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Commutation, 139. Proceedings against a coroner for non-compliance with Registration Act, 143. Rural Deans, 158. Rhymney Iron Works Company's Church, 185. Church-rate riot, 186. Proceedings for money bequeathed for maintenance of a Unitarian minister, 191. The Queen r. the Justices of Chichester; same v. Churchwardens of New Windsor; same v. Churchwardens of Lambeth; same r. Jones, 237.
Lay Union for defence of the Church, address from
committee of, 49.
Madras, letters from the Bishop of, 178, 203.
Marriage Act, New, Parliamentary returns under, 8; a man married to his grandmother, 91.
Marriage with French subjects in England, 79; marriage with an illegal licence, 98.
Maynooth college, petition against the grant to, 167.
Metropolis :—New chapel at Lambeth, 10. Lambeth Commercial Church of England School, 32. Ball's Pond Association auxiliary to Church Pastoral Aid Society; Sunday and National Schools at Haggcrston, 03. St. Saviour's Church, Southwark, 80. Church extension, 100. General bill of christenings and burials, 1J9. New Charity Schools of St. George's, Southwark, 142. Meeting of friends of ** the principles of the Reformation," on national education, 190. St. Etheldrcda's chapel, Ely place, 214. New National and Sunday schools, at Mile End; Visitation of the Archdeacon of Middlesex, 215. Spiritual destitution of Bethnal Green, 231, 243. Meeting at Kennington on national education, 240.
Metropolis Churches' Fund, 171.
Montreal, the Bishop of, letters from, 130, 204. Official report of, on Upper Canada, 204.
National Education, meeting on, at Oxford, 158; at Lewes, 167. Establishment of a Government board on, 180; the scheme of, with form of petition against, 200; petitions of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge against, 238, 239.
National Society, schools in union with, 42; resolutions on the union of diocesan boards with, 157; report of, 179; annual meeting of, 210; meeting of in May, 232, 243.
Newfoundland, religious destitution in, 2L
Nova Scotia, speech of the Bishop of, 21; society for extending the ministration of the Church in, 32; letters from clergymen in, 227.
Ordinations, 31, 47, 63, 80, 100,118, 141,166,214,239.
Oxford University Intelligence, 9, 30, 47, 63, 79, 99, 117, 140,165, 189,213,237.
Parliamentary,—House of Lord$;—Hindoo superstitions, 1. Church Discipline Bill, 28. The Queen's speech, on the prorogation of Parliament, 47. Her speech, on the meeting of Parliament, 137. Marriage Act, 164. Several petitions, 187. Roman Catholic Bishops in Ireland, 235. Church Discipline Bill, 236. Proposed additional clause to Church Discipline Bill, 237. House ofCommimx:—Education Bill; Ecclesiastical Duties and Revenues Bill; The Lord's Day Bill, 8. Sunday Wakes, 11. Parochial Assessments Bill, 28. The Irish Church Bill; Vestries in Churches Bill; Prisons Bill, 29. Ecclesiastical Duties and Revenues Bill, 164. Education, 165. Several petitions, 187, 188. Abolition of inferior ecclesiastical courts, 213. Several petitions; Strood (Kent) Church Bill; Government plan of national education; Prisons Bill; Roman Catholic Chancellors, &c.; Abandonment of the Government plan of education, 236.
Parochial assessments, 29.
Paving-rate, ministers of new churches not liable to, 60.
Peterborough, the late Bishop of, 217.
Pews, on the illegality of selling, 47.
Pluralities, act to abridge the holding of, 44; form of statement for holding, t6.
Poor law and tithe commutation acts, decision under, 11.
Popery :—New Roman Catholic Church at Uttoxcter, and in St. George's Fields; Roman Catholics at the Cape of Good Hope in the pay of Government, 80. Departure of a Roman Catholic bishop and seven clergymen for Dcnicrara, 103. Roman Catholic chapels and population, 117. Popery in France, 120; at Sydney, 16^. The pope's demands in Portugal, 168.
Post-office desecration of the LordVday, 101, 191.
Praver-Book and Homily Societv, annual meeting of, 207.
Preferments, 11, 33, 49, 66, 81, 103, 121, 144, 168, 193, 217, 241.
Prisons Bill, petition of Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge against, 203.
Protest to Court of Directors of the East India Company, 47.
Protestant Societv for the protection of religious liberty, 141.
Provincial.—Decision under the Poor I*aw and Tithe Commutation Acts; Sunday wakes, 11. Liverpool Clergy Endowment Bill; Berks clerical fund; reopening of Upwell Church, 32. Church Union Society, Salisbury; BlundeH's school, Tiverton; St. James's Church, Bradford; Queen's college, Oxford, 48. Meeting at Bedford in aid of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel; endowment of new Church at Cinderford, 49. Cliurch extension at Gloucester; national schools at Bristol; endowment of district church at Whiteshill; important meeting at Wakefield, 64. Wringtmi meeting of Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 65. Measures for building new Churches at Plymouth; endowment of a new Church at Darlington, 80. Essex association in aid of Society for Building Churches, &c. 101. New college at Bath; Bath Auxiliary Association, in aid of Cliurch Pastoral Aid Society, 102. Church at Cardiff, 117. Division of the parish of Stockport; fall of part of the Church at St. Leonard's on Sea; meetings at Bath and Maidstone, on national education, 120. Meeting at Lichfield, on diocesan education, 133. Leeds district society for Promoting Christian Knowledge; princely donations, 142. Meeting at Oxford on national education, 158. Formation of a diocesan board of education at Winchester and Barnstaple, 167; in Berks and at Bristol, 181; at Liverpool, 181. Rhymney Iron Works Company's Church, 184. Manchester Church Missionary Association; formation of a board of education at Leeds, 191. Lichfield diocesan board of education, 208, Anniversary meetings at Bath of the Societv for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and the National Society of Education for the Poor; Diocesan Education Society at Macclesfield; Tiverton and Bampton district committee for Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge; proposed new Churches at Black borough, Chardstock, and Finchinfield, 215. Meeting in Denbighshire to petition against the alienation of Church revenues, 2i5; at "Welshpool, 216. Durham Diocesan School Society, 240.
