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2ndly. We must acknowledge that the diversity among animals is a fact determined by the will of the Creator, and that their geographical distribution forms a part of the general plan which unites all organized beings into one great organic conception; whence it follows, that what are called human races, including their early separate existence as nations, are distinct primordial forms of the types of man.

In future, the coincidence between the boundaries of the races of man and the natural limits of different zoological provinces must remain an important element in ethnographical studies ; and no theory of the distribution of the races of man and of their migrations can henceforward be satisfactory which does not recognize the fact of such a remarkable coincidence.

From this investigation an important inference may be drawn, which cannot fail to have its influence upon

the further study of the human races, namely, that the laws which regulate the diversity of animals, and their distribution upon earth, apply equally to man, within the same limits, and in the same degree; and that all our liberty and moral responsibility, however spontaneous, are yet instinctively directed by the Allwise and Omnipotent to fulfil the great harmonies established in nature*]

* Types of Mankind; contributions of Professor Agassiz on the Provinces of the Animal World and their Relation to the Types of Man, p. lxxvi.


an his.

Abel, breath, perishableness, on Altenstein, Minister Von, letter

account of his short life, ii. 85. of, to Von Bohlen, i. xxiv.
Aboriginal creations of man (au-Amalgamation of migrating or

tochthones) in the countries conquering tribes with primi-
which they inhabit, ii. 277. tive stocks of nations, ii. 278.
Abraham, described as

Animals, domestic, of Europe,
torical personage, ii. 272; the their origin, ii. 275.
ideal of a pious worshiper of Animosity against conquered
Jehovah, i. 8, i. 272.

enemies usual in early myths,
Abram, father of height, high i. 10.

father, patriarch, ii. 271. Arabia, mountains of, ü. 254.
Affinities of the notes of VO- Arabic language, the compiler

ciferous animals in different of the Pentateuch acquainted
parts of the world not a proof with, i. 48; ch

ges in the, i.
of a common origin, ii. 278. 51; names derived from the,
Agassiz, Professor, on the na- i. 87.

tural provinces of the animal | Arabs, early annals of, i. 3; un-
world, ii. 275 ; on the affinities acquainted with writing before
of languages, i. 278; on the the time of Mahomet, i. 39;
distribution of man and ani- their form of government, i.
mals, ü. 278-280.

134 ; those of the commercial
Ages ascribed to first patriarchs, towns separated from the Semi-
ii. 98, 101.

tic branch, ii. 222.
Agriculture, inferior to pastoral | Aram, the Chaldæo-Babylonish
life, ii. 83; antipathy of the kingdom, ii. 248.
Israelites to, traced to their Aramæan dialect, i. 48; words
Arabian origin, ii. 83.

quoted in the Pentateuch, i. 63.
Air, as an elastic fluid, not known Ararat, mountain of, ii. 137;
to the Hebrews, ii. 185.

covered with snow and ice, i.
Allegorical interpretation, arbi- 138; probablythe highest moun-

trary, ii. 73; specimen of, ii. 74. tain within the horizon of the
Alluvium, period required for writer, ii. 139.

the deposition of, in the plain Archaisms, i. 43.
of Babylon, ii. 196.

Ark, in the Deluge, a chest, ü.
Alphabet, Hebrew, traced by 126 ; without mention of sails

Ewald to picture characters, i. or rudder, ii. 127; three times
38; in English characters, i. 335. as long as the largest man-of-
war, not navigable, ii. 128; of the art of writing, i. 33 ;
animals to be preserved in the, beginning of their year un.
ii. 131; absence of air and light, known, i. 180.
ii. 199.

Babylonian tower, ii. 258.
Ark, of the Tabernacle, a mova- Balaam, prophecy of, i. 213–

ble sanctuary, the peculiar a- 215.
bodeof Jehovah, not mentioned Baobab-tree, a seedling in the
after the destruction of Solo-

year B.c. 3300, i. 194.
mon's temple, i. 169; described Beginning, the, means primitive
without costly implements of time, ii. 6.
sacrifice in the time of David, Belief, Hebrew, in the reward of
i. 174; not always in the charge virtue and the punishment of
of the Levites, i. 189.

sin, ii. 168.
Arphakshad, Northern Media, ii. Belus, ruins of the Tower of, ii.

