Muslim National Communism in the Soviet Union: A Revolutionary Strategy for the Colonial World

Framsida
University of Chicago Press, 15 sep. 1980 - 267 sidor
In this study, Bennigsen and Wimbush trace the development of the doctrine of national communism in Central Asia and the Caucasus. At the heart of this doctrine—as elaborated by the Volga Tatar, Mir-Said Sultan Galiev—was the concept of "proletarian nations," as opposed to the traditional notion of a working class. With such ideological innovations, Sultan Galiev and his contemporaries were able to reconcile Marxist nationalisms and Islam and devise an "Eastern strategy" whereby the national revolution was to be spread.

The authors show that the ideas of Muslim national communism persist in the land of their birth and have spread to such developing societies as China, Algeria, and Indonesia. This doctrine is an important factor in the ideological split and increasing tensions between industrial and nonindustrial nations, East and West, and now North and South, which grip the world communist movement.
 

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Innehåll

From National Socialism to National Communism
4
The Transfer of Socialist Ideas
8
The Relevance of Socialism to Nationalist Elites
14
Conclusion
16
Two
19
The Impact of Revolution and Civil War
20
Typologies of the New Bolsheviks
32
Three
37
Five
97
The Legacy of Muslim National Communism
98
Muslim National Communisms Legacy in the USSR
99
National Communism beyond the Borders of the Soviet Union
109
Six
123
Conclusion and Prospects
124
The Social Revolution and the East
132
The Tatars and the October Revolution
139

National Communism
38
The Ideological Basis
42
A Muslim Way to Communism
49
The Eastern Strategy
52
The Struggle for Organizational Independence
59
A Revolutionary Springboard
67
Four
71
The Struggle for Power and the Liquidation of the National Communists
72
Turkey Iran and the Republic of Ghilan
76
Twelfth Party Congress and the Purge of Sultan Galiev
82
The National Communists Fight Back
86
1928
90
A Note on Rehabilitations
93
The Methods of Antireligious Propaganda among the Muslims
146
Rights and Lefts in the National Republics and Regions
159
The Program of the ERK Party
167
Demographics of Soviet Muslim Nationalities
179
Chronology 191728
182
Biographies
192
Political Parties
213
Glossary
226
Notes
230
Bibliography
240
Index
260
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