Prussia, census of, 103.
Quebec, the late Bishop of, 19, 20, 49.
Queen Dowager, answer of the, to the address of the
Registers, Dissenters', 91, 141.
Ripon, primary visitation of the Bishop of, 48; speech of, 207.
Rural deans, revival of, in the diocese of Lincoln, 101; opinion of Dr. Phillimore on, 164.
Schlienz, Rev. C, F. (Malta), letter from, 114.
Schools, Sunday and daily, 48, 58. Report of National
Scottish Episcopal Church, general synod of, 98.
Societv for Promoting Christian Knowledge: July report (1838), 2 ; Report for 1838 of Foreign Translation Committee, 18. Report in October, (iO ; in November, 74; in December, 90. Communication from Rev.C. F. Schlienz, to Foreign Translation Committee, 14, Report in January (1839), 130; in February, ib.; in March, 154, 178. Petition of, to Parliament, 178; in April, 202. In Mav; audit account, and circulation of Society's publications, 203. In June, 225. Address from, to her Majesty, on National Education, 226.
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, public meeting of, in June (1838), 3, 19; public meetings of, in the country, 74; its need of travelling missionaries, 116; its circular to District Secretaries; number and character of its missionaries, 156. Meeting in April (1839), 178. Annual report (1839), 204. Suggestions for the formation of parochial associations, 205. Anniversary of the Society, 228.
Society for the Employment of Additional Curates, report of (1838), 6. Parishes and districts to which curates have been added, 6, 7. Report of meeting in July, 32.
Society for the Enlargement, &c., of Churches, annual report of (1838), 5; meetings of, 74, 116,179; annual report of (1839), 229.
Society for Promoting the due Observance of the Lord's Day, annual meeting of, 230.
Society for Relief of Poor Pious Clergymen, 102.
Sodor and Man, Bishop of, consecration of, 31 ; installation of, 64.
Sons of the clergy, anniversary of, 240.
Sunday wakes, petition against, II.
Testimonials of respect to clcrgvmcn, 11, 49, 64, 66, 80, 103, 120, 144, 168, 193, 217, 239, 241.
Tithe in kind, law proceedings for, 9. Important decision of the Court of King's Bench, on the method of rating, to the relief of the poor, 29. Law proceeding* on the rating of tithes, 62, 79; assessment of, to poorrates, 63.
Tithe Commissioners for England and Wales, report of
(1838) , 8. Their announcement in August, 43. Circulars of, 91. Report of (1839), 181.
Tithe Commutations, summary of (to Sept. 1,1838), 63; to end of Sept., 78.
Tithes, Commutation of, at Tottenham, 32; at Chelmsford, 64.
Tithe Commutation: programme of summary proceedings, 77; law proceedings in a case of, 1,19. Commutation tables, 141. Tithe Commutation Act, 214.
Tuam, the late Archbishop of, 193.
Universities, statement respecting the, 141, Petition of the university of Oxford for Church extension, 188; of Cambridge, on ecclesiastical duties and revenues, 189. Petition of both universities against the scheme of national education, 238, 239.
Van Diemen's Land, religious census of the free population in, 132. Vestry Bill, preamble, and object, of, 8.
Walker, Bishop, letter from, 90.
Wesley an Methodists: unprecedented contributions, 102. Annual meeting of Weslcyan Missionary Society
(1839) , 215.
West Indies, report of M. La Trobe on schools in, 4.
Emancipation of negroes in, belonging to Society for
the Propagation of the Gospel, 25. Winchester, speeches of the Bishop of, 21, 205.
York, circular of the Archbishop of, 77.
Zealand, New, missions to, 65.
The Ecclesiastical Gazette has been established for the purpose of circulating among the Clergy and Laity authentic information on all subjects relating to the Church; but more especially with reference to the Religious Societies in connexion with the Church of England. It is published under episcopal sanction, and will be conducted by Clergymen holding responsible stations.
The want of a proper medium for communicating to the whole body of the Parochial Clergy authentic intelligence upon ecclesiastical matters, in such a manner as may be acceptable to all parties, has long been a subject of regret; and the importance of establishing such a medium will be generally felt and acknowledged.
It has also been found, that notwithstanding the exertions of many of the Religious Societies, their proceedings are but partially known; and in some districts of the country, their objects are scarcely, if at all, understood. It will, therefore, be readily admitted, that any plan which would remedy these defects, and which would convey correct information upon such subjects to every part of the kingdom, would prove beneficial to the Societies, and advantageous to the best interests of the Church.
