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out of this damnable commercial speculation fated to see, — he came from his bedroom of Gamba's, for it is one of those pieces of into the apartment where Colonel Stanhope impudence or folly which I don't forgive him and some others were assembled, and said in a hurry. I will of course see Stevens free with a smile, “ You were complaining the of expense out of the transaction ;- by the other day that I never write any poetry now. way, the Greek of a Corfiote has thought This is my birthday, and I have just finished proper to draw a bill, and get it discounted something which, I think, is better than what at 24 dollars : if I had been there, it should I usually write.” He then produced to them have been protested also.

those beautiful stanzas, which, though al“ Mr. Blackett is here ill, and will soon ready known to most readers, are far too set out for Cephalonia. He came to me for affectingly associated with this closing scene some pills, and I gave him some reserved for of his life to be omitted among its details. particular friends, and which I never knew Taking into consideration, indeed, every any body recover from under several months ; thing connected with these verses, the last but he is no better, and, what is odd, no tender aspirations of a loving spirit which worse ; and as the doctors have had no better they breathe, the self-devotion to a noble success with him than I, he goes to Argostoli

, cause which they so nobly express, and that sick of the Greeks and of a constipation. consciousness of a near grave glimmering

" I must reiterate my request for specie, sadly through the whole, - there is perhaps and that speedily, otherwise public affairs no production within the range of mere huwill be at a stand-still here. I have under- man composition, round which the circumtaker to pay the Suliotes for a year, to ad- stances and feelings under which it was vance in March 3000 dollars, besides, to the written cast so touching an interest. Government for a balance due to the troops, and some other smaller matters for the Germans, and the press, &c. &c. &c.; so that

“ JANUARY 22D. with these, and the expenses of my suite, which, though not extravagant, is expensive, with Gamba's d-d nonsense, I shall have occasion for all the monies I can muster ; “ 'Tis time this heart should be unmoved, and I have credits wherewithal to face the Since others it hath ceased to move; undertakings, if realised, and expect to have

Yet though I cannot be beloved,

Still let me love! more soon. "Believe me ever and truly yours, &c.”

“ My days are in the yellow leaf;

The flowers and fruits of love are gone;

The worm, the canker, and the grief


" The fire that on my bosom preys

Is lone as some volcanic isle ; MISSOLONGHI.- LORD BYRON'S LAST BIRTH- No torch is kindled at its blazeDAY. - STANZAS ON COMPLETING

A funeral pile !



“ The hope, the fear, the jealous care, DOUGLAS KINNAIRD.-ARRIVAL OF PARRY.

The exalted portion of the pain

And power of love, I cannot share,

But wear the chain.

* But 't is not thus -- and 't is not here

Such thoughts should shake my soul, nor now, POINTED COMMANDER OF THE EXPEDI

Where glory decks the hero's bier, TION. DIFFICULTIES AND EMBARRASS

Or binds his brow. MENTS. - LETTER TO LONDO. -COLONEL



“ The sword, the banner, and the field, WITH THE SULIOTES. LORD BYRON'S

Glory and Greece, around me see ! FIRST ILLNESS. RECOVERY. SECURES

The Spartan, borne upon his shield, THE RELEASE OF TWENTY-FOUR TURKISH



Awake! (not Greece - she is awake !)

Awake, my spirit! Think through whom On the morning of the 22d of January, his

Thy life-blood tracks its parent lake, birthday, — the last my poor friend was ever

And then strike home!


Are mine alone!


