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Eber, the Hebrews, referred to powers, at first considered as

the neighbourhood of Mesopo- separate existences, i. 143-145;
tamia, ii. 250.

the Creator of the universe, at
Ebionites, authenticity of the the commencement of Genesis,

Pentateuch questioned by the, i. 146 ; the Deity of the patri-
i. 21.

archs, i. 147; in the latest He-
Ecclesiastes, author of, does not brew writings acquired amono-

allude either to the law or the theistic and spiritual meaning,
priesthood, i. 252.

i. 306 ; portions of Genesis,
Eden, probably in the north of Me- more ancient and simple in

dia, ii. 31; in Thelassar, ii. 32. their character, i. 300 ; portions
Egypt, influence of, on Hebrew bear a Chaldæan date of the
literature, i. 54; intercourse eighth century before Christ,
with, in the reign of Solomon, i. 310.
i. 55; the asylum of political Epic, embellishment of early his-
fugitives, i. 55 ; alliance with, torical facts, i. 9; unity as-
under Hezekiah, i. 55; emi- sociates national peculiarities
grations of Jews to, i. 56; Ju- with the infancy of the nation,
dah subject to, i. 56 ; harbours i. 9; of the Hebrews, the Pen-
of, open to strangers, i. 57; tateuch, according to De Wette,
Jews resident in, mentioned by i. 25.
Jeremiah, i. 58; institutions Etymologies, invented, i. 10;

fre-
of, described in the Pentateuch quent in Hebrew writings, i.
and in Herodotus, similar, i. 320; double, in Genesis, i. 321.
61; errors respecting, in the Europe, zoological realm of, in-
Pentateuch, i. 62; plagues of, cludes the white race of men,
i. 64; residence of the Israelites ii. 275; nations of, ii. 277.
in, i. 115, 292.

Evil, cause of, according to Ge-
Egyptian words in the Penta- senius, in man's inclination, ii.
teuch, i. 61 ; language, distinct 77.
from languages of Canaan and Ewald, remarks on Genesis by, i.
Assyria, ii. 273.

304.
Egyptians, introduced an orna- Exaggeration in narratives of the
mental variety in the more destruction of human life, i.
ancient and ruder letters, i. 103.
38; privilegedin Deuteronomy, Exodus, book of, i. 291-294; de-
i. 58; never subjected to a de- scribes Moses as the founder
luge, ii. 190; flourishing at the of the Hebrew state, i. 292.
period ascribed to the Flood, Expulsion from Paradise, ii. 52.
ii. 200.

Ezekiel quotes the words of the
Eichhorn, explanation by, of the law, i. 249; arranges names
myth in Gen. ii., ii. 75.

of nations in the same order
’El, singular form, corresponds as in Genesis, ü. 208.

to the Arabian Allah, i. 144. Ezra, the compilation of the law
Elevation of the human race attributed to, i. 22, 181.

towards the Deity, the object

of the writer of Gen. ii., ii. 54. Faunæ, distinct, according to A-
Elishah, the coast of Greece, ii. gassiz, in European zoological
215.

realm, ii. 275.
Elohim, aggregate of the Divine Feasts, principal Hebrew, Levi.

tical enactments respecting, of popular legends in the East,
must have had their first exis- i. 2; of early patriarchs, ii.
tence in Palestine, i. 224.

96; numbers in, seem to be
Female sex, the means of con- arbitrary, ii. 97 ; of nations,

tinuing human nature, ii. 51. referred to the period of the
Finite existence, idea of, attained Babylonish exile, ii. 207.

through consciousness, ii. 66. Genesis, book of, the vestibule to
Firmament, a partition separa- Israelitish laws and history, i.

ting the waters of rain and of vii; written in Palestine, i.
the sea, ü. 11.

