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Mount Sinai. Of late years several adventurous travellers, at the ported by two rows of marble columns. The floor is risk of being plundered and murdered by the Bedouins, very elegantly laid out in a variety of devices, in mosaic have visited the desert and mount of Sinai. One of the work; of the same workmanship, likewise, are both the first, and not the least intelligent, of them, the Rev. Dr. Aoor and the walls of the Presbyterium, upon the latShaw, gives us the following account of his journey:— ter whereof is represented the figure of the emperor “ We have a distinct view of Mount Sinai from Elim; Justinian, together with the history of the Transfigurathe wilderness, as it is still called, of Sin, lying between tion. Upon the partition which separateth the presbyus. We traversed these plains in nine hours, being terium from the body of the church, there is placed a diverted all the way with the sight of a variety of small marble shrine, wherein are preserved the skull lizards and vipers that are here in great numbers. I and the hands of St. Catharine. The pilgrims are not had not the good fortune to see the famous inscription admitted into this convent by the door (which is never that is said to be engraven upon the rocks just as we open, unless when the archbishop, who usually resideth turn into the valley that conducts us to Mount Sinai. at Cairo, is to be installed), but we are drawn up by a Sin was the first place where God gave the Israelites windlass near thirty feet high, and then taken in at a manna, (Exod. 16. 14,) and therefore some authors have window by some of the lay brothers, who attend there imagined that those characters were left as a standing for that purpose. These, and the Papasses, or Presbymonument of that blessing to future generations. ters, who are commonly called Kalories (good old men),

“We were near twelve hours in passing the many make in all about a hundred and fifty in number, subsistwindings and difficult ways which lie betwixt the ing chiefly upon such provisions as are sent them monthly deserts of Sin and Sinai. The latter is a beautiful from Cairo. They live a very strict and austere life, abplain, more than a league in breadth and nearly three staining not only from flesh, but also from milk, butter, in length, lying open towards the N.E., where we and eggs; nothing of which we were permitted to bring entered it; but it is closed up to the southward by into the convent, though we could have purchased them some of the lower eminences of Mount Sinai. In this of the Arabs. Mount Sinai hangs over this convent, direction, likewise, the higher parts of it make such being called by the Arabs, Jibbel Moúsa, the mountain encroachments upon the plain that they divide it into of Moses, and sometimes, by way of eminence, El Tor, two, each of them capacious enough to receive the the mountain. St. Helena was at the expense of the whole encampment of the Israelites. That which lieth stone-staircase that was formerly carried up entirely to to the eastward of the mount may be the desert of the top of it; but at present, as most of these steps are Sinai, properly so called, where Moses saw the angel of either removed, washed out of their places, or defaced, the Lord in the burning bush, when he was guarding the ascent is very fatiguing, and frequently imposed the flocks of Jethro. (Exod. 3. 2.) The Convent of St. upon their votaries as a severe penance. However, at Catharine is built over the place of this divine appear- certain distances, the fathers have erected, as so many ance. It is near three hundred feet square, and more breathing-places, several little chapels, dedicated to one than forty in height, being partly built with stone, partly or the other of their saints, who are always invoked with mud and mortar mixed together. The more im- upon these occasions, and after some small oblation are mediate place of the Shekinah is honoured with a little engaged to lend their assistance. The summit of Mount chapel, which this fraternity of St. Basil bath in such Sinai is somewhat conical, and not very spacious, esteem and veneration, that, in imitation of Moses, where the Mahommedans, as well as the Christians, have they put off their shoes from off their feet when they a small chapel for public worship. Here we were shown pproach or enter it. This, with several other chapels the place where Moses fasted forty days (Exod. 24. 18; dedicated to particular saints, is included within the 34. 28), where he received the law (Exod. 31. 18), where Church, as they call it, of the Transfiguration, which is he hid himself from the face of God (Exod. 32. 22), a large, beautiful structure, covered with lead, and sup- | where his hand was supported by Aaron and Hur, at

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the battle with Amalek (Exod. 17. 9,12), besides many to comprehend how such a multitude of people as the other stations and places that are taken notice of in the Jews, who accompanied Moses out of Egypt, could have Scriptures. After we had descended, with no small | encamped in the narrow gulleys adjoining Sinai, amid difficulty, down the western side of this mountain, we frightful and precipitous rocks. An extract from Procame into another plain that is formed by it, that is, fessor Robinson's travels will supply an answer to this Rephidim. (Exod. 17. 1.)”—Geographical Observations difficulty. “We approached the central granite mounin Arabia Petræa, &c. 1738.

