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ton's ? No — and Dante's Heaven is all love, some kind, it is not easy to settle down to and glory and majesty.'

the desk for the higher kinds of composition.

I could do it, to be sure, for, last summer, I “ One o'clock.

wrote my drama in the very bustle of MaI have found out, however, where the

dame la Contessa G.'s divorce, and all its German is right - it is about the Vicar of process of accompaniments. At the same Wakefield. * Of all romances in miniature time, I also had the news of the loss of an (and, perhaps, this is the best shape in which important lawsuit in England. But these romance can appear) the Vicar of Wakefield were only private and personal business; the is, I think, the most exquisite.' He thinks !

present is of a different nature. — he might be sure. But it is very well for

“I suppose it is this, but have some susa Schlegel. I feel sleepy, and may as well

picion that it may be laziness, which prevents get me to bed. To-morrow there will be me from writing ; especially as Rochefoucalt fine weather.

says that ‘laziness often masters them all' speaking of the passions.

If this were «• Trust on, and think to-morrow will repay.'

true, it could hardly be said that idleness is

the root of all evil,' since this is supposed to !" January 30. 1821. spring from the passions only : ergo, that

which masters all the passions (laziness, to The Count P. G. this evening (by com

wit) would in so much be a good. Who mission from the Ci.) transmitted to me the

knows? new words for the next six months. * * * and * * *. The new sacred word is * * *

Midnight. - the reply * * * the rejoinder * * * The former word (now changed) was

“I have been reading Grimm's Correspondthere is also * * * * * *: Things

He repeats frequently, in speaking of

a poet, or a man of genius in any department, seem fast coming to a crisis “ We talked over various matters of

even in music, (Grétry, for instance,) that he moment and movement. These I omit;

must have 'une ame qui se tourmente, un if they come to any thing, they will speak

esprit violent. How far this may be true, for themselves. After these, we spoke of I know not ; but if it were, I should be a Kosciusko. Count R. G. told me that he

poet ' per excellenza ;' for I have always had has seen the Polish officers in the Italian but everybody else in contact with it ; and

une ame,' which not only tormented itself war burst into tears on hearing his name. “Something must be up in Piedmont

an esprit violent,' which has almost left me all the letters and papers are stopped. No

without any 'esprit' at all. As to defining

what a poet should be, it is not worth while, body knows any thing, and the Germans are

for what are they worth? what have they concentrating near Mantua. Of the decision

done? of Leybach nothing is known. This state of things cannot last long. The ferment in men's

Grimm, however, is an excellent critic

and literary historian. 3 His Correspondminds at present cannot be conceived with

ence forms the annals of the literary part of out seeing it.

that age of France, with much of her politics,

and still more of her ‘way of life.' He is. “ January, 31. 1821.

as valuable, and far more entertaining than * For several days I have not written any Muratori or Tiraboschi — I had almost said, thing except a few answers to letters. In than Ginguené — but there we should pause. momentary expectation of an explosion of However, 'tis a great man in its line.

-ça ira!

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1 [" The soul of Dante," say the Edinburgh Reviewers, vol. xxx. p. 333., “was fraught even to redundance with

gentle feelings,' and he poured them out, on every occasion, with a warmth and delicacy perhaps unequalled in any other writer,"]

2 In the original MS. these watch-words are blotted over so as to be illegible.

3 [Grimm was born at Ratisbon, in 1723, of humble parentage. When young he went to Paris, and was employed in the capacity of reader to the Duke of Saxe-Gotha. He was first brought into notice by Rousseau, who made him known to Diderot and other persons of eminence in the literary world. After the Duke left Paris, Grimm regularly transmitted to his patron an account of what was passing in the literary, political, and scandalous

3

chronicle of that gay city ; and acquitted himself so much to the satisfaction of the Duke, that he made him his resident at the Court of France, and raised him to the rank of a baron. In 1795, Catherine of Russia appointed him her minister at the Court of Saxony ; which situation he held, till the partial loss of sight compelled him to withdraw from business. He died in 1807, at the age of eighty-four.]