The Ecclesiastical Gazette is not intended to be a vehicle for theological discussions or opinions, but a record of facts, and a general medium of intelligence. Beside the ordinary information respecting the Clergy, the Universities, and the Institutions of the Church generally, it will contain Notices and Circulars from the Bishops, Archdeacons, and other Ecclesiastical Authorities, Acts of Parliament, Decisions of the Courts of Law, Parliamentary Reports, Committee Evidence, and other authentic documents, which relate to the interests of the Church and the Clergy. One of its chief features will be the insertion of authorized Reports of the Proceedings of the Church Societies, together with monthly Extracts from their Correspondence. The state of the Church in the Colonies, and the con
dition of Foreign Churches, will be objects of great attention. Authentic Documents, or Communications, upon these subjects, will be frequently inserted. And thus an extended view will be presented of the state of Ecclesiastical Affairs, both at home and abroad.
The difficulties attending the execution of any project of this kind have hitherto been insuperable. But since the passing of the new Stamp Act, the present plan has been suggested, and the attempt is now made to carry it into effect, with a confident hope, under the Divine blessing, of its complete success.
It is proposed to send, monthly, a copy of the Ecclesiastical Gazette, gratis, to the resident Clergyman, whether Incumbent or Curate, of every parish throughout England and Wales. And the Publication being stamped according to law, they will also receive it postage free.
By this peculiar feature of the plan, the parochial Clergy will be enabled to obtain, without any expense to themselves, a great mass of information which it is important to them to possess; and religious intelligence will be more widely and more equally diffused than by any existing means of communication.
It must be obvious, however, that a plan which proposes to give away gratuitously, every month, at least ten thousand copies to the Parochial Clergy, could not be carried into full effect, unless the Work should receive considerable support from other quarters, especially from the Laity. We are happy, therefore, in being able to state, that such support has been liberally promised. And when it is considered that there is a great and increasing body of the Laity who feel a deep interest in every thing relating to the affairs of the Church, little doubt can be entertained of their readiness to encourage a Publication which aims at objects so desirable, and so closely connected with its welfare.
The Clergy will also be able to assist materially in promoting the objects of this Publication, by making it known among the Laity in their respective parishes, and by transmitting to the Publisher the names of such as may desire to become Subscribers.
It has been already ascertained that some of the Clergy do not wish to receive the Work gratuitously; and it has also been represented, that many more will probably entertain the same feelings when the first Number is delivered to them. It may be necessary, therefore, to state, that the Publication is presented gratuitously to all, because it has been found impossible to draw any distinct line between these different views. But it is respectfully suggested, that such of the Parochial Clergy as may be inclined to give it their support, will render essential service by paying the subscription, which is only Six Shillings per annum, for the copy which is sent to them. The amount may be sent to the Publisher, and an acknowledgment will appear in the next Number of the Work.
It is respectfully requested, that such Clergymen as may have the sole charge of more than one parish, will have the goodness to return to the Publisher all such copies as they may receive over and above the one intended for their own use; by simply re-directing them to Mr. J. W. Parker, 445, West Strand, on the same cover. It will thus be known from whence they are returned.
It is also requested, that all other Communications to the Publisher may be post-paid.
The Lord Bishop of Itipon will hold an Ordination at Ripon on Sunday, the 29th of July.
His Grace the Archbishop of York purposes to hold a general Ordination at Bishopsthorpe, on Sunday, the 5th of August
The Ordination of the Lord Bishop of Worcester is unavoidably postponed to Friday, the 24 th of August, being St. Bartholomew's day.
The Lord Bishop of London will commence a Visitation of his Diocese in the month of October.
The Lord Bishop of Norwich will hold his next Ordination on the 23d of September.
The Lord Bishop of Lincoln will hold an Ordination at Buckden, on Sunday, the 23d of September. Candidates must send their papers to his Lordship before the 12th of August
The Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells intends to hold a general Ordination on Sunday, October 21. Candidates are required to send their papers to his Lordship's Secretary, Mr. Brookes, Wells, on or before the 22d of September.
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN
67, Lincoln's Inn Fields, July, 1838.
Extract from the Monthly Report, July, 1838.
The Secretary read the following Letter from the
Shalimar Garden-Hotise, near Bishop's College,
Reverend And Dear Sir,
I. I Cannot begin this letter without adverting to the great festival on which I chance to be writing; and earnestly wishing that the Society's labours may be abundantly blessed as a means for the manifestation of Christ to the Gentiles in India. The crisis with us is momentous. The mild paternal sway of the British sceptre has now for twenty years extended to what may be termed the sovereignty of Hindoostan. A profound peace, resembling in some measure that which prepared for the first advent of our Lord in the flesh, has hushed India into tranquillity, since the termination of the Burmese war, for eight or ten years. Improvements in domestic policy, jurisprudence, the use of the native languages, the more equal collection of the revenue, offices opened to native talent; education, commerce, intercourse with home; taste for western manners, government, and literature, discoveries in the arts, (Sc., have been pushed on with an unexampled celerity. LordGlenelg's new charter of 1834 threw open the flood-gates for India's civilization and illumination. The establishment of steam-vessels on our fine and majestic Ganges, has been multiplying the internal facilities for commerce and mutual communication through every part of India; whilst the commencement of a regular mail-despatch from Bombay to England, by the same wonderful mechanical discovery, is bringing on rapidly, as we trust, the time of eastern knowledge, inquiry, and obedience to the faith of Christ.