Ashtaroth, or Astarte, licentious Birds, formerly taken on a voy-
worship of, i. 160.

age, to aid in discovering the
Asiatic Society, Royal, notice by way to land, ii. 140.
the Council of, respecting Von Blood, crying for vengeance, ii

Bohlen's Ancient India, i. xx. 88; contains life, ii. 143; held
Assyria, river-boats built of re- sacred in sacrifices on account
sinous cypress in, ii. 127.

of its vitality, ii. 144; ven-
Assyrian government connected geance for, an established cus-
with Nineveh, i. 234.

tom widely diffused in the
Assyrians flourishing at the pe- East, ii. 145; avenger of, might

riod ascribed to the Flood, ii. be restrained by royal autho-
200; first appear in Jewish rity, ii. 145.

history B.c. 772, ii. 226. Bohlen, Von: his birth, 1796, i.
Astrological element in some of xv; his Oriental studies, i. xvi;

the numerical statements in his marriage, i. xvii; appointed
early Hebrew history, i. 107; Professor of Oriental Langua-
principle in the arrangement ges and Literature at Königs-

of the Levitical camp, i. 109. berg, i. xviii; his prosperity
Astrology, high antiquity of, i. at its height in 1836, i. xxi ;

315 ; knowledge of, ascribed in death, in 1840, i. xxiii; views,
the East to Abram, in the same on the gradual collection of
way as to Brahma, ii. 272.

the Hebrew laws, as the Hier-
Australia, remarks on the natural archy became established in
history of, by Agassiz, ü. 279. Palestine, i. xxvii; has the me-

rit of having pointed out the
Baal, worship of, in Palestine, i. physical basis of the mythical
158, 159.

account of a deluge, ii. 176.
Babel, or confusion, ii. 255; Bab Book of the Law, narrative of the

Bel, the Court of Bel, ii. 264. finding of, in the reign of Jo-
Babylon, exile to, i. 177 ; district siah, i. 256; brought to light

of, unknown to the Jews before by Hilkiah, could not have re-
the Exile, B.c. 587, ii. 161; city mained for a thousand years
of, taken by Cyrus, B.C. 539, uninjured, i. 263; its written
ii. 259.

character, if of the age of
Babylonians, probable inventors Moses, must have been obso.

lete, i. 263; attributed in the

Chronicles to Moses, i. 263.
Bopp, Professor, letter of, on Von

Bohlen's Ancient India, i. xix.
Brahminism, illustrative of the

Jewish religious system, i. 7,

11, 196, 203, 286–288.
Breath of God, a creating and

vivifying power of God, ii. 8;

the principle of life, ii. 29.
Buckland, Dr., remark by, that

multitudes of individuals of
each species were originally
created where subsequently

found, ii. 201.
Bull, domestic, not identical with

any of the wild species of Asia,

ii. 276.
Bunsen, Chevalier, his chrono-

logical table of early Egyptian
dynasties, i. xxx.

Chronicles, books of, contain un-

Cain exposed to misfortune out

authentic additions to ancient
history, to support Levitical
pretensions, i. 197; genealogies
of the, slowly formed and in-
debted to the invention of
their authors, i. 198; inconsis-
tencies in the genealogies, i.
199; defects in the genealogies,
i. 200; give little support to
the Pentateuch, i. 201.
Church, the, according to Wolff,

ordered certain interpretations
of sacred doctrine to be proved,
in accordance with the circum-

stances of the time, i. 27.
Circumcision, i. 283.
Cities of Palestine mentioned by

names with which Moses could
not have been acquainted, i. 74;

of the Plain, ii. 244.
Clean animals, according to the

Levitical law, ii. 130.
Commandments. See Decalogue.
Celto-Germanic nations in Čen-
tral Europe, ii. 277.

in Numbers, fictitious
character of the, i. 112, 113.
Ceremonial service everywhere

prevalent in the time of the
prophets, i. 157.
Chaldæan remains, i. 315; cos-

mogony, adopted by Zoroaster,
ii. 4 ; year, adopted during the
Babylonish exile, ii. 155; year,
followed in the myth of the
Flood, ii. 156; inhabitants of
Babylonia and Mesopotamia,

ii. 230.
Chaldaisms in the Pentateuch,

often Arabicisms or archaisms,

i. 47.
Chavilah, India, including Ara-

bia, ii. 35.
Cherubim, ii. 53.
Chiddekel, the Tigris, ii. 37.
Christian writers adopted the

prevalent ideas of their own

time, i. 253.
Constantine, legend respecting

of the territory of Jehovah, ii.