+ [“ He does not indeed," say the Edinburgh Reviewers, " exhaust the many interesting themes on which he touches, with the careful and comprehensive analysis of our Smith or Reid, and still less does he soar up, like his own Madame de Stael, to a point above the sphere of their perplexities, and solve high disputes by transcending the element in which they are generated. He does not,

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“Monsieur St. Lambert has,

apparently did for some years before it hap"* • Et lorsqu'à ses regards la lumière est ravie,

pened. But Swift had hardly begun life at Il n'a plus, en mourant, à perdre que la vie.' the very period (thirty-three) when I feel

quite an old sort of feel. This is, word for word, Thomson's

“Oh! there is an organ playing in the "And dying, all we can resign is breath,'

street - a waltz, too! I must leave off to without the smallest acknowledgment from

listen. They are playing a waltz which I

have heard ten thousand times at the balls the Lorrainer of a poet. M. St. Lambert is dead as a man, and (for any thing I know to

in London, between 1812 and 1815. Music the contrary) damned, as a poet, by this time.

is a strange thing. However, his Seasons have good things, and,

“February 5, 181. it may be, some of his own.

“At last, the kiln's in a low. The Ger

“ February 2. 1821. mans are ordered to march, and Italy is, for "I have been considering what can be the the ten thousandth time, to become a field of reason why I always wake, at a certain hour battle. Last night the news came. in the morning, and always in very bad spirits

“This afternoon-Count P. G. came to - 1 may say, in actual despair and despond- me to consult upon divers matters. We ency, in all respects -even of that which rode out together. They have sent off to pleased me over night. In about an hour the C. for orders. To-morrow the decision or two, this goes off, and I compose either ought to arrive, and then something will be to sleep again, or, at least, to quiet.

In done.

Returned dined — read — went England, five years ago, I had the same kind out-talked over matters. Made a purchase of hypochondria, but accompanied with so of some arms for the new enrolled Ameriviolent a thirst that I have drank as many as

cani, who are all on tiptoe to march. Gare fifteen bottles of soda-water in one night, order for some harness and pormanteaus after going to bed, and been still thirsty - necessary for the horses. calculating, however, some lost from the burst- “Read some of Bowles's dispute about ing out and effervescence and overflowing of Pope, with all the replies and rejoinders. the soda-water, in drawing the corks, or Perceive that my name has been lugged into striking off the necks of the bottles from the controversy, but have not time to state mere thirsty impatience. At present, I have what I know of the subject. On some not the thirst ; but the depression of spirits ‘piping day of peace’ it is probable that I is no less violent.

may resume it. I read in Edgeworth's Memoirs of something similar (except that his thirst expended

• February 9. 1821. itself on small beer) in the case of Sir F. B. “ Before dinner wrote a little ; also, before Delaval ! ;but then he was, at least, twenty I rode out, Count P. G. called upon me, to years older. What is it? - liver ? In Eng- let me know the result of the meeting of the land, Le Man (the apothecary) cured me of Ci. at F. and at B. * * returned late last the thirst in three days, and it had lasted as night. Every thing was combined under the many years. I suppose that it is all hypo-idea that the Barbarians would pass the Po chondria.

on the 15th inst. Instead of this, from some • What I feel most growing upon me are previous information or otherwise, they have laziness, and a disrelish more powerful than hastened their march and actually passed indifference. If I rouse, it is into fury. I two days ago ; so that all that can be done presume that I shall end (if not earlier by at present in Romagna is, to stand on the accident, or some such termination) like alert and wait for the advance of the Neapa Swift — dying at top.' I confess I do not litans. Every thing was ready, and the Nese contemplate this with so much horror as he politans had sent on their own instructions

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like Johnson, leave behind him, in his casual excursions into the region of speculation, those giant vestiges that serve for ever to guide the track of more laborious ad. venturers ; - nor scatter, like Burke, from the sportive wings of his genius, those precious gleamsof diviner light that seem to reveal to us, for an instant, the inner shrines and recesses of philosophy. His eloquence is not often lofty, nor his philosophy exalted or exalting ; but his conceptions are always clear and vigorous, and his judgments, for the most part, comprehensive and exact." - Vol. xxiii p. 293.]

? ["Sir Francis Delaval's physician," says Mr. Edge worth, "informed me that his death was occasioned by an unnatural distension of his stomach, which was attributed to his drinking immoderate quantities of water and small beer." - Memoirs, vol. i. p. 156.]

