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The daughter of debate

In argument with men a woman ever That still discord doth sow.

Goes by the worse, whatever be her cause.

Sonnet in PERCY's Reliques, Vol. I. Bk. V.
No. XV. From PUTTENHAM's Arte of Myself when young did eagerly frequent
English Poesie. London, 1589.

Doctor and Saint, and heard great argument

About it and about: but evermore Reproachful speech from either side

Came out by the same door wherein I went. The want of argument supplied;

OMAR KHAYYAMRubaiyat. FITZGERALD'S They rail, reviled; as often ends

Trans. St. 27.
The contests of disputing friends.
GAY-Fables. Ravens. Sexton and Earth Worm.

Discors concordia.
Pt. II. L. 117.

Agreeing to differ.

Ovm-Metamorphoses. I. 433. I always admired Mrs. Grote's saying that

(See also SOUTHEY) politics and theology were the only two really great subjects.

Demosthenes, when taunted by Pytheas that GLADSTONELetter to LORD ROSEBERY. Sept. all his arguments "smelled of the lamp,” replied,

16, 1880. See MORLEY's Life of Gladstone. "Yes, but your lamp and mine, my friend, do not Bk. VIII. Ch. I.

witness the same labours."

PLUTARCH-Life of Demosthenes. See also his His conduct still right with his argument wrong.

Life of Timoleon. GOLDSMITH-Retaliation. L. 46.

Like doctors thus, when much dispute has past, In arguing, too, the parson own'd his skill,

We find our tenets just the same at last. For even though vanquished he could argue

POPE—Moral Essays. Epis. III. L. 15. still. GOLDSMITHThe Deserted Village. L. 211. In some places he draws the thread of his ver

bosity finer than the staple of his argument. I find you want me to furnish you with argu

DR. PORSON, of GIBBON's Decline and Fall, ment and intellects too. No, sir, these, I protest

quoted in the Letters to Travis. you, are too hard for me. GOLDSMITH–Vicar of Wakefield. Ch. VII.

In argument (See also DISRAELI, JOHNSON)

Similes are like songs in love:

They must describe; they nothing prove.
Be calm in arguing; for fierceness makes

PRIOR-Alma. Canto III.
Error a fault, and truth discourtesy.
HERBERT_Temple. Church Porch. St. 52. One single positive weighs more,

You know, than negatives a score.
I have found you an argument; but I am

PRIOREpistle to Fleetwood Shepherd. not obliged to find you an understanding, SAMUEL JOHNSON-Boswell's Life of Johnson. Soon their crude notions with each other fought; (1784)

The adverse sect denied what this had taught; (See also GOLDSMITH)

And he at length the amplest triumph gain'd,

Who contradicted what the last maintain'd. Nay, if he take you in hand, sir, with an argu PRIOR—Solomon. Bk. I. L. 717.

ment, He'll bray you in a mortar.

The first the Retort Courteous; the second BEN JONSONThe Alchemist. Act II. Sc. 1.

the Quip Modest; the third the Reply Churl

ish; the fourth the Reproof Valiant; the fifth Seria risu risum, seriis discutere.

the Countercheck Quarrelsome; the sixth the In arguing one should meet serious pleading Lie with Circumstance; the seventh the Lie

with humor, and humor with serious plead- | Direct. ing.

As You Like It. Act V. Sc. 4. L. 96.










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ARNO (RIVER) At last the Muses rose, And scattered,

as they flew, Their blooming wreaths from fair Valclusa's

bowers To Amo's myrtle border. AKENSIDE-Pleasures of the Imagination. II.

ART (See also PAINTING, SCULPTURE) No work of art is worth the bones of a Pomeranian Grenadier. Quoted by BISMARCK. Possibly a phrase of FREDERICK THE GREAT.

(See also BISMARCK, under WAR)

As all Nature's thousand changes

But one changeless God proclaim; So in Art's wide kingdom ranges

One sole meaning still the same: This is Truth, eternal Reason,

Which from Beauty takes its dress,
And serene through time and season

Stands for aye in loveliness.
GOETHE-Wilhelm Meister's Travels. Ch.

