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Cardiff, Bird.
Carlisle, Thurnam.
Carmarthen, White.
Carnarvon, Potter & Co.
Chatham, Burrill.
Chelmsford, Guy.
Cheltenham, Lovesy.
Chertsey, Wetton.

Faversham, Thiselton.

Glasgow, Murray.

Gloucester, Jew.

Guernsey, Moss.
Guildford, Russells.

Halifax, Whitley & Booth.
Harrogate, Blackburn.
Haslingden, Read.

Chester, Seacome; Pritch-Hertford, Simson.
ard; Boult & Catherall.
Chichester, Glover.
Clitheroe, Whalley.
Cockermouth, Baily.
Colchester, Albin.
Colne, Earnshaw.
Deroy, Wilkins & Son.
Devonport, Byers.
Doncaster, Brooke & Co.
Dover, Batchellor.
Dublin, Curry & Co.

Hinckley, Short.
Hoddesdon, Tuffs.
Horncastle, Babington.
Huddersfield, Lancashire.
Hull, Cussons; Goddard
& Brown; Stephenson.
Huntingdon, Edis.
Ipswich, Deck.
Jersey, P. Falle.

Bury, Lankester; Thomp-Dundee, Shaw.


Bury, (Lanc.) Crompton.
Cambridge, Stevenson.

Canterbury, Barnes.

Durham, Andrews.

Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd.
Exeter, Hannaford.
Falmouth, W. Ellis.

Kendal, Hudson & Co.
Kettering, Dash.

Kidderminster, Pennell.
Kimbolton, Ibbs.
Kirby Lonsdale, Foster.
Lancaster, Milner.
Launceston, Cater.

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Berlin, A. Asher.-Hamburg, Perthes & Besser.-Leipsic, Black & Armstrong, (of London.)-St. Petersburgh, A Asher,
United States of America, Adlard & Co., New York.-Upper Canada, Rowsell, Toronto


P388, 17 (13)





AARON and the Priesthood, 42
Abernethy, selections from, 32
Acquirement of riches, on, 70

Action, necessity of determinate prin-
ciples of, 216

Adhesion and Cohesion, 55
Advice of a philosopher, 200
Age and Youth, 213.

Algebraic sigus, + and -, origin of, 15
Altars, various kinds of, 197
American Indian tradition, 160
American's opinion of the wealth and
power of Great Britain, 101
Anatomy, See Comparative
Anderson, J. S. M., selections from, 134
Andrews, selections from, 176
Animals without feet, motion of, 136

powers of defence and offence
possessed by, 104

on the feeding of, 142
language of, I., 22-II., 27

Animal life, wonders of, 70
Arabians, navigation of the, 161
Arnott, extracts from, 239

Art of gilding, 96

Arts and sciences, progress of, 246
Astronomy, Popular, Part II., 33-

III, 121-IV., 201

Attraction, on Capillary, 84, 156

Babylon, ruins of ancient, 2

Bacon, Lord, selections from, 136,
200, 212

Ballad, a, 235

Barton, lines by, 231, 235

Beauty, different ideas concerning, 3

interest felt in the preserva-
tion of, 120

Belief of a future state, 19

Bell, present object of the passing, 190
lifting of the Kremlin, 235
Bell, extracts from, 3
Berkeley, Bishop, selections from, 104
Bible illustrated from monuments of

antiquity, XV., 12—XVI., 42-
XVII. 107-XVIII., 148-XIX.,

Black Rat, account of the, 216
Blair, selections from, 143, 184, 247, 248
Blessings, Christianity the greatest
of, 16

Blind School, Philadelphia, 187
Bodies, law of falling, 181
Body and Soul, 159

and Spirit, dialogue between, 159
Boleyn, coronation of Lady Anne, 72
Bolingbroke, selections from, 224
Botany, incentive to the study of, 87
Bounty of God, lines on, 88
Bowles, lines by, 250

Bray, Mrs., selections from, 88
Brevity of life, 143

Brief history of Navigation, 161, 249
British sailor's praise of the sea, 183
Buckland, selection from, 70

Buffalo, Tradition of the, 160
Building of the Tabernacle, 107
Burleigh, Lord, selection from, 189
Butterfly, organs of digestion in the,