70; division of, i. 290 ; objects,
First-born child to be redeemed, i. 291 ; fragmentary structure,
i. 165.

i. 298–311 ; portions of, distin.
Flood, difficulties in the narrative guished by the names Jehovah

of the, ii. 114 ; arguments for, and Elohim, i. 299; brought to
ii. 115; Greek and Roman le- its present form near the time
gends of, ii. 118, 169; predict- of the Exile, i.311; presents an
ed, 129; follows the Chaldæan historical apology for the right
year, ii. 156; remarks on the of the Hebrews to Palestine, i.
narrative, by Tuch, ii. 161; ad-

318; poverty of invention of
ditions by the compiler, ii. 163; the writer, i. 319; date of the
scene of, the original home of first ten chapters, ii. 207; allu-
the Hebrews, ii. 175; regarded sions in chap. X., ii

. 207.
as a sin Flood, ii. 167; legends Geographical position and lan-
derived from annual inunda-

guage, the guides of the ethno.
tions, ii. 177.

graphical pedigree in Genesis,
Foreign names interwoven with ii. 202; distribution of animals,

the myths of Hebrew primæ- a part of the plan of the Crea-
val history, i. 49.

tor, ii. 280.
Foreigners, dialects of, in Baby- Geological considerations, ii. 116.

lon, might appear as a confu- Gesenius, the founder of a ra-
sion of tongues, ii. 257.

tional exposition of the He-
Forty, on the use of the number, brew Scriptures, i. 25 ; letter
in the Pentateuch, i. 83; years

of, i. xxv.
in the desert, i. 85-90.

Giants on the earth, ï. 124.
Fossil remains previous to the Glory, sought for in building the
creation of man, ii. 117.

tower, ii. 263.
Fowls, common, of Eastern Asia- Gods, the, in a plural sense, ii. 45.
tic origin, ii. 278.

Goethe, remarks of, on the forty
Fragments, ancient, in Genesis, years in the Desert, i. 86.

i. 298–311; two different, inter- Gomer, the ancient inhabitants
woven in the narrative of the of the Crimea, ü. 210.
Flood, ii. 108.

Græco-Roman nations in the
Freedom of worship under early Southern European peninsulas
kings, i. 170.

and Asia Minor, ii. 277.
Fruit of the forbidden tree, effect Grass, herbs, and trees created,
of eating, attainment of per-

ii. 13.
ceptions of mature age, ii. 46.

Ham, legend respecting, ii. 149;
Garden, or enclosed park, ii. 30. descendants of, ii. 218.
Genealogy, the favourite source Hebrew language, dialects of the,

i. 45, 47 ; changes in the, i. 51 ; i. 4; of the Hebrews, tradi-
roots of, compared with San- tionary and fragmentary, and
scrit, ii. 266 ; alphabet in Eng- probably not written previous
lish characters, i. 335.

to the time of the kings, i. 40;
Hebrew literature, change in its of the heaven and the earth, i.

character, i. 51; exhibits no 28.
trace of imitation, i. 52; Egyp- Hittites, friendly with the He-
tian influence, i. 54.

brews, ii. 242.
Hebrews, early records of the, i. Household gods, or "Teraphim,"
13; the fountain of a pure re-

and other objects of worship,
ligious faith, i. 13; crossed the i. 161.
Euphrates as a nomadic fa- Housetops, in Deuteronomy, to
mily, i. 14 ; origin of name, i. be furnished with parapets,
14; migration to Egypt, i. 16, showing the settlement of the
69; forty years' wandering in nation in Palestine, i. 78.
the Desert, i. 85–90; residence Human sacrifices among the He-
in Egypt, i. 110; their number, brews, i. 166.
i. 111-115; departure from Humboldt, Baron, statement by,
Egypt, i. 117; national consti- that tides caused by the action
tution, i. 131, 133 ; religious of the sun and moon can never
system, i. 132, 139; religious overflow elevated portions of
development, i. 140-155, 227; dry land, ii. 187.
Jehovah their national deity. Hyksos, the dynasty of, in Egypt,
i. 148; popular worship, i. 156. B.c. 2567–1639, i. xxx, i. 116.

