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consideration of all the Churches. You Church may powerfully sustain and great. cannot but have observed, brethren, the ly extend the cause of foreign and domes. great loss of influence brought on Chris. tick missions, and urge onward all the en. tianity, by the divisions which have taken terprises of Christian benevolence, now place in the Church of Christ. The state before the world. of religion in our own country affords a With these views, the General Assem. mournful illustration of this fact. An en- bly see not how they can be innocent, who terprise of benevolence, however well agitate questions of division and separa. conceived and wisely adapted, to promote tion among themselves. We solemnly warn the best good of man, is often regarded you, dear brethren, against these things: with coldness and jealousy by the majori- they are of evil tendency; they hold out ty of Christians, because it originates with no promise of good; they give no token one particular denomination. Heaven, of pure and holy zeal. The mischief of instead of seeing the whole Church take breaking the bond, which unites these hold of the measure and carry it forward confederated Churches, woukl be like that with all their might, beholds many stand. of destroying the Union of the States, and ing back to inquire how it will affect the arraying the
East and the West, the North interests of a party. The Head of the and the South, against each other, in the Church often sees Christians in opposition attitude of rival and hostile nations. Breto Christians, under the excitements of thren, they who agree in the great truths mere sectarian zeal. The religion of Jesus of the gospel and of Church Government, Christ is thus dishonoured before the as expressed in our Confession of Faith, world; and much of the power of the ouglit not only to love as brethren, but Church, which ought to be exerted against heartily co-operate, for the glory of God the kingdom of darkness, is wasted in and the salvation of souls. unprofitable contests among brethren.
These minor differences which exist These things ought not so to be. 0! when shall the standing reproach of the Church divine truth; the frequent and joyful se
among us, do not prevent the progress of be wiped away!
currence of powerful revivals of religion; But if the General Assembly feel con- the conversion, sanctification, and salvation strained to offer remarks such as these, of sinners. There is no Christian, and no much more do they reckon themselves minister who may not well rejoice in the bound to warn the Churches under their privilege of labouring with God's approved care, against every thing bearing even the workmen, in his own vineyard. Let those, semblance of alienation and division among then, who are persuaded that theirs is the brethren, who hold the same great prin most orthodox creed, commend it to their ciples of doctrine, government and disci. brethren and to the world, by evincing pline. The Presbyterian Church, with its the warmest benevolence, the purest zeal, distinguishing tenets and principles of and the highest devotion to the cause of ecclesiastical polity, diffused through this God, and righteousness; and let them nation, and conformed to the genius of its remember, that contention for minute and institutions, is suited to exert a most salu- subordinate points always prevents adtary influence on the country, and to ope. vancement in the Christian life, and rate as a bond of union among the people quenches the holy fires of Christian chaof the different states. Her liberal feel. rity. ings towards other denominations, ex- We do then, dear brethren, most sopressed in her Confession of Faith, her lemnly and affectionately warn you against Form of Government, and the practice of the spirit of contention and disunion; and the General Assembly, may do much, we charge you by the Lord, that you put should nothing occur to tarnish her cha- far from you all unholy jealousies, and love racter, or diminish her influence to pro- one another as brethren with a pure heart, mote peace and brotherly love among the fervently; being born again not of cordifferent communities of Christians, co- ruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the existing with us in this happy country. word of God, which liveth and abidetk Her solemn Testimony in behalf of the for ever. great doctrines of the Reformation, or ra- Thirdly, From the evidence laid before ther of the Bible, may exert a mighty the General Assembly, they rejoice in efficiency among a population in which witnessing the increase of exertion in the publick opinion controls every thing, to pre. Church, to promote true religion in our vent the progress of heresy, and sustain own country, and among the heatben. evangelical truth. The force of talent But while we give thanks to Almighty and learning embodied among her mem- God, for this grace, we are, still, constrainbers, may greatly aid in promoting Edu. ed to say, that there is presented to our cation, and in rendering Literature and view,through by far the greatest part of our Science subservient to pure and undefiled Churches, a scene of deplorable indifferreligion. The united resources of the ence and inactivity. Few appear to understand the obligations resting on them, to the prevalence of many fearful and deso. consecrate themselves, and their all to the lating evils. service and glory of God: few consider Intemperance, that giant vice, marches the peculiar situation, and duties of Chris. through the length and breadth of the tians, in a country in which the Church is, land, and carries destruction in its train. as in primitive times, thrown on her own Its name is Apollyon : it destroys health, resources, the blessing and protection of wealth, reputation, domestick happiness, her Head, the zeal and love of her mem. conscience, the soul. bers. Here the Church must furnish mi. Gaming, in various forms, particularly nisters, provide places of Worship, and in horse-racing and loiteries, is increasing: support the gospel :-for established most alarmingly in the country; and Churches all this is done by government. spreading the evils of pauperism, indo, Here, the increase of population requires lence, improvidence, extravagance, and a large increase of religious teachers every drunkenness, in a manner most fearful.year :-in old countries, the supply, as to And it is a matter of unspeakable grief to numbers, is entirely adequate.
