Sidor som bilder
[blocks in formation]

This was regarded as a kind of religious act, the destruc- shrubs, the cedar, the cypress, the palm, the olive, the tion of the city being looked upon as a sacrifice. Hence vine, the cinnamon, the plane, and the rose. Its beauty Mummius demolished Corinth to the sound of trumpets, alone might have obtained this distinction for it, but and Alexander declared to his generals that the burning the precious liquid flowing from it, which is only inferior of Persepolis was a sacrifice to the manes of his ancestors. in value to balsam, rendered it still more deserving the Homer makes mention of this custom in the following place it holds in the passage where the son of Sirach verses:

speaks of it. In many passages in which our translators As the loud trumpet's brazen mouth from far

have read oak, the word should be terebinth, as well as With thrilling clangor sounds the alarm of war;

where the general expressions thick shady trees are Struck from the wall, the echoes float on high,

used, And the round bulwarks and thick towers reply; So high his brazen voice the hero reared,

In Turkey and Turkey in Asia, the burial grounds of Hosts dropped their arms, and trembled as they heard.

the Christians, particularly the Armenians, are planted

Iliad xviii. with terebinth trees, the cypress being reserved for the There was a festival instituted amongst the Jews

| Mohammedans. It is in one sense fitter than that graceealled “the feast of trumpets,” celebrated in the begin

ful tree for the purpose, on account of its extraordinary ning of the civil year, in the month of Tisri, answering

longevity. to our September. The day was kept solemn, all servile

The fruit of the terebinth is a green nut, and very business was suspended, and particular offerings were

like that of the real pistacia in flavour, but smaller and vnjoined. “The Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak

inferior. It is, however, much used in the Levant. unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh (eccle

The terebinth grows freely at present on the road siastical) month, in the first day of the month, shall ye

between Jerusalem and Rama, and on the rocks about have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an

Mount Tabor; also at Jaffa, and probably throughout holy convocation; and ye shall do no servile work the greater part of Palestine. A. therein, but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.” (Levit. 23. 23-26.) C.

TURTLE, in tur, tpuywv, trugon. It is evident

that both the Hebrew and Greek names of the turtleTUBAL. The fifth son of Japheth, who is commonly

dove are formed by onomatopeia, and are imitative of united with Meshech; whence it is thought that they

its note or cry. Jeremiah (8. 7,) enumerates it among peopled countries bordering on each other. Bochart is

the migratory birds, and in this respect it differs from of opinion that they were the ancestors of the Muscovites

all the other species of the dove tribe, a fact observed or Russians, and the Tiberenians, but this genealogy

by Aristotle, and many other naturalists, ancient and is very questionable. W.

modern. The turtle-dove appeared in Palestine at the

end of winter, and hence Solomon mentions this bird's TUBAL-CAIN. The son of Lamech by his wife | return among the indications which herald the spring, in Zillah, and one of the antediluvian patriarchs. Scripture the following exquisite passage: “Lo, the winter is past, calls him the father, that is, the inventor of the art of the rain is over and gone, the flowers appear on the working in metals, whence some have concluded that he earth, the time of the singing of birds is come, and the might be identified with the Vulcan of the pagans. W. voice of the turtle is heard in the land." (Cant. 2. 11,

12.) C.

TURPENTINE TREE. (Ecclus. 24. 16,) “ As the I TWELVE. This number was sacred among the turpentine tree I stretched out my branches, and my Jews, probably because it was that of the tribes, or of branches are the branches of honour and grace.” This the signs of the zodiac; it was symbolical of just prois the only text in our version of the Scriptures in portion, beauty, and stability. It is sometimes used in

an indefinite sense: thus Jeroboam’s garment is said to have been rent into twelve pieces, (1 Kings 11.30,) and Elisha to have ploughed with twelve yoke of oxen, &c.


TWO. This number is sometimes used in a symbolical sense; it typifies the connection between the magistracy and the ministry, in the persons of Moses and Aaron; the two systems of idolatry which were learned in Egyptian and Babylonian bondage; the Old and New Testaments; the Jewish and Christian dispensations; and amongst the early Fathers, the divine and human natures of Christ. Several of the early heretics endeavoured to introduce the Persian duality into the Christian system, and they therefore declared that the number two had a more mystic sanctity than any other. Traces of this delusion may be found so late as the ninth century of the Church. Č.

