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: has maintained, in a work lately publifhed, that the destruction # of Jerusalem is the principal, or at least one of the principal, al objects exhibited in the Revelations that the difertation before sus is designed,

XI. Under the title of London fome obscure scribbler has pub. ; lished a treatise, Mertation, or declamation (whichever you please 6 to call it) that can only impofe upon the grossly ignorant and - credulous, and which is intitled, Coup d'Oeil sur la Grande Brem stagne, &c, i.e. A rapid View of Great Britain. 8vo. 1776.

This is a factious bundle of lies, calumny, and bad reasoning.

XII, One of the first astronomers of this age, whose Trian 3 tife on Comets we made formerly the subject of an ample Article, is has lately enriched astronomical science with a learned produc

tion, intitled, EfJai fur les Phenomenes relatifs aux Disparitions 1 Periodiques de l'Anneau de Saturne, &c. i. e. An Ejay concerning

the Phenomena that relate to the periodical disappearing of Saturn's Ring. By Mr. DIONIS DU SEJOUR, Member of the Royal So.

ciety of London, the Academy of Sciences at Paris, and Coun

felier in Parliament. The existence of two luminous points, s observed by Galilei, at the extremities of Saturn, which ap

peared and disappeared at certain times, and thus made that

planet allume a variety of singalar phases, led Huyghens, by Es improving ftill farther ine telescope, to discover a sing, of which

these points were but a small part. But the elements of that & ring yet remained to be determined, and, consequently, the

true principle was yet wanting which might ascertain the phenomena that were to take place in future ages. The methods, hitherto employed by astronomers, for this purpose have been various, but indirect; and, at beft, can only serve to fix the appearances to a given point of time. Mr. Dionis DU SEJOUR has therefore endeavoured, by a nice and profound

analysis, to determine the general law which is observed by ebe e phenomena in question. In this efjay, which contains nineteen

fections, he first gives an account of the different causes, to which the disappearing of Saturn's ring are to be imputed ; and then he proceeds to the folution of all the problems which can be proposed with respect to the different phases of that ring. The manner in which he ascertains the number of these phases is elegant and ingenious, and may be juftly considered as one of the nicest and happiest instances of the successful application of algebra in astronomical calculation. The work is terminated by several remarks on this famous ring, on the method of determining its inclination towards the plane of the ecliptic, and on several circumstances that precede its disappearing and that accompany or follow its re-appearance. The ingenious Author mentions, with a perfpicuous brevity, the opinions of philosophers concerning the primitive formation of this extraordinary

phenomenon,

phenomenon, and enumerates the most plausible accounts of the causes that contribute to keep this ring in equilibrio about the planet. To give the Reader a very high idea of the merit of this performance, we have only to observe, that it has been unanimously applauded by those members of the Royal Academy of Sciences, who were appointed to examine it, and these examiners were D'Alembert, Borda, Vandermonde, Bezout, and La Place.

XIII. Mr. Buchoz, whose voluminous labours in natural history in general, and in that of his country in particular, succeed each other with such amazing rapidity, has lately published, in four vols. 8vo. a work, whole title alone is sufficient to indicate its conients. This title is, Dictionnaire Niineralagique & H;dr clogique de la France, &c. i.e. A Mineralagical and Hydrographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of France; “ containing a description of the mines, fossils, flowers, chryftals, fois, sands, Aints, &c. of that country, the art of working the mines, of melting and refining the metals, the various chymical preparations of the latter, and their different uses in phyfic, veterinarian prescriptions, and the mechanic arts; as also the na. tural history of all the mineral springs in that kingdom, their chymical analysis, and an enumeration of the diseases which they are adapted to alleviare or cure.” This work, in connexion with the Dictionary of French Plants, Trees, and Sbruts, and the Veterinarian Dictionary of the same Author (wbich de. fcribes the nature, education, uses, characters of domestic ani. mals) forms a complete natural and economical history of the kingdom of France.---To the work now before us is subjoined an Appendix, which the Author calls Gneumon Gallicus, and which is designed partly as a continuation of the Flora Galtica in the Dictionary of Plants, and partly as a supplement to the Fauna Gallica in the Veterinarian. Dictionary. This Appendix is followed by several mineralogical memoirs, an account of all the noted collections of natural curiofities that have been formed in France, a bibliography of the authors who have created the mineralogy of that kingdom, and alphabetical tables of the places where the fossils, bere described, are to be found, of the diseases in which the minerals and mineral springs are to be employed, and of the chymical preparations that may be drawn from thele minerals, as also a catalogue of the mineralogical substances that may be employed in the arts,