us to learn, that even professors of reliHere every thing depends on the direc. gion, misled by the avowed design of lot. tion of publick opinion; in other coun- teries, sometimes give countenance and tries, much on the exercise of authority. support to this most pernicious species of
So that in a peculiar way, the Church gambling. in this country is called on to exert her. Sabbath-breaking, in various forms, self, and bring forth all her resources, to proves the general prevalence of ungod. sustain the Church, and extend the true liness, and too often the low regard, religion. Dear brethren, we refer you to which even professing Christians have for the word of God, that you may learn the God's holy day. It has been reported to full extent of your duty. Look io the Bible, us, brethren, that members, and even ofand be taught, that you are stewards officers of the Church, not unfrequently God, and that he will require of you an visit, or set out on journeys on the Sabexact account of all with which he has en. bath ; and that they meet at places of trusted you, even to the very last mile.- worship, apparently' more for the purLook to the Providence of God, and see pose of talking of crops, and the prices of how " he that scattereth, increaseth, and produce, and discussing the political how withholding tendeth to poverty.” questions of the day, than to worship in Look to the example of primitive Christians. God's sanctuary, and hold communion and see how from every little organized with the Holy One in the ordinances of Church, the “ word of God sounded out" his house. Is this what the Lord your even through distant regions. Brethren, God requireth of you, brethren? Is this we are greatly grieved to hear, that in making the Sabbath a delight, and count. many places within our bounds, there are ing it holy and honourable ? no Bible Societies; no Tract Societies ; We also hear that there is, in many no Sabbath Schools; no missionary exer- parts of the country, a rising of the spirit tions ; no efforts to train up a competent of infidelity; and in others a zealous proministry of the Gospel; that now, when pagation of erroneous and heretical opi. the angel of God is Aying through the nions, destructive of the very life of Chris. midst of heaven, willi the everlasting tianity, Gospel; when the call of God waxes In our multiplying population, thou. louder and louder; when the world seems sands too are growing up as beathen ; to stand in expectation of great and al. and souls are dying in ignorance and mighty changes, even now, many move not sin. a finger in the work of God.
And while these things are so, many Disciples of Jesus! do you consecrate who profess to be disciples of Him, whó, your all to the service of God, when your though Lord of glory, emptied himself, time is entirely devoted either to business and became obedient unto the death of or recreation; when your wealth is either the cross, are living in pleasure, unmoved, hoarded up, or spent in the purchase of although the work of death is going on pleasure ; when your influence is all em- all around them. Brethren, we adjure ployed on worldly interests? How can you in the name of the God of mercy, to your souls prosper, when you hold back awake and go up to the help of the Lord a great part of what God requires ! Will against the mighty: the Judge of all award heaven to those But while we ihus urge you by your who give to him divided hearts? Bre. allegiance to Heaven, to shake off sloth thren, consider what we say, and the and indolence, we rejoice to have it in Lord give you understanding in all things. our power to encourage you, by a refer
The General Assembly are the more ence to the glorious work of grace, now earnest on this topic, because the reports going on in our country. Great and mar. brought up this year, give evidence of vellous things have been wrought by our God in the midst of his churches. The Bible, carried to the understanding and Narrative of the state of religion will give conscience by the Holy Spirit, which can you a general view of its progress during sanctify the heart of man, and make him the past year.
