America's secret power: the CIA in a democratic society
Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 1989 - 344 sidor
In 1975, after The New York Times published a devastating critique of the CIA, three government panels--the Rockefeller, Church, and Pike Committees--were formed to examine these allegations in depth. What they uncovered--assassination plots, opened mail, drug experiments against unsuspecting subjects (two of whom died from side effects)--shocked the American people and moved Senator Frank Church to call the CIA "a rogue elephant rampaging out of control." Clearly, America needs a strong, effective intelligence effort, but just as clearly, this effort must operate within the bounds of an open, democratic society.
Based on hundreds of interviews with CIA officials, national security experts, and legislators, as well as a thorough culling of the archival record, America's Secret Power offers an illuminating and up-to-date picture of the Central Intelligence Agency, stressing the difficult balance between the genuine needs of national security and the protection of individual liberties. Loch Johnson, who has studied the workings of the CIA at first hand as a legislative overseer, presents a comprehensive examination of the Agency and its relations with other American institutions, including Congress and the White House (he offers particularly astute analyses of the CIA's use of journalists and academics to gather intelligence) and he illuminates the CIA's three major missions--intelligence analysis, counterintelligence, and covert action--providing vivid descriptions of their purpose and their pathologies. For example, he offers a fascinating analysis of the "Seven Sins" of intelligence work, revealing how the best intelligence reports can be distorted or ignored (in the mid-1960s, the evidence against a quick American victory in Vietnam was dismissed); how covert actions can spin out of control despite extensive safeguards, as in the Iran-Contra scandal; and how the CIA has spied on American citizens in clear violation of its charter. Further, he provides a thorough review of legislative efforts to curb these abuses, suggesting several important ways to achieve the delicate balance between national security and democratic ideals.
Vividly written and meticulously documented, America's Secret Power draws the strands of a vast amount of research into a balanced critique of our intelligence networks. It is a work that stands alone in its thoroughness and objectivity, a thoughtful and sobering portrait of the contemporary CIA.
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America's Secret Power: The CIA in a Democratic Society
Loch K. Johnson
Begränsad förhandsgranskning - 1991
abroad academic Agency's agents ambassador American analysts Angleton Aspin Hearings assassination Boland amendment budget campus Carter Casey Central Intelligence Agency chap Church committee CIA director CIA official CIA's Committee on Intelligence Conference on U.S. Congress congressional counterintelligence covert action critics Defense democracy democratic espionage executive branch Final Report foreign intelligence foreign policy former CIA gence Helms Hoover HPSCI Hughes-Ryan Act HUMINT Huston Plan Ibid intelligence activities intelligence collection intelligence community intelligence officers Intelligence Oversight Act intelligence policy interview investigations involved Iran Iran-contra affair James Angleton journalists June legislative ligence military National Security Act Nixon personnel Pike committee policymakers political president presidential propaganda Reagan administration recruitment relationship responsible Richard Helms secret senior Soviet staff staffer Stansfield Turner Subcommittee tion Turner U.S. Intelligence United University Vietnam Washington Post White House William Colby York
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