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“ Sir,


that the social wit of which he is such a previously to the departure of her son on master should in the memories of his hearers his travels, there occurs, it will be recolalone be likely to leave any record of its bril- lected, some mention of a Will, which it liancy. Among all these young men of was his intention to leave behind him in the learning and talent (including Byron him- hands of his trustees. Whatever may have self, whose genius was, however, as yet, been the contents of this former instrument, " an undiscovered world”), the superiority, we find that, in about a fortnight after his in almost every department of intellect, mother's death, he thought it right to have seems to have been, by the ready consent a new form of will drawn up; and the of all, awarded to Matthews ;- å concur- following letter, enclosing his instructions rence of homage which, considering the for that purpose, was addressed to the late persons from whom it came, gives such a Mr. Bolton, a solicitor of Nottingham. Of high notion of the powers of his mind at the existence, in any serious or formal shape, that period, as renders the thought of what he of the strange directions here given, remight have been, if spared, a matter of inter- specting his own interment, I was, for some esting, though vain and mournful, specula- time, I confess, much inclined to doubt tion. To mere mental pre-eminence, un- but the curious documents here annexed accompanied by the kindlier qualities of the put this remarkable instance of his eccenheart, such a tribute, however deserved, tricity beyond all question. might not, perhaps, have been so uncontestedly paid. But young Matthews appears,

BOLTON, ESQ. - in spite of some little asperities of temper

“ Newstead Abbey, August 12. 1811. and manner, which he was already beginning to soften down when snatched away,

“I enclose a rough draught of my have been one of those rare individuals who, intended will, which I beg to have drawn while they command deference, can, at the up as soon as possible, in the firmest manner. some time, win regard ; and who, as it were,

The alterations are principally made in conrelieve the intense feeling of admiration sequence of the death of Mrs. Byron. I which they excite by blending it with love.

have only to request that it may be got To his religious opinions, and their unfor- ready in a short time, and have the honour tunate coincidence with those of Lord Byron,

to be, I have before adverted. Like his noble

“ Your most obedient, humble servant, friend, ardent in the pursuit of Truth, he,

“ BYRON." like him too, unluckily lost his way in

“Newstead Abbey, August 12. 1811. seeking her, -"the light that led astray” being by both friends mistaken for hers.

• DIRECTIONS FOR THE CONTENTS OF A WILL TO That in his scepticism he proceeded any farther than Lord Byron, or ever suffered « The estate of Newstead to be entailed his doubting, but still ingenuous, mind to (subject to certain deductions) on George persuade itself into the “incredible creed” Anson Byron, heir-at-law, or whoever may of atheism, is, I find (notwithstanding an be the heir-at-law on the death of Lord B. assertion in a letter of the noble poet to this The Rochdale property to be sold in part effect) disproved by the testimony of those or the whole, according to the debts and among his relations and friends, who are the legacies of the present Lord B. most ready to admit, and, of course, lament " To Nicolo Giraud of Athens, subject of his other heresies ; — nor should I have France, but horn in Greece, the sum of felt that I had any right to allude thus to seven thousand pounds sterling, to be paid the religious opinions of one who had never, from the sale of such parts of Rochdale, by promulgating his heterodoxy, brought Newstead, or elsewhere, as may enable the himself within the jurisdiction of the public, said Nicolo Giraud (resident at Athens and had not the wrong impression, as it appears, Malta in the year 1810) to receive the given of those opinions, on the authority of above sum on his attaining the age of twentyLord Byron, rendered it an act of justice to one years. both friends to emove the imputation. “ To William Fletcher, Joseph Murray,

In the letters to Mrs. Byron, written and Demetrius Zograffo' (native of Greece),


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company. Scrope was always ready, and often witty – in 1809, 1810, 1811, 1812, at different intervals of those Hobhouse as witty, but not always so ready, being more years (for I left him in Greece when I went to Condiffident." MS. Journal of Lord Byron.

stantinople), and accompanied me to England in 1811: | * If the papers lie not (which they generally do), he returned to Greece, spring, 1812. He was a clever, Demetrius Zograffo of Athens is at the head of the Athe- but not apparently an enterprising man ; but circumnian part of the Greek insurrection. He was my servant stances make men. His two sons (then infants) were “ Byron."