tains of Sinai, not by the more usual and easy route of Of the geological formation of Mount Sinai, Dr. Shaw | Wady Shekh, which winds around and enters from the gives the following account:-“That part of Mount Sinai | east; but following a succession of wadys, we crossed which lieth to the westward of the plain of Rephidim, and Wady Shekh, and entered the higher granite formation is called the mountain of St. Catharine, consists of a by a shorter route directly from the W.N.W., through hard reddish marble, like porphyry, but is distinguished a steep, rocky, and difficult pass, between rugged, blackfrom it by the representations which every part of it ened cliffs, eight hundred to one thousand feet high. gives us of little trees and bushes. The naturalists | Approaching in this direction, we were surprised and call this sort of marble Embuscalum, or bushy marble; | delighted to find ourselves, after two hours, crossing the and for the same reason Buxtorf deriveth the word | whole length of a fine plain; from the southern end of Sinai from the bush (or rubus) that was figured in which, that part of Sinai, now called Horeb, rises perthe stones of it. It seems to have been hitherto left pendicularly in dark and frowning majesty. The name undecided to what species of plants this bush is to be of Sinai is at present applied generally to the lofty referred; yet, if these impressed figures are to instruct ridge running from N.N.W. to S.S.E., between two us, we may very justly rank it among the tamarisks, narrow valleys. The northern part, or lower summit, is the most common and flourishing trees of those deserts. the present Horeb, overlooking the plain. About two I have seen some branches of this fossil tamarisk, as I and a half or three miles south of this, the ridge rises, shall call it, that were near half an inch in diameter. and ends in a higher point; this is the present summit Yet the constituent matter, which was of a dark of Sinai, the Jebel Mûsa of the Arabs; which, however, mineral appearance, like the powder of the lead ore, ) is not visible from any part of the plain. The plain is, was of no solidity, crumbling away as the Armenian, or in all probability, the spot where the congregation of -any other bole would do by touching it.”

Israel were assembled to receive the Law; and the pre: The atmosphere of this part of Arabia is described as sent Horeb was the scene of the awful phenomena in generally serene; but it is occasionally disturbed by which the Law was given. As to the present summit tornadoes. Dr. Shaw says, “When I travelled in this of Sinai, there is little reason to suppose that it had any country, during the months of September and October, connection with the giving of the Law, and less the the atmosphere was perfectly clear and serene all the higher peaks of St. Catherine.” Lord Lindsay expresses way from Kairo to Corondel; but from thence to Mount the following opinions on the names now applied to the Sinai, the tops of the mountains would be now and then | rival mountains: “ With two exceptions, all the old capped with clouds, and sometimes continue so for a | travellers that I am acquainted with, from Fraymenspers, whole day. This disposition of the air was succeeded, in 1346, to Belon, in 1548, call Jebel Mûsa, Horeb, soon after, by a violent tempest, when the whole heavens | and Jebel Katerin, Sinal. Since the middle of the were loaded with clouds, which discharged themselves, sixteenth century, that hallowed name has reverted to during nearly the space of a whole night, in extraordi- Jebel Mûsa, -reverted I say, because, from Justinian's nary thunderings, lightnings, and rain. But these phe- time till the beginning of the fourteenth century, the nomena are not frequent, rarely falling out, as the tradition identifying it with Sinai appears to be uninter· monks informed me, above once in two or three years." rupted. In very early times, Jebel Serbet seems to have

Of the waters of the wilderness, the same reverend | been the chief place of pilgrimage, under the belief of · author observes, “ Fountains and wells of water are so its being the Mount of God. Such uncertainty hath 'rare in these parts, that we may well account for the tradition !” “We put off our shoes from off our feet," •strife and contention that there was formerly about continues his Lordship, “before approaching the most them. In the midland road, between Kairo and Mount sacred spot on Mount Sinai, or rather Horeb, (as they Sinai, I do not remember to have heard or tasted of call this part of the mountain,) where Our Lord is said more than five, and these were all of them, either to have appeared unto Moses in the burning bush. The brackish or sulphureous. Yet this disagreeableness in little chapel is gorgeously ornamented; a New Testathe taste is vastly made up by the wholesome quality of ment in modern Greek, with superbly embossed covers, the waters; for they provoke an appetite, and are | lies on the altar; behind it they show, not exactly the remarkably lenitive and diuretic: and it may be owing | burning bush, but a shrub which they say has flourished to these qualities, that few persons are seized with any ever since, its lineal descendant. The kind hospitable illness during their travels through those lonesome, | monks are not to blame,-they believe as the tale has sultry deserts."

