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MEDITERRANEAN SEA--MELITA.

various that no correct average can be given, and that, | culty in identifying this island. The name, and general including its islands, it is estimated to cover an area of suitableness of the situation, however, seem to verify the nearly seven hundred and forty thousand square miles. concurrent testimony for centuries, that Malta, in the It communicates with the Atlantic on the west, the Mediterranean, answers to the Melita of the Scriptures. Adriatic on the north, and the Sea of Marmora and Black This, however, is not universally conceded. It has been Sea on the east. Of the various rivers that flow into it, suggested on high authority, that a small island in the the Nile is at once the largest, and the one with which Adriatic Sea, on the Illyrian coast, now called Meleda, was most Scriptural recollections are associated.

the Melita of the Acts. The most plausible arguments in
behalf of this opinion are derived from its situation

being decidedly in the Adriatic, which cannot properly MEGIDDO, 9729 Sept. Mayedde, or Mayedew, be said of Malta, from its exact position in reference to (Josh. 17. 11,) was a fortified town of the tribe of Ma- a storm from the S.E., the island lying N.W. by N. of nasseh, in the territory of Issachar; it was once a royal the S.W. promontory of Crete,- from the wildness of city of the Canaanites, and was one of the places forti- the island, and the barbarous character of its inhabitants, fied by Solomon. (1 Kings 9. 15.) Near to it Jabin's / -and from the low, damp, marshy nature of the country, army was routed by Deborah and Barak. (Judges 1. 27; favourable for reptiles and fevers. 5. 19.) Ahaziah fled to it when pursued by Jehu's “On the other side it is argued that tradition has ever orders, and died there. (2Kings 9. 27.) It was a place assigned the locality to Malta,—that the winds S.E. of great mourning to the Canaanites when Jabin's army E.S.E. and E. were equally calculated to drive a ship to was destroyed; and to the Jews when Josiah was slain. | Malta in a direct course from Crete,- that had the vessel (Zech. 12. 11.) It has long altogether disappeared, but taken the course of Meleda, there had been no danger of its site is fixed by some geographers fifteen miles south falling upon the Syrtis,—that it does not appear that the west of Mount Tabor, and double that distance south Romans had ever such an establishment in Meleda, as east of Mount Carmel.

to require the residence of a pro-prætor,—that it is not “ The waters of Megiddo," mentioned in Judges 5. 19, probable that a ship of Alexandria would choose such an Professor Gesenius conjectures to be the river Kishon. island to winter in, which implies the arrival before the (Comp. Judges 5. 21 and 4. 13.)

stormy season,—that in the event of a ship making the MEGILLOTH, niste is the name of a division

western coast of Italy from Meleda, there would have

been no need to touch at Syracuse before it could arrive of the Hebrew Scriptures adopted by the Jews, nearly

nearty at Rhegium." equivalent to the “Book” of our version, but only

Mr. Bryant, Dr. Hales, and others, have strenuously applied to Solomon's Song, Ruth, Lamentations, Eccle

endeavoured to show that Melita was in the Adriatic siastes, and Esther, which collectively are called WON

Sea, on the coast of Illyricum. Dr. Hales thus states nizaa khamish megilloth, or five rolls or volumes. There

his argument: “ That this island was Meleda near the

his is a Targum extant on the Megilloth; but the barbarism

Illyrian coast, not Malta on the southern coast of Italy, of its style, and the numerous idle legends which are

may appear from the following considerations: (1.) It inserted, concur to prove it to be of a late date, probably

lies confessedly in the Adriatic Sea, but Malta a consinot earlier than the sixth century; its author is unknown. I derable distance from it. (2.) It lies nearer the mouth The paraphrase on the Book of Ruth and the Lamenta

of the Adriatic than any other island of that sea; and tions of Jeremiah is the best executed portion. See

would, of course, be more likely to receive the wreck of TARGUM.

any vessel driven by tempests towards that quarter. MELCHISEDEK, 273 250 Melchi Tsedek; Sept.