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received with a heavier cannonade than the « Tread those reviving passions down,

Turks, probably,) for the second time (I had Unworthy manhood !- unto thee

known him here before); and he and P. Indifferent should the smile or frown

Mavrocordato, and the Chiefs and Primates Of beauty be.

and I, all dined together, and I thought the 9. “ If thou regret'st thy youth, why

metropolitan the merriest of the party, and a The land of honourable death

very good, Christian for all that. But Gamba Is here:– up to the field, and give

(we got wet through on our way back) has Away thy breath!

been ill with a fever and colic; and Luke 10.

has been out of sorts too, and so have some “ Seck out - less often sought than found

others of the people, and I have been very A soldier's grave, for thee the best ;

well, - except that I caught cold yesterday, Then look around, and choose thy ground, And take thy rest."

with swearing too much in the rain at the

Greeks, who would not bear a hand in land“ We perceived,” says Count Gamba, ing the Committee stores, and nearly spoiled “ from these lines, as well as from his daily our combustibles ; but I turned out in perconversations, that his ambition and his hope son, and made such a row as set them in were irrevocably fixed upon the glorious ob- motion, blaspheming at them from the Gojects of his expedition to Greece, and that vernment downwards, till they actually did he had made up his mind to “ return vic- some part of what they ought to have done torious, or return no more.' Indeed, he several days before, and this is esteemed, as often said to me, “ Others may do as they it deserves to be, a wonder. please they may go

but I stay here, " Tell Muir that, notwithstanding his rethat is certain. The same determination was monstrances, which I receive thankfully, it is expressed in his letters to his friends ; and perhaps best that I should advance with the this resolution was not unaccompanied with troops ; for if we do not do something soon, the very natural presentiment that he we shall only have a third year of defensive should never leave Greece alive. He one operations and another siege, and all that. day asked his faithful servant, Tita, whether We hear that the Turks are coming down he thought of returning to Italy? · Yes,' in force, and sooner than usual ; and as said Tita : ‘if your Lordship goes, I go.' these fellows do mind me a little, it is the Lord Byron smiled, and said, “No, Tita, I opinion that I should go, — firstly, because shall never go back from Greece either they will sooner listen to a foreigner than the Turks, or the Greeks, or the climate, will one of their own people, out of native jea. prevent that."

lousies ; secondly, because the Turks will sooner treat or capitulate (if such occasion should happen) with a Frank than a Greek;

and, thirdly, because nobody else seems dis. “ Missolonghi, February 5. 1824. posed to take the responsibility - Mavrocor. “ Dr. Muir's letter and yours of the 23ddato being very busy here, the foreign milireached me some days ago. Tell Muir that tary men too young or not of authority I am glad of his promotion for his sake, and enough to be obeyed by the natives, and the of his remaining near us for all our sakes ; Chiefs (as aforesaid) inclined to obey any though I cannot but regret Dr. Kennedy's one except, or rather than, one of their own departure, which accounts for the previous body. As for me, I am willing to do what I earthquakes and the present English weather am bidden, and to follow my instructions. in this climate. With all respect to my I neither seek nor shun that nor any thing medical pastor, I have to announce to him, else they may wish me to attempt : as for that amongst other fire-brands, our fire- personal safety, besides that it ought not to master Parry (just landed) has disembarked be a consideration, I take it that a man is on an elect blacksmith, intrusted with three the whole as safe in one place as another ; hundred and twenty-two Greek Testaments. and, after all, he had better end with a bullet I have given him all facilities in my power than bark in his body. If we are not taken for his works spiritual and temporal; and off with the sword, we are like to march off if he can settle matters as easily with the with an ague in this mud basket; and to Greek Archbishop and hierarchy, I trust that conclude with a very bad pun, to the ear neither the heretic nor the supposed sceptic rather than to the eye, better martially than will be accused of intolerance,

marsh-ally ; the situation of Missolonghi is " By the way, I met with the said Arch- not unknown to you. The dykes of Holland bishop at Anatolico (where I went by invita- when broken down are the Deserts of Arabia tion of the Primates a few days ago, and was for dryness, in comparison.



