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. Here,' exclaims our Author, "are: American wisdom, justice,
- and piety, for the people of Great Britain! The religion which in - page 38th the parliament had NO AUTHORITY to grant, belongs in
page 72 by right divine to the Canadians; and though ibere it has - dispersed " impiety, persecution, murder and rebellion, through = the world,” yet here it becomes the imMEDIATE GIFT OF GOD! - The abovementioned inconsistency has frequently been noticed, by
the Anti-Americans ; and we do not remember to have seen any at... tempt made to wipe off chis reproach, by the advocates for the Co:i' lonies.
MISCELLANEOUS : Art. ;8. Philasophical Empiricism: containing, Remarks on a
Charge of Plagiarism respecting Dr. H--s, interspersed with vae ricus Observations relating to different kinds of Air. By Joseph
Priestley, LL. D. F. R. S. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Johnson, 1775.
Of all the candidates for the fame of philosophical discovery, we should have thought the Author of the present performance to have been the least exposed to an imputation of plagiarism; as in the accounts which he has from time to time published of his various difa coveries, he has particularly diftinguished himself by an ingenuous and circumstantial detail of the facts or motives which led to them : whether such enumeration might redound to the credit of his philo. sophical fagacity, or otherwise. Against such a charge, however, he has been induced, more, we should imagine, from a regard to his moral character, than to his philosophical fame, to defend himself in the present pamphlet; which contains all the letters
that passed on the subject between himself and the persons who in gave rise to, or support the accusation; as well as a recital of
all the leading facts, and his reflections upon them: the whole forming, in our opinion, a compact body of evidence ; indeed much more than was necessary to a complete refutation of the charge,
Though we shall not enter into the particulars of this controversy, we ought to observe, that the present publication, though originally written with the design only of vindicating the Author from an uns jut imputation, is not merely of a temporary and polemical naa ture;--that it contains much philosophical information on the subjeet which gave immediate occasion to it, as well as on others connected with it ;—and that the dryness of philosophical controversy and discullion is seasoned with an abundant sprinkling of wic. and pleasantry, dispensed to the Author's two antagonilts--if they may both be so called. The illiberal and even rude itrain of Dr. H 's letter to the Author is particularly reprehensible, and seems fully to justify the ridicule with which he is treated, in the Author's account of his short lived connection with him.
We shall only further oblerve, that if Dr. Priestley has really folen any of his doctrines, or discoveries relative to air, from the Doctor's lectures, or conversation ; we cannot but applaud his great alchemical powers in the art and mystery of transmutation, and in concealing the theft lo completely, as to render Dr. H.'s property no longer cognisable. Dr. H.'s air, as we learn from his printed syllabus, is a primary distinct element, that is, a perfectly simple and
uncompounded substance: Dr. Priestley, it seems, has changed it into a compound, consisting of no less than three ingredients; and is acta: ally in a condition to manufacture any quantities of it, ad libites and to regale bimself, his mice, and his friends with it, provided you furnith him with a little aquafortis, and fint, with a light Sprinkling of phlogiston.- As mere lookers on, we should rather have expected to have seen these two philosophers disputing in defence of their respective and opposite systems, than to find one of them surlily accusing the other of having picked his brains and robbed him. Art. 19. An Esay on Politeness ;: wherein the Benefits arising
from, and the Neceflity of, being polite, are clearly proved and demonstrated from Reafon, Religion, and Philosophy. To which is prefixed, an allegorical description of the Origin of Politenef. By a young Gentleman 12mo. FS. baw, 1775.
The young Gentleman who offers this piece to the Public, suppli cates a favourable sentence with so much humility, that we are almolt tempted to use our little interest in the court to which he refers his cause, to obtain permission that Talte, Philosophy, and Criticism, may be commanded to retire, and that Candour and Lenity may be the only counsel permitted to speak, while his face is determining.
"I have the happinefs (says he, addressing the Public) to imagine your goodness is such, that if nothing elfe demanded your lenity in regard to this performance, my youth would, in fome measure, prevent you from injuring the rise of thofe small talents, which might p:obably (if not abashed and disheartened in the onset) shine to much more advantage, and be of much more use to mankind in future, The pleasure I feel, when I consider by whom this piece will be judged, greatly alleviates the pain I undergo, when I refeet what is the object for judgment.'
At the same time, however, that we grant kim this indulgence, we muft take the liberty of giving him two or three friendly hints of advice. Let him not think of making his second appearance before the Public, cið he has learnt the full import of his own doctrine, that politeness discourfes without affectation, and writes with freedom, ease, and native elegance.' Since the foundation of all po. lite writing is classical purity of style, let them ftudy the meaning of words, and the nature of grammatical conftru&ion, till he can perceive the faults which occur in the first sentence of his preface.