servants, the sum of fifty pounds pr. ann. It is submitted to Lord Byron whether this each, for their natural lives. To Win Flet- clause relative to the funeral had not better be cher, the Mill at Newstead, on condition omitted. The substance of it can be given in a that he payeth rent, but not subject to the letter from his Lordship to the executors, and caprice of the landlord. To Rt. Rushton accompany the will ; and the will may state the sum of fifty pounds per ann. for life, and that the funeral shall be performed in such a further sum of one thousand pounds on manner as his Lordship may by letter direct, attaining the age of twenty-five years. and, in default of any such letter, then at the

“To J". Hanson, Esq. the sum of two discretion of his executors." thousands pounds sterling.

“ It must stand.

“B.” “ The claims of S. B. Davies, Esq. to be satisfied on proving the amount of the same. “ I do hereby specifically order and

direct “ The body of Lord B. to be buried in that all the claims of the said S. B. Davies the vault of the garden of Newstead, with upon me shall be fully paid and satisfied as out any ceremony or burial-service what soon as conveniently may be after my deever, or any inscription, save his name and cease, on his proving (by vouchers, or otherage. His dog not to be removed from the wise, to the satisfaction of my executors said vault.

hereinafter named] the amount thereof, and * My library and furniture of every de- the correctness of the same.” scription to my friends J". Cam Hobhouse, If Mr. Davies has any unsettled claims Esq., and S. B. Davies, Esq., my executors. upon Lord Byron, that circumstance is a reason In case of their decease, the Rev. J. Becher, for his not being appointed executor ; each of Southwell, Notts., and R. C. Dallas, Esq., executor having an opportunity of paying himof Mortlake, Surrey, to be executors. self his own debt without consulting his co

“The produce of the sale of Wymondham executors." in Norfolk, and the late Mrs. B.'s Scotch “ So much the better - if possible, let property', to be appropriated in aid of the him be an executor.

"B." payment of debts and legacies."

The two following letters contain further In sending a copy of the Will, framed on instructions on the same subject : these instructions, to Lord Byron, the solicitor accompanied some of the clauses with marginal queries, calling the attention of his

“ Newstead Abbey, August 16. 1811. noble client to points which he considered Sir, inexpedient or questionable ; and as the “ I have answered the queries on the short pithy answers to these suggestions are margin. I wish Mr. Davies's claims to be strongly characteristic of their writer, I shall most fully allowed, and, further, that he be here give one or two of the clauses in full, one of my executors. I wish the will to be with the respective queries and answers an- made in a manner to prevent all discussion, nexed.

if possible, after my decease; and this i

leave to you as a professional gentleman. “This is the last will and testament of me, “ With regard to the few and simple the Rt. Honble George Gordon Lord Byron, directions for the disposal of my carcass, I Baron Byron of Rochdale, in the county of must have them implicitly fulfilled, as they Lancaster. – I desire that my body may be will, at least, prevent trouble and expense, buried in the vault of the garden of New- -and (what would be of little consequence stead, without any ceremony or burial-ser- to me, but may quiet the conscience of the vice whatever, and that no inscription, save survivors) the garden is consecrated ground. my name and age, be written on the tomb These directions are copied verbatim from or tablet ; and it is my will that my faithful my former will; the alterations in other dog may not be removed from the said parts have arisen from the death of Mrs. B. vault

. To the performance of this my par- I have the honour to be ticular desire, I rely on the attention of my “ Your most obedient, humble servant, executors hereinafter named.”