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“And now for the sinews of war. I “Well, it seems that I am to be Comthank you and Mr. Barff for your ready mander-in-Chief, and the post is by no means answers, which, next to ready money, is a a sinecure, for we are not what Major Sturpleasant thing. Besides the assets and ba- geon calls a set of the most amicable officers.' lance, and the relics of the Corgialegno cor- Whether we shall have a boxing bout berespondence with Leghorn and Genoa, (Itween Captain Sheers and the Colonel,' I sold the dog flour, tell him, but not at his cannot tell ; but, between Suliote chiefs, price,) I shall request and require, from the German barons, English volunteers, and adbeginning of March ensuing, about five thou- venturers of all nations, we are likely to form sand dollars every two months, i.e. about as goodly an allied army as ever quarrelled twenty-five thousand within the current year, beneath the same banner. at regular intervals, independent of the sums now negotiating. I can show you docu

“ February 8. 1824. ments to prove that these are considerably "Interrupted again by business yesterday, within my supplies for the year in more ways and it is time to conclude my letter. I drew than one; but I do not like to tell the Greeks some time since on Mr. Barff for a thousand exactly what I could or would advance on dollars, to complete some money wanted by an emergency, because otherwise, they will the Government. The said Government got double and triple their demands (a dispo- cash on that bill here, and at a profit ; but sition that they have already sufficiently the very same fellow who gave it to them, shown): and though I am willing to do all I after proposing to give me money for other can when necessary, yet I do not see why bills on Barff to the amount of thirteen hunthey should not help a little ; for they are dred dollars, either could not, or thought not quite so bare as they pretend to be by better of it. I had written to Barff advising some accounts.

him, but had afterwards to write to tell him

“ February 7. 1824. of the fellow's having not come up to time. • I have been interrupted by the arrival of You must really send me the balance soon. Parry, and afterwards by the return of Hes- I have the artillerists and my Suliotes to keth, who has not brought an answer to my pay, and Heaven knows what besides ; and epistles, which rather surprises me. You as every thing depends upon punctuality, all will write soon, I suppose. Parry seems a our operations will be at a stand-still unless fine rough subject, but will hardly be ready you use despatch. I shall send to Mr. Barff for the field these three weeks; he and I or to you further bills on England for three will (I think) be able to draw together, — at thousand pounds, to be nogotiated as speedleast, I will not interfere with or contradict ily as you can. I have already stated here him in his own department. He complains and formerly the sums I can command at grievously of the mercantile and enthusymusy

home within the year, — without including part of the Committee, but greatly praises my credits, or the bills already negotiated or Gordon and Hume, Gordon would have negotiating, as Corgialegno's balance of Mr. given three or four thousand pounds and Webb's letter, -- and my letters from my come out himself, but Kennedy or somebody friends (received by Mr. Parry's vessel) conelse disgusted him, and thus they have spoil firm what I have already stated. How much ed part of their subscription and cramped I may require in the course of the year ! their operations. Parry says B * * * is a

can't tell, but I will take care that it shall humbug, to which I say nothing. He sorely not exceed the means to supply it. laments the printing and civilising expenses,

* Yours ever,

N. B. and wishes that there was not a Sunday- "P.S. - I have had, by desire of a Mr. school in the world, or any school here at Jerostati, to draw on Demetrius Delladecima present, save and except always an academy (is it our friend in ultima analise ?) to pay for artilleryship:

the Committee expenses. I really do not “ He complained also of the cold, a little understand what the Committee mean by to my surprise ; firstly, because, there being some of their freedoms. Parry and I get on no chimneys, I have used myself to do with very well hitherto: how long this may last, out other warmth than the animal heat and Heaven knows, but I hope it will, for a good one's cloak, in these parts; and, secondly, deal for the Greek service depends upon it ; because I should as soon have expected to but he has already had some miffs with Col. hear a volcano sneeze, as a firemaster (who s., and I do all' I can to keep the peace is to burn a whole fleet) exclaim against the amongst them. However, Parry is a fine atmosphere. I fully expected that his very fellow, extremely active, and of strong, sound, approach would have scorched up the town practical talents, by all accounts. Enclosed like the burning-glasses of Archimedes. are bills for three thousand pounds, drawn

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in the mode directed (i. e. parcelled out in out of the hands of some Greek sailors; and, smaller bills). A good opportunity occurring towards the end of the month, having learned for Cephalonia to send letters on, I avail that there were a few Turkish prisoners in myself of it. Remember me to Stevens and confinement at Missolonghi, he requested of to all friends. Also my compliments and the Government to place them at his disposal, every thing kind to the colonels and officers. that he might send them to Yussuff Pacha.