As chis subject may be thought by many to be sufficiently dif. cufied in the letters of a late peer, to need any further treatise there upon, I have been induced in this manner to ask for the impartiality of your candour, in permitting this effay to pass without censure through che hands of, and be read by,' all thofe, who think proper to let it up dergo their perusal; because the intent of this piece, and of the abovemencioned letters are totally different, as will clearly be observed by comparing them together. Let him read the philosophical works of Harris, and the critical writings of Hurd, till he has so far improved his judgment and taste, as to be able to give his readers a less heterogeneous arrangement of authors, than the following: • for learned and sensible dialogues, read Harvey, Harris and Hurd." Lastly, let him exercise himself in portrait painting in private, till he find himself able to produce a more striking. likeness than
the following pi&ture of Moderation, the mother of Politeness ; which, the connoisseurs would perhaps inform him, might as well have taken the name of any other goddess, heavenly or eartbly, that "the painter had pleased. Her gracefal mien bespoke her something heavenly; her golden locks in easy ringlets shaded the charms of her more lovely neck: het countenance was ruddy as Aurora, like Juno fair; bewitching as Venus ; and as Pallas bespeaking. When the spoke, charms innumerable issued from her lips : her voice was more tuneful than Cytherea's, and her figure more graceful than Melpomene's.' Art. 20. Confiderations on the different Modes of finding Recruits
for the Army. 8vo. 6 d. Cadell.
In considering whether new levies Tould be made by additional companies to old regiments, or by new corps to be commanded by men of family and estate ; the Writer argues frongly for the latter mode ; urging, that men are easier collected under officers whom they know, than under strangers: and that mutual knowledge of each other operates as a stronger bood of connexion in time of service, than where they are all ftrangers to each other, and to their officers. Hence the pleads for Highland regiments, and for raifing others from the Roman Catholics in Ireland. But here ftarts an antagonift, Art. 21. A Letter to the Author of " Confiderations on the
different Modes of finding Recruits for the Army." 8vo. Is. Bew.
This Writer attacks the former with more acrimony than he avows, and objects to all his reasoning, as injurious to the veteran officers, . whose promotion undoubtedly ought not to be obstructed by their juniors on the mere merit of recruiting forvice ; and as tending to fill the British army with Highlanders and Irith Catholics.-But the decision on fuch questions at luch a time, does not rest with linecary reviewers. Art 22. Observations upon the Shoeing of Horses : together with
a new Inquiry into the Causes of Diseases in the Feet of Horles.
In two parts. Part 1. Upon the Shoeing of Horses. Part II. • Upon the Diseases of the Feet. By J. Clark, Farrier. 870. 38. fewed. Edinburgh printed, and fold by Cadell in London.
The first edition of this ufeful Work, was published in 1772" te which the rational and intelligent Writer has now added many im. provements. It were greatly to be wilhed, both from motives of interest and humanity, that our farriers, who are also borse doctors, knew something more than they learn from ignorant prejudice at cheir master's anvil. Such of those professors as can read, and are not too wise already to seek for farther knowledge, might profit a little by attending to what Mr. Clark has to say on the feet of that useful, much abused animal, the horse.
Novels and MEMOIR . Art. 23. The Rival Friends, or the Noble Recluse. 12mo.
3 Vols. 9 s. yernor. 1776.
Though this novel is basren of incident, and makes but a feeble attack upon the heart, it is not altogether deftiture of merit. The
See Rev. vol. xlvi. p. 261.
E e 3
principal character is drawn with propriety and firength ; many jui and sensible refiections are interspersed through the piece; a toler. able imitation of ancient romance is introduced by way of episode; and the whole is written in an agreeable style. Art. 24. Memoirs of an unfortunate Queen, Interspersed with
Letters written by herself, to several of her illukrious Rela. tions, &c. Tumo.' 3 s. Bew. 1776.
In this truly Grubean, though not ill-written, performance, poor Matilda is made to turn Authorejs; and the productions of her Danish Majesty's pen are, it seems, 1. Familiar Letters to Friends, &c. 2. The Story of the unfortunate Dutchess of Zell, so fimilar to her own unhappy tale. - 3. An Abridgement of the Histories of Charles XII. and the Czar Peter. 4. The Adventures of the Chevalier Charles Stuart, Pretender to the Crown of England. S. Characters of the English, French, and Danes ; with brief descriptions of their several countries. These ketches are tolerably drawn, after pretty good originals ; and, on the whole, it is evident, from the promising specimens before us, that if Carolina Matilda had noi, onfortunately for herself, been made a QUEEN, she might, in time, have arrived at the honour of being even a Monthly Reviewer.
