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SEVENTH HEAD, OR LATIN CÆSARS.3
A.D. Valentinian I.
. 367 Valentinian II....
395 Valentinian III.
425 Petonius Maximus
457 Severus IIL...
473 Julius Nepos
474 Romulus Augustulus
475 Destroyed by the Heruli and Ostrogoths, but revived again under the Third-Head, or Eighth King, in a Latino-Greek Dynasty.
3 The Romano-Greek * contemporaries of the Latin Cæsars and Herulic and Ostrogothic kings, were
Valens A. D. 364 Theodosius II...... 408 Leo II. ... 474 Theodosius the Great 379 Marcianus
450 Anastasius 491 Arcadius , 395 Leo I...
457 Justin I....... 518
* From Constantine the Great who removed the imperial seat to Constantinople, properly begins what we have called the Romano-Greek Empire ; though for prophetical convenience the Romano-Greek Empire is made to begin B.C. 168, in the time of Antiochus IV. Epiphanes, when the Romans made their first conquests in Greece. One reason of this is, the words of Daniel ; his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power, which must mean the Greek power mighty by the Romans. For in fact, though the arms of the Romans subdued the Greeks, yet the arts of the Greeks subdued the Romans in turn ; and their language, manners, and philosophy, eventually pervaded the Empire. Another reason is, that the twofold subversion of first the literal, and afterwards the spiritual sanctuary, by the little imperial Horn required him to be viewed in a Greek aspect throughout ; as in the latter case the prophecy strictly demanded it, and in the former, this disposal is not dissonant to a philosophical view of the mutual conquests of these two nations of each other.
THE THREE-ONE ANTICHRIST.. THE BEAST EARTH BEAST, IMAGE OF THE THAT WAS AND The Popes the Spirit
SEA BEAST, IS NOT
of Antichrist. The revived Western The Latino - Greek
or German EmpeCæsars or Emperors
rors or Cæsars of the of the Romans.
Justin 11. 565 Benedict I,.... 573
Boniface IV... 607
Boniface V... 617
638 Constans II. .. 641 John IV. 640
4 The ten kings or kingdoms which belong to the eighth king, form a part of Antichrist also, as far as the civil magistrates in them meddle with ecclesiastical matters
5“ After the fall of the Western monarchy, the majesty of the purple resided solely in the princes of Constantinople; and of these, Justinian was the first, who, after a divorce of sixty years, regained the dominion of ancient Rome, and asserted by the right of conquest, the august title of Emperor of the Romans.” Gibbon, Chap. LIII.
“ Justinian,” says the historian Agathias (1, V. p. 157.), TwTOS P w peciwy αυτοκρατων ονοματι και πραγματι” (The first Emperor of the Romans in name and in deed.) “ Yet the specific title of Emperor of the Romans was not used at Constantinople, till it had been claimed by the French and German Emperors of old Rome.” Chap. LIII. Note 94.
Eugenius I. 654
679 Leo II.
Benedict II. 684 Justinian II.. 685 John V....... 685
Conon........ 686 Leontius ....
694 Apsimar, or Ti- Sergius
687 berius. 697
John VI. Justinian II.
Stephen III. .. 768
Leo III...... 795 Nicephorus 802
Stephen IV. 816 Charlemagne 6..800 Michael
811 Leo V.
6 On the coronation of Charlemagne in the church of St. Peter by Leo the Roman Pontiff, “ the dome,” says Gibbon, Vol. IX. Chap. xlix. p. 174. “ resounded with the acclamations of the people, "Long life and victory to Charles, the most pious
Pascal I. 817 Louis le DebonMichael II. 821 Eugenius II. 824 naire .... 814
Leo IV....... 847
Nicholas I..... 858 Louis II. ... 855 Basilius ...... 867 Adrian II.
John VIII..... 872 Charles the Bald 875
II. ....... 882 and Carloman 877
Adrian III. 884 Charles the Fat 880 Leo VI. ...... 886 Stephen V..... 885
Guyand Lambert 891 Formosus 891
Lambert alone 894
897 Theodore II. .. 893
Augustus, crowned by God the great and pacific emperor of the Romans !—The imperial dignity of Charlemagne was announced to the East by the alteration of his style; and instead of saluting his fathers, the Greek emperors, he presumed to adopt the more equal and familiar appellation of brother.” “ A treaty of peace and alliance was concluded between the two empires, and the limits of the East and West were defined by the right of present possession. But the Greeks soon forgot this humiliating equality, or remembered it only to hate the Barbarians by whom it was extorted. During the short union of virtue and power, they respectfully saluted the august Charlemagne with the acclamations of basileus, and emperor of the Romans. As soon as these qualities were separated in the person of his pious son, the Byzantine letters were inscribed, ' to the King, or, as he styles himself, the Emperor of the Franks and Lombards.' The Greeks affected to despise the poverty and ignorance of the Franks and Saxons; and in their last decline refused to prostitute to the kings of Germany the title of Roman Emperors.” pp. 191. 193. 194. Concerning the dignity of the German Emperors, says Gibbon, Chap. xlix. p. 216. “ Nor was the supremacy of the Emperor confined to Germany alone : the hereditary monarchs of Europe confessed the preeminence of his rank and dignity: he was the first of the Christian princes, the temporal head of the great republic of the West: to his person the title of majesty was long appropriated ; and he disputed with the pope the sublime prerogative of creating kings and assembling councils.”
Sergius III. .. 904
Anastasius 911 Constantine VI. 911
... 960 Leo VIII. 963 Nicephorus II. 963 Benedict V. .. 964 Jobn Zimisces 969 John XIII. 965
Benedict VI... 972