In performing this act of humane policy, be

“ February 9. 1824. transmitted with the rescued captives the fol"P.S. – 2d or 3d. I have reason to ex- lowing letter :pect a person from England directed with papers (on business) for me to sign, some

TO HIS HIGHNESS YUSSUFF where in the Islands, by and by : if such

РАСНА. should arrive, would you forward him to me

“Missolonghi, January 3, 154 by a safe conveyance, as the papers regard a

“ Highness ! transaction with regard to the adjustment of

" A vessel, in which a friend and sorde a lawsuit, and a sum of several thousand domestics of mine were embarked, was depounds, which I, or my bankers and trustees tained a few days ago, and released by order for me, may have to receive (in England) in of your Highness. I have now to thank : consequence. The time of the probable ar

you ; not for liberating the vessel, which, as rival I cannot state, but the date of my letters carrying a neutral flag, and being under British is the 2d Nov., and I suppose that he ought protection, no one had a right to detain ; but ! to arrive soon.

for having treated my friends with so much

kindness while they were in your hands. How strong were the hopes which even “ In the hope, therefore, that it may not those who watched him most observingly be altogether displeasing to your Highness

, conceived from the whole tenor of his con- I have requested the governor of this place duct since his arrival at Missolonghi, will

to release four Turkish prisoners, and he appear from the following words of Colonel has humanely consented to do so. I lose no Stanhope, in one of his letters to the Greek time, therefore, in sending them back, in Committee :

order to make as early a return as I could for " Lord Byron possesses all the means of your courtesy on the late occasion. These playing a great part in the glorious revolu- prisoners are liberated without any contion of Greece. He has talent; he professes ditions : but should the circumstance find a liberal principles ; he has money, and is in- place in your recollection, I venture to be. spired with fervent and chivalrous feelings that your Highness will treat such Greeks as He has commenced his career by two good may henceforth fall into your hands with homeasures : Ist, by recommending union, and manity ; more especially since the horrors of declaring himself of no party; and, 2dly, by war are sufficiently great in themselves, withtaking five hundred Suliotes into pay, and out being aggravated by wanton cruelties on acting as their chief. These acts cannot either side.

NOEL Byrox." fail to render his Lordship universally_popular, and proportionally powerful. Thus Another favourite, and, as it appeared for advantageously circumstanced, his Lordship sometime, practicable object, on which he had will have an opportunity of realising all his most ardently set his heart, was the intended professions."

attack upon Lepanto - a fortified town! That the inspirer, however, of these hopes which, from its command of the navigation was himself far from participating in them, is of the Gulf of Corinth, is a position of the a fact manifest from all he said and wrote on first importance. “Lord Byron," says Cothe subject, and but adds painfully to the lonel Stanhope, in a letter dated January 14, interest which his position at this moment burns with military ardour and chivalry, and excites. Too well, indeed, did he both un- will accompany the expedition to Lepanto." derstand and feel the difficulties into which The delay of Parry, the engineer, who had he was plunged to deceive himself into any been for some months anxiously expected. such sanguine delusions. In one only of the with the supplies necessary for the forination objects to which he had looked forward with of a brigade of artillery, had hitherto paraany hope, – that of endeavouring to human lysed the preparations for this important ise, by his example, the system of warfare on enterprise ; though, in the mean time, what. both sides, - had he yet been able to gratify ever little could be effected, without his aid. himself. Not many days after his arrival an opportunity, as we have seen, had been af

1 The ancient Naupactus, called Epacto by the modern forded him of rescuing an unfortunate Turk Greeks, and Lepanto by the Italians.



had been put in progress both by the appoint- management than themselves. “There were,”
ment of a brigade of Suliotes to act under says Count Gamba, “six heads of families
Lord Byron, and by the formation, at the among them, all of whom had equal preten-
joint expense of his Lordship and Colonel sions both by their birth their and exploits ;
Stanhope, of a small corps of artillery. and none of whom would obey any one of