89; city built by, ii. 91.
Cain and Abel, narrative of, ii.

80; its Israelitish tendency,

ii. 81.
Canaan, the land of, its extent,

i. 14; its surface, i. 15; cha-
racter of its population, i. 15;
allotment by Joshua, i. 17;
completion of the conquest of,
a leading object with the wri-
ters of the Pentateuch and the
book of Joshua, i. 17; name of,
applied to the primitive races
of Palestine, ii. 147 ; as Phe-
nicia, not mentioned in the Se-

mitic group, ii. 221.
Canaanites in the land in the

time of Moses, i. 76.
Canaanitish races, ii. 240.
Captivity, Babylonish, described

in Deuteronomy, i. 98; circum-
stances of the, i. 179; results
of the, i. 181, 279 ; mentioned
in Judges, i. 185; Pentateuch
not referred to before the, i.
244, 251.


his donation of western sove- near the end of the eighth cen-

reignty to the Popes, i. 332. tury, i. 331 ; proved to be fic-
Constitution of the Israelites con- titious, on the revival of let-

sidered, i. 131; ancient, under ters, i. 333.
the Judges, i. 136.

Deep, great, refers to the clouds
Cosmogonies, priestly histories piled up, so as to form a great

usually commence with, i. 41 ; sea above the earth, ii. 132.
incorporated with the laws of Deluge. See Flood.
Asiatic nations, i. 5; of va- Demotic or popular characters

rious nations, similar, i. 11. on Egyptian mummy band-
Cosmogony, Hebrew, ii. 1; pious ages, betray a Phænician origin,
object of the, i. 5; not alle-

i. 37.
gorical, ii. 21; later date of, Desert, forty years' wanderings
depends on the institution of in the, i. 85-90, 111; fictitious
the Sabbath, and on its ap- names of localities in the, i. 88.
pointment subsequent to Mo- Deuteronomy, written in Pales-
ses, ii. 2; described, to give tine, i. 71; probably the book
importance to the Sabbath, ii. of the law found in the Tem-
20 second, i. 22; objects of, ple, in the reign of Josiah, i.
to point out the districts first 260; compared with Jeremiah,
inhabited by the human race, i. 270; language of, charac-
etc., ii
. 23; a separate narra-

teristic of a later literary pe-
tive, ii. 24; distinguished by riod, i. 296; traces of fiction in,
the name Jehovah Elohim, ii. i. 297.
26; or Jehovah God, the two DeWette, his translation of Gene-
names being in apposition, ii. sis adopted in this work, i. xi;

letter on Von Bohlen's Gene-
Creation, the, exalts our concep- sis, i. xxvi; proved the mythic

tions of the Divine Artificer, i. character of the Pentateuch, i.

Criticism in this work derived Discernment between good and

from Genesis itself, and from evil, in Gen. ii., refers to the
history, i. x.

knowledge acquiredafter child-
Cush, the African Ethiopia, in- hood of what is proper or im-
cluding the parent country of

proper, ii. 39.
the Arabian Ethiopia, ii. 219. Divine vengeance invoked by the

Hebrews on their enemies, i.
David, name of, employed by the

Hebrews for all that is lyrical Divines might have been expect-
in its character, i. 242.

ed to have more accurately ex.
Decalogue, tables of the, i. 31; amined scriptural records, i.

subsequent additions to the, ix.
probable, i. 31.; simplicity of Dualism of a good and evil prin-
the, i. 281; mentions strangers ciple in Persian myths, i. 71.
in the gate and the sabbath, i.
282; appealed to by the pro- Earth, the centre of the whole
phets, i. 282.

creation, ii. 4.
Decretals of Isidore, designed to

East, from the,' explained, if
give authority to the Papacy, Ararat were in Iran or Persia,
i. 269; composed by Isidore, ii. 261.

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