2. For, contemporaneous with these external aids for the elevation of our prostrate millions of Hindoos, are the exertions of your Society, and
those of the Propagation of the Gospel, of th
3. Knowledge, as introductory to Christianity, I
4. These thoughts are naturally suggested by two paragraphs of your letters, of March 20th and August 10th, of this last summer. In the one you favour me with an account of the unanimous resolution of the General Meeting in June, to present a memorial against the continuance of the Pilgrim Tax in India; the other, in which you are good enough to pass it vote for the support of our Mission Schools near Calcutta, and propose certain inquiries to me connected with the subject.
5. The connexion of the British Protestant authorities with the patronage of the basest and most degrading system of idolatry and pollution which the lost spirit of darkness ever perhaps imposed on a fallen world—a system which has contrived an entire code of religious usages, and rewards and punishments, without any one consistent reference
1 or evil—a code minute, inquisitorial,
means of oppression, cruelty, and lust: the support
I am not master of the subject in all its de-
6. It would be wrong in me, perhaps, altogether to conceal what I hear in conversation with gentlemen who have lived many years in the vicinity of Pooree and the Temple of Juggernaut, and on whose veracity no doubt can for a moment be cast. They inform me, that of 150,000 pilgrims, who resort annually to the spot, nearly one third perish from various causes, and never return to their homes.
They inform me, that the bands of the pilgrimhunters, as they are termed, swarm all over Indi even to the most distant provinces, to collect and drive in before them the deluded pilgrims.
They state, that almost every year the pilgrims of the adjoining provinces are lessening, espe cially the men; and that the supply is now very much from the more remote places, and chiefly of women.
They tell me, that one practice, which does not appear in any public documents, and which may, therefore, not be generally known, is of the most atrocious injustice—the compulsory assemblage of 2000 poor wretches each year to drag the idol car. If this one oppressive act were discontinued, many gentlemen think, the whole system of Jjuggernaut, like the ancient Dagon before the ark, would instantly fall.
7. I have been both at Juggernaut and at Allahabad, (the sacred junction, as it is accounted, of the Ganges and the Jumna,) and my mind retains a vivid impression of the grief, and compassion, and horror, I felt for my sad fellow-creatures crushed under the griffin yoke of "the god of this world." Nor could I believe scarcely, nor can I now, that the petty sophisms of human cowardice and political expediency could chill the glowing benevolence which would strike off the chain, and set the captives free.
8. The Society has done well. Be pleased to go on in this and every other work of mercy, and may God prosper your pious endeavours!
9. The question of education is not without its difficulties. I enclose the three answers of our Bengal Missionaries to the inquiry which I requested the Secretary of our Calcutta Committee to circulate. Two are unfavourable to the continuance of the Schools as taught by heathen masters, considering the better use to which the money now consumed in the support of those Schools might be employed. The third answer does not essentially differ from the two former, though it leans to the advantages which, upon the whole, the Schools diffuse. The Society shall hear more fully when I have had time to examine the subject. At present I am singularly hurried. Not only are the two sees of Madras and Bombay vacant, and therefore pouring upon me their inevitable currents of business; but I have lost my right hand, as it were, in the necessary retreat home on sick-leave of my son-in-law and chaplain, Mr. Bateman, and the non-arrival of the Rev. John Pratt, a son of my old
friend and tutor, who has engaged to come out as his successor. I already owe one severe illness (my first in India) to the absence of my chaplain, and my being compelled to do deacon's service, as well as my own, on board the vessel which carried me, in September last, to Ghazeepore; and I every day and hour am crippled in the discharge of my duties from the same cause. A Secretary to the Calcutta Diocesan Committee, in connexion with your SoCiety, is also wanting—Mr. Boyes and Mr. Bateman being both gone. Your venerable Society shall duly receive, however, the details I now omit, when my new chaplain arrives.
10. A thousand thanks to your venerable SoCiety for the munificent grant of 200/. for the Barripore Mission House. The bills were drawn in September last, on the receipt of your letter of March. If it were possible for me to transplant some of the pious Members of your Board to the different scenes of labour which your bounty has fed, and to show you what I have myself witnessed, you would, I am sure, rejoice in extending still your beneficence to India. It was only the last week that I entered the little bamboo-church of Raggapore, near Janjera, fifteen miles from Calcutta, for which I appropriated 250 rupees from your former grant The head man of the village was forward to show me the pretty structure: he is himself a Christian convert, now of six years' standing. "Such," I said to Mr. Jones, "was the cathedral of Canterbury, in the first ages perhaps." The Society will be glad to learn, that Mr. Jones, (one of the Propagation Missionaries,) having contrived to save about 9/. from the Mt. thus committed to him, united it with other sums to turn a Hindoo pagoda into a Christian Church at Soojh'nabe'ri'a (another of his twenty villages, in which he has eight or nine hundred souls, young and old, under Christian instruction in different stages). The conversion of the chief man of the village led to his presenting the pagoda to the Reverend Missionary, who has thrown out a bamboo verandah, and made it, perhaps, the first heathen temple where the name of Christ is proclaimed. My excellent archdeacon, who was with me, and Professor Withers, at the time, was so struck with the scene, that he promised Mr. Jones an old pulpit, which was formerly used in the Mission Church, Calcutta—a most appropriate and acceptable gift— which will fill Soojh'na-be'ri'a with joy.