XIV. Mr. Joseph FRANCIS CARRERE (whose literary titles would fill a whole page) has published the first volume of his Bibliotheque Litteraire, Historique & Critique de la Medicine ancienne & moderne, &c. i. e. A Literary, Historical, and Critia cal Library of ancient and modern Physic; « containing the hiftorv of physicians in all past ages, as well as in the present, and

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of all those who have cultivated any branches of medical science, or contributed to its advancement, such as anatomists, surgeons, botanists, and chymists, with an account of the honours and dignities to which they have been raised ; the monuments that have been erected to their memory, a catalogue, and the dif. ferent editions of their works, an account of their sentiments, the history of their discoveries, and the manner in which we ought to judge of their productions. This work also contains an account of the origin of phylic, its progress, revolutions, and seas, and its state in different countries.” 4t0. 1776. There is certainly a great treasure of medical erudition in this first volume, which is to be followed by seven more.

XV. The same Author has lately published an ingenious treatise, intitled, Le Medicin, Miniftre de la Nature, ou Recherches Observations sur le Pepa me ou Coetion Pathologique : i.e. The Physician, the Servant of Nature ; or Researches and Ob. fervations relative to the Pepasmus or Pathological Collion. The crudity, arising from a defect in the secretions and excretions, which disturbs the animal functions, and prevents the evacuation of those heterogeneous and corrupt particles that mingle themselves with the blood, is the principal object to which Mr. CARRERE directs his learned and judicious refiarches and illuf. trations in this treatise.

XVI. Mr. LAFOUETTE, Doctor-Regent in the university of Paris, has published a new Method of curing Venereal Disorder's Fumigation, together with an Account of the Cures performed in this Manner. This new method of curing a shameful and peftilential disorder is worthy of being recommended to medical practitioners, but improper to be presented to modest readers.

IT AL Y.

NA PLEs. XVII. Notwithstanding the multitude of treatises that have, been published of late years on Mineral Waters, the following work, on the same subject, composed by Mr. ANDRIA, and intitled, Trattato de Acque Minerali, deserves a peculiar degree of attention, and will be well received by all the lovers of chymi. cal knowledge. The most approved principles that have been laid down by the writers that have preceded our Author in this walk, are assembled in this work, which is divided into two parts. In the first, Mr. Andria considers the nature of mineral waters in general, points out the causes of their mineralization, reduces them to a system much more complete than that of Vallerius, prescribes excellent directions for the manner of alcertaining their various qualities, and shews their medicinal uses and efficacy. The second part contains our Author's observa. tions on the mineral waters in the neighbourhood of Naples, such as those of Gurgitello, Capua, Olmiteilo, Cicara, Piscia.

relli, Riardo, &c. in which we find many proofs of experimental knowledge, and of an intimate acquaintance with chymical science.

XVIII. The Abbé JEROME TIRABOSCHI has published, in 4to. the fifth volume of his History of Italian Literature (Storia della Letteratura Italiana) in which we find a very interesting account of the progress of letters in that country, in the 14th century. During this period, indeed, the ftace of Italy governed by a King of Naples and a multitude of petty tyrants, who rose upon the ruins of free republics, seemed unfavourable to the progress of human knowledge and the culture of the arts ; but amidst all the tumults of inteftine discord, emulation, rivalship, and the love of glory, rendered the contending princes of Italy patrons of letters, and several of the Italian nobles formed libraries and founded seminaries of learning during these troubles and divisions. It was at this period that Petrarch discovered the Institutions of Quintilian and the Epiftolæ Familiares of Cicero, and that Boccace enriched his country with the poems of Homer. It was during this period that the Greek language was the most cultivated in Italy, that Dante, Petrarch, and a numerous list of eminent writers, carried Latin poetry to a high degree of purity and perfection, and that the elegant art of sculpture, painting, music, and architecture began to dawn, and thus the present volume contains a variety of interesting objects, which are displayed with learning and taste. ,

