The Law of Nations Considered as Independent Political Communities ...

Framsida
University Press, 1861 - 378 sidor
 

Så tycker andra - Skriv en recension

Vi kunde inte hitta några recensioner.

Utvalda sidor

Innehåll

The Lordship of Kniphausen
30
The United States of the Ionian Islands
32
Neutrality of a Protected Independent State
35
The Free City of Cracow
36
Its Internal Constitution a subject of Treaty
37
Cracow and the Ionian Islands
40
The extinct Republic of Poglizza
41
The Republic of Andorre
44
CHAPTER III
45
Personal Union of Independent States
46
Real Union of Independent States
47
Federal Union of Norway and Sweden
49
Diversity of Federal Unions
52
The Articles of Confederation of 1778
55
The Confederate States of America of 1861
56
The Argentine Confederation
58
47 A Single State decentralised
59
The Constitution of the Argentine State бо 49 The Argentine Provinces
61
The Helvetic Confederation of 1815
62
The League of Sarnen of 1832
64
The Swiss Confederation of 1848
65
Analogy between the Swiss Confederation and the United States of America
67
Origin of the Germanic Confederation
68
Federal Act of 1815
70
Final Act of 1820
71
The Ordinary Assembly of the Diet
75
The Plenum or Full Chapter of the Diet
77
Permanent Character of the Germanic Confederation
80
CHAPTER IV
82
Algiers
88
Page
89
Early Treaties with the Sublime Porte The Barbary States in practice hereditary Regencies
90
CHAPTER V
110
General Law
132
Wheatons Earlier and Later Views
133
Illustration as to Contraband of War
134
Preambles and Recitals of a Declaratory Character
138
Objections to the Idea of any Law properly speak ing between Nations
139
International Morality distinct from the Law of Nations
140
CHAPTER VI
143
Right of SelfDefence
144
TreatyLimitations of such Right
145
Right of SelfAggrandisement
146
Identical Natural Law of Rude and Civilised
147
Right of anticipating Attack
148
Right of Confederation
150
The Balance of Power
152
RIGHT OF ACQUISITION Page 105 Establishment of a Nation in a Country
156
Juridical Notion of Possession
157
Possession as founding a Right of Property
158
Primitive and Derivative Acquisition
160
Settlement of a Nation
161
Right of Discovery
162
Notification of Discovery
163
Acts confirmatory of Occupation
165
Discovery followed by Settlement constitutes a Perfect Title
166
Extent of Right of Discovery
168
Extent of Right of Occupation
169
Principles of Law advanced by the United States of America
170
Discovery of the Mouth of a River
172
Conflict with acknowledged Law
174
Right of Settlement
175
Usucaption or Prescription
177
Territory of the Hudsons Bay Company
178
Right of Contiguity
179
Arcifinious States
180
Discovery of the New World
182
Settlements in the New World
183
Possessory Right of Native Indians
185
The Indian Title
186
Derivative Acquisition
189
Title by Cession
191
CHAPTER VIII
193
Empire a primary Territorial Right
195
Empire over things which cannot be appropriated
196
Empire over Territorial Rivers
197
Modifications of Right of Empire by Compact
200
Empire over Frontier Rivers
201
Treaty stipulations as to use of Frontier Rivers
202
Conventional Law of Europe as to the Great Rivers
205
Growth of Private International Jurisprudence
222
amongst Asiatics
223
Personal Actions of Foreigners
225
ExtraTerritoriality of certain Foreign Persons and Things
228
Merchant Vessels are subject to the Territorial Law
229
Right of Emigration
231
Domicil the criterion of National Character
232
Jurisdiction and Remedies
234
Comity of Nations in regard to Personal Property
236
Domicil of Origin and Domicil of Choice
238
CHAPTER X
241
A Common Law of the Sea
242
Affinity to the Roman Law in certain matters
243
Origin of the Admiralty Jurisdiction
244
Its connection with that of the Consules Maris
246
Piracy justiciable everywhere
247
Concurrency of Admiralty with National Juris diction
248
Maritime Jurisdiction of a Nation
249
Territorial Seas distinguished from Jurisdictional waters
250
Prescriptive Right over portions of the Sea
252
Right of Fishery on the High Seas
253
Neutrality of Jurisdictional Waters
254
Right of Maritime Toll in respect of Lighthouses and Seamarks
258
Black Sea
260
The Comity of Nations in matters of Revenue and Quarantine
261
Right of Fishery in Jurisdictional Waters
264
Ceremonial of the High Seas
266
Ceremonial within Jurisdictional Waters
270
CHAPTER XI
272
183 The person of an Ambassador sacred
273
The Right of Legation an Imperfect Right
274
Reception of an Ambassador discretional
275
Conditional Reception of a Subject as a Foreign Minister
276
Various Orders of Diplomatic Agents
278
Classification of Public Ministers in the Eighteenth Century
281
Rule of the Congress of Vienna
282
Diplomatic Agents of the First Class
284
Diplomatic Agents of the Second Class
287
Diplomatic Agents of the Third and the Fourth Class
288
Resident Missions
289
Moldavian and Walachian Chargés dAffaires at the Ottoman Porte
291
Letters of Credence
292
Full Powers
297
197 Instructions
299
Ceremonial of Reception
301
The Sacred Character of an Ambassador
303
His ExtraTerritoriality
304
ExtraTerritoriality of the Ambassadors Hotel and of his Suite
306
The Ambassadors Jurisdiction over the personnel of the Embassy
307
Liability of an Ambassador to the payment of Local Dues
308
Liberty of Religious Worship
309
Inviolability of an Ambassador passing through the Territory of a Third Power
311
Consuls not Diplomatic Agents
316
CHAPTER XII
320
Natural Right
322
Religious Obligation of every League
323
Equal and Unequal Leagues
324
Unequal Leagues not contrary to Equity
325
Personal and Real Leagues
326
Tests of Continuing Leagues
327
The Holy Alliance of 1815
329
History of the Holy Alliance
331
The Family Compact of the House of Bourbon
334
Treaties of Navigation and Commerce
336
Treaties of Jurisdiction
339
Treaties of ExtraTradition
343
Civil Law of the Romans as to Fugitives from Justice
344
a frequent subject of Treatyengagement
346
ExtraTradition of Political Offenders exceptional
348
porary
349
Treaties of Boundary
354
Judicial Decisions as to the Permanent Object of Certain Treaties
356
Treaties which create a Servitude of Public Law
359
Treaties of Equal and Unequal Alliance
361
Treaties of Protection
363
Treaties of Subsidy
365
Treaties of Guaranty
367
Treaties of Neutrality
373
Signature and Ratification of Treaties
374