Turpentine Tree. which this beautiful tree is mentioned directly. Here it is numbered up among the choicest of trees and

TYCHICUS. A disciple employed by St. Paul to carry his letters to several churches. He was of the province of Asia, and accompanied the Apostle in his journey from Corinth to Jerusalem. (Acts 20. 4.) He carried the epistle to the Colossians, that to the Ephesians, and the first to Timothy. St. Paul calls hin his dear brother, a faithful minister of the Lord, and his

[blocks in formation]

companion in the service of God, (Col. 4. 7,8;) he also of selected individuals, even from the creation of the states that he had some intention of sending him into world. Adam was the figure of “Him that was to Crete, to preside there in the absence of Titus. (Titus come.” (Rom. 5. 14.) Melchizedek was “made like 3. 12.) It is thought, also, that he was sent to Ephesus unto the Son of God.” (Heb. 7. 3.) Abraham, in the while Timothy was at Rome, when he carried a letter to course of events in which he was engaged by the the Ephesians. According to the ecclesiastical historians special command of heaven, was enabled to see Christ's of the Greek church, he was one of the seventy disciples day, (John 8. 56;) and Isaac was received from the sent out by Christ, and afterwards bishop of Colophon, dead “in a figure.” (Heb. 11. 19.) At a later period in Asia Minor. C.

the paschal lamb was ordained to be sacrificed, not only

as a memorial of the immediate deliverance which it TYPE. Although the word is not very frequently was instituted both to procure and to commemorate, but used in our version of the Scriptures, what it signifies is also as a continued memorial of that which was to be very often implied, and great importance is justly attri fulfilled “in the kingdom of God." (Luke 22. 16.) buted to the elucidations and confirmations which types Moses was raised up to deliver the people of Israel, to afford. We may consider a type as an example, pattern, be to them a lawgiver, a prophet, a priest; and to or general similitude to a person, event, or thing which possess the regal authority, if not the title of king. But is to come; and in this it differs from representations, during the early period of his life he was himself taught, memorials, or commemorations of events, which all | that one great prophet should be raised up like unto relate to the past. The Spirit of God bas adopted a him; before his death he delivered the same prophecy variety of means to indicate his perfect fore-knowledge to the people; and after that event the Israelites conof all events, and his power to control them. This is tinually looked for that faithful prophet who should sometimes declared by express verbal prophecy; some- return answer to their inquiries. (1Macc. 4. 16; 14.41.) times by specific actions performed by divine command; Their prophets all pointed to some greater lawgiver, and sometimes by those peculiar events in the lives of who should introduce a new law into their hearts, and individuals, and the history or religious observances of inscribe it on their minds. (Jer. 31.33.) Besides, their the Israelites, which were caused to bear a designed religious ordinances were only a figure for the time then reference to some parts of the Gospel history.