fit for heaven. The Revivals, which have taken place, We do, therefore, most earnestly ex: while they illustriously display the glori. hort all ministers of the Gospel to read ous sovereignty of divine grace, afford the word of God to their people, accord. some very important lessons, on which ing to the order prescribed in the direcwe wish to fix your attention.
tory for worship; and to make it their 1. They present much clear and indis. main business to expound the Bible, and putable evidence of the efficacy of prayer. set it, in its full meaning, before the peoIn many, very many happy instances, it ple. We exhort all members of the has been seen that prayer has power with Church, with their utmost diligence and God. In answer to it, the Holy Spirit has care, to study the word of God. We do, been poured out, and souls' bave been with all the authority with which we are subdued to the obedience of the just. invested, recommend and enjoin the es.
2. It is becoming more and more appa. tablishment, every where, of Bible classes, rent, as the work of God goes on, that and regular attendance on them. We there is an established connexion between exhort the whole Church to give cordial the means of God's appointment, used in and efficient support to Sabbath Schools. the prescribed way, and the great end Let the young know the Holy Scriptures, proposed. So that he who labours in the which are able to make them wise unto cause of God, labours with the cheerful salvation. Let the Bible be the standard perseverance and vigour, produced by of truth; the test of docrine and feeling; hope of success.
the rule of discipline, and worship, and 3. These wonderful works of the Lord living. Let men believe, teach, pray, and have been wrought in such a way, as to act according to the Bible. show the value of united prayer and exer- Then, there will be no divisions, no hetion, in a whole church, when proceeding resies, no offences :-then will Christians according to the order of the Gospel. It is “hold forth the word of life," and relinot by the instrumentality of ministers gion will be taught by living examples:alone, that Jerusalem is built up and beau- the adversaries of truth will be confoundtified. The faithful pastor of an unfaith. ed :--the work of God will never be mar. ful church may labour diligently and zeala red :-but the Church will march right onously, and the blessing may return on his ward in her course, until it shall be pro; own soul, while his people receive it not: claimed on earth, and joyfully re-echoed his fleece may be watered, but all around from heaven, “The kingdoms of this him may be dry. But when every one, world have become the kingdom of God in his proper place, as indicated by the word and bis Christ." Amen! even so, come and the providence of God, gives himself quickly, Lord Jesus. up to the service of the church, and the The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be honour of his Redeemer, then Zion arises, with you all. Amen. and shines in the light and glory of her By order of the General Assembly, King
Francis HERROY, Moderator. 4. But a lesson, as valuable as any other, Ezra STILES ELY, Stated Clerk. taught by the history of Revival is, the
Philadelphia, May 30th, 1827. importance, yea and the necessity of exhibiting plainly and distinctly the truths contained in the Bible, and depending on Corrections of the Narrative on the State their instrumentality alone, to effect the of Religion, published in the last number conviction and conversion of sinners.- of the Christian Advocate, &c. These truths are precious, because, when heartily received, they produce holiness. Rev. and dear Sir-My name was subAnd in the Scriptures, the statement of joined to the Assembly's Narrative on the them is so connected with their appro- state of religion, before any opportunity priate effects, the fruits of good living, was afforded me of reading, or of hearing that the best possible security is afforded it. As the Stated Clerk, permit me to against all error, delusion, and extrava- correct a few errors in the printed sheet, gance, by the pure word of God, made which was published, contrary to former known to the people according to the or. practice, by a committee, and from which der of the Gospel.
