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dim: he stretched out his arms towards Amana, and his countenance was distorted by an ineffe qual effort to speak : impenetrable darkness came upon him, he groaned and fell backwards. In his fall the tallisman again smote his breast; his form was again changed, and the horrors of death were impressed upon the features of Osmin. Amana, who ran to support him, when the perceived the last transformation, rushed out of the apartment with the wild impetuosity of distraction and despair. The feraglio was alarmed in a moment: the body, which was mistaken for that of Ofmin, was examined by the physicians; the effects of poison were evident; Amana was immediately suspected: and by the command of Shomar, who succeeded his father, she was put to death.
“ Such,” said the companion of Rhedi, “ was the " end of Nouraddin and Amana, of Osmin and Caled, " from whose destiny I have withdrawn the veil: let " the world consider it, and be wise. Be thou fill the " messenger of instruction, and let increase of know" ledge clothe thee with humility." While mine
upon the hoary fage, who had thus vouchsafed me counsel and knowledge, his countenance became bright as the morning, and hi robe fleecy like a cloud; he rose like a vapour from the ground, and the next moment I saw him no more.
I then turned towards Rhedi the hermit, chilled with reverence, and dumb with astonishment: but in the countenance of Rhedi was the calm cheerfulnefs of fuperior virtue ; and I perceived that the fanctity of his life had acquainted him with divine intelligence.“ Ha" met," said he, “the voice which thou hast heard, is
" the voice of Zachis the genius; by whose power the a wonders which he has related were produced. It is * the province of Zachis to punish impatience and pre
sumption, by fulfilling the desires of those who wish “ to interrupt the order of nature, and prefume to di. et rect the hand of Providence. Relate what thou hast
heard, to preserve others from his power.”
Now, therefore, let Virtue fuffer adversity with pa. tience, and vice dread to incur the misery she would indict, for by him who repines at the scale of Heaven, kis own portion of good is diminished; and he who prefumptuoully assumes the sword, will turn the point upon his own bofom.
No. LXXIV. Saturday, July 21, 1753.
Infanientis dum fapientiæ.
end, and lost my way,
To the Adventurer.
SIR, It has been long charged by one part of mankind upon the other, that they will not take advice ; that counsel and instruction are generally thrown away, and that, in defiance both of admonition and example, all claim the right to chuse their own measures, and to regulate their own lives.
That there is something in advice very useful and salutary, seems to be equally confessed on all hands : fince even those that reject it, allow for the most part that rejection to be wrong, but charge the fault upon the unskilful manner in which it is given ; they admit the efficacy of the medicine, but abhor the nauseousness of the vehicle.
Thus, mankind have gone on from century to centu«, ry: fome have been advising others how to act, and fome have been teaching the advisers how to advise ;
yet very little alteration has been made in the world. As we must all by the law of nature enter life in ignotance, we must all make our way through it by the light of our own experience; and, for any security that advice has been yet able to afford, must endeavour af. ter success at the hazard of miscarriage, and learn to do right by venturing to do wrong.
By advice I would not be understood to mean, the everlasting and invariable principles of moral and religious truth, from which no change of external circumstances can justify any deviation; but such directions as respect merely the prudential part of conduct, and which may be followed or neglected without any violation of effential duties.
It is, indeed, not so frequently to make us good as to make us wise, that our friends employ the officiousness of counsel; and among the rejectors of advice, who are mentioned by the grave and sententious with so much acrimony, you will not so often find the vicious abandoned, as the pert and the petulant, the vivacious and the giddy. As the
great end of female education is to get a hufband, this likewise is the general subject of female advice; and the dreadful denunciation against those volatile girls, who will not liften patiently to the lectures of wrinkled wisdom, is, that they will die unmarried, or throw themselves away upon some worthless fellow, who will never be able to keep them a coach.
I being naturally of a ductile and easy temper, without strong desires or quick resentments, was always a favourite
among the elderly ladies, because I never rebelled against seniority, nor could be charged with thinking myself wise before my time; but heard every
opinion with fubmissive filence, profeffed myself ready to learn from all who seemed inclined to teach me, paid the same grateful acknowledgments for precepts contradictory to each other, and if any controversy arose, was careful to fide with her who presided in the company. Of this compliance I very early found the advan
aunt Matilda left me a very large addition to my fortune, for this reason chiefly, as the herself declared, because I was not above hearing good counsel, but would fit from morning till night to be instructed, while my fifter Sukey, who was a year younger than myself, and was, therefore, in greater want of information, was so much conceited of her own knowledge, that whenever the good lady in the ardour of benevolence reproved or instructed her, she would pout or titter, interrupt her with questions, or embarrafs her with objections.
I had no design to supplant my sister by this complaisant attention : nor, when the consequence of my obfequiousness came to be known, did Sukey fo much envy as despise me: I was, however, very well pleased with my fuccess; and having received, from the concurrent opinion of all mankind, a notion, that to be rich was to be great and happy, I thought I had obtained my advantages at an easy rate, and resolved to contiuue the same passive attention, since I found myself so powerfully recommended by it to kindness and esteem.
The desire of advising has a very extensive prevalence ; and fince advice cannot be given bat to those that will hear it, a patient listener is neceffary to the accommodation of all those who defire to be confirmed in the opinion of their own wisdom: a patient liftener, VOL. III,