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distinguished among the supporters of the him to be an enemy to the press, although
but that he thought the experiment worth
That between two men, both eager in the “ Dear Friend,
service of one common cause, there should “ The sight of your handwriting gave arise a difference of opinion as to the means me the greatest pleasure. Greece has ever of serving it, is but a natural result of the been for me, as it must be for all men of any varieties of human judgment, and detracts feeling or education, the promised land of nothing from the zeal or sincerity of either. valour, of the arts, and of liberty ; nor did But by those who do not suffer themselves the time I passed in my youth in travelling to be carried away by a theory, it will be among her ruins at all chill my affection for conceded, I think, that the scruples professed the birthplace of heroes. In addition to this, by Lord Byron, with respect to the expe I am bound to yourself by ties of friendship dience or safety of introducing what is called and gratitude for the hospitality which I ex- Free Press into a country so little advanced perienced from you during my stay in that in civilisation as Greece, were founded on country, of which you are now become one just views of human nature and practical of the first defenders and ornaments. To good sense.
To endeavour to force upon a see myself serving, by your side and under state of society, so unprepared for them, your eyes, in the cause of Greece, will be to such full-grown institutions ; to think of me one of the happiest events of my life. In engrafting, at once, on an ignorant people the mean time, with the hope of our again the fruits of long knowledge and cultivation, meeting,
-of importing among them, ready made, “ I am, as ever, &c.” those advantages and blessings which no
nation ever attained but by its own working Among the less serious embarrassments of out, nor ever was fitted to enjoy but by his position at this period, may be mentioned having first struggled for them; to harbour the struggle maintained against him by his even a dream of the success of such an excolleague, Colonel Stanhope, — with a de- periment, implies a sanguineness almost ingree of conscientious perseverance which, credible, and such as, though, in the present even while thwarted by it, he could not but instance, indulged by the political economist respect, on the subject of a Free Press, which and soldier,was, as we have seen, beyond the it was one of the favourite objects of his fel- poet. low-agent to bring instantly into operation The enthusiastic and, in many respecta in all parts of Greece. On this important well-founded confidence with which Colone point their opinions differed considerably; and Stanhope appealed to the authority of Mr. the following report, by Colonel Stanhope, Bentham on most of the points at issue beof one of their many conversations on the tween himself and Lord Byron, was, from subject, may be taken as a fair and concise that natural antipathy which seems to exist statement of their respective views :- between political economists and poets, but
Lord Byron said that he was an ardent little sympathised in by the latter ; – such friend of publicity and the press; but that appeals being always met by him with those he feared it was not applicable to this so- sallies of ridicule, which he found the best. ciety in its present combustible state. I an- humoured vent for his impatience under arswered that I thought it applicable to all gument, and to which, notwithstanding the countries, and essential here, in order to put venerable name and services of Mr.Bentham an end to the state of anarchy which at pre- himself, the quackery of much that is prosent prevailed. Lord B. feared libels and mulgated by his followers presented, it must licentiousness. I said that the object of a be owned, ample scope. Romantic, indeed, free press was to check public licentiousness, as was Lord Byron's sacrifice of himself, to and to expose libellers to odium. Lord B. the cause of Greece, there was in the views had mentioned his conversation with Mavro- he took of the means of serving her not a cordato' to show that the Prince was not tinge of the unsubstantial or speculative. hostile to the press. I declared that I knew The grand practical task of freeing her from
Lord Byron had, it seems, acknowledged, on the pre- placed the press under a censor ;" to which the Prince ceding evening, his having remarked to Prince Mavro- had replied, “ No; the liberty of the press is guaranteed cordato, that “if he were in his situation, he would have by the Constitution."
her tyrants was his first and main object. unmanageableness on their part, every ob-
under Lepanto, and Lord Byron with the
short,” says Count Gamba," that, out of
Give me that honest right hand,” nor with- now beset him, agitated his mind consider.