been handed down to them ; but on what authority, we Niebuhr, Laborde, Carne, Professor Robinson, Lord must again and again ask, are these spots pointed out Lindsay, and Mr. Stephens, corroborate in the main the as the scenes mentioned in the Bible?" Speaking foregoing statements; although there is some difference of the vicinity of Mount Sinai, Lord Lindsay says: of opinion amongst them as to the precise peak on | Nothing can surpass the rude and gloony grandeur of which the Law was given to Moses. “Sinai," observes these valleys; utter silence reigned on all sides, though Carne, “has four summits; and that of Moses stands now and then, the report of a gun from the neigbouralmost in the middle of the others, and is not visible hood of Mount Sinai murmured around us like distant from below, so that the spot where he received the Law | thunder. Odoriferous shrubs grow in great abundance must have been hid from the view of the multitudes among the loose stones, as high as the peak of ot, around; and the smoke and flame, which Scripture says Catherine's, which is easier to climb than to descend, enveloped the entire Mount of Sinai, must have had the the solid granite being split into thousands of diminutive more awful appearance by reason of its many summits particles and ledges, smooth and slippery, and in some and great extent.” Niebuhr, who appears to have only places, so nearly perpendicular, that a false step you partially examined the localities, says that it is not easy be broken bones, if not worse."

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Mr. Stephens, in summing up his account of the moun- ' SINIM. The name of this people is mentioned tains of Sinai, describes the general impression created only in Isaiah 49. 12. Some commentators of eminence on his mind in the following words:—“I have stood have adopted the opinion of Manasseh Ben Israel, that upon the summit of the giant Ætna, and looked over the the prophet alludes to the Chinese, who were unclouds floating beneath it; upon the bold scenery of doubtedly the Sinæ of the classic writers, and from Sicily, and the distant mountains of Calabria; upon the whom the Hebrews imported silk in the time of Solotop of Vesuvius, and looked down upon the waves of mon. (See SilK.) Others assert that the persons indi-. lava, and the ruined and half-covered cities at its foot; cated are the inbabitants of the Nome of Syene, in the but they are nothing compared with the terrific solitude southern part of Egypt; but the majority, with more and bleak majesty of Sinai. An observing traveller has probability, believe that the tribes in the wilderness of well called it'a perfect sea of desolation. Not a tree, Sin are the people intended. C. or shrub, or blade of grass is to be seen upon the bare and rugged sides of innumerable mountains, heaving SION. See ZION; JERUSALEM. their naked summits to the skies, while the crumbling masses of granite around, and the distant view of the

SIVAN. The ninth month of the Hebrew civil, Syrian desert, with its boundless waste of sands. form and the third of the ecclesiastical year, the wildest and most dreary, the most terrific and deso

: SLAVERY. See SERVITUDE. late picture that imagination can conceive." P.

SLIME. See BITUMEN.

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SMYRNA. A city of Ionia, in Asia Minor; it lower; the first being inhabited by Turks and Jews, the was one of the most ancient and flourishing of the colo- second by Armenians, Greeks, and Franks. All the fine nies which the Ionian Greeks founded on the Asiatic and remarkable buildings are in the lower town; it conside of the Ægean sea, and the excellence of its situa- tains the markets, bazaars, shops, and stores, and it tion, on one of the finest bays in the world, has saved it exbibits all the activity and animation belonging to a from being involved in the fate which has overwhelmed great commercial mart and a crowded seaport. The most of the ancient cities of Anatolia. It claimed to be upper town is bounded by extensive cemeteries, and the birth-place of Homer, and several modern critics are appears almost as tranquil as those abodes of the dead; of opinion that the claim is better founded than that of the houses are mean; the windows closely barred, like any of the six other cities which contended for the those of prisons; and the streets all but deserted. honour. It is mentioned only once in Scripture, as one The Italians call Smyrna “the Flower of the Levant," of the Seven Apocalyptic Churches. (Rev. 2. 1.) The and some French travellers have named it “the Miniaangel of the Church at Smyrna, when the Book of ture Paris of the East;" but, though far superior to most Revelations was written, is stated by ecclesiastical his- Turkish cities, it is not quite deserving of these flattering torians to have been the venerable Polycarp, a disciple appellations. Fifteen hundred years ago, Strabo comof the evangelist St. John; the message to the Church at plained that the ancient city was deficient in its sewerSmyrna is an affectionate forewarning of the persecution age, and the modern city is equally in want of this to wbich it was about to be exposed, and of which Poly- necessary accommodation. Hence the centre of the carp was the earliest and most distinguished victim. narrow streets is usually a filthy channel, choked with

