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L A w. Art. 31. A Brief for the Dutchess of Kingston ; containing the

Points of Law, &c. By a Student of Gray's-Inn. 400. I s. 6 de · Allen.

Published before the determination of the Lords. The Author has very judicioully stated the points of law which appeared, to him, to be greatly in favour of the Dutchess. Art. 32. Thoughts on the several Regulations necessary to the one

pointment of an ADVOCATE-GENERAL, and proper Officers onder him ; for the Purpose of relieving the Clients of Lawyers from coreasonable Expence, and intolerable Oppression. 410. 2's. Bes.

Mr. Mawhood has here given us his promised scheme for the inftitution of a new Law-office, for the redress of those grievances to which clients may be exposed, by the exorbitancy and confederacy of solicitors, &c. especially with regard to the taxation of their bills: of all which, our Author has so loudly complained, in his former publications:-Some plan, of this kind, might, perhaps, be formed, from whence considerable advantages would be derived, to those who have the misfortune to be concerned in law-suits.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 33. A Plea for the Divinity of our Lord Jesus Chril.

In a pastoral Letter addressed to a Congregation of Proteftast Diffęnters, at Cambridge. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Keith, &c. 1776.

We have rarely met with a controversial writer, fo liberal and candid as Mr. Rant; though we cannot entirely agree with him in opinion, we most heartily approve, and take this opportunity of apo plauding, the excellent iemper which he discovers. Were controversies of every kind conducted with the same Catholic spirit, the chief obstacles that lie in the way of the investigation and discovery of truth, would be removed ; at leaft, diversity of opinion would not be so incompatible as it has generally been found, with that union and reciprocal affecțion, which Christianity is evidently intended to establish and promote. Our Author's arguments for the proper deity of Christ, have been often urged, and, perhaps, in the way of itric reasoning, to greater advantage. But Mr. R has a happy talent of giving novelty and variety together with a consider. able degree of spirit to his address; and though he is often more plausible than just, it must be acknowledged, that the whole of this performance was adapted to the occasion, and well executed ad cap. tandum vulgus. We do not mean to intimate, that it is merely calculated for the vulgar-it deserves the perufal, and will engage the attention of readers of a superior class.

We mall only observe farther, that there is one argument in particular, on which ihe Author has laid much greater ftress than it will bear: this is derived from the language of scripture, with respect to the article of Christ's divinity: Under this head paffages are cited, fome of which are of doubtful authority, others wrongly translated,

See Rev. December last, p. 520. Art. Address to the Public. + Mr. Robinson, Author of the Arcana. See Monthly Review, vol. 50, p. 2;6, and Translation of Saurin's Sermons,


and others obviously capable of a different interpretation. Mr. Rfeems, at times, to forget, that the Old and New Testament were not originally written in the English language; though he has given us specimens both of his learning and reading, which abundantly few, that he could have consulted the original language to advan. tage. Art. 34. A moral Demonstration of the Truth of the Christian

Religion ; with an Introduction on the Nature and Force of probable Arguments. First printed in the Year 1660, and now accurately re-printed by the Editor. 8vo. 1 s. Cadell. 1775.

The Author of this Moral Demonstration was the eminent and excellent Dr. Jeremy Taylor; and the Re-publisher of it, as we are informed, is Bishop Hurd. We cannot give its character in better terms than those of the ingenious and Right Reverend Editor:

. We have, doubtless, says he, many excellent performances on the subject here treated; but none, that I know of, within the same compass, equally instructive. There are some few tracts and teftimonies alleged in the course of the argument, which, on a Atri&ter examination, have been found not so pertinent or considerable, as they were taken to be in the Writer's time. But in general, there is so much truth and sense in this little tract, so much good reasoning, enforced by so exuberant an eloquence, and so Sublime a piety, that, if I mistake not, it will afford, to serious minds, a more than common satisfa&tion.' Art. 35. Reflections on the Life and Character of Chrif. By · Edmund Lord Bishop of Carlide ; with a Şummary, and Appen

dix, on the Gospel Morals. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Cadell, &c.

