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• I'll be dd if he does not find his way home, if he gets any thing with him;' and when the carpenter's chest was carrying away, 'D-n my eyes, he will have a vessel built in a month;' while others laughed at the helpless situation of the boat, being very deep, and so little room for those who were in her. As for Christian, he seemed as if meditating destruction on himself and every one else.

“I asked for arms, but they laughed at me, and said I was well acquainted with the people among whom I was going, and therefore did not want them, four cutlasses, however, were thrown into the boat after we were veered astern.

“ The officers and men being in the boat, they only waited for me, of which the master-at-arms informed Christian; who then said, • Come, Captain Bligh, your officers and men are now in the boat, and you must go with them; if you attempt to make the least resistance, you will instantly be put to death; and without further ceremony, with à tribe of armed ruffians about me, I was forced over the side, when they untied my hands. Being in the boat, we were veered astern by a rope. A few pieces of pork were thrown to us, and some clothes, also the cutlasses I have already mentioned; and it was then that the armourer and carpenters called out to me to remember that they had no hand in the transaction. After having undergone a great deal of ridicule, and been kept for some time to make sport for these unfeeling wretches, we were at length cast adrift in the open ocean.

“I had with me in the boat the following persons:

Names.
John Fryer......
Thomas Ledward..
David Nelson ...
William Peckover
William Cole....
William Purcell
William Flphinstone.

Stations.
Master.
.. Acting Surgeon.
.Botanist.

.Gunner.
....Boatswain.

. Carpenter.
Master's Mate.

[blocks in formation]

Names.

Stations.
Fletcher Christian...

Master's Mato.
Peter Heywood
Edward Young

. Midshipmon.
George Stewart
Charles Churchill.

Master-at-arms,
John Mills ......

Gunner's Mote.
James Morrison.

...Boatswain's Mate.
Thomas Burkitt
Matthew Quintal
John Sumner
John Millward
William M‘Koy
Henry Hillbrant
Michael Byrne

Able Seamen.
William Musprat
Alexander Smith
Juhn Williams
Thomas Ellison
Isaac Martin
Richard Skinner
Matthew Thompson
William Brown....

Gardener
Joseph Coleman ... ......... Armourer.
Charles Norman.... ...........Carpenter's Mate.
Thomas M'Intosh. ........ ..Carpenter's Crew.
In all twenty-ove and the most able of the ship's comparty.

“ Christian, the chief of the mutineers, is of a respectable family in the north of England. This was the third voyage he had made with me; and as I found it necessary to keep my ship's company at three watches, I had given him an order to take charge of the third, his abilities being thoroughly equal to the task ; and by this means the master And gunner were not at watch and watch.

Heywood is also of a respectable family in the north of England,* and a young man of abilities as well as Christian. These two had been objects of my particular regard and attention, and I had taken great pains to instruct them, having entertained hopes that, as professional men, they would have become a credit to their country.

“ Young was well recommended, and had the look of an able, stout seaman; he, however, fell short of what his appearance promised. [In the account sent home he is thus described : Edward Young, midshipman, aged

twenty-two years. Dark complexion and rather a bad look-strong madehas lost several of his fore teeth, and those that remain are all rotten.]

“ Stewart was a young man of creditable parents in the Orkneys; at which place, on the return of the Resolution from the South Seas, in 1780, we received so many civilities that, on that account only, I should gladly have taken him with me; but, independent of this recommendation, he was a seaman, and had always borne a good character.

“ Notwithstanding the roughness with which I was treated, the remembrance of past kindnesses produced some signs of remorse in Christian. When they were forcing me out of the ship, I asked him if this treatment was a proper return for the many instances he had received of my friendship ? he appeared disturbed at my question, and answered, with much emotion, “That, Captain Bligh, that is the thing ;-I am in hell !-I am in hell !"

“ As soon as I had time to reflect, I felt an inward satisfaction, which prevented any depression of my spirits : conscions of my integrity, and anxious solicitude for the good of the service in which I had * He was born in the Isle of Man, his father being deemster of Man,

F

and seneschal to the Duke of Athol.

been engaged, I found my mind wonderfully supported, and I began to conceive hopes, notwithstanding so heavy a calamity, that I should one day be able to account to my king and country for the misfortune. A few hours before my situation had been peculiarly flattering. I had a ship in the most perfect order, and well stored with every necessary both for service and health ; by early attention to those particulars I had, as much as lay in my power, provided agains: any accident in case I could not get through Endeavour Straits, as well as against what might befall me in them; add to this, the plants had been successfully preserved in the most flourishing state : so that, upon the whole, the voyage was two-thirds completed, and the remaining part, to all appearance, in a very promising way; every person on board being in perfect health, to establish which was ever among the principal objects of my attention.

“It will very naturally be asked, What could 'e the reason for such a revolt? In answer to which I can only conjecture, that the mutineers had flattered themselves with the hopes of a more happy life among the Otaheitans than they could possibly enjoy in England; and this, joined to some female connexions, most probably occasioned the whole transaction. The ship, indeed, while within our sight, steered to the W.N. W.; but I considerea this only as a feint, for when we were sent away, • Huzza for Otaheite!' was frequently heard among the mutineers.

“ The women of Otaheite are handsome, mild and cheerful in their manners and conversation, possessed of great sensibility, and have sufficient delicacy to make them admired and beloved. The chiefs were so much attached to our people, that they rather encouraged their stay among them than otherwise, and even made them promises of large possessions. Under these and many other attend

ant circumstances, equally desirable, it is now per haps not so much to be wondered at, though scarcely possible to have been foreseen, that a set of sailors, most of them void of connexions, should be led away; especially when, in addition to such power. ful inducements, they imagined it in their power to fix themselves in the midst of plenty, on one of the finest islands in the world, where they need not labour, and where the allurements of dissipation are beyond any thing that can be conceived. The ut. most, however, that any commander could have supposed to have happened is, that some of the peo. ple would have been tempted to desert. But if it should be asserted that a commander is to guard against an act of mutiny and piracy in his own ship, more than by the common rules of service, it is as much as to say that he must sleep locked up, and when awake be girded with pistols.

“ Desertions have happened, more or less, from most of the ships that have been at the Society Islands; but it has always been in the commanders' power to make the chiefs return their people; the knowledge, therefore, that it was unsafe to desert perhaps first led mine to consider with what ease so small a ship might be surprised, and that so favour. able an opportunity would never offer to them again.

“The secrecy of this mutiny is beyond all conception. Thirteen of the party, who were with me, had always lived forward among the seamen; yet neither they nor the messmates of Christian, Stewart, Heywood, and Young had ever observed any circumstance that made them in the least suspect what was going on. To such a close-planned act of villany, my mind being entirely free from any suspicion, it is not wonderful that I fell a sacrifice. Perhaps, if there had been marines on board, a sentinel at my cabin-door might have prevented it; for I slept with the door always open, that the officer of the watch might have access to me on all occa

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