Polity and Society: Philosophical Underpinnings of Social Science Paradigms

Greenwood Publishing Group, 1992 - 305 sidor

This book deconstructs competing paradigms in political science and sociology in order to demonstrate metaphysical, methodological, and normative assumptions that underpin the paradigms themselves. Haas covers alternative paradigms in seven fields of middle-range theory--development, community power, presidential voting, ethnic voting, civil strife, international violence, and international community--in both political science and sociology. Haas concludes that competing theorists argue ideologically when they should be discussing their differences in terms of underlying philosophical assumptions. Many disputes between theorists are naive from a philosophical point of view.

This unique contribution to social science theory attempts to clarify the issues in the fields of political science and sociology. Haas demonstrates some of the confusions: Some debates are between scholars who are unaware that they agree on paradigms; many scholars are not even testing their own paradigms because they have not examined the basic philosophical assumptions of their theories. Many paradigmatic debates fail to focus on issues of normative importance and thus have little relevance to policy; methodological differences should lead to multimethodological research designs rather than monomethodological disputation. This important study will be of value to practitioners and students in the fields of political science and sociology.

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Sida 177 - And how does the bourgeoisie get over these crises? On the one hand by enforced destruction of a mass of productive forces ; on the other, by the conquest of new markets and by the more thorough exploitation of the old ones. That is to say, by paving the way for more extensive and more destructive crises, and by diminishing the means whereby crises are prevented.
Sida 20 - The mode of production in material life determines the general character of the social, political and spiritual processes of life. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but, on the contrary, their social existence determines their consciousness.
Sida 138 - ... We see, then, that the disappearance of the conscious personality, the predominance of the unconscious personality, the turning by means of suggestion . and contagion of feelings and ideas in an identical direction, the tendency to immediately transform the suggested ideas into acts ; these, we see, are the principal characteristics of the individual forming part of a crowd. He is no longer himself, but has become an automaton who has ceased to be guided by his will.
Sida 73 - A has power over B to the extent that he can get B to do something that B would not otherwise do.
Sida 42 - In the colonies the economic substructure is also a superstructure. The cause is the consequence ; you are rich because you are white, you are white because you are rich.
Sida 42 - ... expressions of respect for the established order serve to create around the exploited person an atmosphere of submission and of inhibition which lightens the task of policing considerably. In the capitalist countries a multitude of moral teachers, counselors and "bewilderers" separate the exploited from those in power.
Sida 172 - The more amiability and esprit de corps there is among the members of a policy-making ingroup, the greater the danger that independent critical thinking will be replaced by groupthink, which is likely to result in irrational and dehumanizing actions directed against outgroups.
Sida 216 - INTEGRATION we mean the attainment, within a territory, of a "sense of community" and of institutions and practices strong enough and widespread enough to assure, for a "long" time, dependable expectations of "peaceful change
Sida 20 - It is not a question of what this or that proletarian, or even the whole proletariat, at the moment regards as its aim. It is a question of what the proletariat is, and what, in accordance with this being, it will historically be compelled to do.

Om författaren (1992)

MICHAEL HAAS is Professor of Political Science at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. The author of Genocide By Proxy: Cambodian Pawn on a Superpower Chessboard (Praeger, 1991) and Cambodia, Pol Pot, and the United States: The Faustian Pact (Praeger, 1991), Haas has also authored more than twenty other books and over one hundred articles. He is a major developer of the functionalist theory of international relations.

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