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What some able writers have said on this subject deserves attention, as it serves very much to strengthen the argument, which goes to prove, that the hour, and day, and month, and year, for which this woe was prepared, terminated about the end of the last century. The firit whom I shall mention is Mr. Brightman, who wrote in the beginning of the lait century. He says (in his Exposition of the book of Revelation, p. 324, edition of 1644.) “ A year, here put fimply, is understood to be a' vulgar and usual Julian year, that consists of 365 days and fome hours, all which time being numbered from the year 1300, shall expire at last about the year 1696, which is the laft terms of the Turkish name; 'as other scriptures do also prove with marvellous confent." :1 Dr. Cresnes, and Dr. Lloyd, bishop of Worcester, foretold 'very nearly the peace of Carlowitz from this passage. See what Bishop Burnet, in his History of his own Times, says of the latter. (vol. iv, p.297, of 12mo. edit.):56 Dr. Lloyd, the present learned Bishop of Worcester, who has now for above twenty years been studying the Revelation with amazing diligence and exactness, had long before this year faid, the peace between the Turks and the papal Christians was certainly to be made in the year 1698, which he made out thus; the four angels, , mentioned in the fourteenth chapter of Revelation, that were bound in the river Euphrates, which he expounds to be the captains of the Turkish forces, that till then were fubject to the sultan of Babylon, were to be loosed or ficed from that yoke, and to set up for themselves; and thefe were prepared to say the third part of men, for an hour, a day, a month, and a year. He reckons the year in St. John is the Julian year of 365 days, that is, in the prophetic ftile, each day a year; a month is thirty of these days, and a day makes one, which added to the former nuniber makes 396. Now he proves from history that Ottoman came and began his conquests at Prouffe, in the year 1302, to which the former number, in which they were to say the third part of men, being added, it must end in the year 1698; and thorigh the historians do not mark the hours, or twelfth part of the day or year, which is a month, that is, the beginning of the des Itruction the Turks were to make, yet he is confident if that is ever known, that the prophecy will be found, even in that, to be punctually accomplished. After this he thinks their time of hurting the Fapal Christians is at an end. They may indeed ftill do mila chief to the Muscovites, or persecute their own Christian subjects, but they can do no hurt to the Papilins."
When I consider the facts which give us reason to think that the four angels, or ministers of destruction, which were bound in the river Euphrates, were loosed, when the four sultavies above enumerated were united under Ottoman, and freed, not only from the restraints laid on them by the crusaders, but from the control of the khans of Persia; when I recollect that all this took place about the latter end of the thirteenth century and the beginning of the fourteenth, and that between the years 1299 and 1304, the Seljukian race being extinct, and the control of the khans of Persia being no more, Ottoman founded the present Turkish empire, broke in
the territories of the eastern Cesars, and laid waste the apostate Christian churches ; when, moreover, I consider that fince the peace of Carlowitzin 1699, though there have fince been wars between the Turks and the papal powers, yet, that the latter have generally been the aggressors, and that the Turks have always come off losers, so that their power is fo much broken that their empire totters to its very base, I conclude that the hour, and day, and month, and year, in which they were to prevail, terminated about the end of the last century, probably on Sept. 1, 0. S. 1697, when they experienced that fatal overthrow at Zenta in Hungary, from the army under prince Eugene.
SIGNS OF THE LATTER DAYS.
But does the violence of the second woe terminate as we have endeavored to prove; and is it because the men, against whom it was directed, are brought to repentance ? No. Ver. 20. “ And the rest of the men (the members of the papal church) which were not killed by these plagues, yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood, which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk, neither repented they of their mur. ders, nor of their forceries, nor of their fornications, nor of their thefts." This is the exact state of the antichristian nations ; they are still impenitent, they still maintain idolatrous worship, and systems of cheating and fraud, robbery and murder, persecution and war. They have not repented.