VERON A. XIX. The ingenious Mr. A, MARIA LORGNA, Colonel of Engineers and Professor of Mathematics in the public Military College of Verona, has published, in Latin, an Elay concerning Converging Serieses (Specimen de Seriebus Convergentibus). 4to. This deep and intricate subject has exercised the researches of several mathematicians of the first rank, such as Leibnitz, the Bernouillis, Taylor, Maclaurin, Ricati, Euler, and others, whose methods of proceeding have appeared unfatisfactory to our Author. Whether the method he has pursued be preferable must be left to the decision of first-rate geometricians.

NUR E M B E R G. XX. Mr. Raspe, bookseller, has published an immense colle&tion of pieces, relative to the particular jurisprudence and municipal laws of the provinces and cities of Germany. This collection, composed of 1659 pieces in Latin, to which is prefixed an Introduction in the German language, defigned to convey a proper notion of the statute law of the empire. All these pieces are ranged under separate titles, as they relate to private, provincial and statute-laws, either of the kingdom of Bohemia and the German electorates, or to those of the principalities of the empire whether secular

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or ecclesiastic-or to those of the counties and dynafties of Germany-or to those of the free and imperial towns and states. The title of the whole collection is as follows: Fontium atque Commentarium Yuris privati Specialis, provinciarum & urbium Germaniæ perrera Collectio, quæ conftituit partem Bibliothecæ 7. Theoph. Staudneri Juris consulti, cum Introductione in Notitiam Statutorum ; To which is added, an Appendix entitled Fontium Juris privati Provinciarum & Urbium 3. P. G.-Erep. terum vel faltem Teutonicæ Originis. — There is a prodigious mass of erudition and a weighty treasure of political jurisprudence in the collection.

STRASBOURG. XXI. Mr. OBERLIN's Treatise concerning all the navigable canals that have been undertaken and executed in the different ages of the world, escaped our notice at the time of its publication. In point of learning, knowledge of antiquity, and curious researches on a fubject, which at present ateracts the attention of almoft all civilized nations, this is undoubtedly a production of the first rank. Its Author is a Professor in the university of Strasbourg, and a member of the most ilJuftrious literary societies in Europe ; and its title is : Jungendorum Marium Fluviorumque omnis ævi molimina.

L E IPSI c. XXII. There is a variety of interesting subjects treated with learning and tafte in the following work: Meiner's Vermischte Philosophische Schriften, &c. i. e. Meiner's Philosophical Miscellanies, ift Part. This volume contains the following articles: 1. Confiderations on the Greeks, the Age of Plato, the Timæus of that Philosopher and his Hypothesis concerning the Soul of the World.-2. On the Paderápia of the Greeks, with an Extract from the Symposium, or Feast of Plato. 3. On good Taste. 4. An Allegory, relative to the Nature of the Soul. 5. Some remarkable Anecdotes relative to the Characters, Opinions and Manners of the Inhabitants of Kamscatscha. 6. A Compendious History of the Nile, 7. A Difsertation concerning the Worship of Animals among the Egyptians, and the probable Causes of its Origin and Progress. 9. A Latin Piece concerning the Philofophy of Cicero, under the Title of Oratio de Philofophia Ciceronis, ejusque in univerfam Philofophiam meritis.

BERLIN XXIII. Mr. Thym, inspector of the plantations of his Prussian majesty, has published a Treatise concerning the Advantages that result from the Introduction of foreign Animals, Trees and Plants, 10. Manufactures, Agriculture, &C. The German title is. Die Nutzbarkheit fremde thiere, baume, und Pflanzen

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