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Colton, selection from, 136
Combats, Judicial, 170
Comb-cutting engine, 224
Companions, necessity of
choosing, 191
Comparative Anatomy, Facts in, II.,
28-IV., 104-V., 136-VI., 240
Compassion, an emotion never to be
ashamed of, 184

Conscience, value of a good, 232
Conder, lines by, 3
Conductors and non-conductors
Electricity, 151


Consolations of Religion, 11
Construction of the violin, 199
Coronations, Chapters on. III., The

Regalia, 4-IV., Coronation Vest-
ments, 20-V. Great Officers of
State, 44-VI., Services performed
at the Coronation by tenure of
grand sergeantry. The Court
of Claims, 59-VII., 94
Coronation Anecdotes, III., 14-IV.,
29-V., 51-VI., 71-VII, 102
Cottage gardening, I., 84-II., 109
Cowper, selections from, 88
Creation, wonders of the, 70
Cultivation of the Manioc plant, 57
Dahlia, 111

Cumberland, selection from, 200

Dahlia, cultivation of the, 111

Dartmoor, description of, 113
Davy, Sir H., selections from, 150, 246
Day and night, how produced, 204
Deer, horns of, 93

Defence, powers of, possessed by ani-
mals, 104

Definition of Prose and Poetry, 30
Dependance of man upon his Creator, 3
Description of Tintern Abbey, 65
Desmond, Earl, fate of, 107
Dialogue between body and spirit, 159
Difficulties, resignation under, 70
Doum-tree of the Thebaid, 64
Dramatic writings of the Chinese, 153
Drink, excess in, to be avoided, 192
Drunkenness, evils of, 141

Earth, its appearance to the moon, 120
replenishment of, by plants, 191
Earthenware, remarks on, 13
Eclipses, solar and lunar, causes of, 127
Education, the use of a proper, 104
Effects of religious feelings, 15
Electrical experiments, 228
Electricity, I., General Principles of,
111-II., Conductors and
conductors, 151-III., Electrical
Machines, 172-IV., 212-V., 228
Elephant, various species of the, 160
Elizabeth, coronation of queen, 83
Ely Chapel, Holborn, 129, 185
Engine, comb-cutting, 224
English, navigation of, during the mid-
dle ages, 165
Envy, effects of, 68

Erdman, Mr., his description of phos.
phorescent lichens, 220
Euphrates expedition, account of, 1
Europe, comparative tables of the
weights, measures, and monies of,


Evils of drunkenness, 141
Excess in drink to be avoided, 192

Facts in Comparative Anatomy, III.,
28-IV., 104-V., 136—VI., 240
Falling bodies, on, 179
Feeding of animals, on the, 142
Filial piety of the Chinese, 89
Filtration of Thames water, 54
Fishermen of France, 169

Flatterers, danger of encouraging, 159
Florence and the Florentines, I., 138
-II., 177

Flower garden, beauties of the, 147
Forest-trees, notes on, XXV., The
Hazel, 116

France, oyster fisheries in, 133
fishermen of, 169

Francis, selection from, 173
Friendship, instability of, 240

necessity of care in the
formation of, 247

Future state, on a, 119
Gaming, remarks on, 239
Gardening, remarks on cottage, 85-
II., 109.

Gecko, foot of the, 240
Genius and virtue, lines on, 32
Gerdil, selections from, 223
Gilding, art of, 96

Gillman, Mrs., extract from, 187
Gisborne, lines by, 191

God, omnipotence and omnipresence
of, 173

God, lines on the bounty of, 88!
God's overruling providence, 134
Gold-leaf beating, 248
Goldsmith, selections from, 11
Good conscience, value of a, 232
Goodrich Castle, Monmouthshire, 97
Gravity, centre of, 188, 220
Great Britain, an American's opinion

of the wealth and power of, 101
Great buffalo, Indian tradition of, 160
Grub, organs of digestion in the, 104

Hale, Sir M., selections from, 141, 191
Hamley, Rev. E., lines by, 144
Happiness the reward of a virtuous
life, 19

Harvest-time, hymn in, 200
lines on, 70

Hazel, the, 116

Health, lines on, 144

Herschel, selections from, 220
Hogg, selections from, 159
Home, what is, 3

Hope, Collins's ode to, extract from,

Horns of deer, 93
Hospitality, moderation in, to be prac-
tised, 189

Hour-glass, philosophy of the, 158
Howitt, Mary, lines by, 19
Humphrey, Rev. Dr., extract from, 101
Hurdis, lines by, 15, 30, 70, 88
Hydraulic ram, description of, 211
Hymu in harvest-time, 200