? In this little incident of the music in the streets thus touching so suddenly upon the nerve of memory, and calling away his mind from its dark bodings to a recollection of vears and scenes the happiest, perhaps, of his whole life, there is something that appears to me peces liarly affecting.

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and intentions, all calculated for the tenth sent, I have been as sober as Lady Grace
and eleventh, on which days a general rising herself.
was to take place, under the supposition that
the Barbarians could not advance before the

“ February 14. 1821. 15th.

“ Much as usual. Wrote, before riding “ As it is, they have but fifty or sixty out, part of a scene of. Sardanapalus. The thousand troops, a number with which they first act nearly finished. The rest of the might as well attempt to conquer the world day and evening as before-partly without, as secure Italy in its present state. The in conversazione - partly at home. artillery marches last, and alone, and there is

“ Heard the particulars of the late fray at an idea of an attempt to cut part of them off. Russi, a town not far from this. It is exAll this will much depend upon the first actly the fact of Romēo and Giulietta — not steps of the Neapolitans. Here, the public Roměo, as the Barbarian writes it. Two spirit is excellent, provided it be kept up. families of Contadini (peasants) are at feud. This will be seen by the event.

At a ball, the younger part of the families " It is probable that Italy will be delivered

forget their quarrel, and dance together. from the Barbarians if the Neapolitans will An old man of one of them enters, and rebut stand firm, and are united among them- proves the young men for dancing with the selves. Here they appear so.

females of the opposite family. The male

relatives of the latter resent this. Both

“ February 10. 1821. parties rush home and arm themselves. Day passed as usual — nothing new. They meet directly, by moonlight, in the Barbarians still in march not well equip- public way, and fight it out.

Three are ped, and, of course, not well received on their killed on the spot, and six wounded, most route. There is some talk of a commotion of them dangerously, - pretty well for two at Paris.

families, methinks — and all fact, of the last “Rode out between four and six-finished week. Another assassination has taken my letter to Murray on Bowles's pamphlets place at Cesenna, — in all about forty in -- added postscript. Passed the evening as Romagna within the last three months. usual — out till eleven-and subsequently at These people retain much of the middle home.

ages. February 11. 1821.

“ February 15. 1821. " Wrote — had a copy taken of an extract “ Last night finished the first act of Sarfrom Petrarch's Letters', with reference to danapalus. To-night, or to-morrow, I ought the conspiracy of the Doge, Marino Faliero, to answer letters. containing the poet's opinion of the matter. Heard a heavy firing of cannon towards

“ February 16. 1821, Comacchio the Barbarians rejoicing for

“ Last night Il Conte P. G. sent a man their principal pig's birth-day, which is to- with a bag full of bayonets, some muskets,

- or Saint day - I forget which. and some hundreds of cartridges to my Received a ticket for the first ball to-morrow. house, without apprizing me, though I had Shall not go to the first, but intend going seen him not half an hour before. About to the second, as also to the Veglioni.

ten days ago, when there was to be a rising

here, the Liberals and my brethren Ci. asked

“ February 13. 1821. me to purchase some arms for a certain few “ To-day read a little in Louis B.'s Hol- of our ragamuffins. I did so immediately, lande ?, but have written nothing since the and ordered ammunition, &c. and they were completion of the letter on the Pope con armed accordingly. Well — the rising is troversy. Politics are quite misty for the prevented by the Barbarians marching a present. The Barbarians still upon their week sooner than appointed ; and an order march. It is not easy to divine what the is issued, and in force, by the Government, Italians will now do.

' that all persons having arms concealed, &c. " Was elected yesterday • Socio' of the &c. shall be liable to, &c. &c.'-—and what do Carnival Ball Society. This is the fifth my friends, the patriots, do two days aftercarnival that I have passed. In the four wards? Why, they throw back upon my former, I racketed a good deal. In the pre- hands, and into my house, these very arms

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1 (See Works, p. 788.]

vernement de la Hollande," by Louis Buonaparte, ex(" Documens Historiques, et Reflexions sur le Gou- King of Holland, appeared in 1820.]

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66

not.