The modern town of Smyrna does not occupy the pre- all sorts of impurities, from whence pestilential exhalacise position of the ancient city; in consequence of the tions arise, which render Smyrna the very metropolis of earthquakes to which the southern hills were exposed, plague and fever. Within the last few years some good the citizens gradually removed farther and farther to the streets have been laid out in the lower town, and several north, until the original precincts were quite deserted. excellent houses built by merchants in the suburbs; but the present city is divided into two parts, the upper and still the old streets are so narrow that a loaded camel

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fills them up from one side to the other, and the pas- power; the judicious prince preferred wisdom, and the senger who meets one of these animals often finds it other boons were superadded by his almighty benefactor. difficult to get out of the way.

The name Solomon, which, like the Saxon “Frederick," . One of the circumstances which strikes a European signifies “ peaceful” or “ peaceable,” is truly descriptive most forcibly on visiting Smyrna is the great diversity of of this monarch's reign; he exerted himself to introduce the nations which have contributed to supply it with industrial and commercial pursuits among his subjects. inhabitants. The citizens are distinct from each other and entered into trading treaties with the Phænicians, in religion, language, dress and manners; each race has the Egyptians, and probably the Babylonians. In his its own ceremonies, its own feasts, and even its own reign the Hebrews, for the first time, began to pay some calendar. It is not at all unusual for one race to cele- attention to naval affairs. For the purpose of trade in brate a festival on a day devoted by another race to the Arabian and Indian seas, they occupied the port of penance and fasting. The Turks close their shops on Ezion-Geber on the gulf of Akaba, a station admirably Friday, the Jews on Saturday, and the Armenians, selected both on account of its favourable position for Greeks, and Franks on Sunday. There are no inter commerce, and for defence against the plundering hordes marriages or social communication between these dif of Arabs and Idumeans. The Mediterranean trade was ferent races; they never meet each other except in the principally conducted by Phænician ships, in which the market-place, and they only converse together on the Hebrew monarch was permitted to send out his agents price of cotton and opium, or the rate of exchange or supracargoes; the principal commerce was with the between piastres and dollars. The distinction of race is southern coast of Spain, from whence, in that age, silver more strongly marked amongst the women than amongst was chiefly procured. the men. The Greek and Frank ladies have their faces The overland trade with central Asia was managed by uncovered; the Armenian and Jewish allow about half caravans, which had to traverse the deserts of Mesopoof the countenance to be seen, while the Turkish women tamia; in order to facilitate the communications, Solohide every feature but the eyes.

mon built the city of Tadmor, called afterwards Palmyra, A stranger would be led to believe that more lan on a fertile oasis, abounding in plantations of the dateguages were spoken in Smyrna than in any city which palm, from which the city derived its name. The overhas existed since Babel; on one side caravans and strings land and maritime traffic proved so lucrative that Judea of camels pour in from every part of central Asia, Syria, rapidly advanced in commercial wealth, while Solomon and Arabia; on the other fleets crowd the harbour from | became the most wealthy monarch in Asia. all the maritime states of Europe and America. The Soon after his establishment on the throne, Solomon general medium of communication is the Lingua Franca, / was united in marriage to the daughter of the Egyptian a barbarous jargon, compounded of bad Italian and Pharaoh. He celebrated the high birth and eminent worse Arabic, together with a plentiful admixture of beauty of this princess in several hymeneal odes or can• vulgarisms and nautical phrases from every language in ticles; but being then under the influence of the Holy Europe.

Spirit, he gave to these nuptial poems a more sublime Religious toleration has always been more freely and pious significance by making them mystically typigranted in Smyrna than in any other Turkish city, and cal of the union between Christ and his Church. The when there has been any outbreak of Mussulman fana alliance with Egypt and Tyre enabled Solomon to extend ticism it has been directed against the Jews and the his sway over all the countries between the Nile and the Greeks, rarely against the Europeans.