See Jews.
Herbivorous animals, according Idolatry not entirely suppressed,

to Dr. Buckland, originally among the Israelites, before the
created in multitudes, ii. 201. Babylonish captivity, i. 164.
Heroes, age of, i. 6.

Illustrations from independent
Heywood, James, additional ob- Asiatic myths, ii. 58.

servations compiled by, on the Image, a corporeal and sensuous
flood, ii. 185.

form, used in speaking of the
Hierarchical constitution among images of the gods, ii. 17;

the Israelites, i. 95; rise of the, spiritual interpretation of, can-
i. 184.

not be sustained, ii. 18.
Hierarchy, a, the superstructure Inaccuracies in the affinities of

raised on a theocratical basis, nations in Genesis, ii. 204.
i. 288.

Inconsistencies in the Penta-
Hindoo local legends connected teuch, i. 124.

with their temples, i. 7; Pura- India, traces of intercourse with,
nas, or ancient books, i. 5; along the coasts of the Per-
myth of a flood, ii. 120, an in- sian and Arabian seas, ii. 225.
dependent narrative, ii. 121. Ink, name of, a Persian word,
Hirzel, critical inquiries of, on which first occurs in the time

the Aramæan dialect, i. 47. of Jeremiah, i. 40.
History, preceded by myths and Innocence, early, of man in Pa-

legends, i. 1; rise of authentic, radise, the moral unconscious-
i. 6; assumes a priestly dress ness which he shared with ani-
when the national literature mals, ü. 62.
has been committed to priests, Inspiration of the Scriptures,
revised by Ezra, i. 92.
Jesus left many things unsaid,

opinion of Bishop Thirlwall re-

specting, ii. 55.
Intermarriage of Israelites with

Canaanitish women frequent
in early Hebrew history, i. 80;
allowed with Midianitish vir-
gins in Numbers, i. 81; with
Canaanites forbidden in the

Pentateuch, i. 80.
Interpolations in the Penta-

teuch, i. 123–130; really inte-
gral parts of the Pentateuch,
and inseparably connected with

the context, i. 127.
Interpretation, Jewish, method

of, in relation to law and tra-

dition, i. 127.
Inundation, determined accord-

ing to the phænomena of dif-
ferent monthsin

Mesopotamia,
ii. 151; of the Euphrates and

Tigris, ii. 154.
Invention of names of places of

encampment in the desert, i.87.
Iran, in Central Asia, bounded

the oriental knowledge of the

Hebrew writer, ii. 265.
Israel designated as a nation in

Genesis, i. 92.
Israelites. See Hebrews and

Jews.

i. 150; character of, rises in
grandeur, from the reign of
David, i. 154;_explanation of
the name, in Exodus, too ab-
stract for a very early period,
i. 152; progress of the worship
of, i. 227; portions of Genesis
distinguished by the name of,
trace the genealogy of the He-
brews no further back than
Abraham, i. 302, and allude to
customs of a later period, i. 303;
name of, familiar to foreigners,
i. 307; ideas of, human, i. 307;
walking in the garden, ii. 48

shut him in,' an interpolation,
ü. 134.
Jeremiah, considered by Nach-

tigal as the compiler of Deu-

teronomy, i. 274.
Jerome, admission of, that the

Pentateuch might have been

because his Apostles were not

able to bear them, i. 253.
Jews, settled in Egypt in the time

of Jeremiah, i. 58; many of the
chief, carried captive to Baby-
lon by Nebuchadnezzar, i. 178;
only a portion of the nation
compelled to go to Babylon, i.
179; derived new views of re-
ligion, new arts, and a new lan-
guage, from the Persians and
Babylonians, i. 181; national
spirit of, received a new im-
pulse from the restoration of
the temple, i. 180; collection
by, of their own literature, i.
181 ; writings of, fixed in the
square character derived from
the Chaldæan, i. 182; return-
ing colony of, consisted of the
poorer class of people, led by
à few pious priests, who pre-
served the national literature,
i. 183; under the protection of
Babylon in the time of Josiah,
i. 268; advantage to, of tracing
the origin of the people to Me-
sopotamia, i. 268 ; according to
Ezekiel, eager to adopt the