Andra upplagor - Visa alla

Vanliga ord och fraser

Populära avsnitt

Sida 345 - It is agreed that the United States and Her Britannic Majesty shall, upon mutual requisitions by them, or their ministers, officers or authorities, respectively made, deliver up to justice all persons who, being charged with the crime of murder, or assault with intent to commit murder, or piracy, or arson, or robbery, or forgery, or the utterance of forged paper, committed within the jurisdiction of either, shall seek an asylum, or shall be found within the territories of the other...
Sida 194 - The navigation of the river Mississippi, from its source to the ocean, shall forever remain free and open to the subjects of Great Britain and the citizens of the United States.
Sida 325 - Déclarent solennellement que le présent acte n'a pour objet que de manifester ā la face de l'univers leur détermination inébranlable de ne prendre pour rčgle de leur conduite, soit dans l'administration de leurs États respectifs, soit dans leurs relations politiques avec tout autre gouvernement, que les préceptes de cette religion sainte , préceptes de justice...
Sida 179 - While the different nations of Europe respected the right of the natives, as occupants, they asserted the ultimate dominion to be in themselves; and claimed and exercised, as a consequence of this ultimate dominion, a power to grant the soil, while yet in possession of the natives. These grants have been understood by all, to convey a title to the grantees, subject only to the Indian right of occupancy.
Sida 352 - But we are not inclined to admit the doctrine urged at the bar, that treaties become extinguished, ipso facto, by war between the two governments, unless they should be revived by an express or implied renewal on the return of peace. Whatever may be the latitude of doctrine laid down by elementary writers on the law of nations, dealing in general terms in relation to this subject, we are satisfied, that the doctrine contended for is not universally true.
Sida 177 - On the discovery of this immense continent, the great nations of Europe were eager to appropriate to themselves so much of it as they could respectively acquire. Its vast extent offered an ample field to the ambition and enterprise of all ; and the character and religion of its inhabitants afforded an apology for considering them as a people over whom the superior genius of Europe might claim an ascendancy.
Sida 181 - Although we do not mean to engage in the defence of those principles which Europeans have applied to Indian title, they may, we think, find some excuse, if not justification, in the character and habits of the people whose rights have been wrested from them.
Sida 174 - Consider what the consequence would be if " lands of this description were not considered as appendant " to the main land, and as comprised within the bounds of " territory. If they do not belong to the United States of " America, any other Power might occupy them ; they might " be embanked and fortified. What a thorn would this be in
Sida 325 - États respectifs, soit dans leurs relations politiques avec tout autre gouvernement, que les préceptes de cette religion sainte, préceptes de justice, de charité et de paix, qui, loin d'ętre uniquement applicables ā la vie privée, doivent, au contraire influer directement sur les résolutions des princes et guider toutes leurs démarches comme étant le seul moyen de consolider les institutions humaines, et de remédier ā leurs imperfections.
Sida 345 - ... of criminality may be heard and considered ; and if, on such hearing, the evidence be deemed sufficient to sustain the charge, it shall be the duty of the examining Judge or Magistrate to certify the same to the proper executive authority, that a warrant may issue for the surrender of such fugitive. The expense of such apprehension and delivery shall be borne and defrayed by the Party who makes the requisition and receives the fugitive.

Bibliografisk information