be organised, the expedition against Lepanto
dencies were already in his constitution, to
of his death, - which, on the evening of the
15th of February, seized him. He was sit- it right to apply leeches to his temples ; but ting, at about eight o'clock, with only Mr. found it difficult, on their removal, to stop Parry and Mr. Hesketh, in the apartment of the blood, which continued to flow so copiColonel Stanhope, — talking jestingly upon ously, that from exhaustion he fainted. It one of his favourite topics, the differences must have been on this day that the scene thus between himself and this latter gentleman, described by Colonel Stanhope occurred :and saying that “he believed, after all, the “ Soon after his dreadful paroxysm, when, author's brigade would be ready before the faint with over-bleeding, he was lying on his soldier's printing-press.” There was an un- sick bed, with his whole nervous system usual flush in his face, and from the rapid completely, shaken, the mutinous Suliotes, changes of his countenance it was manifest covered with dirt and splendid attires, broke that he was suffering under some nervous into his apartment, brandishing their costly agitation. He then complained of being arms, and loudly demanding their wild rights. thirsty, and, calling for some cider, drank of Lord Byron, electrified by this unexpected: it ; upon which, a still greater change being act, seemed to recover from his sickness; observable over his features, he rose from and the more the Suliotes raged, the more his seat, but was unable to walk, and, after his calm courage triumphed. The scene was staggering forward a step or two, fell into truly sublime.” Mr. Parry's arms. In another minute, his Another eyewitness, Count Gamba, bears teeth were closed, his speech and senses similar testimony to the presence of mind gone, and he was in strong convulsions. So with which he fronted this and all other such violent, indeed, were his struggles, that it dangers. “It is impossible,” says this genrequired all the strength both of Mr. Parry tleman, " to do justice to the coolness and and his servant Tita to hold him during the magnanimity which he displayed upon every fit. His face, too, was much distorted ; and, trying occasion. Upon trifling occasions as he told Count Gamba afterwards, so he was certainly irritable ; but the aspect intense were his sufferings during the con- of danger calmed him in an instant, and revulsion, that, had it lasted but a minute stored to him the free exercise of all the longer, he believed he must have died.” The powers of his noble nature. A more unfit was, however, as short as it was violent ; daunted man in the hour of peril never in a few minutes his speech and senses re- breathed.” turned ; his features, though still pale and 1
The letters written by him during the few haggard, resumed their natural shape, and following weeks form, as usual, the best reno effect remained from the attack but ex- cord of his proceedings, and, besides the sad cessive weakness. “ As soon as he could interest they possess as being among the speak,” says Count Gamba," he showed | latest from his hand, are also precious, as himself perfectly free from all alarm ; but he affording proof that neither illness nor disvery coolly asked whether his attack was appointment, neither a worn-out frame por likely to prove fatal. “Let me know,' he even a hopeless spirit, could lead him for a said ? do not think I am afraid to die — I moment to think of abandoning the great
cause he had espoused ; while to the last, This painful event had not occurred too, he preserved unbroken the cheerful more than half an hour, when a report was spring of his mind, his manly endurance of brought that the Suliotes were up in arms, all ills that affected but himself, and his ever. and about to attack the seraglio, for the pur- wakeful consideration for the wants of others. pose of seizing the magazines. Instantly Lord Byron's friends ran to the arsenal ;
TO MR. BARFF. the artillery-men were ordered under arms ;
« February 21 the sentinels doubled, and the cannon loaded “ I am a good deal better, though of course and pointed on the approaches to the gates. weakly; the leeches took too much blood Though the alarm proved to be false, the from my temples the day after, and there was very likelihood of such an attack shows suf- some difficulty in stopping it, but I hare ficiently how precarious was the state of since been up daily, and out in boats or on Missolonghi at this moment, and in what a horseback. To-day I
ave taken : warm scene of peril, confusion, and uncomfort, the bath, and live as temperately as can well be, now nearly numbered days of England's poet without any liquid but water, and without were to close.
animal food. On the following morning he was found “ Besides the four Turks sent to Patras, I to be better, but still pale and weak, and have obtained the release of four-and-twenty complained much of a sensation of weight in women and children, and sent them at niş his head. The doctors, therefore, thought own expense to Prevesa, that the English
TO MR. MAYER.
Consul-General may consign them to their going on hopefully for the present, consider-
Lepanto, with two thousand men. I have
escapes from the Turks, and also from being
shipwrecked. We were twice upon the
you have received the eleven thousand and
nothing of contingencies, will, or might, en-
able me to keep the ‘sinews of war' pro-
I don't care for myself.
* It is not true that I ever did, will, would,
“ February 23.
“My health seems improving, especially
they are artificers ?, and have had enough of TO THE HONOURABLE DOUGLAS Greece in fourteen days. If you could re
commend them to a passage home, I would • Missolonghi, February 21. 1824. thank you ; they are good men enough, but “I have received yours of the 2d of No- do not quite understand the little discrepanvember. It is essential that the money cies in these countries, and are not used to should be paid, as I have drawn for it all, and see shooting and slashing in a domestic quiet more too, to help the Greeks. Parry is here, way, or (as it forms here) a part of houseand he and I agree very well ; and all is keeping.
