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the branches to the root; so those good things, which we have, we have received from the Jews, and not the Jews from us.

XI. 19. Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in.

But, thou wilt perhaps say, Why should I not boast myself as better respected of God? Those natural branches were broken off, to give way unto me.

XI. 20. Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, anıl thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear.

Well, it is true; Those natural branches, viz. the nation of the Jews, were broken off, for their unbelief, which once thought themselves as strong and sure as thou; and thou standest now in their room, by professing faith in that Christ, whom they rejected: be not puffed up, 0 ye Gentiles, as if ye, in your several nations, could not be stripped of these privileges; but rather, if ye presume too much, fear the very same issue:

XI. 21. For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee.

For if God spared not the Jews, which were the natural branches, but brake them off from being a Church or people, take heed lest he

spare XI. 22. Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God; on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness : otherwise thou also shalt be cut off:

Behold therefore a notable proof and example of both the goodness and severity of God: on the Jews that are fallen, just severity in forsaking them, and casting them out from his protection; but towards you, O Gentiles, singular goodness and mercy, if ye continue in that state, which may be fit to receive and hold that his mercy and goodness; otherwise, even ye

Churches of the Gentiles also shall be cut off, XI. 23. And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in; for God is able to graff them in again.

And they also, if they cast off their unbelief, and shall humbly submit themselves to their true and only Messiah, shall be received into this holy communion again; for the same God, who rejected them, is as able also to shew mercy

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upon them.

XI. 24. For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be graffed into their own olive tree !

For, if ye, of rude, barbarous, and savage Idolaters, were taken and admitted into the holy Church of God; how much more easy and proper may it be for them, which were before the noted and peculiar people of God, to be readmitted into the same holy fellowship!

XI. 25, 26. For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.

For I would not have you ignorant, brethren, of this mystery, lest you be puffed up with the proud conceit of your presently happy condition, and grow scornful of the forlorn Jews; that a great part of the Jews is now obstinate and hardened against the Gospel, through their own unbelief; and God hath hereby taken occasion to feoffe the Gentiles in the privileges which they once had: but that, withal, this obduration of theirs shall not be perpetual: the time shall come, when this blindness and obstinacy shall be removed; when the number of the converted Gentiles shall be fully made up. Then shall the Jews generally be converted, and be received to grace and salvation; as it is written, There shall come, &c. See Isaiah lix. 20.

XI. 28. As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes : but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sakes.

Will ye therefore know what, in short, to think of the Jews? If ye look to the Gospel of Christ, which they reject, they are indeed enemies; but this is for your advantage, for their refusal thereof brought it sooner unto you: but if ye

look to the covenant of God made with their fathers, so there are of them chosen vessels, and such as are dear unto God.

XI. 29. For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.

For the gifts and calling of God, whereby it hath pleased him to adopt these of Abraham's posterity for his sons, and to engage himself by covenant to his seed, are inviolable, and such as shall never be reversed or repented of.

XI. 30, 31. For as ye in times past hare not beliered God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief : Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy.

For as ye, in times past, have not believed God, and yet now, upon their unbelief and rejection, have obtained mercy; God graciously proffering to you those means of salvation which they refused ; So it is now, for the present, with them: they have not believed that Gospel, which ye have received ; and God will make this use of it, to extend unto them, in his good time, the same mercy which he hath showed

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unto you.

XI. 32. For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.

For God hath, in his just judgment, given them up both to their unbelief as their deserved punishment of their former sins, so as that he now thereupon hath fit occasion and matter for his mercy to work upon; that as all, both Jews and Gentiles, had laid themselves open to the displeasure and wrath of God, so both Jews and Gentiles are now partakers of his mercy.

XI. 33. O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out !

O the wonderful depth of God's counsel! O the infinitely rich treasures of his wisdom and knowledge! how unsearchable are the reasons of his decrees, and the passages of his executions past our tracing and finding out !

XI. 36. For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things : to whom be glory for ever. Amen.

For, of him, without any other motive; and through him, without any help and assistance; and to him and for his own sake alone, without all other respects; are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen.