(without a word of warning previously) with

Mais ces longs jours which I had furnished them at their own

Seront trop courts,

Passés près de Christine.' request, and at my own peril and expense.

“ It was lucky that Lega was at home to This is the thought reversed, of the last stanza receive them. If any of the servants had of the ballad on Charlotte Lynes, given in (except Tita and F. and Lega) they would Miss Seward's Memoirs of Darwin, which have betrayed it immediately.

In the mean

is pretty - I quote from memory of these time, if they are denounced or discovered, | last fifteen years. I shall be in a scrape.'

" . For my first night I'd go “ At nine went out — at eleven returned.

To those regions of snow, Beat the crow for stealing the falcon's vic- Where the sun for six months never shines; tuals. Read • Tales of my Landlord'-wrote

And think, even then,

He too soon came again, a letter – and mixed a moderate beaker of

To disturb me with fair Charlotte Lynes.'? water with other ingredients.

To-day I have had no communication February 18. 1821.

with my Carbonari cronies ; but, in the The news are that the Neapolitans have

mean time, my lower apartments are full of

their bayonets, fusils, broken a bridge, and slain four pontifical

rtridges, and what

I carabiniers, whilk carabiniers wished to op- depôt, to be sacrificed, in case of accidents.

suppose that they consider me as a pose. Besides the disrespect to neutrality, it is a pity that the first blood shed in this It is no great matter, supposing that Italy German quarrel should be Italian. How could be liberated, who or what is sacrificed. ever, the war seems begun in good earnest :

It is a grand object—the very poetry of for, if the Neapolitans kill the Pope's cara

politics. Only think —a free Italy!!! Why,

there has been nothing like it since the days biniers, they will not be more delicate towards the Barbarians. If it be even so, in of Augustus. I reckon the times of Cæsar a short time there will be news othae (Julius) free; because the commotions left craws,' as Mrs. Alison Wilson says of Jenny every body a side to take, and the parties Blane's 'unco cockernony' in the Tales of were pretty equal at the set out. But, after

wards, it was all prætorian and legionary my Landlord.' ** In turning over Grimm's Correspondence least, some will see, what card will turn up.

business — and since !- we shall see, or, at to-day, I found a thought of Tom Moore's It is best to hope, even of the hopeless. in a song of Maupertuis to a female Lap- The Dutch did more than these fellows have lander

to do, in the Seventy Years' War.

“ February 19. ISA.

“ Came home solus-very high wind This is Moore's,

lightning -moonshine — solitary stragglers

muffled in cloaks — women in masks — white " • And those eyes make my climate, wherever I roam.'

houses — clouds hurrying over the sky, like But I am sure that Moore never saw it ; for spilt milk blown out of the pail—altogether this was published in Grimm's Correspond- very poetical. It is still blowing hard-the ence in 1813, and I knew Moore's by heart tiles flying, and the house rocking-rain in 1812. There is also another, but an an- splashing - lightning flashing — quite a fine tithetical coincidence

Swiss Alpine evening, and the sea roaring in “ * Le soleil luit,

the distance. Des jours sans nuit

Visited-converzatione. All the women frightened by the squall : they won't go to

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« « Et tous les lieux

Où sont ses yeux,
Font la Zone brûlante.'

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Bientôt il nous destine;

1 [“ Lord Byron's connexion with the Gambas led to man who, on any pretext, takes a part, voluntarily, in a i his becoming mixed up, to a much greater extent than war with which the service of his own country has we were till now aware of, in the Carbonari politics. nothing to do, incurs moral guilt of a deep and heinous He contributed large sums of money to the conspiring dye." - Quart. Rev. 1831.] patriots : his house became a regular rendezvous for insurrectionary consultations, and, such was his impru

: [" At a convivial meeting of Lichfield gentlemen, dence, a complete magazine of arms and ammunition.

most of whom could make agreeable verses, it was proHis biographer seems to consider this “ devotion to the posed that every person in company should give a balla sacred cause of human freedom," as almost enough to or epigram on the lady whose health he drank. Mr. cover more sins than could ever be laid to his charge:

Vyse toasted Miss Lynes, and taking out his penel, we, however, are of the old school in many respects, and

wrote the stanzas extempore." - Seward's Life of Dr. in none more decidedly than in the firm belief, that the