N. B. The honeit Grub is a warm advocate for the virtue and innocence of his heroine ; in which he may be right; though it does not appear shat he ever travelled to Copenhagen,
DRAMAÍ I c. Art. 25. Three Weeks after Marriage ; à Comedy of two A&s,
as performed at the Theatre-Royal in Covert Garden, 8vo. 13.
Kearsley. 1776. • This is no more than a re publication of a piece, which formerly fell under our notice, by the title of “ What we muft all come to." To the present edition the ingenious Ausbor + has prefixed the following advertisement :
• The following farce was offered to the public in January 1764; but the quarrel abuut a trifie, and the renewal of that quarrel after the dispule had subsided, being thought unnatural, the piece was damned. Mr. Lewis of Covent Garden Theatre, had the courage ta sevive it for his benefit in March Jaft, with an alteration of the title, and it has been since repeated with success. A fimilar incident happened to VOLTAIRE at PARIS. That writer, in the year 1734, produced a tragedy, intitled ADELAIDE DU GUESCLIN, which was hissed through every act. In 1-65, LE KAN, an actor of emi. nence, revived the play, which had lain for years under condemnarion. Every scene was applauded. What can I think, says Vol. TAIRE, of these opposite judginents? He tells the following anec. dote. A banker at Paris had orders to get a new march composed for one of ihe regiments of Charles XII. He employed a man of talents for the purpose. The march was prepared, and a practice of it had at the banker's house before a numerous assembly. The mu. sc was found dereliable. Mourer (that was the composer's name) retired with his performance, and soon after inserted it in one of his
*Şee Rev: vol. xxx. p. 70,
operas. The banker and his friends went to the opera; the march was applauded. Ah, says the banker, that's what we wanted : why did you not give us fomething in this taste? Sir, replied Mouret, the march which you now applaud, is the very same that you condemned before. Art. 26. The Syrens, a Masque, in two Acts, as performed at
the Theatre Royal Covent-Garden. Written by Capt. Thompson. The Music composed by Mr. Fisher. 8vo. I s. Kearsley. 1776.
A Naurico-dramatical medley, made up from the Tempest, Comus, and the Fair Quaker of Deal, with some poetical flip, literary grog, and theatrical sea-biscuit ; prepared by a modern failor, as an enterIainment for his mess-mates, and a crust for the critics, Art. 27. Don Quixote, A Musical Entertainment, performed at
the Theatre-Royal in Covent-Garden. 8vo. is. Wilkie, &c. 1776..
In this Musical Entertainment, the Poet hath contrived to deprive the Knight of La Mancha of his enthusiasm, and to rob che Squire of his pleasantry.
MORALITY. Art. 28. A Dissertation on the Duty of Mercy, and Sin of
Cruelty, to'Brute Animals. By Humphry Primatt, D. D. 8vo.
45. sewed. Cadell, &c. 1776. · A well intended- sermon on this subject was published about two years since, by the late Mr. Granger, vicar of Shiplake in OxfordThire; and though fentiments of this hurnane kind cannot be too forcibly inculcated, yet it may be hinted, that a fixpenny fermon is more likely to be read by offenders against the dictates of humanity, than more bulky dissertations. The cruel are generally the ignorant vulgar, whose feelings ought rather to be artfully addressed, than their underttanding complimented, by such learned and laboured dedactions as this Gentleman has framed. The subject of humanity to animals lies in a small compass.
HUSBANDRY, &c. Art. 29. A Treatise on Cattle : Thewing the most approved Me.
thods of Breeding, Rearing, and fitting for Use, Horses, Asses, Mules, Horned Cattle, Sheep, Goats, and Swine; with Directions for the proper Treatment of them in their several Disorders : to which is added, a Dissertacion on their contagious Diseases. Carefully collected from the best Authorities, and interspersed with
Remarks. By John Mills, Esq; F. R. S, &c. 8vo, 6 s. Johnson. . 1776.
A very useful compilation, both from Englih and French writers; and confidering the variety of subjects treated of, must contain more knowledge of each animal, than the experience of any one practical . farmer or grazier could properly furnish for an original work. „Art. 30. The Modern Improvements in Agriculture, &c. Part II.
By a Practiser of both the Old and New Husbandry. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. Wilkie. 1970
The account given of the first part of this work, in our Review vol. liii. p. 181, where the title is copied at large, will be sufficient to convey an idea of this continuation. Ee 4