These Reflections were first printed in 1755, at the end of the Author's valuable Confiderations on the Theory of Religion ; See Review vol. xiii. p. 511.-An advertisement prefixed to the present edition of this discourse informs us, that it is published by itself' by the advice of some judicious persons who have been long engaged in the education of youth, and are defirous of promoting the knowledge of religion along with their other sciences.' It is accordingly published, ' in a way bett adapted to the tutor's conve. nience, and that of his pupils; and in order to reduce it into The smallest compass, such notes are omitted as appeared to be of a more speculative and abstruse nature, or less immediately connected with the subject of these reflections.'—Some observations are added, on the Character and Example of Chrift; togegether with an Appendix on • The Morality of the Gospel :' Thew. ing the preference due to the Christian scheme above all other religipus systems. Art. 36. A Reply to the Autbor of the “ Remarks on a Scriptural

Confutation of Mr. Lindsey's Apology. By a Layman. 8vo. 6 d. Law. 1776.

This is one of the weakest and moft bigoted Pamphlets that ever came into our bands. The Author is equally unacquainted with Scriprure, with Reason, and with Charity. He is certainly well prepared for receiving the doctrine of Transubstantiation, if he be por already a Believer in that distinguishing tenet of Popery.

MEDICAL MEDICAL. Art. 37. Enquiry into the Propriety of Bloodlitring in Consumptions.

By Samuel Farr, M. D. 8vo. 1S. Johnson. 1775. The result of this Inquiry is ; that bleeding will not cure a consumption ; that in the beginning of the disease it may prove prejudicial, and in its confirmed state will certainly be injurious ; that it is at belt but a palliative remedy ; that it is not however to be wholly discarded, but, for the relief of some urgent symptoms, is sometimes to be admitted as a necessary evil.

The Author concludes with informing us that he trusts more to the neutral falts, to which he frequently adds the different preparations of antimony, than to this evacuation, and that whenever the breath will permit, he gives the cortex, and other strengtheners of the system, • But' says he there is a plan which hath not been without its ad. vocates in the cure of this disease, and which bids the faireft of doing it radically of any that have been mentioned, and I cannot help thinking that it might be practised much oftener that it is. This is by the operation for the empyema, or opening the cavity of the thorax and discharging the matter of the abscess gradually at the aperture. In support of this opinion some particulars of a case are related, in which the abovementioned operation was performed with success.

The language in which the Author conveys his ideas will do him no credit as a writer, and many of his ideas are such as will gain him no great honour as a physician: in proof of these assertions, we shall lay before our readers the following extracts :

'• There is no disorder hardly so common and so fatal in its consequences as the consumption. It is reputed a characteristie of this country and climate. And this city is not only the resort of the inhabitants of the rest of the kingdom, but is peculiarly productive of ät itself.'

In that stage of a consumption, in which the body begins sensibly to decay, the disease, fays our Author, 'constantly arises from an vlcer of the lungs, which by feeding the blood with acrimonious ftimulating matter, occasions an undue exercise of the vital powers, and excites unnatural evacuations; by both which that debility is induced which ends at last in the most deplorable death-An ulcer always arises from inflammation, and of consequence may depend for its primary origin on an universal or partial plenitude of the fluids.

But, says he, “an inflammation may arise likewise from another source. The blood may not only be injured by being overloaded or deprived of its proper proportion, but when it is not circulated equally and with certain powers through the system, it separates into a number of parts which were concealed in the general mass, and thus confti:utes a Auid of quite a different nature-whilst these di. ·ftinct parts wander about in the general circulation, and irritate the fibres over which they pass. By this a quicker circulation is produced, the resisting power of rome vessels is not able to sustain the force of it, the blood is driven into them, and an inflammation is occasioned. This may happen too where there is no general pleni. tude, and it may happen where there is, and something of this kind accompanics erery inflammation.'

• An

An ulcer, adds the Writer, may likewise arise in an external part without a previous wound in the flesh, to which we may resemble an hæmoptoe, or spitting of blood. It may arise, I say, in consequence of a general plenitude, when the fluid is forced into the exter. nal skin, rather than into any internal part, and then it is called a phlegmon or abscess. Here too when the body is in a perfect state of health, a laudable or good pus will be produced, and being opened with a knife or caustic, no bad confequences will follow.' Art. 38. An Examination of the Rev. Mr. John Wesley's “ Pri. mitive Phyfic,” &c, By W. Hawes, Apothecary. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Dodsley, &c. 1776.

The number of editions that Mr. Wesley's Primitive Phyfic hath palled through, replete as it is with ignorance, error, and absurdity, affords such an instance of assurance on the one hand, and credulity on the other, as can scarcely be paralleled.

To point out the gross blunders of that work, and to guard the unwary from the dangers to which an implicit confidence in it would expose them, is the present Writer's laudable design.

