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shall be possessed fully of, at the appearance of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ.

III. 5. According to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost ;

According to his great mercy he hath saved us, by the means of those holy ordinances which he hath appointed; and namely, as one of them, by the holy Sacrament of Baptism, which is the laver of our spiritual regeneration, yet not by any virtue of the outward sign, but by the inward renovation, which is wrought in us by the Holy Ghost;

III. 6. Which he shed on us abundantly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour.

Which Holy Ghost he hath abundantly endued us withal, in the miraculous and saving graces thereof, by and through Jesus Christ our Saviour, who sends that glorious Comforter of his Church.

III. 9. But avoid foolish questions, fc. See 1 Tim. i. 4. and 1 Tim. vi. 5.

III. 10, 11. A man that is a heretic, after the first and second admonition reject; Knowing that he that is such is subrerted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.

If any man teach or hold erroneously concerning the main points of Christian religion, do thou give him some serious admonitions, to reclaim him, if it may be; but if once or twice admonishing prevail not, reject him; Knowing that such a one is utterly incorrigible, and sinneth wilfully, in not yielding to the truth; and is therefore condemned in his own conscience, while, after so palpable a conviction, he will yet hold out to maintain a known error.

III. 13. Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently, fc.

Zenas, who, having been a professor of the Mosaical Law, is now so much the fitter for the preaching of the Gospel, and Apollos, who is mighty in the Scriptures, are coming towards me: let them be aided by you, in the charge of their journey hitherward.

III. 14. And let ours also learn to maintain good works for necessary uses.

And stir up those, that profess themselves to be our disciples and well-willers, that they be ready and forward to do all works of charity and beneficence.



I. 1. And fellowlabourer.

Our fellowlabourer in the Gospel, Bishop or Pastor of the Church at Colosse.

I. 2. And to our beloved Apphia.
And to his faithful consort, our beloved sister Apphia.

I. 6. That the communication of thy faith may become effectual, by the acknowledging of every good thing which is in you in Christ Jesus.

My prayers are always for thee, that thy faith may ever shew itself to be sound and lively, by those good works which it shall produce; and that those charitable actions of thine may give effectual demonstration of the holy graces, that are in thee by the gift and inoperation of Jesus Christ.

I. 10. I beseech thee for my son Onesimus, whom I have begotten in my bonds :

I beseech thee in the behalf of Onesimus, who is now my convert; as whom, in my imprisonment, I have won to the faith of Christ :

I. 11. Which in time past was to thee unprofitable, but now profitable to thee and to me:

Who, in times past, while he was thy servant, and an unbeliever, was belike, contrary to his name, utterly unprofitable; but now, upon his conversion, will make good that which his name imports, and prove profitable both to thee and me:

I. 12. Receive him, that is, mine own bowels.

Receive him therefore lovingly, whom I esteem as dear to me, as my own bowels.

I. 13. Bonds of the gospel.

In this durance and imprisonment, which I endure for the Gospel

I. 16. Both in the flesh, and in the Lord.

How much more dear to thee; both in worldly or civil respects, and in spiritual !

I. 17. If thou count me therefore a partner, receive him as myself.

If thou count me worthy to be a partner of thy love and dearest respects, and wouldst shew favour to me if I were present with thee, do the same to him, whom I now hold as my other self.

I. 20. Refresh my bowels in the Lord.

Do thou comfort and cheer me up in my spiritual joy, in the Lord: refresh me in the Lord: refresh me in these afflictions, which I suffer for Christ, in doing this kindness for my sake.

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THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS. I. 1, 2. God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in times past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath fe.

That God, who, in the several times and ages of the world, did, in many and divers ways and manners, reveal himself to our forefathers, by his prophets, in dreams, in visions, in secret inspirations and instincts, in apparitions of angels; sometimes in the cloud, sometimes in the fire, sometimes in whirlwinds, sometimes in a still voice, Hath now in these, &c.

