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in the Hospital during each year, the number discharged, number improved, recovered, and remaining.
From the information received by the Trustees, in reply to letters addressed by them in 1844 to all the towns in the State, it would appear that there were then more than six hundred insane persons within its limits; that number has undoubtedly increased in an equal proportion with the population ; and from present appearances it cannot be long before a considerable portion of these unfortunates will be offered at the Institution, and the largest number that can be accommodated at the Hospital is about one hundred, being less than one sixth of the whole number of insane in the State.
On the 1st of June last, in conformity with a request received from a large number of the members of the Legislature, and a recommendation of the joint standing committee on the Insane Hospital, to which the Trustees gave their decided approbation, the price of board was reduced fifty cents per week for males and twenty-five cents for females. The highest price of board for males, including washing and medicines, is now only two dollars and fifty cents, and the lowest one dollar and fifty cents, and for females cannot exceed two dollars and twenty-five cents, nor be less than one dollar and twentyfive cents. The effect of this reduction in the price of board has been to increase the number of those receiving the benefits of the institution, and our rooms in the male department are now full, the male patients having increased from fifty, the number on the 30th of November, 1844, to fifty-five, the number on the 30th of November, 1845; the females have increased during the same time from twenty-six to thirty. We have it in our power to accommodate a still larger number of females, but cannot increase the number of male patients without additional accommodations, only to be effected by an enlargement of the Hospital. The Trustees would therefore respectfully suggest to the Governor, and through him to the State, that it is highly desirable that provision should be made at the next session of the Legislature for the addition of another wing to the Hospital. When founded it was intended for the benefit of all those unfortunates that might require its aid, and as the number of its inmates increased an enlargement was undoubtedly contemplated; it would not have been just to have erected a hospital with other views. In our country, and under our form of government, public money ought not to be expended for a portion only of the community-public institutions should always be for the advantage of all our citizens, and their benefits within the reach of all that can profit by them. This will be no longer the case with the Insane Hospital unless enlarged--its male wards are now all full, and should there be any more applicants for admission, as we have every reason to believe there will be, it will become necessary either to refuse them, or to discharge some of those now within its walls. To reject the new applicants would be to deny to them the same advantages others have received, a portion of the expense of which has probably been borne by themselves. To discharge such of the present inmates as are considered incurable, and who have aided to support the institution in its infancy, will be to consign them again to shackles, dens, and cages, after having been taught to relish the air and light of heaven, and freedom from all unnecessary restraint.
We shall have given them the capability of enjoying and the desire to retain these blessings, and then cruelly force them from their grasp. Some of those who now join in daily hymns of praise to their Maker, making melody in their hearts, were, when first brought to the Hospital, literally howling maniacs. We ask of the State government, will it, can it, consent to be the cause of converting these hymns again into those howlings? It should also be borne in mind that by increasing the size of the Hospital you add to its fixed, but not to its floating capital ; the expense of the officers, (which is the only one paid by the State,) would not be any more. Should the patients be doubled in number no additional officers would be required, and but few additional assistants and domestics. And as the wages of the assistants and domestics constitute more than one quarter of the expense of board, if their number is but little increased by an increased number of patients, it follows that the price of board could then be still further reduced and might thus save to the people the full amount of the interest of the money the additional building would cost.
By a resolve of the Legislature of April 7th, 1845, the principal on the bond for the maintenance of Oakman Ford was released from his obligation, and the Trustees directed to discharge him from the debt. We do not deny the power thus to step between us and our debtors, but we would respectfully inquire on what principle such discharge was granted, and if our debtors are thus to be exonerated, how can it be expected the Institution will defray its expenses? What in this case renders the action of the Legislature the more extraordinary, is, that no notice was given to the officers of the Institution to enable them to appear and show cause why the prayer of the petitioners should not be granted. Should a similar application again be made we hope the Legislature will direct the petitioner to give notice to the officers of the Hospital, and if the debtor should be released an appropriation at the same time made to supply the deficiency thus created.
The Hospital the past year would have more than paid its expenses had the State made an appropriation for payment of the board of the insane State paupers, which amounts since its commencement to $902, but taxed with their support it will not be able to meet its engagements. The Trustees are therefore under the necessity of requesting an appropriation of six hundred and two dollars fifty-eight cents to cover the expense incurred in supporting the before mentioned patients directly chargeable to the State, and also the sum of six hundred dollars to aid in defraying the expenses of the Hospital the coming year, and to supply any deficiency in funds which may arise from the reduction that has been made in the price of board.
The Superintendent's and Treasurer's reports are herewith submitted, and by that of the latter it appears that the whole expense for the farming operations during the last year wereWages and board of one man, wages $144, board estimated at $78,
$222 00 Hay purchased, $9.54,
9 54 Manure and seed,
$331 57 Expenses, brought up, The receipts by his estimate are, ·
$331 57 919 54
Leaving a balance in favor of the farm of
Deduct also labor of one horse and its keep
ing, estimated at,
$454 97 It appears from the above that the farm has afforded a fair profit, notwithstanding the unproductiveness of the season; it is however capable of being much improved, a large portion is even now little better than waste land, although requiring only the plough and manure to render it productive. It would have given great pleasure to the Trustees to have had some improvements made, but it could not be done without aid from the legislature, and it has been their desire to keep the institution within its own
Much of the labor of the patients has been laid out in grading the grounds—work which although necessary is unproductive. This work being now nearly completed, some attention can be devoted to the farm, and the amount of its hay product, now not enough for the supply of the cows and horses necessary for the use of the Hospital, increased. The Trustees take pleasure in being able to assure the