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named Miltiades and Alcibiades: may the omen be 3 In the clause enumerating the names and places of happy!" - MS. Journal.

abode of the executors, the solicitor had left hlanks for "On the death of his mother, a considerable sum of the Christian names of these gentlemen, and Lord Byron, money, the remains of the price of the estate of Gight, having filled up all but that of Dallas, writes in the was paid into his hands by her trustee, Baron Clerk. margin — " I forget the Christian name of Dallas - cut

* Over the words which I have here placed between him out." brackets, Lord Byron drew his pen.,



“ Sir,

has perished miserably in the muddy waves

of the Cam, always fatal to genius :- my “ Newstead Abbey, August 20. 1811.

poor school-fellow, Wingfield, at Coimbra · The witnesses shall be provided from from all three, but not seen one.

within a month ; and whilst I had heard

Matthews amongst my tenants, and I shall be happy wrote to me the very day before his death ; to see you on any day most convenient to

and though I feel for his fate, I am still more yourself. I forgot to mention, that it must

anxious for Hobhouse, who, I very much be specified by codicil, or otherwise, that fear, will hardly retain his senses : his letters my body is on no account to be removed

to me since the event have been most infrom the vault where I have directed it to

coherent. But let this pass; we shall all be placed ; and in case any of my successors within the entail (from bigotry, or otherwise) is too full of such things, and our very sorrow

one day pass along with the rest - the world might think proper to remove the carcass, is selfish. such proceeding shall be attended by for

• I received a letter from you, which my feiture of the estate, which in such case shall | late occupations prevented me from duly go to my sister, the Honble Augusta Leigh and her heirs on similar conditions. I have will long hold together. I shall be glad to

noticing. - I hope your friends and family the honour to be, sir,

hear from you, on business, on common“ Your very obedient, humble servant,

place, or any thing, or nothing—but death * BYRON."

-I am already too familiar with the dead.

It is strange that I look on the skulls which In consequence of this last letter, a pro- stand beside me (I have always had four in viso and declaration, in conformity with its instructions, were inserted in the will. He my, study) without emotion, but I cannot

strip the features of those I have known of also executed, on the 28th of this month, a

their fleshy covering, even in idea, without a codicil, by which he revoked the bequest of hideous sensation ; but the worms are less his “ household goods and furniture, library, ceremonious. — Surely, the Romans did well pictures, sabres, watches

, plate, linen, trin- when they burned the dead. — I shall be kets, and other personal estate (except money happy to hear from you, and am yours," &c. and securities) situate within the walls of the mansion-house and premises at his decease — and bequeathed the same (ex

TO MR. HODGSON. cept his wine and spirituous liquors) to his

“ Newstead Abbey, August 22. 1811. friends, the said J.C. Hobhouse, S. B. Davies, and Francis Hodgson, their executors, &c.,

“ You may have heard of the sudden to be equally divided between them for their death of my mother, and poor Matthews, own use ;—and he bequeathed his wine and which, with that of Wingfield (of which I spirituous liquors, which should be in the was not fully aware till just before I left cellars and premises at Newstead, unto his town, and indeed hardly believed it,) has friend, the said J. Becher, for his own use,

made a sad chasm in my connections. Inand requested the said J. C. Hobhouse, deed the blows followed each other so S. B. Davies, F. Hodgson, and J. Becher, rapidly that I am yet stupid from the shock; respectively, to accept the bequest therein and though I do eat, and drink, and talk, contained to them respectively, as a token and even laugh, at times, yet I can hardly of his friendship."

persuade myself that I am awake, did not The following letters, written while his every morning convince me mournfully to late losses were fresh in his mind, will be the contrary.— I shall now wave the subject, read with painful interest :

- the dead are at rest, and none but the dead can be so.

" You will feel for poor Hobhouse,

Matthews was the 'god of his idolatry ;' “ Newstead Abbey, Notts., August 12. 1811. and if intellect could exalt a man above his “ Peace be with the dead! Regret cannot fellows, no one could refuse him prewake them. With a sigh to the departed, eminence. I knew him most intimately, let us resume the dull business of life, in the and valued him proportionably ; but I am certainty that we also shall have our repose. | recurring - so let us talk of life and the Besides her who gave me being, I have lost living. more than one who made that being tolerable. If you should feel a disposition to come

The best friend of my friend Hobhouse, here, you will find · beef and a sea-coal fire,' Matthews, a man of the first talents, and and not ungenerous wine. Whether Otway's also not the worst of my narrow circle, two other requisites for an Englishman or






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one ?

not, I cannot tell, but probably one of them. ' along with the other, as being indeed more