In the Preface to this Examination Mr. Hawes tells us, that the • Writer, or rather Compiler' of the Primitive Phyfic, has laboured to give mankind the most unfavourable ideas of the practitioners in phyfic and pharmacy;' in proof of which he cites this passage from Mr. Wesley's performance, viz.

“ Experience shews that one thing will cure most disorders, at - least as well as twenty put together. Then why do you add the other nineteen? Only to fwell the apothecary's bill: nay, posibly, to prolong the distemper, that the doctor and he may divide the spoil."

• This representation of the gentlemen of the faculty (says Mr. Hawes) may posibly not be thought very candid, nor very equitable : and if Mr. Wesley's character and conduct, as a divine, a politician, and a practitioner in phyfic, were to be examined with the same degree of candour that he hath 'exercised towards others, he would certainly not appear in the most advantageous light. At least it would be manifeft, that he was far enough from perfe&tion, though -that is a doctrine for which he is well known to be a very zealous -advocate. But, perhaps, those who are not thoroughly initiated in Mr. Wesley's peculiar tenets, may not have a proper idea of what those qualities are which are necessary to constitute a perfect man. It is certain, that if Mr. Wesley be of this character, a regard to truth is not necessary to it: of which the Rev. Mr. Evans of Bristol can afford ample testimony *.

* Vide the second edition of Mr. Evans's letter to Mr. John . Wesley, in which he has been convicted of premeditated falsehood, • upon the clearest and most unexceptionable evidence. Mr. Wesley's attempt towards a defence upon this subject in the news papers, ferves, if poflible, to render him stili more contemptible.

• The Writer of this meddles not with political disputes, but takes the liberty to observe, that some regard to truth was thought necefsary, in old fashioned systems, to constitute the character of an honest man, of whatever party he might be.'

! But

." But however uncandid, unfair, or unjust, Mr. Wesley's repre. fentation of the gentlemen of the faculty may be, it seemed necessary to promote the sale of his Primitive Phyfic. And in this his views appear to have been answered ; fixteen editions at least having been printed of this compilation ; and that this large fale has not arisen from the merit of the performance, will, I am confident, be acknowledged by every man killed in the treatment of diseases.'

With respect to the mode in which our Author has conducted his Examination, we observe that he has, upon the whole, acquitted himself, though not in a brilliant, yet in a very decent manner.If his remarks are not always sagacious, if his diftinctions are not always accurate, and if his ridicule is not always poignant, it must be allowed that his animadversions are commonly juft ; that he has clearly convicted Mr Wesley of the most disgraceful ignorance; and that he has satisfactorily evinced the dangerous tendency of that Gertleman's Primitive l'hysic. Art. 39. Directions for the Management of Children, from the

Time of their Birib, to the Age of feven Years, By M. A. Clarke, M.D. and Professor of Midwifry. 8vo. 2 5. Griffin. 1773 *

If this Professor of Midwifry, as he styles himself, really believes that a few general observations on the diseases of women and chil. dren, with receipts extracted from the works of Sydenham, Huxham, Mead, &c. are sufficient to enable' any woman to prescribe safely and successfully, for herself, children, or acquaintance,' he must be as ignorant of the principles of medicine as are those for whole instruction he writes ; and without believing this, he merits, by the present performance, a much severer punishment than any court of criticism has power to infli&. Art. 40. Stri&tures on the Gout, with practical Advice to the gouty

People of Great Britain. By Samuel Wood, a recovered Arthritic. Svo. 1 s. 6 d. Bell. 1775

This pamphlet is nothing more than a quack advertisement. It sets forth that the Author had been, for many years, affiated with the gout, when, by the advice of a Mr. Sayer, formerly an apothecary in London, he entered on a course of medicines which has been actended with very beneficial effects: that he procared from the adviser, a short time before his decease, the receipts for compounding them; but that be declines publishing these receipts for several reasons, besides the insuperable one arising from the many instances of the little regard that is had to the health of mankind by many preparers of medicine, when it comes in competition with their profits; and as some of the ingredients in these medicines, which are very expen live, may be represented by a substitute of a dangerous quality that is very cheap, there would (says he) be the greatest danger of their being adulterated, and very little probability of their being genuine, especially in the country;' that : some of our apothes caries, even in town, are so ignorant or base, as to use adulterated and sophitticated compositions, as appears by an advertisement from

• This article would have sooner appeared, had not the publica. cation been overlooked.

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