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Printed for HARRISON and Co. N° 18, Paternoster Row.




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A D V E N T U R E R.

N° 1. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1752.

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S every man, in the exercise of his signs of terror, frowned in the gloom of

a wood or a temple ; altars were raised nity, struggles with difficulties which before it, and the world was commande no man has always surmounted, and is ed to worship. exposed to dangers which are never Thus the ideas of courage, and virwholly escaped ; life has been considered tue, and honour, are so associated, that as a warfare, and courage as a virtue wherever we perceive courage, we infer more necessary than any other. It was virtue and ascribe honour; without confoon found, that without the exercise of fidering, whether courage was exerted courage, without an effort of the mind to produce happiness or misery, in the deby which immediate pleasure is rejected, fence of freedom or support of tyranny: pain despised, and life itself set at ha- But though courage and heroick vir. zard, much cannot be contributed to the tue are still confounded, yet hy courage publick good, nor such happiness procur- nothing more is generally understood ed to ourselves as is consistent with that than a power of opposing danger with of others.

serenity and perseverance. To secure But as pleasure can be exchanged only the honours which are bestowed upon for pleasure, every art has been used to courage by custom, it is in teed neceflary connect such gratifications with the ex- that this danger Mould be voluntary: excise of courage, as compensate for those for a courageous resistance of dangers which are given up: the pleasures of to which we are necessarily exposed by the imagination are substituted for those our station, is considered merely as the of the senses, and the hope of future en. discharge of our duty, and brings only joyments for the posiesfion of present; a negative reward, exemption from inand to decorate these pleasures and this famy, hope, has wearied eloquence and ex- He who, at the approach of evil, behaufted learning. Courage has been trays his trust or deserts his poit, is dignified with the name of heroick vir- branded with cowardice; 3 name por. tue; and heroick virtue has deified the haps more reproachful than any other, bero : his statue, hung round with en- that does not imply much great turpi.

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tude: he who patiently suffers that which These heroes, however numerous, or he cannot without guilt avoid, escapes wherever they dwelt, had nothing more infamy, but does not obtain praise. It is to do, than, as soon as Aurora with her the man who provokes danger in it's re- dewy fingers unlocked the rosy portals cess, who quits a peaceful retreat, where of the eart, to mount 'the steed, grasp the he might have llumbered in ease and safe- lance, and ride forth attended by a faithty, for peril and labour, to drive before a ful squire: a giant or a dragon immetempest or to watch in a camp; the man diately appeared; or a castle was perwho defcends

from a precipice by a rope at ceived with a mote, a bridge, and a midnight, to fire a city that is besieged; or horn; the horn is founded, a dwarf who ventures forward into regions of per- first appears, and then-an enchanter; a petual cold and darkness, to discover new combat ensues, and the enchanter is depaths of navigation, and disclose new se- feated; the Knight enters the castle, crets of the deep; it is the ADVENTU- reads a Talisman, dissolves the enchantReR alone on whoin every eye is fixed ment, receives the thanks of the princefwith admiration, and whose praise is re- ses, and encomium of the knights ; then peated by every voice.

is conducted by the principal lady to But it must be confessed that this is the court of her father ; is there the obonly the praise of prejudice and of cur- ject of universal admiration, refuses tom: reason as yet sees nothing either a kingdom, and sets out again to acto commend or imitate; a more severe quire new glory by a series of new adscrutiny must be made, before she can ventures. admit courage to belong to virtue, or But if the world has now no employentitle it's possessor to the palm of ho- ment for the Knigbt-Errant, the Ad

venturer may ftill do good for fame. If new worlds are sought merely to gra. Such is the hope with which he quits tify avarice or ambition, for the treatures the quiet of indolence and the safety of that ripen in the distant mine, or the obscurity; for fuch ambition he has exbomage of nations whom new arts of changed content, and such is his claim destruction may subdue; or if the pre- as a candidate for praise. It may, incipice is descended merely for a pecuni- deed, be objected, that he has no right ary consideration; the Adventurer is, to the reward ; because, if it be admitted in the estimation of reason, as worthless that he does good for fame, it cannot and contemptible as the robber who de- be pretended that it is at the risque of fies a gibbet for the hire of a ftrum- his life: but honour has been always alpet, or the fool who lays out his whole lowed to be of greater value than life. 1 property on a lottery-ticket. Reason If, therefore, the Adventurer risques considers the motive, the ineans, and honour, he risques more than the Knight. the end; and honours courage only The ignominy which falls on a dilapwhen it is employed to effect the purpose pointed candidate for publick praile, of virtue. Whicever exposes life for would by those very Knights have been the good of others, and desires no super- deemed worse than death; and who is added reward but fame, is pronounced a more truly a candidate for publick hero by the voice of reason; and to praise than an author ? But as the withold the praite that he merits, would Knights were without fear of death, the be an attempt equally injurious and Adventurer is without fear of disgrace impossible. How much then is it to be or disappointment: he confides, like regretted, that fcveral ages have elapled them, in the temper of his weapon, and lince all who had the will had also the the justice of his cause; he knows he power thus to fecure at once the shout has not far to go, before he will meet of the multitude, and the eulogy of the with some fortress that has been raised philofopher! The last who enjoyed this by fophiftry for the asylum of error, privilege were the heroes that the hittory fome enchanter who lies in wait to enof certain dark ages distinguishes by the snare innocence, or fome dragon breathname of Knights Errant; beings who ing out his poison in defence of infide. improved the opportunities of glory that lity; he has also the power of enchantwere peculiar to their own times, in ment, which he will exercise in his turn; which giants were to be encountered, he will sometimes crowd the scene with dragons destroyed, enchantments diffolve ideal beings, fometimes recal the.paft, eu, and captive princeses set at liberty, and sometimes anticipate the future ;


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