present. (Heb. 8. 5; 19. 9.) The illustrations, then, to The main part, says Chevallier, in an inquiry into be derived from the historical types of the Old Testament these historical types, is to establish the fact of a precon- | are found diffused over the whole period which extends certed connexion between the two series of events. No from the creation of the world to the time when vision similarity is in itself sufficient to prove such a corre- and prophecy were sealed. And all the light which spondence; even those recorded in Scripture are recorded emanates from so many distant and varied points is under very different circumstances. If the first event concentrated in Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. W. be declared to be typical, at the same time when it occurs, and the second correspond with the prediction so deliverel, there can be no doubt that the correspondence TYRE, the capital city, and a sea-port, of the was designed. If before the occurrence of the second | ancient Phænicia, on the coast of the Mediterranean event, there be delivered a distinct prophecy that it will Sea, situated East longitude 33°, and North latitude so happen, and will correspond with some previous 32° 55'. It was about sixty miles south-west of event, the fulfilment of the prophecy furnishes an Damascus, and enjoyed the most extensive traffic of any intrinsic proof that the person who gave it spoke by town in the world. It was built by the Sidonians, 240 divine inspiration. It may not, however, from this fact years before the building of the Temple of Solomon, at follow that the two events were connected by a design Jerusalem. Sidon being then conquered and taken by formed before either of them occurred; but it certainly the Philistines of Askelon, many of the inhabitants does follow, that the second event in some measure had escaping thence in their ships, built Tyre; and therefore respect to the first; and that whatever degree of con- | the Prophet calls it, “the daughter of Sidon.” (Isai. nexion was by such a prophet assumed to exist, did 23. 12.) But it soon outgrew its mother in size, riches, really exist. If, again, no specific declaration be made and power, and was thereby enabled to withstand for so respecting the typical character of any event or person, many years the power of the mighty king Nebuchaduntil after the second event has occurred, which is then nezzar, to whom all the East had submitted. declared to have been prefigured, the fact of preconcerted Tyre was in the district allotted to the tribe of Asher, connection will rest solely upon the authority of the though never completely subdued by the Israelites. person who advances the assertion. But if we know It was early celebrated for its pre-eminence in the arts from other sources that his words are the words of and sciences, in commerce, and in navigation. Hiram, truth, our only inquiry will be, if he either distinctly one of its kings, was the friend of David and Solomon. asserts, or plainly infers the existence of a designed | He contributed to the construction of the great Temple, correspondence. The fact, then, of a preconcerted con- by sending timber (from Mount Lebanon), gold, and nexion between two series of events is capable of being workmen. (2Chron. 2. 3-16.) It is probable that, out established in three ways, and the historical types may of gratitude for these services, Solomon repaired the be accordingly arranged in three principal divisions. cisterns and aqueduct of Tyre which now bear his Some of them afford intrinsic evidence that the Scrip- name. tures which record them are given by inspiration of God; The vast power of the Tyrians upon the Mediterthe others can be proved to exist only by assuming that ranean Sea, and even upon the Ocean, are sufficiently fact; but all, when once established, display the astonish- well known. Amongst the numerous colonies which ing power and wisdom of God, and the importance of they sent out to distant regions, thus extending the that scheme of redemption which was ushered into the benefits of civilization to countries which were then world with such magnificent preparations.

considered the most remote of the babitable globe, In contemplating this wonderful system, we discern Carthage and Cadiz stand foremost in historical interest. one great intention interwoven not only into the verbal The former was the enemy and rival of Rome; from prophecies and extraordinary events of the history of the the latter an expedition went out and discovered a new Israelites, but into the ordinary transactions of the lives world.

the Philistence in their the daug

in no specific declaration be made and power, aus ---

[blocks in formation]

In the eleventh year of the reign of Zedekiah, king | duration of their subjection was limited by prophecy to of Judah, God declared, by the prophet Ezekiel, his seventy years, (Isai. 23. 15-17;) that is, to the terminajudgments against Tyre, on account of the “pride and tion of the Babylonian monarchy, when the Tyrians, with wickedness” of its inhabitants, their exultation over the some other remote nations, were restored to comparative calamities of the Israelites, and their cruelty in selling | independence by the Persians. They then seem to them to slavery; he further declared that the same ruin have been allowed the entire management of their own would be brought upon them by King Nebuchadnezzar, affairs, with the only discoverable limitation, that they into whose hands he would deliver them. This is the were obliged to furnish vessels and subsidies to the subject of the 26th, 27th, and 28th chapters of Ezekiel's Persians, when required. Accordingly, they did render prophecies, in the last of which God particularly upbraids | very valuable assistance to the Persians in the famous Thobal, then king of Tyre, for his insolent and proud | war of Xerxes against the Greeks; and Herodotus conceit of his own knowledge and understanding, “as if (viii. 69) particularly mentions the kings of Tyre and he were wiser than Daniel, and there was no secret that Sidon as present at the council of war held by the could be hid from him.” (Ezek. 28. 3.) At the time of Persian monarch. Under the Persians the people of the delivery of this prophecy, a century before its fulfil- | Tyre recovered much of their former wealth and imment, the Assyrians were an inconsiderable people, portance; and such were their resources, and the while the Tyrians were at the height of opulence and strength and advantageous situation of their insular power.