XIV. (Ch. III. 128 of Carlyle's Ed.)
His pencil was striking, resistless, and grand;
His manners were gentle, complying, and bland;
Still born to improve us in every part,
His pencil our faces, his manners our heart.

GOLDSMITH-Retaliation. L. 139.



Now nature is not at variance with art, nor art with nature; they being both the servants of his providence. Art is the perfection of nature. Were the world now as it was the sixth day, there were yet a chaos. Nature hath made one world, and art another. In brief, all things are artificial; for nature is the art of God.

SIR THOMAS BROWNE-Religio Medici. Sec.

The canvas glow'd beyond ev'n nature warm; The pregnant quarry teem'd with human form.

GOLDSMITHThe Traveller. L. 137



10 It is the glory and good of Art, That Art remains the one way possible Of speaking truth, to mouths like mine at least. ROBERT BROWNINGThe Ring and the Book.

The Book and the Ring. L. 842. 11

Etenim omnes artes, quæ ad humanitatem pertinent, habent quoddam commune vinculum, et quasi cognatione quadam inter se continentur.

All the arts which belong to polished life have some common tie, and are connected as it were by some relationship. CICERO-Oratio Pro Licinio Archia. I.

The perfection of an art consists in the employment of a comprehensive system of laws, commensurate to every purpose within its scope, but concealed from the eye of the spectator; and in the production of effects that seem to flow forth spontaneously, as though uncontrolled by their influence, and which are equally excellent, whether regarded individually, or in reference to the proposed result. JOHN MASON GOODThe Book of Nature.

Series 1. Lecture IX.


Ars longa, vita brevis est.

Art (of healing) is long, but life is fleeting. HIPPOCRATES-Aphorismi. I. Nobilissimus



tures of Pygmalion and Galatea by BURNE

JONES, in the Grosvenor Gallery, London. Arte citæ veloque rates remoque moventur; Arte levis currus, arte regendus Amor.

By arts, sails, and oars, ships are rapidly moved; arts move the light chariot, and establish love. OVID-Ars Amatoria. I. 3.



Medicus. Translated from the Greek.
GOETHE-Wilhelm Meister VII. 9.
(See also SENECA, and quotations under

LIFE, TIME) The temple of art is built of words. Painting and sculpture and music are but the blazon of its windows, borrowing all their significance from the light, and suggestive only of the temple's uses. J. G. HOLLAND-Plain Talks on Familiar

Subjects. Art and Life. It is not strength, but art, obtains the prize, And to be swift is less than to be wise. 'Tis more by art, than force of numerous strokes. HOMER-Iliad. Bk. 23. L. 382. POPE's trans.

Pictoribus atque poetis Quidlibet audendi semper fuit æqua potestas.

Painters and poets have equal license in regard to evervthing.

HORACE–Ars Poetica. 9. Piety in art-poetry in art-Puseyism in art -let us be careful how we confound them. MRS. JAMESON—Memoirs and Essays. The

House of Titian. Art hath an enemy called ignorance. BEN JONSON-Ěvery Man Out of his Humour.

Act I. Sc. 1.

The perfection of art is to conceal art.

QUINTILIAN. 15 Die Kunst ist zwar nicht das Brod, aber der Wein des Lebens.

Art is indeed not the bread but the wine of life. JEAN PAUL RICHTER.


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Von der Freiheit gesäugt wachsen die Künste der Lust.

All the arts of pleasure grow when suckled by freedom. SCHILLERDer Spaziergang. L. 122. 19

Kunst ist die rechte Hand der Natur. Diese hat nur Geschöpfe, jene hat Menschen gemacht.

Art is the right hand of Nature. The latter has only given us being, the former has made us men. SCHILLER—Fiesco. II. 17.


Schwer ist die Kunst, vergänglich ist ihr Preis.

Art is difficult, transient is her reward.
SCHILLER—Wallenstein. Prolog. L. 40.

We have learned to whittle the Eden Tree to

the shape of a surplice peg, We have learned to bottle our parents twain in

the yelk of an addled egg. We know that the tail must wag the dog, for

the horse is drawn by the cart, But the devil whoops, as he whooped of old;

It's clever, but is it art? RUDYARD KIPLING-The Conundrum of the

Workshops. 7 Art is Power.

