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< till thou return unto the ground; for out of it
cwast thou taken : for dust thou art, and unto dust
C shalt thou return.'

The Pains of Hell, that natural Men are liable
to, are, the pain of Lors, and the Pain of Sense.
The Pain of Loss in Hell, is total and final Se-
paration from God: Matth. xxv. 41. 'Then shall

he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart
from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, pre-

pared for the devil and his angels.' That Sepa-
ration from God, is not a local Separation from
him, as if God should not be in the Place where
they shall be: Psal. cxxxix, 8. 'If I make my

bed in hell, behold, thou art there. But it is a
relative Separation, in an eternal blocking up of
all comfortable Communication between God and
them : And the Effect of that will be, a total E-
clipse of all Light of Comfort, and Ease, whatso-
ever, of Body and Mind, in the Damned: Mattha
xxii. 13. ' Then said the king to the servants, Bind

him hand and foot, and take him away, and
cast him into outer darknefs : there shall be

weep-
ing and gnashing of teeth.' Hof. ix. 12. 'Wo to

them when I depart from them. The Pain of Sense in Hell, is unspeakable Torment, both in Soul and Body, without Intermission: Matth. xxv. 41. above cited. Mark ix. 43. 44. ' And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to

enter into life maimed, than having two hands, ' to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be

quenched : where their worm dieth not, and the ' fire is not quenched. And these Pains of Hell will never have an End with them: Matth. xxv. 41. ' Depart--into everlasting fire.'

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Quest. 20. Did God leave all Man kind to perish in the Estate of Sin and Misery

Ans. God having out of his mere good Pleasure, from all Eternity, elected some to everlasting Life, did enter into a Covenant of Grace, to deliver them out of the Estate of Sin and Misery, and to bring them into an Estate of Salvation by a Redeemer.

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E X PLICATION. The State of Sin and Misery, is a State wherein all must perish, who are left of God in it, Eph. ii. 12. ' At that time ye were without Christ,

being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, • and strangers from the covenants of promise,

having no hope, and without God in the world;' because it is beyond the Reach of all created. Help, IJ. Ixii. 5. And I looked, and there was

none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought

falvation unto me, and my furý, it upheld me.' But God doth not leave all Mankind to perish in it. Those whom he doth not leave to perish in it, are the Elect: Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom

he did predestinate, them he also called : and whom he called, them he also justified : and whom he justified, them he also glorified.'

The

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The Elect are some certain Persons of Mankind, whom God hath chosen to everlasting Life, palling by others Afts. xiii. 48. ' And as many as were

ordained to eternal life, believed. Jude verf. 4. « For there are certain men crept in unawares, ' who were before of old ordained to this condem

nation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our

God into lasciviousness, and denying the only ' Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.' This Election or Choice was made from Eternity : Eph. i. 4. ' According as he hath chosen us in him, be'fore the foundation of the world, that we should ' be holy, and without blame before him in love.' And it infallibly secures their eternal Salvation, with all the Means leading thereto : Rom. viii. 30. forecited. Nothing foreseen in the Creature, nei. ther Faith nor good Works, was the Cause of Election ; but only God's mere good Pleasure was the Caule of it: Eph i. 6. 'To the praise of

the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.'

Now, the way that God provided the Relief, was, that he entered into a second Covenant, the Covenant of Grace. The Design of the Covenant of Grace, was, to deliver the EleEt out of the E-s ftate of Sin and Misery, and to bring them into an Estate of Salvation by a Redeemer.

The Covenant of Grace, then, was made with
Jesus Christ, as the Second Adam, Party.contraca
tor: Psal. lxxxix. 3. 'I have made a covenant
! with my chosen. Compared with 1 Cor. xv..45.
"The last Adam was made a quickening spirit.'
Gal. iii. 16. “Now to Abraham and his fced were
'the promises made. He faith not, And to feeds,
as of
many;
but as of

one,
And to thy seed,

which

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which is Christ.' Rom. v. 15. to the End. And Christ in this Covenant represented all the Elect, as his fpiritual Seed, the Parties contracted for : Gal. iii. 16. forecited. If. liii. 10. 11. Yet it

pleased the Lord to bruise him, he hath put him

to grief: when thou shalt make his foul an of"fering for fin, he shall see his feed, he shall pro

long his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. He shall fee of the travail

of his soul, and shall be satisfied : by his know'ledge shall my righteous servant justify many : ' for he shall bear their iniquities.' Then the covenant of Redemption, and the Covenant of Grace, are not two distinct Covenants, but two Names of one Covenant, under different Considerations. That

appears, in that the Number of the Cove. nants in Scripture is but two, whereof the Covenant of Works is one : Gal. iv. 24. For these are

the two Covenants; the one from the mount Si

nai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.' By a Covenant of Redemption is meant a Bargain of Buying and Selling; and the second Covenant was such a Covenant to Christ only : 1 Pet. i. 18. 19. 'Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not re. 'deemed with corruptible things, as silver and

gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers ; but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a Lamb without ble-.

mish and without spot. By a Covenant of Grace is meant a Bargain, whereby all is to be had free. ly; and it is such a Covenant to poor Sinners only: 11. lv. 1. 'Ho, every one that thirfteth, come

ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy and eat, yea, come, buy wine and milk without money, and without price.

The

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The Covenant of Grace was made from Eternity:
Tit. i. 2. In hope of eternal life, which God that

cannot lye, promised before the world began.' Yet is it the second Covenant, in respect of Order and Manifestation to the World, though it was first in Being.

The Condition of the Covenant of Grace is Christ's fulfilling all Righteousness : Matth. iii. 15. • And Jesus said, Thus it becometh us to fulfil all

righteousness.' That Righteousness' was stated from the broken Covenant of Works : Rom. iii.. 31. 'Do we then make void the law through faith?

God forbid : yea, we establish the law. The Righteousness that the broken Covenant of Works inlifts on as the necessary Condition of eternal Life to a Sinner, is perfect Holiness of Natúre, Righ. teousness of Life, and Satisfaction for Sin: Rev. xxi. ult. . And there shall in no wise enter ' into it'any thing that defileth, neither whatsoe

ver worketh abomination, or maketh a lye.' Matth. xix. 17. And Jesus said unto the young man, If thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.' Heb. ix. 22. Without shedding

of blood is no remission. It justly fo insists for Holiness of Nature, becaufe that was given to Man e at first, and by the Condition of the Covenant he was obliged to keep it': Eccl. viis 29. God hath 'made man upright.' It justly so insists for Righteousness of Life, for that was the express Condition of it : Gal. iii. 1 2. And the law is not of

faith : but, The man that doth them, shall live ' in them. And it juftly so insists for Satisfaction, in virtue of the Penalty incurred by the breaking of it : Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge ' of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in

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