11. I rendered an account to the venerable Society of nearly the whole of the last vote of 500/. entrusted to my care, when I wrote in April: that vote was of the date of March, 1835. I find I had then a balance in my hands of 731 rupees. This I have thus distributed, with some variation from what I intended, suggested by circumstances. (1.) Danapore Church 200 rupees. (2.) Burrisaul Schools 200 rupees. (3.) Ghazeepore Church 100 rupees. (4.) Chittagong Church 100 rupees. (5.) Madras Church at Thome 150 rupees. (6.) Translation Society at Cawnpore 200 rupees. (7.) Singapore, for books, 200—1,150 rupees, or about 115/. sterling, which exceeds, by a little more than 400 rupees, the amount of the grant already given me, and will go on to the balance of the next, whenever you may feel at liberty to make it
12. On the position of the Book and Tract department, I am not able to speak, from the absence of the Secretary. The Cawnpore Translation Society have completed a translation into Hindostanee of Bishop Porteus's " Evidences of Christianity," which is just come up to Bishop's College press. Others I hope will follow. The Singapore depot has been so well managed as to remit 500 rupees in payment for books. There is a demand all over India for books of religious instruction. The Queen's regiments, in different parts, though furnished with station libraries, are still in want of Christian elementary works. I rejoice to learn, from the Society's letter of March last, that "the Tract Committee of the Society continue their labours with great assiduity; and that you trust that such new tracts as may hereafter be recommended by the Committee to the Board, and may from time to time be forwarded to Calcutta, will meet with my approbation," I am quite unworthy of such an appeal. I am only one of an immense body of the Prelates, Presbyters, and members of the
Society of our Reformed Apostolical Church. I have no right whatever, nor have I the least disposition, to sit in judgment on books and tracts, except so far as my own diocese may be concerned in the practical result. Your venerable Society is secure of my approbation, poor and undeserving of notice as it is, just in proportion as your Publications approach nearer the tine, noble, catholic spirit of our English Reformers. Nothing is of service in India but what is pregnant with the immediate Gospel of Christ in all its simplicity, all its grace, all its spirituality, all its holy tendencies. We have to rouse the torpid Christian, removed for years from the regular ordinances of the Church perhaps; we have to recall the wandering profligate; we have to instruct the native convert, awakening to Christ from a darkness deep as the grave; we have to train souls for heaven, in the midst of all the incentives to the grossest idolatry and sensuality that oriental habits can present, For all this, the doctrine of Christ Jesus our Lord is the remedy; and the tracts which best exhibit that adorable object, as the ground of a penitent's hope, the source of grace and life and salvation, the exemplar of all holiness and joy, and the one and only Mediator between God and man, are the most acceptable, and the most likely to be beneficial. I must confess that I have not yet read the tracts and books in later arrivals; but I was very much gratified, some time since, with those which had then been transmitted to Calcutta. Surely, surely, there is a line of devotional, orthodox, catholic theology, common to all enlightened Protestant Christians of our Church, and standing on the broad bottom of our Articles, and Homilies, and Liturgy, which will commend itself to the judgment of almost every pious and competent reader, spiritual and evangelical, strong upon clear, cautious upon doubtful matters—fully directed at the conscience of man—opening the extent of his corruption and guilt—calling him to heartfelt sorrow and contrition for sin—raising by the offer of justification of faith only—comforting and strengthening by the doctrine of the Holy Ghost—guiding in practice by the details and principles of Christian morals—neither undervaluing the conjoined testimony of ancient writers, to facts and doctrines; nor superseding, under their venerated names, the supreme and undivided authority of the inspired word of God. But I beg forgiveness for thus speaking; my pen runs away with me when I begin to write on the grace and love of my only Master and Saviour; and I am desirous to see all the Societies of our Apostolical Church more and more closely united in the old doctrines of the Gospel, and the sweet and brotherly spirit of mutual forbearance and charity, by which they are best commended. God is the author of grace. His benediction rests, now more largely, now less, on different Churches, and different subdivisions of the same Churches, according to their fervor of prayer and fidelity in His truth and salvation. Wide intervals will prevail, as they ever have prevailed, in opinions, upon a variety of subordinate, though not unimportant, matters; and yet one blessed platform of doctrine and discipline has contained together all the pious members of our Church. The older I grow, and the more extensive my sphere of duty, the more am I persuaded of the efficiency of the few grand points of Christianity, and of the practicableness of working with my brethren educated in different schools of theology, and using different phrases, with simplicity of heart. My own course will soon be finished. Our noble Anglican Church, the glory of the Reformation, and the chief bulwark of Christianity in Europe, is now sorely beset by Papists and Infidels on the one hand, and separatists and heretics on the other. Human governments seem to be deserting her. Never, therefore, was she more loudly called to union within herself. Blessed are those peacemakers who sacrifice any thing but truth to her stability and safety. God is purifying her indeed. May she come out more spiritual, devoted, active, than ever, in " promoting Christian knowledge," both at home and abroad. I shall continue to co-operate with your Society throughout the dioceses of India. I have just formed a depot at Singapore. An association was also established at Nusscerabad, 1100 miles from
Calcutta, amongst the field encampments, as I passed | years: through. Another at Candy, in Ceylon, has just been announced to me. The Translation Society at Cawnpore may be a source of eminent usefulness. The Bishop's College Syndicate is eager to take a larger share in the same good work. The loss of Dr. Mill necessarily now cripples its exertions, but we hope for his powerful help from home; and we look forward to Mr. Malan's oriental fame, though so young, as opening, after a series of years, an endless vista of translated copies of the Scriptures, Prayer-Books, and religious books, for the gaping eager eyes of millions in India. Could your SoCiety make me another grant, I should like to devote 100/. at once to the cheap circulation of fifty >r sixty copies of Dr. Mill's Sanscrit Life of our Lord; in extraordinary production; the first indeed in India in which the sacred language and poetical measure of the Shartras have been employed to open the mysteries of the Gospel, and yet so expensive (20 rupees a copy, and unavoidably so; it will form a very thick octavo volume,) as to place it wholly out of the reach of the Brahminical students. The curiosity of the native scholars to use the book is intense. As I was passing by Thunassar, in the Upper Provinces, five Brahmins came by night to my Pundit's tent, attracted by a boy who had come to me during the day, and had heard I was learning Sanscrit, to enquire the truth of the report: they were shown Dr. Mill's Christa Sangita; they could read it with fluency. They disbelieved the author to be an European; when assured of the fact, they declared he must be an angel: nor were they satisfied without sitting down and making my Pundit read to them till break of day from the wonderful book; for so they termed it, I would have given the world to have had copies by me, but I had only the one from which my Pundit (a son of Anund Messuh, of Kurnaul,) read.
