The Making of Modern Lithuania

Framsida
Routledge, 2 juni 2009 - 208 sidor

This book argues that – contrary to contemporary Lithuanian nationalist rhetoric – Lithuanian nationalism was modern and socially constructed in the period from the emergence of the Lithuanian national movement in the late nineteenth century to the birth of an independent state in 1918. The book brings into sharp focus those aspects of the history of Lithuania that earlier commentators had not systematically explored: it shows how, in this period, the nascent political elite fashioned its own and the emerging nation’s identity. Moreover, factors such as the elite’s social isolation, educational experience, marital strategies and narrowly based, fragmented and uncoordinated political activities were crucial factors in shaping identity and nation-building. It demonstrates how the elite was often in conflict with the peasantry, the religious establishment and other ethnic groups, and how critical considerations such as class, religion, displacement and ethnicity – rather than national ideology – were. The book’s conclusion that Lithuanian nationalism is a construct emerging from modern social forces is highly significant for understanding nationalism and contemporary political developments in Eastern Europe more generally.

 

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Innehåll

Lithuanian provinces in late nineteenth century
1
The birth of the intelligentsia
11
3 The making of the urban elite
36
The intelligentsia in the 1905 revolution
50
The intelligentsia and the womens issue
69
The intelligentsia and politics of culture 19061914
85
7 War displacement and nationbuilding
104
Conclusions
121
Notes
127
Bibliography
153
Index
169
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Om författaren (2009)

Tomas Balkelis is AHRC Research Associate in History at the University of Manchester, UK. His research interests include nationalism, nation-building, population displacement, forced migrations and war memory in Eastern Europe.

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