, that the Picts and Scots were never subdued by the Romans, and that the Saxons did not enter Britain till after the Romans had left it; because these are the tribes from which the present inhabitants of Great-Britain and Ireland are chiefly descended.] “ But should not a correct chart be drawn of the Roman empire, of that great tract of land which was completely under the Roman power previous to its division and fall? and should not the ten kingdoms be fought in and upon this tract of land? Are we to include in this tract it's most distant possessions ?” [poffeffions with which it had the Nighteft connection ?] “ I hope not, I think not. I form great hope from this, that I think England did not form an integral part of the Roman empire. It was subdued, it is true, by the Roman legions (under Julius Cesar), some of whom had their station here for four or five hundred years, but then were recalled ; and when recalled (about the year 440), I trust we ceased to be in any measure a part of the Roman empire."

And we may observe farther, that though the empire was divided into two parts, the Eastern and the Western, by the immediate successors of Constantine, in consequence of his removing the seat of empire from Rome to Byzantium (Conftantinople); yet the Western division, the first that fell, is never considered as having fallen till Odoacer's conqueft in 476, when he took the title of King of Italy. Now

greater than he that is against us.

But if we

66 trim mean to preserve our Nation, we must



as the empires are exprefly described in chronological order, by the form of the image (beginning with the head as the Babylonian or Affyrian), it seems clear that we ought not to look for the ten kingdoms till after this period at the fooneft. Indeed, I conceive they are not to be found till after the two feet, or Eastern and Western parts of the Roman empire, ceased to be fovereign Roman powers. And this opinion history confirms with a precision for which we seek in vain at an earlier period.

" In like manner as the Roman legions were stationed in Britain, we have troops in the East Indies. But do the native inhabitants of the Cape, or of those parts of India where our troops are stationed, form an integral part of the British empire, so that they can be called Britons ? If we were to withdraw our troops from any place, as we have Jately done from Corsica for instance, is it still to be called a part of the British empire? Were there not Roman legions in like manner stationed in Judea ? and were they not Stationed there for as long a time, if not longer, than they were stationed in Britain ? And yet Judea is not, by any of these commentators, considered as one of these kingdoms. Britain, at the time it was under the Roman power, was not a place of much consequence; it was retained more for the glory of having distant poffeffions than from any advantage derived from it, except, perhaps, recruiting the Roman armies. Were there not other islands belonging to Rome, especially in the Mediterranean, which were, as parts of the Roman empire, of much greater consequence than Britain ? Were not Cyprus, Rhodes, Sicily, Sardinia, and Corfica, for instance, under the Roman power? Now, how is it that these, or some of these, are not considered as


the lights yet burning” in o’r Citadèl, and patiently endure, or vigorously act, according to the varied duties of our situation.

I call upon my COUNTRY, to “ consider these things” with the attention due to their importance. I call upon each of my Readers, to reflect upon the solemn declaration of our Lord, Whosoever shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him also all the Son of Man be ashamed, when he cometh in his own glory and in the glory of his Father, with the holy angels. But whofoever shall confefs me before men, bin will I confefs also before my Father which is in heaven. And I fervently implore the OMNIPOTENT Ruler of the universe, that we may be per

some of these kingdoms ? Is there any reason to be given why we, to the exclusion of these, are to be enumerated ?”

While commentators confined themselves to the Western division of the Roman empire; Judea, Cyprus, &c. as parts of the Eastern, were necessarily excluded from their enume. ration. But Sicily and Sardinia must surely have been admitted, if they had not confined themselves in point of time as well as space, in a manner for which, I confess, I cannot find any authority in the prophetic writings, or any justification in history; but which appears to have resulted, not necesarily either, from the confined system they adopted respecting the Papal Antichrist; a system impregnable in itself, but not sufficiently extended to be completely satisfactory. Gent. Mag. p. 226, March, 1801.

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