And it lies north-west by north of the south-west proMengloedek, (Gen. 14. 18; Heb. 7. 1-3,) king of

montory of Crete; and came nearly in the direction of a Salem, afterwards called Jerusalem, was a contemporary

storm from the south-east quarter. (3.) An obscure of the patriarch Abraham, whom he met with refresh

island called Melita whose inhabitants were · barbarous, ments on his return from the pursuit of Chedorlaomer

was not applicable to the celebrity of Malta at that and his allies. In accordance with the manners of the

time, which Cicero represents as abounding in curiopatriarchal ages, he appears, as the head of his tribe or

sities and riches, and possessing a remarkable manufamily, to have discharged the functions of priest, and to

facture of the finest linen; and Diodorus Siculus more have offered sacrifices to the true God, a fact which

fully: “Malta is furnished with many and very good Abraham acknowledged by paying him tithes. In the

harbours, and the inhabitants are very rich; for it is full Epistle to the Hebrews, (ch. 7, St. Paul exhibits the

of all sorts of artificers, among whom there are excellent resemblance between Melchisedek as the type, and Jesus

weavers of fine linen. Their houses are very stately and Christ the antitype. The expression of the Apostle,

beautiful, adorned with graceful eaves and pargetted “ without descent," explains what is intended by “with

with white plaster. The inhabitants are a colony of out father, without mother;" that is, no mention is made

Phænicians, who trading as merchants, as far as the nor any record left of his descent, or even of the names

Western Ocean, resorted to this place on account of its of his father or mother. The Jews, like the Arabs of

commodious ports and convenient situation for maritime the present day, were accustomed to mention the name

commerce; and by the advantages of this place, the of a man's father along with his own, or instead of his

inhabitants subsequently became famous both for their own, as “ David the son of Jesse,” or “ the son of Jesse"

wealth and their merchandise. (4.) The circumstance only; and to be unable to do this, from ignorance of the

of the viper or venomous snake which fastened on St. father of a person of eminence, could not but strike them

Paul's hand agrees with the damp and woody island of

Meleda affording shelter and proper nourishment for as a singularity under any circumstances.

such, but not with the dry and rocky island of Malta, in

which there are no serpents now, and were none in the MELITA, Melumn. The island in the Mediterra- time of Pliny. (5.) The disease with which the father nean Sea on which St. Paul and his companions were of Publius was affected, dysentery combined with fever, wrecked, (Acts 28. 1,) was doubtless the modern Malta, probably intermittent, might well suit a country woody but this fact has sometimes been disputed. La Trobe, in and damp, and probably for want of draining, exposed his Scriptural Illustrations, says, “There is some diffi- to the putrid effluvia of confined moisture; but was not

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likely to affect a dry, rocky, and remarkably healthy was seized by the Vandals, and ten years after by the island like Malta.”

Goths, who had obtained possession of Sicily, and in Dr. Falconer likewise is of opinion that the Adria the seventh century it was occupied by the Saracens. mentioned in Acts 27. 27, can only mean the Gulf of Malta was taken from the Arabs by the Normans in the Venice, the admission of which would certainly exclude year 1090, and remained for ages an appendage of the Malta, but on the other hand it has been clearly shown kingdom of Sicily. In 1530, the emperor Charles V., by Beza, Bochart, Grotius, Wetstein, and others, from who had annexed it to his empire, transferred it to the Ptolemy, Strabo, and other writers, that, at the time in Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, whom the Turks had question, the term Adriatic Sea was used to comprehend recently dispossessed of Rhodes. In 1563 Malta was the whole of the sea between Greece, Italy, and Africa; besieged by Solyman, the Turkish emperor, but he was so that it comprised the Ionian, Cretan, and Sicilian obliged to retire after losing 30,000 men in the attempt. Seas. In 1730, Padre Ignazio Giorgi published, at It remained nearly three centuries in the hands of the Venice, his Ispezioni Anticritiche, in which he laid great Knights, and was the post from whence they waged stress on the restriction of the name Adria to the Gulf an unceasing warfare against the Mohammedan states of Venice, as establishing the preferable claims of Me- of the Mediterranean, the stupendous fortifications which leda. Dr. Falconer appears to have seen this work, and now excite the admiration of the beholder, being the we therefore regret that he did not also refer to the large work of several successive grand-masters. At last, in body of counter-evidence brought together in the Malla 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte took possession of the island Illustrata, published at Malta in 1772. Fra Abela, in on his way to Egypt, but after a blockade of two years the original work, published in 1617, had considered the French garrison surrendered in 1800 to an English the relative claims of Malta and Meleda somewhat force; the island has been ever since a dependency of largely; and in putting forth a new edition, the Count the British crown, and a large naval and military force Giovannantonia Ciantar applied himself to enlarge the is usually stationed there. evidence in favour of Malta, by opposing the main argu The island being situated midway as it were between ment of Father Giorgi; which he did by adducing a the continents of Europe and Africa, has been sometimes multitude of citations from ancient historians, geo- considered as belonging to the one and sometimes to the graphers, and poets, to show the large extent which they other. It is, however, rather nearer to Europe than to assigned to the Adriatic Sea. All the other objections Africa, being 190 miles from Cape Spartivento in Calato Malta are met, and the arguments in its favour stated, | bria, the nearest point on the continent of Europe; in the Malta Illustrata, at considerable length.