Idria, quicksilver mines of, 155
Ill-temper, evil attending, 248
Imitation, propensity of children to, 32
Incentive to the study of botany, 87
Indian ink, how prepared, 174
Indian tradition of the buffalo, 160
Inks, mode of preparing various, 174
Inkstands, 236

Inorganic substances, uses of some of,
to man, 119

Insects, on the transformation of, 150
Intellectual labour, aversion of man-
kind to, 3

Intemperance, lines on, 119

Jewish master, story of a, 150
Johnson, selections from, 3, 195, 231,

Judicial combats, 170

Kentucky, racoon hunt in, 53
Kilmallock, Ireland, description of, 105
King's champion, duties of, 94
Knox, selection from, 232
Kremlin bell, lifting of the, 235

La Fontaine, selection from, 147
Land measures of area, table of, 63
Language of animals, I., 22-II., 27
Latitude and longitude, what meant by
the terms, 208

Lavater, selections from, 221, 239
Leadhills, Lanarkshire, village of, 230
Learning not knowledge, 213
Leaves of plants, on the, 67
Leech, the medicinal, 231
"Let us go to the woods," 152
Liberality, what meant by, 134
Liberty conducive to happiness, 224
Lichens, phosphorescent, in the Dres-
den coal-mines, 220
Life, shortness of, 3

Light of the marine animals, 237
Lighting public street, custom of, 140
Lincoln Lunatic Asylum, 45
Lines on Childhood, 64
Liquids, level surfaces of, 7
Locke, selections from, 19, 70
Looking-glasses and mirrors, 144
Love and friendship, 147
Love of the world, 157
Lucas, selections from, 8

Macculloch, extracts from, 22, 27, 119,

136, 142, 152, 191, 237

Macdonald, Alexander, anecdote of, 51
Machine, description of the electrical,
172, 212

Machine, description of the profile, 192
Malevolence, effects of, 143
Man a formidable animal, 104


dependance of, upon his Creator,

-uses of some of the inorganic sub-
stances to, 119

-evidence of the ignorance of, 239
Manioc plant, cultivation of, 57
Mant, Bishop, selection from, 134
Manufacture of writing paper, 117
Marine animals, on the light of the, 237
Marking-ink, how prepared, 175
Maund, extracts from, 111, 147, 239
Measures of length, 62
Medicinal leech, 231

Mental diseases, treatment of, 45
Microscope, account of, IV., 16
Mirrors, mode of silvering, 144
Monday's expenses, 215
Monies of accompt, table of, 63
Moumouth, account of, 194
Montague, Lady Mary W., selection
from, 19

Monuments of antiquity, illustrations
of the Bible from, XV., 12-XVI.,
42-XVII., 107-XVIII., 148-
XIX., 196

Moon, phases of the, 125
Moral courage of women, 215
Morning, lines on a summer, 223
Motion of animals without feet, 136
Motion, on perpetual, 99
Moth, dwelling of a species of, 88
Mutual forbearance, 32

Myxine, glutinous hag, or borer, 184

National morality, its dependence on
religion, 15

Natural Philosophy, Recreations in,
II., 7-11, 55-IV., 84-V., 99-
VI., 156-VII., 179-VIII., 188-
IX., 220.

Natural phenomena, wonders of, 70
Nature, principles of cleanliness in, 195
Naval and military establishments,
Woolwich, 233

Navigation, brief history of, Part III.,
161-Navigation of the middle
ages-the Arabians, 161 - The
English, 165-IV. The Venetians,
249 The Portuguese and Span-
iards, 251

Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 209, 225, 241
Night-guards, establishment of, 214
Notes on forest trees, XXV. The hazel,

Nothing in nature lost, 240

Offence, powers of, possessed by ani-
mals, 104

Officers of state, duties of, 44
Old English sumptuary laws, 157
Omnipotence and omnipresence of
God, 173
Ordeal, trials by, 170
Organs of digestion in the caterpillar,
grub, and butterfly, 104
Origin of the signs + and -, 15
Oyster and oyster-fishery, 132

Painting, definition of, 28
Palaces of Rome, account of, 74
Paley, selections from, 32
Paper, history of writing, 68

manufacture of writing, 117
Parchment, preparation of, 194
Passing-bell, the, 182, 190
Passions, government of the, 70
Pastor and village church, 130
Patrick, Bishop, selections from, 150,