Darwin.)

the masquerade because it lightens -- the Barbarians can prevent a general and immepious reason!

diate rise of the whole nation. “ Still blowing away. A. has sent me

.“ February 23. 1821.
some news today. The war approaches
nearer and nearer. Oh those scoundrel “ Almost ditto with yesterday-rode, &c.
sovereigns! Let us but see them beaten visited wrote nothing – read Roman

- let the Neapolitans but have the pluck History.
of the Dutch of old, or the Spaniards of Had a curious letter from a fellow, who
now, or of the German Protestants, the informs me that the Barbarians are ill-dis-
Scotch Presbyterians, the Swiss under Tell, posed towards me. He is probably a spy,
or the Greeks under Themistocles — all or an impostor. But be it so, even as he
small and solitary nations (except the Spa- says. They cannot bestow their hostility on
niards and German Lutherans), and there one who loathes and execrates them more
is yet a resurrection for Italy, and a hope than I do, or who will oppose their views
for the world,

with more zeal, when the opportunity offers.

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“ February 20. 1821.

February 24. 1821. “ The news of the day are, that the Nea- Rode, &c. as usual. The secret intellipolitans are full of energy. The public gence arrived this morning from the frontier spirit here is certainly well kept up. The to the Ci. is as bad as possible. The plan

Americani' (a patriotic society here, an has missed — the Chiefs are betrayed, miliunder branch of the · Carbonari') give a tary, as well as civil —and the Neapolitans dinner in the Forest in a few days, and have not only have not moved, but have declared invited me, as one of the Ci. It is to be to the P.government, and to the Barbarians, in the Forest of Boccacio's and Dryden's that they know nothing of the matter !!! • Huntsman's Ghost ;' and, even if I had . Thus the world goes ; and thus the not the same political feelings, (to say no- Italians are always lost for lack of union thing of my old convivial turn, which every among themselves. What is to be done here, now and then revives,) I would go as a poet, between the two fires, and cut off from the or, at least, as a lover of poetry. I shall Nn. frontier, is not decided. My opinion expect to see the spectre of Ostasio 1 degli was,- better to rise than be taken in detail ; Onesti' (Dryden has turned him into Guido but how it will be settled now, I cannot tell. Cavalcanti - an essentially different person, Messengers are despatched to the delegates as may be found in Dante) come 'thunder- of the other cities to learn their resolutions. ing for his prey in the midst of the festival. ? “ I always had an idea that it would be At any rate, whether he does or no, I will bungled; but was willing to hope, and am get as tipsy and patriotic as possible. so still. Whatever I can do by money,

“ Within these few days I have read, but means, or person, I will venture freely for not written.

their freedom ; and have so repeated to them

(some of the Chiefs here) half an hour ago.

February 21. 1821. Ì have two thousand five hundred scudi, " As usual, rode — visited, &c. Business better than five hundred pounds, in the begins to thicken. The Pope has printed a

house, which I offered to begin with. declaration against the patriots, who, he says, meditate a rising. The consequence of all

February 25. 1821. this will be, that, in a fortnight, the whole “ Came home — my head aches — plenty country will be up. The proclamation is of news, but too tiresome to set down. I not yet published, but printed, ready for dis- have neither read nor written, nor thought, tribution. * * sent me a copy privately – but led a purely animal life all day. I mean a sign that he does not know what to think. to try to write a page or two before I go to When he wants to be well with the patriots, bed. But, as Squire Sullen says, ' My head he sends to me some civil message or other. aches consumedly : rub, bring me

“ For my own part, it seems to me, that dram! Drank some Imola wine, and some nothing but the most decided success of the punch.

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1 In Boccacio, the name is, I think, Nastagio.
? [" The knight came thundering on, but, from afar,

Thus in imperious tone forebade the war ;
Cease, Theodore, to proffer vain relief,
Nor stop the vengeance of so just a grief ;

But give me leave to seize my destin'd prey,
And let eternal justice take the way:
I but revenge my fate, disdain'd, betray'd,
And suffering death for this ungrateful maid."

DRYDEN.] 3 [Beaux Stratagem, act l'. sc. 1.]

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