But I must conclude, by begging the benefit of the Society's prayers, and by commending myself to the indulgent consideration of the Right Reverend and Reverend and other members of your venerable Society, in my honest, but feeble, and doubtless often mistaken, endeavours to promote the cause of genuine evangelical Christianity, according to the Articles and other formularies of our Episcopal Protestant Church in Central Asia. I am, Rev. Sir,
Your most obedient and faithful,
P.S. I receive with great gratitude the assurance of the Houra, Tallygunge, and Barripore Schools, being jointly supported by your venerable Society, and that for the Propagation of the Gospel; this will enable us to weigh well the grave question to which I have alluded in section 0, above.
This letter having been read, it was agreed, upon the recommendation of the Standing Committee,— That a grant of 500/. be placed at the disposal of the Lord Bishop of Calcutta, towards carrying on the designs of the Society in India.
A letter was read from the Lord Bishop of Australia, dated Sydney, 3d February, 1K1B.
The following portions of his Lordship's letter will be read with interest:—
"In our general proceedings we have had much harmony and success, as will be shown by our last year's Report, of which I directed copies to be forwarded to you for distribution among the members of the Standing Committee, and others of our friends. The Society's publications are generally approved and valued, and I hope are extensively read with advantage. The demand for them is steadily increasing: that for Prayer-books in particular is very great; and much benefit has arisen from their now containing the Ordination Services, which was very imperfectly known; or I may say, with very few exceptions, totally unknown. Attention towards them has however been awakened by my having conferred Priest's Orders on the Rev. Messrs. Sharpe and Walpole.
"In consequence of the grant having been continued to the Schools during these two years, there has been less occasions to break in upon the So Ciety's donation of 1000/., which remains in reserve against future emergencies; and I have not yet had occasion to draw upon the Treasurer for any portion of the amount voted for the past and present
at the rate of 500/. for each. I have been engaged in reducing the Schools in Sydney to a more regular and effective state, and am thankful in witnessing the progress of improvement. We have now five Schools (three of which are also Sunday Schools) in this town; the state of which is highly satisfactory, and is daily improving. The average number of children is more than 100 in each. By the first of next month, I expect to be enabled to open two additional Schools, and to collect in the entire number which will then be established, not less than One Thousand children! It will, I am persuaded, afford much cause for thankfulness to the members of the Society, and to the friends of the Church in general, to reflect that through the blessing of God upon the exertions we have been enabled to make, chiefly through the impulse of the kind and liberal spirit manifested towards us in England, we have at the very commencement of our course so large a body of young people under careful and religious training: the effect of which upon the principles and conduct of the inhabitants at large cannot but be felt most sensibly and advantageously. The Schools in the country districts are supported with various degrees of success and efficiency; but my attention is and will be directed to their improvement, which can take place only progressively and through the exertion of much patience. Qualified schoolmasters and mistresses are scarcely to be met with; nor do any appear to arrive among the numerous emigrants who are coming daily to these shores. Ourchurchcs and parsonage houses are making but slow progress in consequence of the great scarcity of mechanical labour; indeed they are too generally quite at a stand, except where I am able to station a clergyman who takes an interest in the work, and keeps up that of the inhabitants. The same remedy of perseverance is that to which I trust for removal of these obstructions. I might annex a statement of our difficulties, which are numerous and fearful; but I shall not do so, as my own spirits are not depressed, and I should not wish to cast a damp upon any hopes which the Society may entertain on our behalf. My humble confidence is placed on God, who has hitherto showed us his favour and protection, and so I am persuaded will continue to do while our exertions are directed to the promotion of His glory, by the extension of His Church upon earth, to the edification of His people here, and to their eternal salvation in the world to come.
An application was made by Lieut Col. Gawler, Governor of South Australia, respecting the wants of that Colony with regard to Church accommodation. The Board agreed to place 250/. at the disposal of the Governor for the purposes stated in his letter.
The following grants appear in this report:—
The Dublin Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge,
Hooks to the amount of. 250
For Building a Church, School, and Parsonage, near
Albany, Cape of Good Hope 200
Towards erecting a School of Industry for Girls in Cape
Books for Highland Emigrants to Canada 90
Besides many other smaller grants.
SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL IN FOREIGN PARTS. A Public Meeting of this Society was held on Friday, June 22, at Willis's Rooms, King-street, St. James's, which was attended by many of the highest dignitaries of the Church, and by a great number of influential and important members of the laity.
Amongst them were the following Archbishops and Bishops, sixteen in number:—The Archbishops of Canterbury, York, and Armagh; the Bishops of London, Durham, Winchester, Lincoln, Bangor, Exeter, Hereford, Ripon, Salisbury, Gloucester and Bristol, Rochester, Landaff, and Nova Scotia. The Earls of Harrowby, Harewood, Chichester, and Bandon; Viscounts St Vincent and Sandon; Lords Bayning, Bexlcy, and Bolton; Mr. Justice Parke, Mr. Justice Patteson, and Mr. Justice Coleridge. The Right Hon. Sir James Graham, Bart, M.P.; Sir Thomas Dyke Ackland, Bart, M.P.; Sir W. Heathcote, Bart, M.P.; Sir Robert Inglis, Bart, M.P.; Sir Thomas Cochrane; Sir C. Hunter; and Mr. Gladstone, M.P. Archdeacons Lyall, Watson, Hamilton, and Robinson; Rev. Drs. Hook, Short, Dealtry, D'Oyly, and Acland, &c, His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, presided on the occasion; and prayers having been read, the Secretary, the Rev. A. M. Campbell, was called upon to read the following Report: —
Report presented to a General Meeting of the Members and Friends of the Society For The PropagaTion Of The Gospel, holden at Willis's Room, on Friday, June 22, 183a The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel has been induced to call this meeting of its members and friends, chiefly by the conviction that a crisis has occurred in the religious affairs of the British Colonies. They were the scene of the SoCiety's earliest labours. They have engaged during many years a principal share of its attention. Even now they constitute the most extensive field of its operations; and the opening prospect of a provision for their spiritual wants is looked upon with the deepest interest
No one can deny that these wants have been neglected: Great Britain has planted colonies in America and Australia, and peopled these immense territories with her sons and daughters; she has paid a large price for the freedom of the Negroes; established a mild parental authority over Hindostan, and transported many thousand convicts to the shores of New South Wales; but throughout the course of these mighty operations she seems almost to have forgotten that she was a Christian nation; that the emigrants whom she sent forth were the children of Christian parents, and had need of instruction in God's Holy Word, and of participation in all the ordinances of religion; that by the acquisition of authority over heathen tribes she contracted a sacred obligation to impart unto them the saving truths of the Gospel.
It cannot be said that this duty was altogether overlooked. It was acknowledged by the erection of episcopal sees, first in North America, and subsequently in the East and West Indies, and in Australia. It was acknowledged by Acts of the Imperial and Local Legislatures, providing for the future maintenance of clergymen in various colonies; by Parliamentary grants, voted during many years, for the express purpose of maintaining the colonial clergy until the lands allotted to them became productive or valuable. But while we appeal to these acts as so many distinct recognition of the duty of the mother country with respect to the religious interests of her colonies, we are bound, at the same time, to declare that they were little more than recognition; They were not followed up. There was no systematic care for the education or religious instruction of the settler, of the emigrant, or the convict, much less of the Negro, or the Hindoo. They were left in most cases to chance. What was done for them by Government, or by charitable institutions, was done slightly and incompletely. There was no plan, according to which the growing demand for churches and clergymen might be supplied. And when the tide of emigration set most strongly upon the coast of British America, no provision whatever was made for the spiritual wants of men who went forth from their native country in search of employment, who were assisted out of the public purse in removing from a land where labour was superabundant to a land where it was scarce, and were placed with their families in uncultivated forests, without schools, without churches, without clergymen, without the ordinary means of edification and consolation, which they had possessed and valued at home, and from which they never intended to part.
Such is the condition of our agricultural emigrants, and of a large proportion of British colonists; and the acknowledged greatness of the evil calls for a vigorous effort to remove it. The spiritual destitution of the more remote settlers in the Canadas, in Nova Scotia, and in New Brunswick, has been described both in the Reports of this Society, and other well-known publications. The dreadful condition of the dwellers on the southern shore of Newfoundland has been forcibly described by Archdeacon Wix. The abolition of slavery in the British empire has directed attention to the urgent
necessity for the general education of the Negroes. In the East Indies the gradual acquisition of European knowledge is preparing the way for the downfall of the Brahminical superstition, and for the reception of Christianity. While the parliamentary reports upon transportation, and upon the condition of the Aborigines in our colonies, have presented a picture of the demoralization 'and misery in Australia, upon which it is painful to look.
These are the circumstances which invite the attention of the British people to the provision made in their name for the spiritual wants of its colonies and dependencies. Even now the case is not generally understood. The distance of the scenes, the pressing claims of the manufacturing and town population at home prevent many persons from making themselves masters of the strong points in the appeal on behalf of our colonial fellow-subjects. But allowing for these difficulties, there is a strong and growing conviction that something must be done; that things must not be suffered to remain where they are; that this country will be deeply sinful before God, if it permit the dependencies of the empire to grow up in practical atheism, and in all the wickedness necessarily resulting from such a state. There is an earnest desire to adopt measures which may abate the moral nuisance, and no longer allow it to be said that a nation, which boasts of moral and religious advancement, is the mother and nurse of other nations destined possibly to fill a large space in the history of the world, but brought up without the fear or knowledge of God; insensible to the hopes, the blessings, the promises, and the restraints of Christianity.