TO MR. BARFF.
1 In a letter to the same gentleman, dated January 27., he had already said, “ I hope that things here will go on well some time or other. I will stick by the cause as long as a cause exists first or second."
2 The workmen who came out with Parry ; and who, alarmed by the scene of confusion and danger they found at Missolonghi, had resolved to return home.
TO MURRAY. REPORTED SATIRE
If they should want any thing during their it. I dare say you do not, nor any body quarantine, you can advance them not more else, I should think. Whoever asserts that than a dollar a day (amongst them) for that I am the author or abettor of any thing of period, to purchase them some little extras the kind on Gifford lies in his throat. I as comforts (as they are quite out of their always regarded him as my literary father, element). I cannot afford them more at and myself as his prodigal son'; if any such present."
composition exists, it is none of mine. You
And so much for such matters.
“You will perhaps be anxious to hear some
news from this part of Greece (which is the 1824.
most liable to invasion); but you will hear
enough through public and private channels. MISSOLONGHI.-LORD BYRON'S LAST LETTER
, however, give you the events of a week, mingling my own private peculiar with
the public ; for we are here jumbled a little MOORE, KEN
together at present. NEDY, PARRUCA, BARFF, AND HANCOCK.
‘On Sunday (the 15th, I believe,) I had STANHOPE AND THE GREEK CHRONICLE. left me speechless, though not motionless
a strong and sudden convulsive attack, which for some strong men could not hold me ; but
whether it was epilepsy, catalepsy, cachers, TUMULTS.— CONSEQUENCES OF THE NON- doctors have not decided; or whether it
or apoplexy, or what other exy or epsy, the
was spasmodic or nervous, &c. ; but it was The following letter to Mr. Murray, –
very unpleasant, and nearly carried me oti, which it is most gratifying to have to pro- and all that. On Monday, they put leeches duce, as the last completing link a long
to my temples, no difficult matter, but the friendship and correspondence which had blood could not be stopped till eleven at been, but for a short time, and through the night (they had gone too near the temporal fault only of others, interrupted, — contains artery for my temporal safety), and neither such a summary of the chief events now pass- styptic nor caustic
would cauterise the orifice ing round Lord Byron, as, with the assist till after a hundred attempts. ance of a few notes, will render any more
“On Tuesday, a Turkish brig of war ran detailed narrative unnecessary.
on shore. On Wednesday, great preparations being made to attack her, though protected by her consorts, the Turks burned her and retired to Patras. On Thursday a quarre
ensued between the Suliotes and the Frank • Missolonghỉ, February 25. 1824.
gua at the arsenal : a Swedish officers was * I have heard from Mr. Douglas Kinnaird | killed, and a Suliote severely wounded, and that you state'a report of a satire on Mr. a general fight expected, and with some difGifford having arrived from Italy, said to be ficulty prevented. On Friday, the officer written by me! but that you do not believe was buried ; and Captain Parry's English
DR. MAYER. INCREASING DIFFICULTIES. DISSENSIONS BETWEEN MAVROCORDATA AND THE EASTERN CHIEFS,
ARRIVAL OF THE LOAN FROM ENGLAND.
TO MR. MURRAY.
' [In "English Bards and Scotch Reviewers,” Lord
Why slumbers Gifford ? let us ask again.
2“ Early in the morning we prepared for our attack on the brig. Lord Byron, notwithstanding his weakness, and an inflammation that threatened his eyes, was most anxious to be of our party ; but the physicians would not suffer him to go." - Count GAMBA's Narrative.
His Lordship had promised a reward for every Turk taken alive in the proposed attack on this vessel.
3 Captain Susse, an officer esteemed as one of the best pi and bravest of the foreigners in the Greek service “ This," says Colonel Stanhope, in a letter, February Isth! to the Committee, “is a serious affair. The Subictes
1 have no country, no home for their families ; arrears and pay are owing to them; the people of Misolongki bate and pay them exorbitantly. Lord Byron, who was have led them to Lepanto, is much shaken by his ft, and will probably be obliged to retire from Greece. In shert, all our hopes in this quarter are damped for the present. I am not a little fearful, too, that these wild warrior vil not forget the blood that has heen snilt. I this morning told Prince Mavrocordato and Lord Byron that they w come to some resolution about compelling the Sulistes to quit the place."