Euphrates, and even to add to his dominions some dis3. The population of Smyrna is supposed to exceed one tricts beyond the latter river. Although he had a very hundred thousand, and it is rapidly increasing, especially numerous army, particularly strong in cavalry and warsince the police of the place has been improved, and chariots, it does not appear that Solomon acquired these greater security afforded to life and property. In no | additions to his territories by military conquest; on the place is the decline of Turkish fanaticism more appa contrary, it would seem that his high reputation for rent, for the European consuls are ever ready to resent wisdom and integrity induced the nations to tender him the slightest insult offered to Christians, whatever may | a voluntary allegiance. His fame was so widely diffused be their denomination. In consequence of this protec that the queen of Sheba came from the distant regions tion the processions of the Greek and Latin churches of the South to admire his riches, and profit by his pass freely through the streets, and some of the latter are learning. so gorgeously conducted that a spectator might suppose The Oriental traditions respecting this celebrated himself in a city of Italy rather than of Turkey. C. | interview are both interesting and curious. They say

that Solomon was gifted with such supernatural intelli

gence as to be able to command the services and control SOAP, 1 3 borith. It is not probable that the the actions of angels, demons, and animals. When he Jews were acquainted with the composition which we marched at the head of his army the birds of the air call “soap;" their borith appears to have been the herb formed part of his attendants, and spread their wings sopewort, which is remarkable for its detersive qualities. | over him, making a canopy to shade him from the sun; SODOM. The capital city of the Pentapolis, or

it was from one of these birds, the lapwing, that he “ five cities of the plain,” which were destroyed for their

heard an account of the queen of Sheba, whom he sumunnatural vices. See GOMORRAH and DEAD SEA.

moned to his presence. The queen immediately obeyed; she made various experiments to discover whether Solo

mon was really a prophet, and being at length fully conSOLOMON, TO Shelomeh; in the Septuagint, vinced of the validity of his pretensions, she abandoned Earwuwv; in Josephus and the New Testament, solo- | idolatry, and embraced the true religion, which was uwv; and in the Vulgate and English versions, Solomon, never afterwards wholly lost in her country. is the name and successor of David, who from love of | Solomon was distinguished as an author by several Bathsheba, made her son his heir in preference to the treatises on natural history, which have long since been children he had by his other wives. While Solomon lost; he also wrote the Books of Canticles, Proverbs, was yet a youth God appeared to him in a dream, and and Ecclesiastes, which are included in the canon of the offered him his choice between wisdom, wealth, and Old Testament. The Rabbins further assert that he

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wrote several treatises on magic, which were buried with great prosperity of his kingdom, the splendour of his him to prevent any one from being exposed to the court, and the vast extent of his intellectual acquiredangers which Solomon had encountered by his inter- ments. His subjects did not appreciate his plans; comcourse with demons. Al Beidawi, borrowing from the merce, which flourished so much during his reign, was Jewish traditions, relates the following extraordinary quite abandoned after his death; and the Jews retrograded legend of the perils to which the king was exposed by to their old agricultural and pastoral habits. his dealing with spiritual agencies. “Solomon having Solomon reigned forty years; he died A.M. 3029, taken Sidon, and slain the king of that city, brought B.C. 975, at about fifty-eight years of age, and was away his daughter Jerada, who became his favourite buried in the city of David. His history was written wife. The princess was continually lamenting the loss by the prophets Nathan, Abijah, and Iddo, but the of her father, and, in order to console her, the king works of these writers have unfortunately perished. T. ordered the demons in his service to make a perfect image of the Sidonian monarch. This was done, and the likeness was so perfect that Jerada and her servants, SOLOMON'S SONG. This beautiful poem, in its according to the custom of their native land, offered | literal sense, is an union of the pastoral with the hyidolatrous worship to the statue. For some time Solo-meneal ode, and was written on the occasion of Solomon's mon winked at this idolatry, but the remonstrances of marriage with the daughter of the Egyptian Pharaoh. his vizier awakened his conscience, he destroyed the | The author, however, as is usual with Oriental writers, image, punished the women, and went into the desert to united to this primary sense an allegorical and emblematiatone for his offence by prayer and fasting. God, how cal description of the union between God and his Church, ever, did not permit his crime to go wholly unpunished. which was typified by a marriage, on account of the It was Solomon's custom, whenever he went to bathe, to ideas of peculiar mystery the Jews attributed to that entrust the ring, or signet, on which his kingdom de appointment, for they believed that every marriage pended, to one of his concubines named Emina, and he union was the counterpart representation of some placed it in her charge when he went into the wilderness. original pattern in heaven. It is not always possible to A demon, named Sakhar, assuming Solomon's shape, discover the immediate connection between the literal obtained the ring from Emina, and, by virtue of it, held and the allegorical sense; but, viewing the work merely the kingdom for forty days, during which period the as a pastoral poem, it would be found to abound in king wandered unrecognised through his dominions, and beautiful descriptions, natural imagery, and vivid delineawas forced to beg alms for his subsistence. At the end tions of nature. In the following passage there is a rare of that time the demon was compelled to depart to his union of force and splendour of description with the infernal habitation, and as he flew away, he threw the softness and tenderness of passion. signet into the sea. It was swallowed by a fish, which Get thee up, my companion, restored it to Solomon. Having thus recovered his My lovely one, come away, kingdom and his power, Solomon pursued Sakhar, over