Javan, the Greeks in Asia Minor,

ii. 213.
Jehovah, according to the Levi-

tical law, the Lord of the soil
in Israel, i. 95; the ancestral
deity of the Hebrews, i. 139 ;
first known by that name to
Moses, according to the Pen-
tateuch, i. 148; the name anti-
cipated in Genesis, i. 148; the
national Deity, i. 148, 149; the
name not Semitic, i. 149; He-
brew conception of, i. 153 ; se-
parated from the gods of other
nations, i. 168; worship of, im-
plied in the book of Judges, i.
150; worship of, not proved an-
terior to the hymns of David,

Genesis, i. 92 ; regulations re-
specting, in Deuteronomy, re-
fer to Solomon and those of
his successors who followed his
example, i. 97; mentioned as
in existence at the time of the
composition of the book of
Judges, i. 138; reigns of the
three first, characterized by
simple sacerdotal rites, i. 191.
Kings, books of, familiar with

the written law, i. 248; and
Chronicles, contain extracts
from more ancient annals, i.

298.
Kittim, the island of Cyprus, ii.

217.

Babylonian opinions, i. 314.
Job, book of, makes no reference

to any of the Levitical enact-

ments, i. 243.
Joshua, book of, an appendix to

the Pentateuch, i. 17, 250;
forms the transition to the he-

roic period, i. 17.
Josiah,

reformation promoted by,
i. 158, 257; reign of, the period
of the establishment of the wor-
ship of Jehovah in accordance
with the Levitical law, i. 177;
subsequent recognition of the
authority of the Pentateuch,

i.
177, 255; discovery of the Law
during his reign, i. 256; igno-
rant of the written law, i. 264;
urged on by the production of
the book of the law, to the re-
formation of the national reli-
gion, i. 265 ; political events in
reign of, i. 266; slain B.c. 611,

i. 267.
Jubilee, year of, i. 219, 221; not

enforced, i. 222.
Judges, not elected, but sponta-

neously coming forward, dis-
tinguished for bravery and pa-

triotism, i. 137.
Judges, book of, contains the first

outlines of Israelitish history,
describing the early and rude
age of force, i. 18; founded on
actual tradition, i. 150; not
written until the time of the
kings, i. 150; the writer of, un-
acquainted with the Penta-

teuch, i. 241.
Kenrick on popular ignorance in

ancient Egypt, i. xxviii.
Kings, of Israel supposed to pos-

sess a divine power, i. 95 ; in-
stitution of, not at first ap-
proved by Samuel, i. 96; reign-
ing over Israel, alluded to in
VOL. II.

Lamech, revenge of, ii. 94.
Landmarks mentioned in Deu-

teronomy, as fixed by the fore-

fathers of the Hebrews, i. 77.
Languages, different, causes of, ü.

256; of Syrians and Canaan-
ites classified together, ii. 273;
affinities of, not a proof of the
common origin of nations, ii.

278.
Lansdowne, Marquis of, and fa.

mily, kindness of, to Professor

von Bohlen, i. xxii.
Law, the, not written by Moses,

but transmitted by tradition
until many centuries subse-
quent to his time, i. 21; porta-
ble tables of the could not have
contained the Ten Command-
ments, in any early size of writ-
ten characters, i. 31; publicly
read in the Temple after the
return from Babylon, i. 251,
278; discovered during the
reign of Josiah, i. 256 ; Levi.
tical and Brahminical, com-

pared, i. 286–288.
Laws, under a priesthood, based

on a moral and religious foun-
dation, i. 8; relating to Ca-
naan, ascribed in the Penta-
teuch to Moses, who lived be-

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