your Advocate has made too faithful a We also learn from the whole experi- copy. ence and observation furnished by these
On page 280 of the Advocate, Home, remarkable events
, that there is no value after Pennsylvania, should be omitted; in religious feelings, unless they are ex- for the Institution referred to is “The cited by distinct views of divine truth. It Pennsylvania Missionary Society." is only the plain, simple doctrines of the
On page 281, after since, omit "the
TO THE EDITOR.
origin of their institution, in 1818,” and could wish the Rey. Editor of the Advo. read, “the last year's report;" for 1481 cate to inform his patrons, that the repersons have been returned as bopeful marks lately published in his pages on converts among Sabbath school teachers the subject of accommodating the members and pupils, during the last year, and of the General Assembly in the city of Phi. more than 5480 since the origin of the ladelphia, during the sessions of that body, School Union in 1818.
did not originate with any person in this On the same page, in the sentence, “In city, but with a Reverend brother in the the Synod of South Carolina and Georgia, State of New York. ! bave heard so the Presbyteries of Orange, Fayetteville, many hints about our being oppressed on Georgia, Union, and Hopewell,” there this subject, that I wish to make this short are several mistakes. The Presbyteries defence of our hospitality, and to say for of Orange and Fayetteville are in the Sy. one, that it is both a pleasure and a privi. nod of North Carolina; and Union in the lege to entertain the ministers of Christ. Synod of Tennessee. I have ventured in If any Philadelphians have expressed wea. the Minutes of the Assembly printed un- riness or dissatisfaction on this subject, it der my directions to make it read thus, must have been in a very few cases, and “In the Synods of North and South Caro- the complainants must have been wholly lina and Georgia, the Presbyteries of destitute of the spirit of our city. Orange, Fayetteville, Georgia, Charleston
EZRA STILES ELY. Union, and Hopewell, have been more or less favoured."
(Although the Report of the Directors To the list of deceased ministers the of the Theological Seminary is in type, name of the Rev. Elkanah K. Dare, of the our space forbids us to publish it in our Presbytery of New Castle, should be present number. The delay till next added.
month must be unimportant, as many coOn page 282, instead of 800, should be pies in a separate form have been distri. read 2700, as the number of souls hope. buted.--The day appointed for the meet. fully converted in the last year in the city ing of the Directors of the Western Theo. of Boston, and in the county of Berkshire logical Seminary is past; and therefore in Massachusetts.
the publication of the notice of that meet. Having done with these corrections, I ing would now be superfluous.]
The Treasurer of the Trustees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church
acknowledges the receipt of the following sums for their Theological Seminary at
Princeton, (N. J.) during the month of June last, viz.
for the privilege of printing 1000 copies of the Confession, &c. $15-one
S7 50 Of Rev. George Chandler, Kensington, for do.
6 00 Of Peter Pierce, in full for an old debt, for do.
Amount received for the Contingent Fund 63 50 Of Rev. Samuel B. How, the 4tb and 5th instalments, in full of his subscription for the Synods of New York and New Jersey Professorship
. 20 00 Of Rev. J. L. Marshall, per Rev. Dr. E. S. Ely, of the 1st class of 1821-22, in
part of his subscription for the Oriental and Biblical Literature Professorship
155 00 Of Rev. John H. Van Court, in part of his subscription for the Scholarship of
Senior Class of 1820-contributed by the following persons, viz. $20 by Dr.
- 53 50 of Ths. H. Mills, Esq. for the Woodhull Scholarship
• 75 00 $367 00
View of Publick Affairs.
EUROPE. London papers to the 26th of May, Liverpool to the 28th, and Paris to the 15th, contain the most recent advices from Europe which have reached this country.