For lo! the winter is past,

The rain is over, is gone, took the demon, and having tied a great stone round his

The flowers are seen on the earth, neck, threw him into the lake of Tiberias.”

The season of the song is come, This and many similar legends of the Rabbins are And the voice of the turtle is heard in our land; based upon the fact that Solomon in the later part of his

The fig-tree puts forth its green figs, reign, actually lapsed into idolatry, being seduced by the

And the vine's tender grapes yield a fragrance: multitude of wives he had taken from the surrounding

Arise, my fair one, and come away.-Cantic. 2. 10-13. heathen nations. His crime was punished by insurrec

The following comparisons abound in sweetness and tions in various parts of his dominions; the chief leaders

delicacy. of these revolts being Jeroboam, afterwards king of the How sweet is thy love, O my sister, my spouse; ten tribes, and Hadad the Idumean. Most commenta

How much better than wine is thy love,

And the odour of thy perfume than all spices! tors assert that Solomon repented before his death, and

Thy lips, O spouse, distill honey from the comb; wrote the Book of Ecclesiastes as a manifestation of his

Honey and milk are under thy tongue, sorrow for his transgressions.

And the scent of thy garments is like the fragrance of The most magnificent work of Solomon was the

Lebanon.-Cantic. 4. 10,11. Temple which he erected to Jehovah, “ the noblest pile It would be easy to quote many passage of similar that ever pressed the earth.” From the circumstance, beauty, but these are sufficient specimens of its poetical mentioned in the article SCULPTURE, that the stones were excellence. C. brought ready prepared for the edifice, the Rabbins have derived a multitude of fables respecting the assistance SON. The Hebrews used this word in a wider which the demons rendered in the building. They add signification than is common in modern times. It was that Solomon “perceiving his end draw nigh before the applied to any descendants, however remote; to sons by edifice was completed, and aware that his presence alone marriage or adoption; to disciples and favourite followcompelled the demons to continue at their work, ers; to imitators of habit and conduct, as “sous of besought God that his death might be concealed from Belial," (Judges 19. 22,) for “ wicked men;" “sons of them until they had finished their task. It was so the mighty," (Psalm 29. 1,) for “heroes;" to any proordered; Solomon died as he stood at his prayers, lean- duction or issue which might allegorically be regarded ing on his staff, which supported his body in that posi- as an offspring, as “sons of the burning coal,” (Job 5.7.) tion an entire year. The demons continued to work for “sparks;" “son of the bow,” (Job 4. 19,) for “an during all this period, and, at its expiration, the Temple arrow;" “ son of the floor,” (Isai. 21. 10,) for “threshed was complete. A worm was then sent to gnaw through corn;" sons of oil,” (Zech. 3. 14,) for “branches of the the staff, which giving way, the king's body fell to the olive tree.” We also meet such phrases as “the son of ground, and the secret of his death was thus discovered.” beating,” “the son of death,” “the son of perdition,"

The wealth and power of the Hebrews was at their meaning persons who deserved these punishments. The highest during the reign of Solomon; and the very angels and saints are frequently called “sons of God," extravagance of the legends we have quoted affords because they receive a portion of the divine nature by strong confirmation of the Scriptural accounts of the the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. C.

The Hebrewsn in modernmote; to son low

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