Must we then give up all hope of better days? Will nothing bring the church to a purer state, and the nations to repentance for their corruptions and murders? Alas! the man of fin will never repent; antichristian priests and tyrants will never cease their corruptions and oppressions, robberies and murders, till they, and their abominable systems, are utterly destroyed by the avenging judgments of God.-But we are not to despair.-Here, in the tenth chapter, an angel descends from heaven to brighten the gloomy scene, and to cheer our drooping hopes, by announcing that the seventh trumpet shall soon be founded, and the mystery of God be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets,
The gleam of consolation which breaks upon us in this chapter is very seasonable and reviving; the great and lasting troubles, predicted in the former chapters, and which occupy a space of 1400 years, are enough to try the faith and patience of the best. To hear of nothing but of hail and fire, of burning mountains and feas of blood, of darkening of the fun, inòon, and fars, of horrid monsters which vomit fire, and destroy innumerable myriads of men: to hear of nothing but woe after woe, without intermission or prospect of end, terrifies the boldest spirits, and oppresses the strongest faith. The woes of the two last trumpets had now afflicted the nations for near a thousand years; and the enormities of antichrist had prevailed for a longer period. To revive the spirits, and to animate the hopes of God's servants, an angel appears at the end of the sixth trumpet, or the second woe, to assure them that the time of corruption, persecution, and calamity, shall not continue much longer, but that the seventh and last trumpci shall soon be sounded, and that woe come upon antichristian oppressors which shall finish the mystery of God, and intro duce among men his glorious kingdom of righteousnesi, peace, and happiness. Seeing then that there are the most cogent reafons for: concluding that the woe of the fixth trumpet terminated about the year 1697, near a hundred years ago, and that many good and emia. nent men have been daily expecting, since that time, the judgments of the seventh trumpet, which are to bring the triumphs of poca pery, idolatry, oppression, and wickedness, to an end, and introduce the kingdom of Christ, it becomes us to attend to the figns of the times, and see whether the fig-tree is not shooting forth and announcing the approach of summer. May the Spirit of God direet and illumine our minds, that we may understand his word and judge rightly!
Chap. x. 1. " And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud, and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire ;. and he had in his hand a little book open. This little open book appears to be a codicil to that book of which we read in chap. V. containing some additional explanatory matter. The book with seven scals contains a general representation of the state of things': under the fourth mortarchy of the world, (Dan, vii. 7, 23.) or of
the Roman empire, and the kingdoms and states into which it has been divided, from the first preaching of the gospel to the end of time, and does not take particular notice of the events which more peculiarly concern the church of Christ. This little book includes several distinct visions which represent more immediately the state of the church, and which are related in the eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth chapters, and in part of the fourteenth, if not the whole of it.
The observing of this is of the greatest consequence to the right understanding of this interesting and instructive book.
Ver. 2. " And he fet his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth, and cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth, and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices. And when the feven thunders 'had uttered their voices, I was about to write ; and I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, feal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not. And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea end upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven, and sware by Him that liveth for ever and ever---that there should be time no longer;" (ori Xpovos oux řsær éti) that is, as Dr. Doddridge has well expressed it, “the times of the judgments, to be signified by the pouring out of the seven vials, should not be much longer dedayed.” And thus also do Brightman and others explain it, as meaning that delay fhould be no longer, but that the seventh trumpët should now speedily found, and the judgments of God bring Babylon the Great to a rapid end. And then (ver. 7.) the mystery of God shall be finished, as he hath declared to his fervants the prophets. Then the providence of God, in permitting the kingdom of his Son to be so long and so successfully opposed; in permitting his church to be so grievoufly harrassed by its enemies, and in suffering oppofers so long to triumph, which has been esteemed among the chiefest mysteries of the Divine conduct, shall be illuftrated, and all nations shall sce, in the decisive woe upon Babydon, those displays of wisdom and righteousness which shall vindicate the Divine government from all the aspersions of infi