city, that they were for a long time enabled to withIn the twenty-sixth year of the captivity of Jehoia stand Alexander the Great, although he had already chim, and the fifteenth after the destruction of Jerusalem, made himself master of the whole of Syria and part of Nebuchadnezzar made himself master of Tyre, after Phænicia. a siege of thirteen years, one of the longest recorded When Alexander advanced towards Tyre, the inhain history. He took the place, and utterly destroyed it, bitants, anxious to conciliate him, sent ambassadors that is, the city which was on the continent, the ruins with presents for himself and provisions for his army, of which were afterwards called Pale-Tyrus, or Old but on his demanding admittance to the city, they Tyre,

positively refused, and shut the gates against him. But before it came to this extremity, the inhabitants, Flushed with so many victories, Alexander could not foreseeing what would happen, removed their effects brook such treatment, and resolved to use every effort into an island about half a mile distant from the shore, to reduce them to submission, while the Tyrians, on the and there established themselves. When Nebuchad other hand, determined to stand out against him. Their nezzar, therefore, entered the town, which he and his resolution was by no means desperate, when we consider soldiers had so long laboured to take, he was enraged at how admirably they were situated for withstanding a finding no spoil, and, wreaking his anger upon the siege. The city stood on an island, at the distance of buildings and the few inhabitants who were left in half a mile from the shore, and was fortified with a them, he razed the whole town to the ground, and slew strong wall drawn round it at the brink of the sea. all he found in it. After this, the city never recovered | This wall, Arrian tells us, was one hundred and fifty its former glory; but the town on the island became the feet high, and of proportionate thickness, constructed of Tyre that was afterwards so famous by that name, that great stones strongly cemented together. Moreover, on the continent never rising any higher than to become they had great confidence in the assistance promised a village, by the name of Old Tyre.

them by their allies, and particularly the Carthaginians, That it was Continental Tyre, and not Insular Tyre, who were then a very powerful state, masters of the that Nebuchadnezzar besieged, appears from the descrip- seas, and who had engaged to send the Tyrians succours tion of the siege which we have given us by Ezekiel; in the siege. Alexander, irritated by several unsuccessful for we find that the king cast up a mound against it, attempts to storm it by sea, conceived the bold design of and erected engines to batter down the walls. (Ezek. filling up the channel which separated it from the 28. 8-10.) But that the city on the island then escaped continent. This was effected by sinking piles into the this fate, is manifest from the Phænician histories. sea, and throwing into the intervening space immense

Nebuchadnezzar and his army naturally felt much blocks of stone. The difficulties of this enterprise, disappointed at the result of their long and laborious which has in all ages been the wonder and admiration siege. They had served before Tyre “ till every head of military men, are fully stated by Q. Curtius, who was bald, and every shoulder peeled,” (Ezek. 29. 18-20;) says that the soldiers were in despair when the work and yet all their time, and all their toil, remained unre- was proposed to them, for the sea was so deep, that it warded. The Tyrians had escaped with their property seemed impossible to them even with the assistance of to the island, and mocked their utmost efforts. In the gods to fill it up. Alexander encouraged them, and order, therefore, to reward the Assyrians for being the reminded them that the ruins of the old town afforded means of executing the divine wrath on Tyre, the plenty of stones for the purpose, while from the neighAlmighty promised, by the prophet Ezekiel, to give up bouring mountains of Lebanon, (so famous in Scripture Egypt to them as a spoil. Accordingly Nebuchad- | for its cedars, they could obtain sufficient timber for nezzar, taking advantage of the intestine divisions which the undertaking. After vast labour, the role was were occasioned in that country by the revolt of Amasis, nearly completed, when it was swept away by a storm, marched his whole army thither, and overran the whole and a new one had to be undertaken; the materials land from Migdol to Syene, or from the first entering | must have been nearly exhausted, and while it accounts into Egypt to the borders of Ethiopia; in short, from for the entire disappearance of Old Tyre, does most one end of Egypt to the other. (Ezek. 30.)

strikingly corroborate the prediction, that its stones, However, although the Tyrians had evaded the spolia- its timber, and its very dust, (rubbish,) should be laid in tion of their valuable property, they eventually became the midst of the water, (see Ezekiel 26.19;)“ I shall bring subject to the Babylonians, as the prophets had foretold. up the deep upon thee, and great waters shall cover Indeed, it would seem as if the royal family of Tyre, like thee;" this text is very remarkable when we consider that of Judah, had been carried into captivity, for Josephus that the mole was constructed of successive layers of cites the Phænician annals, as showing that after this stones, rubbish, and timber. At length this gigantic time, the Tyrians received their kings from Babylon. The undertaking was completed, and the whole covered with

[blocks in formation]