Pavements introduced, 219

Perpetual motion, on, 99
Peterhoff, great fête at, 222

Petrarch's inkstand, lines on, 236

Philadelphia, blind school at, 187,

Phillips, extract from, 244
Philosopher, advice of a, 200
character of, 229,

Philosophy of the hour-glass, 158
Phosphorescent lichens, 220
Piazze, or squares of Rome, 79
Piety, filial, of the Chinese, 89
Planets, popular account of, 33
Plants, on the leaves of, 67
-replenishment of the earth by.


perfume of, 147

Plasterer, the, 32
Plumber, the, 31

Plus and minus, origin of the signs of,


Poison fangs in serpents, 61
Polyanthos, account of the, 244
Poor, sinfulness of oppressing the, 173
Pope, selections from, 212, 223
Popular Astronomy, Part II., 33-

Comparative sizes of the planets,
33-The Sun, 34-Mercury, 37-
Venus, 38-III., 121-The Earth,
121-The Moon, 122-Phases of,
125 Eclipses, 126-Solar and
lunar eclipses, 127-IV., 201-The
seasons, 201-Day and night, 204
-Refraction, 205-Tides, 206-
Latitude and longitude, 207
Porter, selection from, 220
Portuguese and Spaniards, navigation
of, 251

Primrose, the common, 244

Printer's ink, what composed of, 175
Prize-fighting, on, 143

Profile machine, description of, 192
Progress of the arts and sciences, 246
Progress and public processions of
Queen Elizabeth, VII., 9-VIII.,
46-IX., 81

Prose and poetry, definitions of, 30
Public streets, custom of lighting, 140
introduction of stone
pavements in, 219

Queen Elizabeth, her progresses and
public processions, VII., 9-VIII.,
46-IX., 81

Quicksilver mines of Idria, 135

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Resignation under difficulties, 70
Riches, on the acquirement of, 70

the baggage of virtue, 200
Road measures of length, table of, 63
Rome, some account of the city of,

Part 1X., 73-Palaces, 74-The
Vatican, 75-The Sistine chapel, 75
-Loggie and Camere of Raphael,
76-Streets of Modern Rome, 78-
Fountains, 78-Piazze or squares
of Rome, 79-Modern Romans, 79
Rothschild, anecdote of Joseph, 58
Rottler, J. P., account of, 25
Ruins of Tintern Abbey, 65
Rural sounds, 152
Russia, scene in, 222

Sacrifice, universality of, 148
Sago Palm, description of the, 24
St. Swithin, 15

San Lorenzo, Florence, church of, 138
Sanford, Mrs. J., selections from, 150,

Say, J. B., anecdote by, 110
Scene in Russia, 222

Sea, British sailor's praise of the, 183
shell, lines on, 231
Seasons, successions of the, 201
Self-instruction, advantages afforded
for, 240

Sensibility of women, 159

Sensitive mind, advantages cf a, 150
Serpents, poison fangs in, 61
Shakspeare, selections from, 147
Shortness of life, 3

Simpson, extract from, 54

Sin, deceitfulness of the pleasures of,

Sistine chapel, Rome, account of, 75
Slater, the, 31

Smith, selection from, 3

Smith, Adam, selection from, 19
Snake and the viper, 140
Sorrow, effects of, 147
Soul and body, 159
Sounds, rural, 152

South, selection from, 223
Stebbing, extract from, 159
Steele, selection from, 213
Sterne, selection from, 143
Stethoscope, or chest-explorer, 226
Stone pavements in streets, 219
Story, Robert, lines by, 183
Strafford, Lord, selection from, 192
Streets, lighting, 140
Struve, selection from, 212
Study of Truth, advantages of, 83
Botany, incentive to the, 87
Summer Morning, lines on, 223
- lines où, 19
Sumptuary laws, old English, 157

Tabernacle, building of the, 107
Taylor, Jeremy, Coleridge's opinion
of, 24

-, Bishop, selection from, 224
Telford, extract from the life of, 62
Temple, Sir W., selection from, 223
Templeton, selection from, 96
Thames water, filtration of, 54
Thebaid, Doum tree of the, 64
Thinking not an easy employment, 247
Thompson, lines by, 200