and 200 miles from Calipia, the nearest part of Africa. That Malta is the island intended by St. Luke will be | The island is sixty miles in circumference, twenty long, evident from the following considerations:—The Apostle and twelve broad. Near it on the west, is another and left the island in a ship of Alexandria, which had win smaller island, called Gozo, about thirty miles in cirtered there, on her voyage to Italy; and after touching cumference. Malta has no mountains nor any very at Syracuse and Rhegium, landed at Puteoli, thus sailing high hills; and it therefore makes no very striking in a direct course. The other Melita would be far out appearance from the sea. There are no ports or bays of the usual track from Alexandria to Italy, and in sailing on the African side of the island; but several very deep from it to Rhegium, Syracuse also would be out of the ones on the coast facing Sicily. The chief of these are direct course. The fact that the ship was tossed all the Calla della Melleha, the Porto di S. Paolo, and the night before the shipwreck in the Adriatic Sea, does not two which are separated by the tongue of land on lessen the probability of its being afterwards driven which stands the modern capital, Citta Valetta. The upon Malta; because the name Adria was applied to more ancient capital, in which, as appears from his the whole Ionian Sea, which lay between Sicily and intercourse with the governor, St. Paul remained during Greece.

his stay, is situated about the centre of the island, The island of Melita, or Malta, was successively sub- | upon a hill of moderate elevation, between which and ject to the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Romans; it the bay of St. Paul the ground is more low and level was originally colonized by the Phoenicians, from whom than in most other parts of the island. The cathedral it was taken about 736 B.C, by the Greek colonists in church of St. Paul, upon the top of the hill, is supposed Sicily, from whom the island gained the name of Melita, by the inhabitants, from old traditions, to occupy the probably on account of the excellent honey for which it site on which the palace of Publius, the governor, stood has been at all times noted. An island of such import- | at the time of St. Paul's visit. ance as a maritime and commercial station was not over | Malta is naturally a barren rock; but where some soil looked by the Carthaginians, who about 528 B.C. began has been found, or has been artificially laid, the proto dispute its possession with the Greeks, and after | ductive power is very great, and the produce of a very dividing it with them for a time, at length made themselves superior description. The island does not, however, proentire masters of it. The inhabitants of Greek descent duce nearly sufficient corn for the sustenance of its inharemained, and the Punic or Phænician and the Greek | bitants, who are obliged to import from abroad the languages were equally spoken. Malta flourished greatly greater part of that which they consume. But this may under the dominion of Carthage; but ultimately partook be in some measure ascribed to the extreme populousof the disasters which befel that power. In the first ness of the island, which, in proportion to its extent, Punic war it was seized by the Romans, who however contains more inhabitants than any other country in lost it again, and only became masters of it under the Europe. treaty which placed in their hands all the islands | The Maltese are bigoted Romanists, but they are an between Italy and Africa, (B.C. 242.) The Romans industrious and active, though by no means a fine race made Melita a municipium, allowing the people to be of men; the poverty of their living superinduces numergoverned by their own laws. The government was ous diseases, among which ophthalmic complaints are administered by a pro-prætor, dependant on the prætor the most prevailing. The streets of Valetta, the capital, of Sicily, and this office appears to have been held by | are thronged with a squalid set of the most persecuting Publius at the time of St. Paul's shipwreck. When beggars, whose supplications for “carita" are as incesthe Roman empire was divided, Malta fell to the lot of sant, and more annoying to the ear than even the neverHonorius. About the middle of the fifth century it ceasing ringing of the bells. Malta is very subject to