It was

Hit on fire, sulg by sea e, that the:

sand. Alexander, accordingly, on this artificial mole Many of the people of Tyre embraced the Jewish erected his battering-rams and other instruments of war religion, and that city was one of the first that received known in those times. But even then success did not the faith of Christ, who Himself visited the coasts of immediately follow the enterprise. It was only after Tyre and Sidon, and miraculously healed the woman of seven months' close siege, that the inhabitants, attacked Canaan's daughter. (Mark 7. 26-30.) Paul found there simultaneously by sea and by land, and the town being some faithful disciples on his journey to Jerusalem, and set on fire, surrendered to the Macedonian chief; further in the persecution under Dioclesian, there were many illustrating prophecy: “ Tyre did build herself a strong- sincere believers at Tyre, who “counted not their lives hold, and heaped up silver as the dust, and fine gold as dear unto them.” the mire of the streets. Behold the Lord will cast her For many ages there were famous churches in Tyre out, and he will smite her power in the sea, and she and Sidon, and in Tyre, a magnificent cathedral, the shall be devoured with fire.” (Zech. 9. 3,4.)

ruins of which remain. Eusebius speaks of this church, Enraged at the defence which the Tyrians had made, calling it the most splendid temple in Phænicia. The and the delay which they had occasioned, Alexander, see was dependant upon the Patriarch of Antioch, and with a cruelty not unusual to him, and which has left a had under it fourteen suffragan bishoprics. Gulielmus blot upon his character, crucified two thousand of the of Tyre was its first archbishop. inhabitants, sold thirty thousand for slaves to the Jews Several councils and synods were held at Tyre: the and others, and put eight thousand to the sword. The most important was that which condemned the heresies city he re-peopled from the continent, and made Azelmir of Athanasius. the king, who had been abroad during the siege, and | At Tyre was interred Frederick the First, surnamed who consequently had not incurred his displeasure, its Barbarossa, who died in the year 1190. It was the governor. The Tyrians had sent off their wives and birth-place and residence of many persons celebrated in children to Carthage during the siege, and about fifteen history. thousand were secretly carried off in the Sidonian ships. The decline of Tyre even as a town may soon be told.

About nineteen years after, Tyre was again taken by It passed with the rest of Syria to the Arabs; in 1129, it Antigonus, and was able to withstand his fleets and I was taken from them by the Crusaders; Saladin made armies for fifteen months, whence we infer that it had an ineffectual attempt to recover it in 1187; and it was partly recovered its strength. But the former glory of finally taken in 1291, by Kbalil, the Sultan of Egypt, Tyre, and all Phænicia, had departed for ever: owing to who nearly razed it to the ground, that it might never the foundation of Alexandria, it was no longer the again afford a stronghold or harbour to the Christians. emporium of the world, and was constantly changing The Turks took it from the Egyptian Mamelukes in masters from the Syro-Grecian to the Syro-Egyptian 1516, and in their hands it now remains. kings. Finally, all were absorbed in the Roman empire. After the destruction of the city by the sultan, it was

Alexander did the Tyrians more evil than the ruin of completely abandoned, and the people emigrated to Acre. their city and the slaughter of its people, by the founda- “ It remains nearly in the state in which they left it, tion of Alexandria in Egypt, which gradually drew away (says Mr. Robinson, who visited Tyre in 1830,) with from them that foreign traffic, through which they had the addition of about a hundred new stone dwellings, enjoyed unexampled prosperity for not less than a occupying a small space to the north of the peninsula, thousand years. With the loss of their monopolies, contiguous to the port. The latter is a small circular and commercial establishments, the skill and enterprise basin, now quite filled up with sand and broken shafts of the Tyrians sufficed to keep Tyre in a respectable of columns, leaving scarcely space for small boats to station as an individual town, and such it remained enter. At the entrance stood two towers, with probably under the Romans. The Emperor Hadrian repaired the a chain drawn across. fortifications, and made it the metropolis of a province, “The few fishing-boats belonging to the place are shelgiving it all the advantages of a Roman colony. | tered by some rocks to the westward of the island. On

[graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small]
[blocks in formation]

seeing their nets hanging out to dry, I was forcibly of sand. The part next the village, and without the struck by the sad fulfilment of that part of the prophecy wall, is full of old walls, mounds, cellars, and all the concerning the place, which says, “I will make her like indications of having once been covered with houses. the top of a rock, it shall be a place for spreading of There are, indeed, one or two large old buildings still nets in the midst of the sea.' (Ezek. 26. 5.)

