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A HISTORY

OF

THE ROMANS

UNDER THE EMPERORS.

BY

DAWSON MASSY, M.A.,
Rector of Killeshin and Author of The Secret History of Romanism,'

The Faithful Shepherd,' &c.

LONDON :
HAMILTON, ADAMS & CO., 33, PATERNOSTER- ROW;

SEELEYS & CO., 54, FLEET-STREET.
DUBLIN; HERBERT, 117, GRAFTON-STREET.

1863.

(The Author reserves the Right of Translation.)

200ro
22!

DUBLIN:

Printed by George Drought,

6, Bachelor's-walk.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

ROME-Scenery around it-The Seven

Hills - Forum - Temples-Religion-

The Soldier-The Senator-Character-

istics of the Romans-Augustus-His

astute Policy-Patron of Architecture -

The Golden Age of Roman Literature-

He corrupts the Citizens by Luxury-

Baths-Theatres-He enforces Mar-

riage--His last Days-Portrait.....p. 1

CHAPTER II,

TIBERIUS-Jealous Tyrant-Grim Hu-

mour- Establishes the Prætorian Camp

-His further Encroachments on Liberty

-His charming Retreat-Strange No-

tion of Starvation-Herod Agrippa-

Amusements of Tiberius-The Emperor

Caius-Oriental Grandeur-The Jews

at the Imperial Court-A Literary Em-

peror-Slavery at Rome-Triumph over

Britain-Roman Aristocracy-The Poi-

soned Dish ..........

....33

CHAPTER VI.

CHAPTER III.

NERO-The Musical Emperor-Lavish

Largesses and Luxuries still more de-

moralize the Romans - Christians at

Rome-St. Paul's Epistle to them-His

Imprisonment there—The Great Fire of

Rome-Bishop Clement's Account of the

Martyrdom Peter and Paul-Peter

never at Rome - The Earliest Chris-

tian Romance-The Golden House-

Greek Music-Vespasian-Fall of Jeru-

salem-Titus-The Coliseum-The dy-

ing Gladiator........

THE Empire set up to Auction--Sep-

timius Severus - The Boy-Emperor-

The First Roman Female Sovereign-

Roman Skill in Finance-The Giant

Emperor - The Goths - Aurelian --

Queen Zenobia--Diocletian-Division

of the Empire-Another Invasion of

Britain — Persecution of Christians

The New Platonists-Origen-Clement
of Alexandria-Antony and his Monks
-- Tertullian-Cyprian suggests the Pa-

pal Idea-The Church in Rome--The

Catacombs – Early Christian Art -

Early Roman Bishops...

.178

............68

CHAPTER IX.

CHAPTER I.

• Thou art in Rome! the city that so long
Reigned absolute, the mistress of the world ;
The mighty vision that the Prophets saw,
And trembled ; that from nothing, from the least,
The lowliest village (what but here and there
A reed-roofed cabin by a river side ?)
Grew into everything.'-—ROGERS.

AUGUSTUS, THE FIRST EMPEROR.

OUR SAVIOUR's advent dates from about the middle of the reign of Augustus ; and fitly did the famous peace which then hushed the civil wars of the Roman world in a repose so calm, passive, and almost deathlike, precede the coming of the Prince of Peace, to make that peace spiritual, universal, and eternal. Founded by a small band of marauders, for security's sake, upon the wild and solitary Palatine Hill, Rome had now swelled from a 'den of the wolves of Italy ’into a seven-hilled city, the emporium of the world, furnished with every luxury, and many of her chief necessities from foreign cities, which on every coast and in every clime vied with intense rivalry in ministering to her insatiable appetite. Every summer her glittering sea was alive with vessels ; and as each successive fleet neared the harbour of Ostia or Puteoli, the well-known topsails were descried above the horizon by the watchmen of Rome, a deputation of senators went forth

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