BAITAIN.— The British Parliament convened on the 1st of May. There has been much, and ardent, and eloquent speech-making, both among Lords and Commons in reference to the recent changes in the ministry and cabinet—those who have with. drawn attempting to justify the course they have taken, denying the charge of act. ing in concert, or any attempt to control the prerogative of the King, or to influence him unduly in the choice of his ministers and advisers, and attacking Mr. Canning for choosing whigs for his associates, and reproaching them for a desertion of their principles : on the other side, Canning and his friends, especially the whigs, hurling back the charges of inconsistency, vindicating their proceedings, and manifesting no small exultation at the mortification and disappointment of their antagonists, and felicitating themselves and the country on a change, which they declare will be every way advantageous to all the great interests of the nation. Some seem to question whether Canning and liis new friends will be able to maintain themselves against the powerful influence of the aristocracy opposed to them. But we see no reason to doubt the stability of the present ministry. The King, the People, and the publick press, are all decidedly in their favour. Canning began bis career as a writer for the press; and it is remarked that there never was such a unanimity among journalists of all descrip. tions to support a minister, as is now witnessed in his case. Talents of no ordinary kind, both in poelry arid prose, have been displayed in his behalf, and in ridicule and vituperation of his opposers.—The punsters of London call him a Wholesale Cabine! Maker.
The most important matter, in relation to legislative measures, has been an earn. est attempt to obtain a repeal of the late enactments in favour of free trade-to these enactments their opposers maintained the recent distress was in a great measure to be attributed. But the reply of Mr. Huskinson was the most clear and conclusive refuta. tion and demolition of the arguments and allegations against free trade, that we ever recollect to have read in Parliamentary debate; and it seems to have silenced the opposition. Trade and manufactures appear to be reviving in every part of the kingdom ; and the late distress is greatly abaled, yet not entirely removed. Ireland is still in an agitated state. The conversions from Popery to Protestantism are stated to be numerous—so numerous and rapid, that if they continue in the same proportion in time to come as for a few months past, it seems to us that Catholick emancipa. tion will be effected without any change in the laws. The great Tunnel under the Thames has suffered an accident, and been filled with water; but all the workmen happily escaped, and the engineer gives assurance that the breach can be speedily repaired, and the work be continued with safety. The national debt of Great Britain now amounts to eight hundred and ninety-seven millions sterling.
France.--The National Guard of France, like the Janissaries of Turkey, was an old establishment, and both had alike lost their primitive character, and become serious evils. The National Guard of France betrayed Louis XVI. ; abandoned La Fayette; and sometimes helped and sometimes deserted Napoleon; and had certainly become in a high degree dangerous to the existing order of things. Very recently, when about twenty thousand of ihis guard were under review by the monarch himself, cries of disapprobation and reprobation were loudly uttered, in regard to certain publick men and publick measures. This determined the monarch to disband and abolish the institution altogether; and our own humble opinion is, that he not only manifested cou. rage, but did a good act. Nothing is so dangerous to a state as a standing army, med. dling with its civil concerns. The Prætorian guards of old Rome gave an example which ought never to have been forgotten. The late measure in France caused no small excitement in Paris and in the Chamber of Deputies; and it is said that dissa. tisfaction is extending throughout the kingdom. But we think it will not overthrow the government; and if it should, it will only do that which the National Guard was likely to do, if it had not been disbanded. We are very far from being well pleased with all the political arrangements of this kingdom; but we deprecate another revolution, and hope that the French, feeling, as they still must feel, the evils of the last, will deprecate and avoid it too. It is said that the French army in Spain has received or. ders to withdraw as far from the frontiers of Portugal on the side of Spain, as the British and Portuguese troops retire from the frontier on the side of Portugal. The diplomatick agents of Mexico have at length been formally acknowledged by the king, and in this quality now enjoy all the rights, privileges, and immunities, attached to the employments with which they are entrusted by their governments.
Spain--remains, so far as we can learn, in statu quo.
Portugal. The most important intelligence from Portugal relates to the illness of the Princess Regent. Under the latest date that has reached us, (the evening of May 16th,) a London paper contains the following article: “ Expresses have arrived from Lisbon, bringing intelligence that the Princess Regent was in a very alarming state, and not expected to survive many hours. Much anarchy is dreaded in the event of her death." The insurrections in this kingdom have been nearly put down, but there is much secret dissatisfaction with the new government; and if the Princess Regent should expire, the consequences may well be apprehended. A very serious mutiny