Let me know when I may expect you, appropriate ; also the smaller poems now in that I may tell you when I go and when my possession, with a few selected from return. I have not yet been to Lancs. those published in Hobhouse's Miscellany. Davies has been here, and has invited me to I have found amongst my poor mother's Cambridge for a week in October, so that, papers all my letters from the East, and one peradventure, we may encounter glass to in particular of some length from Albania. glass. His gaiety (death cannot mar it) From this, if necessary, I can work up a has done me service; but, after all, ours was note or two on that subject. As I kept no a hollow laughter.

journal, the letters written on the spot are You will write to me? I am solitary, the best. But of this anon, when we have and I never felt solitude irksome before. definitively arranged. Your anxiety about the critique on * *'s “Has Murray shown the work to

any book is amusing; as it was anonymous, He may — but I will have no traps for apcertes it was of little consequence : I wish plause. Of course there are little things I it had produced a little more confusion, would wish to alter, and perhaps the two being a lover of literary malice. Are you stanzas of a buffooning cast on London's doing nothing ? writing nothing ? printing Sunday are as well left out. I much wish nothing? why not your Satireon Methodism? to avoid identifying Childe Harold's chathe subject (supposing the public to be blind racter with mine, and that, in sooth, is my to merit) would do wonders. Besides, it second objection to my name appearing would be as well for a destined deacon to in the title-page. When you have made prove his orthodoxy. --- It really would give arrangements as to time, size, type, &c. me pleasure to see you properly appreciated. favour me with a reply. I am giving you I say really, as, being an author, my humanity an universe of trouble, which thanks canmight be suspected. Believe me, dear H. not atone for. I made a kind of prose yours always

apology for my scepticism at the head of the MS., which, on recollection, is so

much more like an attack than a defence, “Newstead, August 21. 1811. that, haply, it might better be omitted : “ Your letter gives me credit for more perpend, pronounce. After all, I fear Muracute feelings than I possess ; for though I ray will be in a scrape with the orthodox ; feel tolerably miserable, yet I am at the same but I cannot help it, though I wish him well time subject to a kind of hysterical merri- through it. As for me, 'I have supped full ment, or rather laughter without merriment, of criticism, and I don't think that the which I can neither account for nor conquer, most dismal treatise' will stir and rouse my and yet I do not feel relieved by it ; but fell of hair' till • Birnam wood do come to an indifferent person would think me in Dunsinane.' excellent spirits. We must forget these I shall continue to write at intervals, things,' and have recourse to our old selfish and hope you will pay me in kind. How comforts, or rather comfortable selfishness.does Pratt get on, or rather get off, Joe I do not think I shall return to London im- Blackett's posthumous stock? You killed mediately, and shall therefore accept freely that poor man amongst you, in spite of your what is offered courteously- your mediation Ionian friend 2 and myself, who would have between me and Murray. I don't think my saved him from Pratt, poetry, present poverty, name will answer the purpose, and you must and posthumous oblivion. Cruel patronage ! be aware that my plaguy Satire will bring to ruin a man at his calling ; but then he is a the north and south Grub Streets down divine subject for subscription and biography; upon the ‘Pilgrimage ;' — but, nevertheless, and Pratt, who makes the most of his dediif Murray, makes a point of it, and you cations, has inscribed the volume to no less coincide with him, I will do it daringly ; so than five families of distinction. let it be entitled . By the author of English “I am

sorry you don't like Harry Bards and Scotch Reviewers.' My remarks White : with a great deal of cant, which on the Romaic, &c., once intended to ac- in him was sincere (indeed it killed him company the ‘Hints from Horace,' shall

go as you killed Joe Blackett), certes there



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1 [" Give but an Englishman his —e and ease, Beef and a sea-coal fire, he's yours for ever."

Venice Preserved, act ii. sc. 2.] ? (Walter Rodwell Wright, author of " Horæ lonicæ,” a poem, descriptive of the Ionian Islands, and the neigh. bouring coast of Greece:

Wright ! 'twas thy happy lot at once to view
Those shores of glory, and to sing them too ;
And sure no common muse inspired thy pen
To hail the land of gods and godlike men."

English Bards, &c. Works, p. 484.]

