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not endure the very mention of their names, but damn them to perpetual forgetfulness.

II. 18. And in that day will I make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven, and with the creeping things of the ground : and I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down safely.

And, in that day, will I ordain, and give charge to all creatures, that they shall be helpful unto them, and forbear any annoyance of them; even to the beasts of the field, and fowls of the air, and to the creeping things upon earth: and I will pacify all enemies; and prevent all those wars, that may be in

; danger to be raised against them, and will cause them to dwell safely and peaceably.

II. 19. And I will betroth thee unto me for ever ; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in loving kindness, and in mercies.

And I will renew my everlasting covenant with thee: I will be thy God; thou shalt be my people : I will be thy Husband and Saviour; thou shalt be my Church and Spouse, inseparably united unto me; to whom I will graciously communicate my perfect righteousness; and whom I will embrace in my just acceptation, in loving kindness and in mercies.

II. 20. I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness : and thou shalt know the LORD.

I will even marry thee unto myself, in all faithful plighting of our mutual troth, one to another; and thou shalt find that I am and will be a gracious Lord unto thee.

II. 21, 22. And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the Lord, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth ; And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel.

And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord, that all creatures shall receive a command from me to contribute their several blessings to my people; as if the heaven, and the earth, and the wine, and oil, and my people Israel, did join all together, both to sue for and to confer those benefits unto my Church, which their several natures and condition can and do yield unto them.

II. 23. And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to them which were not my people, Thou art my people ; and they shall say, Thou art my God.

And I will so multiply my Church in the earth, as if I had sown it with men; and I will so alter the estate of things, as that my mercy shall magnify itself upon that people, both of Jews and Gentiles, that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to them, which were not my people, I have chosen thee to

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be my people; and they shall say again, in a blessed restipulation, Thou art my God.

III. 1. Then said the LORD unto me, Go yet, love a woman belored of her friend, yet an adulteress, according to the love of the LORD toward the children of Israel, who look to other gods, and love flagons of wine.

Then said the Lord, Go, and, by this act that I do now enjoin thee, shew to Israel their sin, and their shame and punishment: go then, and make profession of love to a woman beloved of her friend, yet an adulteress; and bring her home to thee; and make it known, that thou dost it in a type of that love, which the Lord beareth towards the adulterous nation of Israel, who idolatrously looks after other gods, and gives herself to intemperate courses.

III. 2. So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and for an homer of barley, and an half homer of barley.

So I went, according to the command of God, and, for no great price, I procured such a woman, beloved of her friend though otherwise infamous; and proclaimed her a type of Israel.

III. 3. And I said unto her, Thou shalt abide for me many days; thou shalt not play the harlot, and thou shalt not be for another man : so will I also be for thee.

And, for that purpose, I said unto her, Thou shalt continue as a widow in my house, mourning for many days; and shalt not be permitted to play the harlot, neither will I suffer thee to have the liberty of conversing with any other man. Neither will I come to thee to converse with thee: The following words are jobs N01-et etiam ego ad te; the negative particle (5) being here to be understood to be repeated; so as the words seem to run, Neither, will I

be to thee. III. 4. For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and without an ephod, and without teraphim.

For the children of Israel, who have been guilty of these spiritual fornications, shall, for a just punishment of their uncleanness, be left desolate for many years; for, from the time of their deportation into captivity, till the restoration of my Spiritual Kingdom by the Messiah, shall be six hundred and fourscore years: in which time, they shall be without a king, without a prince, without a sacrifice, and, in short, without any face, either of a church or common-wealth; yea, even of so much as a church miserably depraved by those superstitions and corrupt services, which are now in use amongst them.

III. 5. Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek

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the Lord their God, and David their king; and shall fear the Lord and his goodness in the latter days.

Afterward, when the Son of God shall be manifested in the flesh, the children of Israel, together with all my whole Church, shall return, and submit themselves to the worship of the true God, and of the Messiah, the true Son and Successor of David: and shall be holily and religiously affected to God and his service, in the days of the Gospel.

IV. 2. They break out, and blood toucheth blood.

They break out into horrible outrages; and murders are so frequent, as that one overtakes another, without


distance or intermission of bloodshed.

IV. 4. Yet let no man strive, nor reprove another : for thy people are as they that strive with the priest.

Yet let no man trouble himself, and lose his labour, in reproving those sins, which he sees committed; for thy peo

are obstinately bent to continue in their wickedness: they are such as will be ready to brawl and quarrel with the messengers of God, that shall endeavour to reclaim them.

IV. 5. Therefore shalt thou fall in the day, and the prophet also shall fall with thee in the night, and I will destroy thy mother.

Therefore will I bring swift judgment upon thee: thou shalt speedily fall, and thy prophets with thee; for, if thou fallest in the day, thy prophets shall not be long after thee, they shall fall in the night; and I will destroy the very Church and kingdom, whereto thou appertainest. · IV. 6. My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge.

