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100 109 110 112
be made in committee of the whole House 100
inserted as an amendment and insert other
the consideration of the subject to the next
122 148 149
House on a committee with leave of ab-
Page sence, and before the decision was pronounced by the chair,
124, 149 Appeal laid on the table, 126, 138, 140, 147 Doubts suggested as to a bill having been ordered to a third reading,
127 Right of petition-brief statement of contents to be made,
129, 133 A motion to proceed to the orders of the day,
after discussion, may be made a second
142 District of Columbia-petitions on slavery,
143 Petitions of Peace Society,
145 A motion to lay a previous motion of recon
sideration on the table not debateable, 146 Reading of Documents, when not permitted 151 Call of the House. (See House.)
153 Reconsideration and previous question moved
by the same person, decided to be in order, 155 Priority of Business,
54 R. Reconsideration. A motion to reconsider takes pre
cedence for a limited time over all motions
48 Reports, Annual, of the Secretary of the Treasury,
presentation and reference of, 20 of committees, and resolutions, when considered,
27 Rules of the former House adopted,
14 S. Seats, selecting of in the House,
9 Sergeant-at-arms and door-keeper elected for a congress,
13 hand round the boxes in balloting,
11 oath of office administered to the,
14 Session, opening of the, first Monday of December,
ity will make an equal division, ib
before the orders of the day are taken up, 30
Vote. No member to vote unless within the bar of
the House when his name is called,
records their votes,
OPENING OF THE SESSION OF CONGRESS.
The two houses of Congress are directed to convene by the Constitution of the United States on the first Monday in December. It usually happens, that a quorum of the members attend and enter upon their duties on that day.
The members meet in their respective chambers at 12 o'clock, meridian. Those who arrive first at the opening of any first session of Congress, are entitled to select their seats in any part of the house,* which is done by the member's taking the
* In parliament, members who wish to sit in any particu. lar part of the house on a given evening, must go down at the time of prayers, and label the particular place with their name. If they neglect to do this, they cannot claim any particular seat as a right,—though it may be conceded to them by the courtesy of other members, if it be the place they usually filled. The seats occupied by members of the government are, however, understood to be exceptions to this rule. Ministers, and those holding important government offices, are not
key and writing his name on the desk. This right of selecting urges the gentlemen to the seat of government at an early day. The selection will stand for the congress, or two years.
In the senate, the seats are taken usually for the full terin. Yet the old senators may change to places left vacant by gentlemen whose term of service expired, and who are not re-elected. The new senators can take their choice of such seats as are vacant, in the same manner as in the house of representatives, the first who come having the advantage of the choice. In the senate, however, it is not very important, where a gentleman may be seated, as it is a small chamber, where he can hear and be heard without difficulty. In the house it is a subject of much interest with some to get into the interior of the chamber, and not be cast upon the frontier seats of a body composed of two hundred and forty-two representatives.
The members in Washington at twelve o'clock, therefore, repair to their respective seats; and the clerk at his desk in front of the speaker's chair, at the hour of twelve rises, and asks if it is the pleasure of the house that he should proceed to open the session, which being agreed to, he calls over the names of the members by states and territories, and announces the number present.
put to the trouble of placarding their names on the backs of their seats, as no other member, however crowded the house, would think of occupying their places. When an important debate is expected, almost all the seats, with the exception of those occupied by the members of the government, are thus labelled the moment that prayers are over.- - Recollections of the House of Commons.