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show any very obvious effect of occupation on the cases which come under our observation. The case is different in those institutions located near large cities and manufacturing towns, where confinement within doors, and sedentary habits give a decided predisposition to this form of disease.
The use of medicines in this institution, so far as I am informed, does not materially differ from that in other similar Retreats. We endeavor to avoid extremes in this, as in all other means adopted for the recovery of those entrusted to our care. My predecessor so clearly stated his views on the subject, that I deem any observations on that point wholly uncalled for at this time. With one exception, the moral means are the same as have been heretofore in use. On taking charge of the Hospital, caused family worship to be daily attended by the household and as many inmates as were in a condition to behave with decorum.
I have not only found a hearty co-operation in every officer, but an undiminished interest in those who are in a state to join in the solemnity. Several of our patients assist in singing the hymns, and evince both interest and taste in the performance.
How much is due to habit or how much to reverential feeling on these occasions, it is not easy to determine, but one thing is certain, they not only have the power of self-control, but exercise it to a degree not surpassed by an equal number, in the most exemplary community.
The clergymen of Augusta and Hallowell have kindly attended our sabbath evening services whenever circumstances permitted. Their ready and cheerful acquiescence in our wishes in this respect, entitles them to the gratitude of all concerned.
Instead of receiving visitors at improper and inconvenient hours, we have adopted a different course, and prohibited visits on the Sabbath entirely.
Since the middle of September we have had more patients than rooms in the male wing of the building. Should applications increase as they have the year past, we must either refuse to take curable cases, or send away some of our incurables, who have been long with us.
It is fondly hoped the people and their public servants will take the earliest measures to make provision for their accommodation.
There would be great physical and moral advantages to our convalescents, from an increase of furniture in their galleries and rooms. Many of our patients have been accustomed to better furnished rooms at home, and should not be surrounded with less cheerful accommodations here. In this respect our establishment does not compare favorably with similar institutions in this country.
The number of newspaper publishers who have gratuitously furnished their periodicals has annually increased. They are not only entitled to our thanks, but would find themselves in some measure compensated could they see their papers, after having been so perfectly read through as to be perforated in a hundred places.
The Olive Branch, Boston Cultivator, Christian Mirror, Eastern Argus, Portland Transcript, Maine Democrat, Maine Cultivator, Maine Farmer, State Signal, Bangor Courier, Yankee Blade, and Cold Water Fountain, have made us a weekly visit for all or most of the year. The publishers of the Age and Journal of this town have furnished us with hundreds of the exchange papers received by them. Several individuals have forwarded papers and pamphlets, and I wish particularly to remember the kindness of a late patient, Mrs. M. G. M. of B., in this respect.
Our library has been increased by the addition of over one hundred and fifty small volumes, purchased by the interest arising from the donation of the late Hon. Bryce McLellan.
I have great pleasure in acknowledging the prompt and efficient assistance I have received from every officer and attendant since the day I entered the house. The uniform kindness to myself, my family and those over whom they are placed, entitles them to my entire approdation and grateful acknowledgments and the confidence of their employers.
JAMES BATES, Superintendent.
Extract from the “Regulations" of the Hospital.
ADMISSION OF PATIENTS.
Patients admitted to the institution must come provided with at least two strong cotton shirts—a coat, vest, and pantaloons, of strong woolen cloth-two pairs of woolen socks or stockings-one black stock-a hat or cap—and one pair of shoes or boots.
The females must have at least the same quantity of under clothes, including shoes and stockings, a decent bonnet, and two substantial dresses. In both cases, the articles must be new and in good condition. The woolens must be of a dark color.
The patients offered for admission must be perfectly neat and clean in their persons, and free from vermin and infective diseases.
The price of boarding, wasling, medicines and attendance, shall vary according to the trouble and expense incurred, in the judgment of the superintendent, not to exceed three dollars, nor be less than two dollars for males ; not to exceed two dollars and fisty cents, nor be less than one dollar and fifty cents, for females, per week.
Before any patient shall be received into the institution, except when sent by towns, a good and sufficient bond will be required for the payment of all expenses that may be incurred for each patient, including board, and such articles of clothing as it may become necessary to furnish.
For the admission of patients sent by towns, a written request for such admission, signed by the overseers of the poor, will be required.
FORM OF BOND.
KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, That we, of in the county of To as principal, and of in the county of
-, as sureties, are held and bound unto - steward of the Insane Hospital, at Augusta, or to his successor in said office, in the sum of
to the payment of which sum, well and truly to be made to him, the said to his successors in said office, we bind ourselves, our executors and administrators, firmly by these presents.
Sealed with our seals, and dated at
day of — A. D. The condition of the above obligation is such, that whereas
in the county of is about to be admitted as a boarder and patient to the institution aforesaid, now if the said
pay to said
, or to his successor in said office, such sum per week, for the board, washing, medicine and attendance, according to the trouble and expense incurred for said patient, in the judgment of the superintendent for the time being, [not to exceed three dollars, nor be less than two dollars for males; not to exceed two dlars and fifty cents, nor be less than one dollar and fifty cents for females ;] and pay for all such necessary articles of clothing as shall be furnished said
by the said or his successor, and remove the said from said institution, whenever they shall be thereto in writing requested by the superintendent for the time being—and shall also pay a further sum, not exceeding fifty dollars, for all damages that may arise from injury to the furniture and other property of said institution, by said
and the reasonable charges that may be incurred in case of the elopement of said
; payments to be made semi-annually and at the time of removal, with interest on the amount after it becomes due as aforesaid : then this obligation to be null and voidotherwise to remain in full force and virtue.