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the enervating “sirocco” or south-east wind; but the the tutelar saint of the Order of the Knights of Malta“gregali” or north-east wind, is that which blows with a vast, though externally a remarkably pln and unos. the greatest fury, and blowing directly into the harbour, tentatious edifice; within is a spacious oblong area, and causes a sea across the entrance that would be dangerous on each side are aisles, with particular altars or chapels to small vessels, and cuts off the communication across for the different nations composing the Order, adorned from Valetta to Vittorioso. The surf there beats against with paintings and sculpture. The whole pavement is the walls of the fortifications with impetuous violence; richly emblazoned with the armorial bearings of the it has even at times removed the guns from the embra-. Knights, in mosaic. The appointments of this cathedral sures of Fort Ricasoli, and the spray has been carried suffered greatly during the temporary possession of the over the top of the palace. The island produces some island by the French; but a handsome silver railing excellent fruits, among which are the oranges and melons round one of the altars escaped their sacrilegious rapa. for which it is particularly celebrated, but the market is city by being painted. Besides St. John, Valetta chiefly supplied from Sicily, a number of large boats abounds in churches, the incessant ringing of whose called speroneras being constantly employed running bells, at some of the innumerable offices of the Romish to and fro. Provisions are cheap and abundant, but faith, is among the greatest nuisances of the place. butchers' meat is indifferent.

| Although the island had been in the possession of the The streets of Valetta are at right angles to each English nearly forty years, no Protestant church had been other; and the town being built on an elevation inclining built until the visit of Her Most Gracious Majesty the on either side, most of the transverse streets are neces- Queen Dowager in 1839, who gave the munificent sum of sarily constructed with flights of steps. The houses are | 80001. towards this object. Valetta has its banks and low, never exceeding a second story, built of the stone exchanges, and there are also public hospitals, a theatre, of the island, and are provided with balconies to most and coffee-houses fitted up with marble, where the visitor of the windows, and flat terraced roofs, which in com- may enjoy that luxury in a hot climate, ice, brought manding situations furnish an agreeable resort in the over from Etna. There are two libraries, one which cool of the day. Before the palace of the governor is an belonged to the Knights, comprising about 40,000 open space called Piazza St. Giorgio, used as a military volumes of Greek, Latin, French, and Italian literature; parade, and enlivened in the evening by one of the regi- the other a subscription library, established by the mental bands. Near this is the cathedral of St. John, English residents.

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MELODY. See Music.

| people; but the common people scarcely eat anything

but these, and account this the best time of the year, as MELONS, O'NUX abattechim; Sept. TETOVES. they are obliged to put up with worse fare at other (Numb. 11. 5.) Among the articles of food of Egypt seasons. This fruit likewise serves them for drink, the · which the Israelites in the wilderness desired, were juice refreshing these poor creatures; and they have less melons, many different kinds of which fruit are still cul- occasion for water than if they were to live on mor tivated in that country. The kind referred to in the substantial food in this burning climate.” The Arabians text was most probably the water-melon, (Cucurbita call the water-melon, batech. citrullus ;) the fruit is about the size of the common Melons become ripe and fit for use in the valley of to pumpkin, which it very much resembles. The interior Jordan about the latter end of June, particularly on th is a pulp of a blooming red, abounding with a pellucid | borders of the lake Tiberias. Burckhardt being there juice; and thus it becomes both meat and drink at the on the 23d of the month, writes :—“The heat of same time. “It is cultivated,” says Hasselquist, “ on climate would enable them to grow almost any tropic the banks of the Nile, in the rich clayey earth which product; but the only produce of their fields are subsides during the inundation. This serves the Egyp- barley, dhourra, tobacco, melons, grapes, and a few tians for meat, drink, and physic. It is eaten in abun- tables. The melons are of the finest quality, and a dance during the season, even by the richer sort of great demand at Akka (Acre), and Damascus,"

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that fruit 'is a month later in ripening.” The musk-I MEM, Q is the thirteenth letter of the Hebrew melon (Cucumis melo,) is here probably intended, as it alphabet, and, as a numeral, is equivalent to forty. The appears about a month earlier than the water-melon. signification of the name is doubtful.

