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FANATICISM, AND ITS RESULTS:
FACTS VERSUS FANCIES.
In offering to the public the few im- of excited sectional passions and party perfect and hastily written thoughts strife. Disunion—a word which (used which are herein contained, we have as it is,) should cause the blush of been influenced by no party zeal, or sec- shame to mantle the cheek of every true tional motives. The only feelings which American, has been thundered in our have influenced us, have been truth and ears by an
excited sectional party. justice. A desire to do justice to both There are clouds in the sky-dark and parties--North and South. To point terrific storms are brewing-already the out who are in truth the enemies of lurid flashes of their lightnings have been the Union---to warn the friends of the seen, and the deep mntterings of their Union of the danger which threatens thunders have been heard. God only it-to point out how it can be met-and knows how soon they will burst upon us we beg leave to express the hope, that it in all their awful fury. And then--but may by this course be averted. We love the heart sickens at the thought of what the Union as our fathers made it, and must follow. We cannot trace it. We will we earnestly trust that it may continue, for the present drop the curtain over the a union of free and equal sovereign dark picture which has been presented States.
to our view. We shall be called upon The present period of its existence is soon enough to lift it. But the questions one of deep interest to every citizen of arise: What has brought about such America; indeed, we may say to the terrible results in this great and enlightwhole world—the eyes of all the world ened country? What demon of anarchy are turned to us. The voice of warning is has entered into our midst? What is it heard in every part of our land. Our na- that is só fraught with danger to the tional existence is threatened by a power Union ? Fearlessly and unhesitatingly far more terrible than ever sacked the
we give but one answer to all of these “ Eternal City," or swept like a blighting questions. The words are simple, but storm over the civilized world. Treason they are full of meaning and power. is at work amongst us.
The voice of dis- Our answer is: cord has been heard even in the walls of our National Senate house. The voice THE DEMON OF ABOLITIONISM. of Washington bidding his countrymen
We would not do injustice to any one, “frown indignantly upon the first dawn- or any party, and we trust that we will ing of an attempt to alienate one portion of be able to show that our assertion is true, the country from the other, or to sever and that the only traitors in the land are the political bonds which connect its va- those who are known as the Abolition rious parts," is unheard amidst the din I and Republican parties.
These parties are professedly two tion of the true principles of liberty, as separate and distinct organizations, but it is spread through the land, produced as we consider them the same in all but accessions to their numbers; many the name, we shall, hereafter, in speak- friends to their cause, and a legislative ing of them, use only the words “ Abo- co-operation with their views, which, by litionists,” and “the North.” We wish the blessing of Divine Providence, have to be distinctly understood, that, in been successfully directed to the relievspeaking of the North as false to the ing from bondage a large number of Union, mean only that portion their fellow-creatures of the African known as the Abolitionists."
They have also the satisfaction know that there are many strong na- to observe that, in consequence of that tional and conservative at the spirit of philanthropy, and genuine North. We know that pure and un- liberty, which is generally diffusing its tarnished patriotism exists there; but beneficial influence, similar institutions alas! it is in an almost hopeless minor- are forming at home and abroad. ity. We propose giving a hasty sketch “ That mankind are all formed by of the Abolition party, and their acts; the same ALMIGHTY Being, alike objects and, in doing so, we shall confine our- of His care, and equally designed for selves strictly to the record that History the enjoyment of happiness, the Chrishas given us.
tian religion teaches us to believe, and It is well-known that there has al- the political creed of America fully ways existed in the Union, ever since its coincides with the position. foundation, a strong feeling of enmity to- " Your memorialists, particularly enwards Slavery
gaged in attending to the distresses The first public act of this party, that arising from Slavery, believe it to be
can find recorded, is a Memorial | their indispensable duty to present this presented in the House of Representa- subject to your notice. They have obtives, in Congress, on the 12th of Feb- served with real satisfaction, that many ruary, 1790. We
We copy it from Messrs. important and salutary powers are vested Gales and Seaton's Congressional De- in you for promoting the welfare, and bates. We give it entire, because it is securing the blessings of liberty to the one of the most interesting ever offered, people of the United States; and as and embodies the spirit of a majority of they conceive that these blessings ought the rest.
rightfully to be administered, without
distinction of color, to all descriptions of " A Memorial of the Pennsylvania So- people, so they indulge themselves in
ciety for Promoting the Abolition of the pleasing expectation, that nothing Slavery, the Relief of Free Negroes which can be done for the relief of the unlawfully held in bondage, and the unhappy objects of their care, will be improvement of the African race.
either omitted or delayed.