It was towards the latter end of January, his comrades.”
as we have seen, that Lord Byron received A serious riot to which, about the middle
his regular commission from the Government, of January, these Suliotes had given rise,
as Commander of the expedition. In con- and in which some lives were lost, had been
ferring upon him full powers, both civil and a source of much irritation and anxiety to
military, they appointed, at the same time, a Lord Byron, as well from the ill-blood it was
Military Council to accompany him, com likely to engender between his troops and
posed of the most experienced Chieftains of the citizens, as from the little dependence it
the army, with Nota Bozzari, the uncle of gave him encouragement to place upon ma-
the famous warrior, at their head.

terials so unmanageable. Notwithstanding
It had been expected that, among the all this, however, neither his eagerness nor
stores sent with Parry, there would be a his efforts for the accomplishment of this
supply of Congreve rockets,-an instrument sole personal object of his ambition ever re-
of warfare of which such wonders had been laxed a single instant. To whatever little
related to the Greeks as filled their imagin- glory was to be won by the attack upon Le-
ations with the most absurd ideas of its panto, he looked forward as his only reward
powers. Their disappointment, therefore, for all the sacrifices he was making. In his
on finding that the engineer had come un- conversations with Count Gamba on the sub-
provided with these missiles was excessive. ject, “ though he joked a good deal,” says
Another hope, too, – that of being enabled | this gentleman, “ about his post of Archis-
to complete an artillery corps by the accession trategos,' or Commander-in-Chief, it was
of those Germans who had been sent for into plain that the romance and the peril of the
the Morea, — was found almost equally fal- undertaking were great allurements to him.”
lacious ; that body of men having, from the When we combine, indeed, his determination
death or retirement of those who originally to stand, at all hazards, by the cause, with
composed it, nearly dwindled away ; and the the very faint hopes his sagacious mind would
few officers that now came to serve being, let him indulge as to his power of serving it,
from their fantastic notions of rank and eti- I have little doubt that the “ soldier's grave”
quette, far more troublesome than useful. which, in his own beautiful verses, he marked
In addition to these discouraging circum- out for himself, was no idle dream of poetry;
stances, the five Speziot ships of war which but that, on the contrary, his “ wish was
had for some time formed the sole protection father to the thought," and that to an ho-
of Missolonghi were now returned to their nourable death, in some such achievement as
home, and had left their places to be filled by that of storming Lepanto, he looked forward,
the enemy's squadron.

not only as the sole means of redeeming
Perplexing as were all these difficulties in worthily the great pledge he had now given,
the way of the expedition, a still more for- but as the most signal and lasting service
midable embarrassment presented itself in that a name like his, - echoed, as it would
the turbulent and almost mutinous disposition then be, among the watch-words of Liberty,
of those Suliote troops on whom he mainly from age to age, - could bequeath to her
depended for success in his undertaking. Pre- cause.
suming as well upon his wealth and gene- In the midst of these cares he was much
rosity as upon their own military importance, gratified by the receipt of a letter from an
these unruly warriors had never ceased to old friend of his, Andrea Londo, whom he
rise in the extravagance of their demands had made acquaintance with in his early tra-

the wholly destitute and home-vels in 1809, and who was at that period a
less state of their families at this moment rich proprietor, under the Turks, in the
affording but too well-founded a pretext Morea. This patriotic Greek was one of
both for their exaction and discontent. Nor the foremost to raise the standard of the
were their leaders much more amenable to Cross ; and at the present moment stood

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upon him ;

" This brave Morlote, when Lord Byron first knew him, was particularly boyish in his aspect and manners, but still cherished, under this exterior, a mature spirit of patriotism which occasionally broke forth; and the Doble poet used to relate that, one day, while they were playing at draughts together, on the name of Riga being

pronounced, Londo leaped from the table, and clapping violently his hands, began singing the famous song of that ill-fated patriot :

“ Sons of the Greeks, arise !

The glorious hour's gone forth.”

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