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MEMPHIS. The Egyptian city Memphis is styled 92 Moph, in Hosea 9. 6; and 9 Noph, by Isaiah 19. 13; and Jeremiah 2. 16. By the Arabian geographers it is called 23 Manuph; and by the Copts Mevo, Mevovo and Novo, whence the two Hebrew forms, as well as the Greek form Μεφι Or Μεμφι have been explained. Memphis is the Greek form of the Egyptian name, which, according to Plutarch, signifies “ the port of the good,” from the Coptic meh, full, and nouphi, good; or Tagov Doipidis, from the Coptic mhau, a grave, and onphi, a benefactor, as Osiris is called.

The situation of Memphis, formerly the capital oi Egypt, has been a subject of much dispute, and has afforded materials for long and laborious investigation. Dr. Shaw and others contend strongly that it must be sought at Ghizeh, nearly opposite to Old Cairo, but many of the most eminent travellers and geographers are disposed, from a comparison of the statements in

ancient authors with existing appearances and traditions, The Egyptian Water-melon.

to fix its position a few miles more to the south, near

the village of Metrahenny, on the western bank of the Sir John Gardner Wilkinson remarks that “the water- Nile, where there are manifest indications of an ancient melon appears from good authority to have been grown city in the form of mounds, channels, and blocks of by the ancient Egyptians. It is cultivated during the granite, many of wbich are covered with sculptures and rise of the Nile, and in March on the sand banks of the hieroglyphics, and which are locally considered to form river.”

the remains of Memf (Memphis), the royal seat of the

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Pharaohs. The prophets often mention this city; and northern portion was called Lower Egypt; and here predict the calamities which it was to suffer from the once stood the other great capital of the whole empire, kings of Chaldæa and Persia. (Isai. 19. 13; Jerem. Memphis. The first blow to the prosperity of this 44. 1; Ezek. 30. 13,16; Hosea 9. 6.) Jeremiah fore city was given by Nebuchadnezzar, in that great expetold ages before the event that Noph should be waste and dition which was foretold in Scripture, but which the desolate, without an inhabitant, (Jerem. 46. 19,) and so Greek historians omit to notice; it still, however, concomplete is the desolation that nothing remains like a tinued the royal residence till the time of the Ptolemies, building of any kind, and not a single human being is but they removed the seat of government to Alexandria. to be found dwelling within its precincts.

It at last came into the hands of the Saracens, (A.D. Egypt was formerly divided into three great provinces. 641,) who afterwards founded near it Al Kahira, (the Upper Egypt, or the Thebaid, was the southern portion City of Victory, Cairo,) and the ancient city has now for of the valley of the Nile, in which was situated one of ages disappeared from the earth. The three great pyrathe great capitals of the whole empire, Thebes. Middle mids of Ghizeh, however, the colossal Sphinx in their Egypt, which lies immediately to the north of the The neighbourhood, and the tombs hewn in the rocky platbaid, was called the Heptanomis, from the seven nomes form on which they are erected, still remain to testify of or counties, into which it was formerly divided. The its former greatness.

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According to the lists of Manetho, the three great stating that they oppressed the chiefs of Egypt, reduced pyramids at Memphis were built by the first three the inhabitants to slavery, burned the cities, and overmonarchs of the fourth dynasty, who exercised the sove- threw the temples of the gods. It is by no means cer

reign power at Memphis like their prede- tain, however, that such was the fact; there being monucessors. The name of the founder of the mental indications which support, on this point, the Great Pyramid has been detected in a small Scripture account of Egypt in Joseph's days. A further tomb in its immediate vicinity. It is written testimony to the truth of the Scripture account of these in Greek by Manetho, Poupis, which is Shepherds is afforded by the existence at Memphis of said by Eratosthenes to mean in Egyptian, the majority of the remaining monuments of their preKouaoTOS,“ one who has much hair.” The | decessors. Had they been thus bent upon destruction,

hieroglyphic name has also the same mean- it is not likely that a single tablet would have escaped - ing as in the Coptic, “much hair.”

them during the two hundred and sixty years in which The name of his son, who founded the second pyramid, | they reigned there. has been discovered in a similar situation. His name The native Egyptians in considerable numbers fol

reads Shefré: he is called Suphis II. by | lowed their king, who fled into Upper Egypt from this Manetho, and Cephrenes by Herodotus. It invasion of the Shepherds. There they penetrated, is inscribed on a beautiful tablet in the according to Manetho, beyond the bounds of Egypt British Museum, which was brought from Proper, southward into Nubia, and eastward to the one of the tombs near Memphis; and was shores of the Red Sea; founding another empire, which engraved in memory of a personage who was governed by the dynasty of kings, called in the lists acted as superintendent of the building of the seventeenth. In these events the future greatness of

the Great Pyramid to King Cephrenes. Thebes originated, and this will account for the pecuJhall The execution of this tablet is extremely | liarity of two capitals in Egypt. beautiful, perhaps not surpassed by any existing speci- The prophet Ezekiel says, (30. 13,) “Thus saith the mens of Egyptian art.