I. 3. Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high ;

Who, being in respect of his divine nature, very God, of very God; light of his Father's light, the brightness of those glorious beams of his eternal essence and infinite majesty; and being so the express and clear representation of his Father's person, as that the substance of the Father doth perfectly shine forth in him, and all that is to be known concerning God is manifested to us in and by him; and giving supportation, maintenance, preservation to all things which he hath made, by that almighty power of his; when he had, by his own all-sufficient satisfaction, expiated and done away all our sins, even by himself and his own precious blood shed for us; he then took up his rest in the full possession of heavenly glory, even as Man, at the right hand of his Father;

I. 4. Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

Being, in his very human nature advanced so much higher than the greatest angels of heaven, by how much he hath obtained a more excellent and glorious Name than they, viz. to be called and to be, The Son of God; not by grace or adoption as we are, but by nature and eternal communication of essence.

I. 7. And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.

And of the angels he saith, Who makes these invisible and spiritual natures, so swift messengers, as the very winds that pass suddenly round about the earth, and return not; and makes those his ministering spirits, as quick, piercing, forceable, operative, as flames of fire.

I. 8. But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

Thus he speaks ever of the angels, as servants; but, of the Son, he speaks as of the God and Lord of the Angels; Thy

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throne O God, &c. Thy kingdom, and government, is most just and righteous.

I. 9. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, &c. See Psalm xlv. 7.

I. 11. They shall perish: but thou remainest : and they all shall wax old as doth a garment. See Isaiah xxxiv. 4.

II. 1. Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard.

Since therefore it is so, that the Son of God, which hath now last spoken to us by himself, is so much more excellent than the angels, we ought to give so much more diligent heed, and reverent respect to the things, which we have heard spoken by him.

II. 2, 3. For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and erery transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, fc. ?

For if that law, which was given by the ministration of angels, were of so great awfulness; and every transgression thereof, and disobedience thereunto, carried away a terrible judgment from the just hand of God; How shall we escape, if we neglect the sweet and gracious word of the Gospel, the message and means of our eternal salvation; which first began to be personally preached by the Lord himself, &c. ?

II. 6. But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, fc.?

But the holy Psalmist in his eighth Psalm testified, saying, O God, what is man, &c. ?

II. 7. Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands.

Thou hast made that very Son of Man, for the little time of his humiliation here on earth, somewhat lower than the Angels; but thou soon advancedst him again, and crownedst him with infinite glory and majesty; and didst make him, as Mediator the Lord and King over all the works of thy hands.

II. 8. But now we see not yet all things put under him.

But now, as yet, we do not indeed see all things actually so subjected to his government, as that none of the rebellious enemies of Christ do rise up against him: it is enough, that he hath taken possession of his glory; and will, in his own due time, subdue all the adverse powers.

II. 9. Who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.

But, in the mean time, we see that Jesus, who was indeed made a little lower than the Angels, in respect of his suffering of death, which those blessed spirits are not capable of, we see him, I say, crowned with glory and honour, who was before humbled by his own voluntary dispensation, and by the wonderful grace and favour of God towards mankind, that he might undergo that death for man, which every one is liable unto; and, by his tasting of death, sweeten it to all his faithful ones.

II. 10. For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.

For it well stood with the justice and mercy of that infinitely wise, powerful, and holy God, who is the Maker and Preserver of all things; for the effecting of that his gracious decree, in saving many sons of his and bringing them to their full glory, to fit this great author and ringleader of their salvation, for that wonderful and unspeakable glory, wherewith his humanity was to be invested, through many and great sufferings.

II. 11. For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one : for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren.

For both that Saviour of ours by whom we are sanctified, and we that are sanctified, are all of one nature, namely, we have all one common humanity: for which cause he being, as he is, God, blessed for ever, is not ashamed to call us, miserable men, by the name of his brethren.

II. 14, 15. That through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; And deliver them who through fear of death were all their life time subject to bondage.

That, by the suffering of that death, which was due to us for our sins, he might strip Satan of that power and advantage, which he had over mankind, in the drawing of man into eternal death, by miscarrying him into sin, whose wages is death; And that he might deliver those his chosen children, from the fear and horror of temporal death, who, in the state of nature, were held continually in a slavish fear and dreadful expectation of it.

II. 17. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

Wherefore, since he would become man and our elder brother, it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren in all things, both in his substance, and affections, and infirmities, sin only excepted: that, out of his experience, he might be approved unto us a merciful and faithful High Priest, in those things which are requisite to make up a perfect reconciliation with God, for the sins of the people.

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