Thoughts of the moment, value of, 136
Tides, operation of the sun, moon, and
earth in producing, 206
Tillotson, selections from, 136, 221
Time, value of, 231

Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, 65
Tolling of the passing-bell, reflections
on, 183
Transformation of insects typical of the

human being, 150
Trench, Mrs., selections from, 15
Trials by ordeal, and judicial combats,

Truffle, description of the, 29
Truth, on the study of, 83

the foundation of knowledge,

Tongue of the woodpecker, 28
Turnip-fly, account of, 6

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Weights of Europe, table of, 62
Wilberforce, selections from, 56
Willmott, selection from, 240
Wind, velocity of the, 192
Women, sensibility of, 159

-, moral courage of, 215
Woodpecker, tongue of the, 28
Woolwich, naval and military esta-
blishments at, 233

World, love of, 157,
World, what the most sublime spec-
tacle in, 136

Writing materials, IV.History of
writing paper, 68-V. Manufacture
of writing paper, 117-VI. On
parchment, 133-VII. On ink, 174
-VIII., 236

Wye and Monmouthshire, II., 17-
III., 49-IV., 97-V., 193-VI.,

Young Chemist, XII., 91
Youth and age, 213

Sago-palm, fruit, &c, of, 24
Sail-maker, from a French print, 164
St. Paul's Cross, Cheapside, 48
St. Nicholas Church, Newcastle, 209
Sandals, coronation, 21

Scene in a Chinese drama, 153
Sceptre, king and queen's, with cross, 4
with dove, 4

Seal, great, of Henry the First, 5
Seasons, the, 201

Serpents, poison fangs of, 61

Ship, Anglo-Saxon and Norman, 165
Silvering table, 144

Earth to, 121

phases of the, 125


Slating, diagram illustrative of, 31

Snake and viper, heads of, 140

Neap-tide, diagram to illustrate, 208
Newcastle, views of, 209, 225

river view of, 241

New Weir, on the Wye, 193
Norman ship, 165

vessel, 253

Offerings of the Egyptians, 148
Opposition and conjunction, illustra
tion of, 38

Orb, the, 4

Oyster, organs of breathing of, 132

Pall of state, 20

Parallax, illustrations of, 40
Perpetual motion, illustrations of,


Petrarch's inkstand, 236
Phases of the Moon, 125
Venus, 39

Planets, comparative sizes of the, 33
nodes of a, 124
Profile machine, 192

Quadrant, or astrolabe, 252

Queen Elizabeth, procession of, thro'
Cornhill, 9

Racoon, the, 53

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Solstice, Summer and Winter, 204

Spinning, ancient Egyptian method of,


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THE Euphrates Expedition, undertaken for the purpose of ascertaining the navigability of that river, must be considered one of the most useful and interesting journeys recently made. Useful, not only because of proving practicable a much shorter and more convenient route from hence to India; but also as opening out new sources of commercial enterprise with a people with whom we have as yet had little intercourse; and whom, it appears, Europeans have hitherto much misunderstood.

But the usefulness resulting from such an expedition even yields to the interest it must awaken in the mind of the Biblical or classical antiquarian. The river Euphrates, whose banks have been styled "the cradle of the world," whose margins bore the proud weight of the greatest cities of antiquity; and whose bosom was ploughed by the ships of the princely merchants of Babylon, concerning which so many prophecies of Holy Writ were recorded and terribly fulfilled, the theatre of war of the Ten Thousand Greeks and the army of Alexander,-the early seat of Christianity, offers a mine of material for the poet, the philosopher, and the historian.

Having been kindly granted access to the Notes VOL. XIII.

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The modern town of Hillah is situated upon the river Euphrates, where once stood a considerable suburb of Babylon. Its present population, which may average from six to seven thousand souls, consists chiefly of Arabs, who have their own Sheik, but the Mutsellim, or governor of the place, is under the pacha of Baghdad, and resides in a fortress within the town. There are bazaars and markets on both sides of the river. The shopkeepers are chiefly Armenians, Turks, and Jews. A most important fact connected with these traders is, that Manchester and Glasgow goods that were taken out by the Expedition as samples, were eagerly bought by them, at a profit

Mr. Ainsworth's work, Researches in Babylonia, Assyria, and Chaldea, is now published, and the Author has departed on a journey to the Syrian Christians, under the auspices of the Society

for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and the Royal Geographical

Society of London.


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