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is poesy and genius. I don't say this on

ations of a bandied-about MS. I am sure a account of my simile and rhymes'; but little consideration will convince you it surely he was beyond all the Bloomfields

would be wrong. and Blacketts, and their collateral cobblers, If you determine on publication, I have whom Lofft and Pratt have or may kidnap some smaller poems (never published), a from their calling into the service of the few notes, and a short dissertation on the trade. You must excuse my flippancy, for literature of the modern Greeks (written at I am writing I know not what, to escape Athens), which will come in at the end of from myself. Hobhouse is gone to Ireland. the volume. — And, if the present poem Mr. Davies has been here on his way to should succeed, it is my intention, at some Harrowgate.

subsequent period, to publish some selections “ You did not know Matthews : he was a from my first work, — my Satire, - another man of the most astonishing powers, as he nearly the same length, and a few other sufficiently proved at Cambridge, by carrying things, with the MS. now in your hands, off more prizes and fellowships, against the in two volumes. — But of these hereafter. ablest candidates, than any other graduate You will apprize me of your determination. on record; but a most decided atheist, indeed I am, Sir, your very obedient,” &c. noxiously so, for he proclaimed his principles in all societies. I knew him well, and feel

TO MR, DALLAS. a loss not easily to be supplied to myself

“ Newstead Abbey, August 25. 1811. to Hobhouse never. Let me hear from you, and believe me,” &c.

"Being fortunately enabled to frank, I do not spare scribbling, having sent you packets

within the last ten days. I am passing soliThe progress towards publication of his two forthcoming works will be traced in his tary, and do not expect my agent to accomletters to Mr. Murray and Mr. Dallas.

paiy me to Rochdale before the second week in September ; a delay which perplexes me, as I wish the business over, and should

at present welcome employment. I sent “ Newstead Abbey, Notts., August 23. 1811. you exordiums, annotations, &c. for the Sir,

forthcoming quarto, if quarto it is to be : A domestic calamity in the death of a and I also have written to Mr. Murray my near relation has hitherto prevented my ad- objection to sending the MS. to Juvenal, dressing you on the subject of this letter. — but allowing him to show it to any others of My friend, Mr. Dallas, has placed in your the calling. Hobhouse is amongst the types hands a manuscript poem written by me in already : so, between his prose and my verse, Greece, which he tells me you do not object the world will be decently drawn upon for to publishing. But he also informed me in its paper-money and patience. Besides all London that you wished to send the MS. to this, my “Imitation of Horace' is gasping Mr. Gifford. Now, though no one would for the press at Cawthorn's, but I am hesifeel more gratified by the chance of ob- tating as to the how and the when, the single taining his observations on a work than or the double, the present or the future. myself, there is in such a proceeding a kind You must excuse all this, for I have nothing of petition for praise, that neither my pride to say in this lone mansion but of myself, - or whatever you please to call it — will and yet I would willingly talk or think of admit. Mr. G. is not only the first satirist aught else. of the day, but editor of one of the principal * What are you about to do? Do you reviews. As such, he is the last man whose think of perching in Cumberland, as you censure (however eager to avoid it) i would opined when I was in the metropolis? If you deprecate by clandestine means. You will mean to retire, why not occupy Miss ** therefore retain the manuscript in your own [Milbanke's]“Cottage of Friendship,' late the care, or, if it must needs be shown, send it seat of Cobbler Joe ?, for whose death you to another. Though not very patient of and others are answerable ? . His : Orphan censure, I would fain obtain fairly any little Daughter' (pathetic Pratt !) will, certes, praise my rhymes might deserve, at all events turn out a shoemaking Sappho. Have you not by extortion, and the humble solicit- no remorse? I think that elegant address



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"[“ So the struck eagle, stretch'd upon the plain,

No more through rolling clouds to soar again,
View'd his own feather on the fatal dart,
And wing'd the sbaft that quiver'd in his heart," &c.

English Bards. Works, p. 434.]

3 [" In Seaham church-yard, without any memorial," says Mr, Surtees, " rest the remains of Joseph Blackett, an unfortunate child of genius, whose last days were soothed by the generous attention of the family of Mi. banke."-Hist. of Durham, vol. i. p. 272.]

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