My people are destroyed for lack of the true knowledge of me their God, and of my law.

IV. 8. They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity.

They make a gain of the sins of my people, and feed themselves fat with their sacrifices; willingly giving way to their sins, for the benefit of their oblations; and being well pleased with their gainful iniquities.

IV. 9. And there shall be like people, like priests : and I will punish them for their ways, etc.

So as they shall be all too like to each other; wicked people, and wicked priests: the people's sins deserved to be punished with such priests, and such priests have helped to make the people thus wicked, etc.

IV. 10. For they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall commit whoredom, and shall not increase : because they have left off to take heed to the Lord.

They shall eat; and yet not find the benefit of their sustenance, in an increase of strength, or satisfaction of appetite:


they shall spend their bodies in the acts of their lust, and shall bave no increase of issue; for that they cast off all care of God's service, and their obedience to him. IV. 11. Whoredom and wine and new wine take


the heart.

They are so besotted with their whoredoms and drunkenness, that they have lost all the sense of whatsoever grace and goodness; and are utterly bereft of all care of God or themselves.

IV. 12. My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused them to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.

My people are so sottish, as to go unto their wooden images, for either counsel, or prediction of future events: a piece of a stick is their god, and their oracle; for this gross idolatrous disposition, whereto they have long inclined, hath drawn them into these foul enormities, and hath drawn them a whoring from under their only true God.

IV. 14. I will not punish your daughters when they commit whoredoms, nor your spouses when they commit adultery: for themselves are separated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots : therefore the people that doth not understand shall fall.

I will not so far favour you, as to punish your daughters, or your wives, when they play the harlot: while I respected you, and took keep of you, I was ready to correct you for your misdeeds; but now, I have given up the care of you, and will not chastise that in your children and wives, which ye, that are the parents and husbands, are willingly guilty of; for ye yourselves go aside with your harlots, and spend the good cheer of your sacrifices upon whores; therefore, as I before denounced the sentence, the people, both one and other, that do not understand, nor seek after God, shall perish.

IV. 15. Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, yet let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal, neither go ye up to Bethaven, nor swear, The Lord liveth.

But though Israel, or the Ten Tribes, be thus miscarried with idolatry, yet let not the infectious example of their sin so far prevail, as that Judah and Benjamin should be tainted therewith : go not ye, O men of Judah, so far as Gilgal, the utmost bounds of your region on this side Jordan, upon any idolatrous pilgrimage; neither go ye up to the golden calf of Beth-el, yea, of Beth-aven rather, the house of vanity; neither do ye, in your solemn oaths, apply my name to your idols, as to say of them, The Lord liveth.

IV. 16. For Israel slideth back, as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.

For Israel is slidden back from her profession; as some wild

and stubborn heifer draws back, to pull his neck out of the yoke: and now, the Lord will lay them open to judgment, as if some silly lamb, in a large pasture, should be exposed to the violence of some devouring beast.

IV. 17. Ephraim is joined to idols : let him alone.

Ephraim, or the Ten Tribes of Israel, have given themselves over to idolatry: meddle not thou with them, O Judah : if Israel will needs offend, let him sin without thee.

IV. 18. Their drink is sour: they have committed whoredom continually : her rulers with shame do love, Give ye.

Their intemperance is odious: they have committed whoredom continually: her rulers are all for bribes, and are not ashamed to say,

Give. IV. 19. The wind hath bound her up in her wings, and they shall be ashamed because of their sacrifices.

But they shall be miserably dispersed: the wind of God's judgments is ready to carry them away, upon the wings thereof, into fearful desolation; and they shall rue the time, that they yielded themselves over to those their idolatrous sacrifices.

V. 1. And give ye ear, O house of the king : for judgment is toward



have been a snare on Mizpah, and a net spread upon Tabor.

And give ye ear, O house of the king of Israel; for judgment is toward you; because, when as my people were, according to my command, to go up to sacrifice at Jerusalem, ye procured wait to be laid for them, both at Mizpah and at mount Tabor, as a fowler would lay nets and snares for birds, to intercept them in their way and to draw them back to your own idolatrous altars.

V. 2. And the revolters are profound to make slaughter, though I have been a rebuker of them all.

And the revolted Israelites are profound and subtle in their plots, to draw the slaughter of the sacrifices to the place of their own choosing; though I have not forborne my vehement rebukes of them all.

V. 3. I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me.

I know Ephraim, the chief of those Ten Tribes; and the rest, which make up the kingdom of Israel, are not hid from me.

V. 5. Judah also shall fall with them.

Judah also, since he would not be warned to avoid the sins of Israel, shall partake of their judgments, as well as of their iniquity.

V. 6. They shall go with their flocks and with their herds to seek the Lord; but they shall not find him; etc.

They shall go with whole flocks and herds of their sacrifices, to seek the Lord, to appease his wrath, and recover his favour; but they shall not find grace and acceptation at his hands.

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