· From a persuasion that equal liberty “ The Memorial respectfully show- was originally the portion, and is still eth : That, from a regard for the hap- birthright of all men, and influenced by piness of mankind, an association was the strong ties of humanity, and the formed several years since, in this principles of their institutions, your State, by a number of her citizens, of memorialists consider themselves bound various religious denominations, for pro- to use all justifiable endeavors to loosen moting the Abolition of Slavery, and the bonds of Slavery, and promote a for the relief of those unlawfully held general enjoyment of the blessings of in boudage. A just and acute concep-freedom.
“Under these impressions, they earn- | lina they could be again reduced to Slaestly entreat your serious attention to very ; that to avoid this they had escaped the subject of Slavery; that you will be to Pennsylvania, after suffering many pleased to countenance the restoration of hardships, praying Congress to look into liberty to those unhappy men, who alone the case. Also into that of another Nein this land of freedom, are degraded gro who had been emancipated, again into perpetual bondage, and who, amidst reduced to Slavery, and had escaped ; the general joy of surrounding freemen, but under the Fugitive Slave Law, he had are groaning in servile subjection; that been arrested and confined in jail. Conyou will devise means for removing this gress, by a vote of yeas 33, nays 50, inconsistency from the character of the refused to receive the petition, stating American people; that you will promote that they had no right to interfere with mercy and justice towards this distressed the laws of any State. race; and that you will step to the very On the 30th of November, 1797, Mr. verge of the power vested in you, for Gallatin, of Pa., presented a memorial discouraging every species of traffic in from the Quakers of Pennsylvania, callthe persons of our fellow-men.
ing attention to the condition of the BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, Slaves, and also protesting against all
President. kinds of vicious and expensive amusePHILADELPHIA, February 3, 1790." ments. After a long debate on the re
ception of the petition, it was referred to After a warm debate, all the memoria Select Committee of five. als which had been presented during the Jan. 29th, 1798, Mr. Sitgreaves, of session, were referred to a Select Com- Penn., the Chairman of the Committee, mittee.
reported “ that the facts referred to were This Committee, in due time, offered exclusively of judicial cognizance; that its report, which was referred to the therefore it is not competent for the Committee of the whole House; which, Legislature to do any thing in the busiafter amending the report of the Select ness. The report concluded by recomCommittee, adopted the following reso- mending "that the memorialists be allution :
lowed to withdraw their petition.” Feb. “ That Congress have no authority to 14th, 1798, the House adopted the reinterfere in the emancipation of Slaves, port of the Committee. The same petior in the treatment of them, within any tion was offered in the Sonate, but was of the States; it remaining with the afterwards withdrawn. several States alone to provide any regu
June 21st, 1805, Mr. Logan, of Pa., lations therein which humanity and true pesented to the Senate a petition from policy may require.'
the Quakers, praying Congress to adopt On the 26th of November, a petition some means to prevent the introduction was presented from Warner Mifflin, a of Slavery into the Territories. It was Quaker, in relation to the Slave Trade, received by a vote of yeas 19, nays 9. and to the treatment of Slaves in the A similar petition was presented and reUnited States. It was laid on the table. ferred in the House the same day. Two days after, on motion of Mr. Steele, January, 1817, a number of petitions of N. C., it was returned to him by the were presented against the Slave Trade Clerk.
between the Middle and Southern States January 30th, 1797, Mr. Swanwick, of -- they were read and referred. Pa., presented a petition of four Slaves, During the first session of the 16th representing that they had been emanci- Congress, numerous petitions were repated, but under some law of N. Caro- I ceived, asking the prohibition of Slavery in all the States hereafter to be admitted March 9th, 1836, the question was into the Union. Some were referred, brought up, on the motion to receive the others merely read,
petition presented by Mr. Buchanan, On the 12th of February, 1827, Mr. and it was decided to receive the petition. Barney, of Baltimore, presented to the March 11th, 1836, the motion of Mr. House a memorial signed by certain Buchanan to reject the petition, passed citizens of Baltimore, praying Congress to the Senate, by a vote-yeas 34, nays 6. pass a law providing that all children During the first Session of the Twentyhereafter born of Slave parents in the fourth Congress, Abolition petitions were District of Columbia, shall be free after literally rained upon the House. They a certain age. He moved that it be gave rise to a variety of resolutions relaprinted. After a debate, the motion to tive to the powers of Congress over the print was lost.
subject, and the proper disposition that December 12th, 1831, Mr. John should be made of them. Quincy Adams presented 15 petitions On the 8th of February, 1836, Mr. from numerous inhabitants of Pennsyl- H. L. Pinckney, of S. C., having obvania, praying for the abolition of Sia- tained a suspension of the rules, offered very in the district of Columbia. They the following resolution : were referred to the Committee on the Resolved, That all memorials which District of Columbia.
