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The Matter, as it was created, was not fit for Use; the Motion produc'd nothing 'till Light was form’d; and then he approv'd of the Action of that Motion of his Spirit, which, from inactive Darkness, had produc'd that good Effect;, or saw that the Airs in that Motion and that Condition would perform what he defign'd, and would be beneficial to his Creatures then unform’d. Moles does not here tell us the Office and Ule of Light, because in this Condition it lasted but four Days, and then is placed in another Manner, and all its Offices described :

, And God divided the Light from

the Darkness.

These Words are generally taken to fignify the Interposition of the Sphere of Waters, or the Earth ; and that the Light was on one side, and the Da.kness on the other, alternately. Whether this was then understood by the Israelites, I am not certain ; it seems that the Heathens were ignorant of it long after. But as this was attainable, I think, he intended not to reveal it; but that this is only a Relation that God form’d the Light out


of Darkness, and that let there be Light, and God divided the Light from the Darkness, imply the fame Ac: as let there be a Firmament, and let it divide ; and God made a Firmament, and he divided, & c. But as the producing and propagating of Light is a continued Action, it describes the Manner in which Light was, and is produced *. This was then the Action of that Agent, and was soon after transferr'd to be perform'd by the Sun, &c. in the very fime Words; and so as things stand now, belongs to another Place. " He divided and separated the Light from the Darkness (C).We know not how he divided that Light from the Darknessotherwise than by Motion, because he has reveal'd no more. Of what Degree that Light was, how it was moved, Parts among Parts, or about the Sphere, or in what Length of Time, I have no Means to know. But I think it was for other Ends than any which yet have been affign'd, viz. to prepare the Airs for the next Change, or Accident, or bring it to a greater Degree of Motion; and thereby e

* Light being formed by dividing gross Air into {mall Parts. Critici Sacri Tom. I. p. 18. Vatablus.


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nable them to execute a vast Commission, which was to have vast Consequences. Ver. 5. And God called the Light

Day, and the Darkness he called · Night: and the Evening and the · Morning were the first Day.

I think it means the Air in that Condition and Motion which God directed Adam, and which you from him call L and which he directed Adam to call, and you from him call Day, and the Air in that Condition, and in that Degree of Rest, which he directed Adam to call, and which you from him call Darkness, and which he directed Adam to call, and which you from him call Night ; and what God has disecțed me in my Writings to call by the fame Names. Whether the Continuance of Darkness, or the Interval between the Creation and the Production of Light upon the Hemisphere where Light was first formed, be what he means by the Evening, and the Time while that Light was passing that Hemisphere be called Morning ; or we are to count from the Formation of and call the Horizon which the Light first left, Evening; and when the Light had made a Circuit with the same Edge to the


fame Horizon, we are to call that Morning, and that Circuit the first Day, I pretend not to determine. Ver. 6. And God said, Let there be

a Firmament in the midst of the Waters, and let it divide the

Waters, from the Waters. Ver. 7. And God made the Fir

mament, and divided the Waters which were under the Firmament, from the Waters which were above the Firmament: And

it was so. Ver. 8. And God called the Fir

mament Heaven :

The Meaning of these three Verses is not yet ascertained by Interpreters; as they cannot find what the Word, which our Translators render Firmament, fignifies. Some have been forced to suppose Waters above the Heavens ; which, if there were any such, he is not speaking of, nor would it be of any Use for us to know of them, Others suppose Rain in the Clouds : if there


had been any fuch, it would have been in, not above, the Heavens. But 'tis very certain there was none 'till long after ; and if there had been any Separation of Fluids in any of the other Globes, it was still in, not above the Heavens, and not in this Day's Work: And since these Verses, and especially this Description of the Firmament, of Waters above the Heavens, and that of Windows of Heaven at the Flood, are the constant Refuge of Atheists, because they feem irreconcileable ; and since ill-defi ning Men have put some upon drawing Sliemes which make Moses's Writings ridiculous, or incredible, or impoffible to be explained ; and as the Credit of Revelation in some measure depends upon them, and as the fixth Verse is a Phyfical Description of the Permission of an Action of Matter upon Matter, which was to produce Accidents or Alterations in the Condition of that Matter, to enable it to act, and make Changes in the Situation of the Parts of other Matter, which was to have Consequences upon other Matter immediately, some of them permanent, and fome to be repeated at Intervals; and as this is not properly the Work of, or likely after so much Time spent, to be cleared by such, who are only Divines, or Linguists,


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