While this is the state of things at home, it is encouraging to observe that a corresponding sense of what is required for the religious welfare of the colonies has been excited among the colonists themselves. Great efforts have been made in the Canadas, in Nova Scotia, and in New Brunswick, under the able direction of the late lamented Bishop of Quebec, the Bishop of Nova Scotia, and the Bishop of Montreal, to counteract the bad effects of the withdrawal of the parliamentary grant for the support of the clergymen in those provinces. The salaries of the existing missionaries, reduced on the average to three-fourths of their former amount, have, in some cases, been made up to the original sum by the voluntary contributions of the people. Church Societies have been formed by the zealous exertions of the bishops and clergy, in Upper and Lower Canada, in Nova Scotia, and in New Brunswick, for the purpose of aiding in the establishment of new missions, defraying the expenses of visiting missionaries, and otherwise contributing towards the cost of a religious establishment in districts not yet prepared to take the risk into their own hands.
The same may be said of the West Indies. In Barbadoes the churches which, with few exceptions, were destroyed in a late hurricane, have been rebuilt, on an enlarged scale, at the public charge of the Colony. Considerable sums of money have been contributed throughout both the West Indian dioceses for the erection of Churches, and the maintenance of additional Clergymen.
In a letter, dated the 27th of April, 1838, the Bishop of Jamaica states that "the Legislature of the Bahamas and the Vestries of this island (Jamaica) are coming forward with such a sense of the necessity of religious instruction, that the difficulty will now rather be, to meet their grants for the moieties of Curates' and Teachers' salaries with an equal sum from the funds of the Societies that lend their aid. In effecting this improvement, and establishing this disposition, it cannot be doubted that the principle upon which the Society For The Propagation Of The Gospel, have lent their aid has mainly contributed. Not only have they been enabled to employ twice the number of religious teachers, but their example has undoubtedly roused others, who would not accede to their terms, to do something upon plans of their own."
In the Report of M. La Trobe, the gentleman appointed by her Majesty's Government to inspect the Schools erected in the West Indies, with aid from the parliamentary grant, there is the following statement respecting Barbadoes:—
"Of 39 school-houses, towards the erection of which the Society For The Propagation Of
The Gospel received aid from the Parliamentary Grants of 1835 and 1830, it will be seen that 28 are built and occupied at this date (dpril, 1838); and that more than the number required to complete the total are actually in progress, while schools are there carried on under temporary arrangements.
"And the Bishop of the diocese has fixed upon no fewer than 30 stations in these islands (windward and leeward), over and above the 03; for the erection of which the Society has advanced funds, in connection with the three Parliamentary grants of 1835, 1836, 1837.
"In Barbados, though the Wesleyan and Moravian Missionary Societies, and the Trustees of the Mico Charity, support a few excellent schools for the benefit of the labouring classes, the education of these throughout the Colony depends mainly upon the instruction given in schools in connexion with the clergy of the island, stimulated and supported in this good work by the presence and active cooperation of their diocesan.
In Australia, to which the aid of the Society has been more recently directed, the sums subscribed by the inhabitants for the building of Churches and support of Clergymen are much larger than could have been anticipated; and the legislatures of New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land have made provision for the salaries of a considerable number of clergymen.
On the whole, therefore, the course to be pursued by the Society is clear. It offers to assist in maintaining clergymen wherever their services are required, provided the parties interested will make proper efforts for the same purpose. If allowances are made to the clergy from the Colonial Treasury, as in the West Indies and Australia, the Society is willing to assist in fitting out and supporting an adequate number of persons, duly qualified, to preach the Gospel to their respective flocks. If, as in the Canadas and New Brunswick, there be a pension for the clergy not yet available, on account of the state of the lands allotted for this purpose, the Society is ready to assist in bringing such lands into cultivation, or to contribute to the support of the clergy until that work be done. On the barren shores of Newfoundland, where it is not practicable to defray the cost of religious instruction from the contributions of the people themselves, the Society does not refuse to take upon itself the whole expense of maintaining visiting Missionaries, until the general or local Governments can be induced to discharge this neglected portion of their duty.
The length to which these observations have been carried requires the Society to confine the remarks still to be made within the narrowest limits. An account of its general operations, and of its current financial condition, drawn up since the beginning of the year, has been extensively circulated, and is in the hands of the present Meeting. It is unnecessary, therefore, to dwell upon this subject. But an exception may be made in favour of the Bengal Mission and of Bishop's College.
In a letter recently received from the Bishop of Calcutta, after saying that the villages in the neighbourhood of Calcutta contain about 1100 natives, under Catechetical instruction, his Lordship adds,—
"There are eight Christian Churches, principally of bamboo, built in the chief villages by the munificence of the Society for the most part, and that for Promoting Christian Knowledge, that in these Churches Divine Service, according to the Liturgy and Rubrics of our Apostolic Church, so far as they are translated, is regularly celebrated—(the responses to the Liturgy yesterday at Barripore, by the 150 simple people, charmed the Archdeacon and myself; there was a heartiness and devotion quite peculiar). Christian domestic habits are in slow but regular progress. Diligence in their calling is obviously increasing. Many are becoming, from the moral influence of Christianity, a little independent in their circumstances j and the residence' of that excellent gentleman, Mr. Homfrey (who has built a Christian village of twelve neat huts, separate from the heathen bazaars, and full of promise), ,is, together with the impartiality