Lord God: I will also destroy the idols, and I will cause ! The name of the founder of the third pyramid was their images to cease out of Noph;" whence it would discovered under very extraordinary circumstances by appear that this city was famous for its idolatries, and Colonel Howard Vyse. When he had succeeded, by we know from other sources that it had magnificent means of extensive excavations, in discovering the temples dedicated to Apis and Vulcan. Sir John Gardentrance to this pyramid, he found a large chamber in | ner Wilkinson says, “Memphis was the place where the interior, upon the floor of which some portions of Apis was kept, and where his worship was particularly a wooden coffin were disinterred from the rubbish which observed. He was not merely looked upon as an emblem, covered it to a great depth ; portions of woollen cloth | but, as Pliny and Cicero say, was deemed “a god by the and bones were also found in the same situation. They Egyptians; and Strabo calls Apis, the same as Osiris.' occurred near an inclined passage leading down to the Psammeticus there erected a grand court, ornamented sepulchral apartment, where was the sarcophagus that with figures in lieu of columns, twelve cubits in height, once contained the coffin, which had been forced open. forming a peristyle around it, in which he was kept when The coffin had evidently been taken from thence to the exhibited in public. Attached to it were probably the upper apartment, where it had been broken up. All two stables, delubra,' or 'thalami,' mentioned by Pliny; these remains have been brought to this country, and and Strabo says, “Before the inclosure where Apis is are now in the British Museum. There is an hierogly- kept, is a vestibule, in which also the mother of the

phic inscription very beautifully engraved sacred bull is fed; and into this vestibule Apis is someon the fragment of the coffin, containing a times introduced, in order to be shown to strangers. royal name, which reads Men-ka-re. The After being brought out for a little while he is again name of the builder of the third pyramid taken back. At other times he is only seen through a was, according to Manetho, Mencheres. window.' ...The temple of Apis is close to that of The whole inscription has been translated by Vulcan; which last is remarkable for its architectural Mr. Birch, and repeats exactly the mytho- beauty, its extent, and the richness of its decoration.' logical notions which were inscribed on « The festival in honour of Apis lasted seven days: on mummy cases in all ages; thus proving the which occasion a large concourse of people assembled at

high antiquity of the religion as well as of Memphis. The priests then led the sacred bull in solemn the written system of ancient Egypt.

procession, every one coming forward from their houses The picture of a pyramid forms a part of the hierogly- to welcome him as he passed; and Pliny and Solinus

affirm that children who smelt his breath were thought phic name of Memphis www

and

to be thereby gifted with the power of predicting future the immutability of most things in Egypt leads us to events. Diodorus derives the worship of Apis from the infer, from this circumstance, that the foundation of the belief of the soul of Osiris having migrated into this anipyramids was coeval with that of the city. It is pro- | mal, who was thus supposed to manifest himself to man bable that the title of being the builders of them, and through successive ages; though some report that the the honour of being buried in them, were given to the members of Osiris, when killed by Typho, having been monarchs by whom they were finished. If the question deposited in a wooden ox, enveloped in byssine cloths, of the superior antiquity of Thebes or Memphis is to be | gave the name to the city of Busiris, and established its referred to the monuments which exist in the ruins of worship there. When the Apis died, certain priests each, instead of the Greek historians, it will soon be chosen for this duty went in quest of another, who was decided in favour of the latter.

known from the signs mentioned in the sacred books. In Manetho's account of the invasion of the Shep As soon as he was found, they took him to the City of herds, he describes it as very sudden and successful, and the Nile preparatory to his removal to Memphis, where he proceeds to inform us that having obtained possession he was kept forty days; during which period women of Memphis, they chose one of themselves, named | alone were permitted to see him. The forty days being Salathis, whom they made king. The Egyptian priests completed, he was placed in a boat, with a golden cabin complain of the cruelty and barbarity of the Shepherds, prepared to receive him, and he was conducted in state

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