standing on it. The part of this neck adjoining the “Many parts of the double wall which encompassed mainland is so low as to have considerable pools of the island are still visible, and attest the strength of its water in it. We passed a number as we coasted along ancient fortifications. There was only one gate which the edge of the sand from the south, on approaching the opened out upon the isthmus. This side was protected village. There is all the appearance that the water once by a triple wall. The isthmus is so completely covered came out to the steep bank at the edge; but the passage with sand washed up by the sea on either side, that between the island and the mainland being stopped, the Done but those acquainted with the history of Tyre sand both to the north and south has been thrown up so would suppose it to be the work of man. The penin- as to form a wide flat beach, extending out near the sula is about a mile long, and half a mile broad. Its island, as far as what was formerly the east side of the surface is covered with the foundations of buildings now island. The whole space here shows great changes. nearly all in ruins. On the western side, where the “The most interesting and remarkable relic of antiquity ground is somewhat more elevated than the rest, is the which I saw at Soor, (the modern name of Tyre,) was modern citadel, probably occupying the site of the the remains of the church of Origen, (we have alluded ancient one.

to this church in the preceding part of this article.) “The place is now known to the natives by its ancient It stands on the south side of the village, and makes Hebrew name of Tsur or Soor, (corrupted by the Greeks part of the wall at that place. Much the larger part of into Tyrus, and by the Romans into Terra,) though igno- it is fallen and removed. The remaining fragments rant of the classic ground on which it stands. I was so show that it has been of very great size. There are a annoyed by their crowding round me wherever I went, few small huts on the ground on which that part of the and by their refusal to accommodate me with anything church that has been removed stood. There is some like a decent lodging, that I left the place abruptly. richly-wrought stone in the walls and about the stairs The cause of this inhospitality no doubt arose from sus- that run up at one part of the building. The stone is picion as to my real character, having been seen taking the soft spongy limestone, which abounds on this coast, notes whilst visiting the ruins.”

and, I may add, through most of Palestine. The Rev. J. D. Paxton, who visited Tyre in 1836, “It is a stone that works easily, but wastes away under gives the following account of its appearance. “The the action of water, and is especially liable to be satuold site on the mainland is desolate, not one house, and rated with water, and to form damp walls. No part of scarcely a vestige, remains to mark the spot. It was the ruins of this old and celebrated church more intescraped as a rock, and probably was thus treated by rested me than the stupendous granite pillars which Alexander to get materials for the stupendous causeway were once connected with it, but now lie on the ground, he made. The city, on what was once an island, was and some of them almost buried in it, and by the ruins almost wholly forsaken, as many travellers assure us, and which cover this quarter. These pillars were of the fine thus the prophecy has had its fulfilment. There is, Egyptian granite, of great length and thickness. They however, a new village growing up on its site. It has formed masses of stone of a most enormous weight. much increased within a few years. There may be We seldom saw pillars of a larger size. There must between one or two hundred houses, a quarter part of have been some regard for Christianity at Tyre when its them very miserable things, but a few tolerably good for inhabitants erected this splendid edifice. this region. The pasha has established some factories “But oh! what changes have passed over these lands here, and the place is evidently reviving. Three or four since those days when Origen ministered here, and raised of the European powers have consuls residing here, and his voice to the thousands which this church was capable the Americans have a consular agent. The old harbour, of holding. A deep darkness now rests on all these which once contained the first trading ships in the world, regions. The Moslem rules, but his pride is humbled; lies on the north side of the town, and was once sur- his strength broken, and he appears conscious that the rounded by a strong wall, some small fragments of which day of his glory is past and not likely again to return! still remain. The harbour is much filled up, so that The few Christians that are now found in these regions only vessels of small burden can come within it. It have lost the spirit of Christianity. It is with them a does not indeed appear to have much trade of any kind. body without a soul, a form—and a greatly altered form The water at the extreme point of the island is very —without the spirit and power which makes it a transshallow, a considerable space barely covered with water. forming principle among mankind. But the darkness is There are some ruins on a part of this, and some fallen passing away, rays of light are breaking upon these pillars; whether it was once covered with houses I am regions, and we doubt not the day is not far remote unable to say. To the south the water is deeper, but when the religion of Christ will, in its enlightening and still so shallow as to oblige vessels to lie off at a con- | transforming power, revisit these regions, and make siderable distance from the shore. The neck which them revive and iourish like the garden of the Lord.” joins the island to the mainland is little else than a bed | A.

« FöregåendeFortsätt »