XII. I. I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.

I do therefore earnestly beseech you, brethren, by those wonderful mercies of God, which have been now laid forth unto you, that you labour for true sanctification; and that ye do present your whole selves, souls and bodies, unto God, as wholly devoted and consecrated to his service: wherein ye shall offer a far more acceptable sacrifice unto him, than all the oblations under the Law: theirs were of beasts, yours of yourselves; theirs of beasts slain, yours is a living sacrifice; theirs was as it were a brute service, yours a reasonable.

XII. 2. And be not conformed to this world : but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect will of God.

And be not ye conformed to the sinful fashions and dispositions of this present wicked world : but be changed and altered from the state of your corrupt nature, by the renewing of your mind and affections; so as that ye may attain to an experimental knowledge of that which is good and acceptable, and to a clear understanding of the holy and perfect will of God.

XII. 3. But to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.

But let each man think soberly and modestly of himself and

of his gifts, according to that true measure and proportion of faith and other graces, which God hath thought meet to bestow upon him.

XII. 5. So we, being many, are made one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.

So we, being many, are but one mystical body united to Christ our Head : and are all members, not of ourselves but of one another; as the hand or foot is not his own member, but the body's.

XII, 6. Let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith.

Let us prophesy according to the rule and analogy of that faith, which is contained in the articles of our Christian belief, and the Holy Scriptures.

XII. 7. Or ministry, let us wait on our ministering.

Or any service or attendance about those things, which concern the provisions of the poor Saints, let him wait on that service, &c.

XII. 16. Be of the same mind one toward another. Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate.

Apply yourselves one to another in your affections; so as the same good opinion or respect that thou hast from another, thou mayest bear unto him again. Be not highminded and proudly conceited, neither do affect ambitious aspirings; but, &c.

XII. 17. Provide things honest in the sight of all men.

Look carefully, as to your conscience before God, so to your honest reputation with men; and so order your ways, that ye may maintain a good fame in the world.

XI. 18. If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.

may so fall out, that it may not be possible, such as some men's dispositions are, to live peaceably with them; or such conditions of peace may be tendered, as may be utterly unlawful to be accepted: but, if it possibly may be, let there be no default in you, why you should not live peaceably with all men.

XII. 20. Therefore, if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink : 8c. See Prov. xxv. 21, 22. ,

. XII. 21. Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.

Let not thine enemy's despight so overcome thee, as to move thee to impatience or malice; but let thy patience and charity be such, as that thereby thou mayest exceed his maliciousness; and, if it may be, win him to relent, and acknowledge his own error.


XIII. 1. Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers.

For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained by God. Let every man,

of what condition soever, be subject unto Magistrates and Princes: for God hath set up and ordained the order of government and authority of one man over another; neither is there any institution of rule and sovereignty, nor any power of governing, which is not from God.

XII. 3. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power ? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same.

Wouldest thou not then be in fear, or danger of the power of sovereign authority ? do that which is good and lawful, and thou shalt not only be free from fear, but shalt be sure of praise and encouragement from it.

XIII. 5. Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.

Wherefore ye must yield ready obedience to them; not only out of a servile fear of punishment, and care to avoid the danger of displeasure, but even for very conscience sake; because God hath so required you, and laid this charge upon your souls.

XIII. 8. Owe no man any thing, but to love one another : for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.

Pay to every man that, which is due to him; and be not a debtor to any man, of ought, but love and charitable affection, which ye ought so to pay, as that ye

should have more to pay: for he, that loveth his brother, hath fulfilled all that which the Second Table of the Law requireth of him.

XIII. 10. Love worketh no ill to his neighbour : therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.

For what doth that Table of the Law require, but that we should do no ill to our neighbour ; implying also therein those positive duties, which we owe to his good : love, therefore, in that it withholds us from working any ill to our neighbour, doth herein fulfil the Law.

XIII. 11. And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed.

Which duty and holy affection, as it is ever seasonable, so now especially; since we know upon what times we are fallen; times of danger and trial: wherein it is very needful, that we shake off our dulness and security; and be so much the more forward in

grace and obedienee, by how much we draw nearer to that goal of glory and salvation, than when we first began to believe the Gospel.

XIII. 12. The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.

The night of our ignorance and unregeneration is now far

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