have been offered, or may hereafter be On December the 19th, that Com- presented to this House, praying for the mittee made their report, asking to be abolition of Slavery in the District of discharged from further consideration of Columbia, and also the resolutions ofsuch parts of the petitions before them fered by an honorable member from as asked the abolishment of Slavery in Maine, (Mr. Jarvis,) with the amendthe District of Columbia.
ment thereto proposed by an honorable In the Senate, January 7th, 1836, member of Virginia, (Mr. Wise,) and Mr. Morris, of Ohio, presented several every other paper or proposition that petitions from citizens of Ohio, (one of may be submitted in relation to the subwhich was signed by ladies,) asking the ject, be referred to a select committee, abolition of Slavery in the District of with instructions to report, that ConColumbia. He moved to refer them to gress possesses no Constitutional authe Committee on the District of Colum- thority to interfere in any way with bia.
the institutions of Slavery in any of January 11th, Mr. Buchanan pre- the States of this Confederacy; and that, sented a petition from the Quakers. He in the opinion of this House, Congress moved that it be read and its prayer re- ought not to interfere in any way with jected.
Slavery in the District of Columbia, beA long debate ensued upon the recep- cause it would be a violation of the pubtion of these two petitions. During this lic faith, unwise, impolitic, and dangerdebate; on the 28th of January, 1836, ous to the Union, assigning such reaMr. Swift, of Vermont, presented an- sons for these conclusions as in the judgother petition to the same effect, from the ment of the committee may be best calcitizens of Vermont; he requested that culated to enlighten the public mind, to it might be read. A debate ensued upon repress agitation, to allay excitement, to its reception. On motion of Mr. Bu- sustain and preserve the just rights of chanan, the petitions were laid on the the Slave-Holding States, and of the table, to be called up when the Senate people of this District, and to re-estabwas ready to make a final disposition of lish harmony and tranquillity among the them.
the various sections of the Union."
This resolution was adopted, and the a view to its inereased security against committee appointed.
all dangers, domestic as well as foreign, On the 18th of May, 1836, Mr. and the more perfect and secure enjoy, Pinckney presented the report of the ment of its advantages, natural, political Committee. We give only the conclud- and social. ing resolutions ;
"2. Resolved. That in delegating a Resolved. That Congress possesses no portion of their powers to be exercised by constitutional authority to interfere in the Federal Government, the States reany way with the institution of Slavery tained, severally, the exclusive and sole in any of the States of this Confederacy. right over their own domestic institu
Resolved. That Congress ought not tions and police, and are alone responsito interfere in any way with Slavery in ble for them; and that any intermedthe District of Columbia.
dling of one or more States, or a combi" And whereas, it is extremely im- nation of their citizens, with the domesportant and desirable that the agitation tic institutions and police of the others, of this subject should be finally arrested, on any ground, or under any pretext for the purpose of restoring tranquillity whatever, political, moral or religious, to the public mind, your Committee re- with a view to their alteration or subverspectfully recommend the adoption of the sion, is an assumption of superiority not following resolution:
warranted by the Constitution, insulting Resolved, that all Petitions, memo- to the States interfered with, tending to rials, resolutions, propositions or papers, endanger their domestic peace and tranrelating in any way, or to any extent quillity, subversive to the objects for whatever, to the subject of Slavery, or which the Constitution was formed, and the abolition of Slavery, shall, with by necessary consequence, tending out being either printed or referred, be weaken and destroy the Union itself. laid upon
the table, and that no further ** 3. Resolved, That this government action whatever shall be had thereon." was instituted and adopted by the sever
May 25th, 1836, the first resolution al States of this Union, as a common was adopted by a vote of yeas 182, nays agent, in order to carry into effect the 9. The second resolution was adopted hy power which they had delegated by the a vote of yeas 132, nays 45. The third Constitution, for their mutual security resolution passed by a vote of yeas 117. and prosperity; and that, in fulfilment of
this high and sacred trust, this governThe Senate, during the second session ment is bound so to exercise its powers of the 25th Congress, invariably pursued as to give, as far as may be practicable, the plan of laying the question of the increased stability and security to the reception of abolition petitions on the domestic institutions of the States that table.
compose the Union, and that it is the soDecember 27th. 1837, Mr. Calhoun lemn duty of the Government to resist offered to the Senate the following series all attempts by one portion of the Union, of resolutions, which have become as to use it as an instrument to attack the famous as his name, and which will be domestic institutions of another, or to read with pleasure by all.
weaken or destroy such institutions. "1. Resolved. That in the adoption of "4. Resolved, That domestic Slavery the Federal Constitution, the States as it exists in the Southern and Western adopting the same, acted, severally, as States of this Union, composes an importfree, independent, and sovereign States, ant part of their domestic institutions, inand that each for itself, by its own vo- herited from their ancestors, and existing luntary assent, entered the Union with at the adoption of the Constitution, by