LONGFELLOW-Hyperion. Bk. III. Ch. V.
The counterfeit and counterpart
Of Nature reproduced in art.

LONGFELLOW-Keramos. L. 380.
Art is the child of Nature; yes,
Her darling child in whom we trace
The features of the mother's face,
Her aspect and her attitude.

LONGFELLOW-Keramos. L. 382.

10 Dead he is not, but departed, -for the artist

never dies. LONGFELLOW-Nuremburg. St. 13.



Illa maximi medicorum exclamatio est, Vitam brevem esse, longam artem.

That is the utterance of the greatest of physicians, that life is short and art long. SENECA-De Brevitate Vitæ. I.




To gild refined gold, to paint the lily,
To throw a perfume on the violet,
To smooth the ice, or add another hue
Unto the rainbow.

King John. Act IV. Sc. 2. L. 11.



For Art is Nature made by Man
To Man the interpreter of God.
OWEN MEREDITH (Lord Lytton)—The Artist.

St. 26.

In framing an artist, art hath thus decreed, To make some good, but others to exceed.

Pericles. Act II. Sc. 3. L. 15.



His art with nature's workmanship at strife, As if the dead the living should exceed.

Venus and Adonis. L. 291.

The heart desires,

The hand refrains,
The Godhead fires,

The soul attains.
WILLIAM MORRIS. Inscribed on the four pic-

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Around the mighty master came

The marvels which his pencil wrought,
Those miracles of power whose fame

Is wide as human thought.
WHITTIER-Raphael. Št. 8.


Fraxinus 2

The ash her purple drops forgivingly And sadly, breaking not the general hush;

The maple swamps glow like a sunset sea, Each leaf a ripple with its separate flush; All round the wood's edge creeps the skirting

blaze, Of bushes low, as when, on cloudy days, Ere the rain falls, the cautious farmer burns his

brush. LOWELL-An Indian Summer Reverie. St. 11.


Populus Tremuloides What whispers so strange at the hour of mid

night, From the aspen leaves trembling so wildly? Why in the lone wood sings it sad, when the

bright Full moon beams upon it so mildly? B. S. INGEMANNThe Aspen.

ASS 11 John Trott was desired by two witty peers To tell them the reason why asses had ears. “An 't please you,” quoth John, “I'm not given

to letters; Nor dare I pretend to know more than my bet

ters: Howe'er, from this time I shall ne'er see your

graces, As I hope to be saved! without thinking on

asses.' GOLDSMITHThe Clown's Reply.

12 He shall be buried with the burial of an ass.

Jeremiah. XXII. 19.


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At that awful hour of the Passion, when the Saviour of the world felt deserted in His agony, when "The sympathizing sun his light withdrew, And wonder'd how the stars their dying Lord

could view" when earth,

shaking with horror, rung the passing bell for Deity, and universal nature groaned, then from the loftiest tree to the lowliest flower all felt a sudden thrill, and trembling, bowed their heads, all save the proud and obdurate aspen, which said, “Why should we weep and tremble? we trees, and plants, and flowers are pure and never sinned!" Ere it ceased to speak, an involuntary trembling seized its very leaf, and the word went forth that it should never rest, but tremble on until the day of judgment. Legend. From Notes and Queries. First Series.

Vol. VI. No. 161.
Beneath a shivering canopy reclined,
Of aspen leaves that wave without a wind,
I love to lie, when lulling breezes stir
The spiry cones that tremble on the fir.


The Autumn wood the aster knows,

The empty nest, the wind that grieves,
The sunlight breaking thro' the shade,
The squirrel chattering overhead,
The timid rabbits lighter tread

Among the rustling leaves.


The aster greets us as we pass
With her faint smile.

dian Summer. L. 35.


And the wind, full of wantonness, wooes like a

lover The young aspen-trees till they tremble all over.

MOORE—Lalla Rookh. Light of the Harem.

7 Do I? yea, in very truth do I, An 'twere an aspen leaf.

II Henry IV. Act II. Sc. 4. L. 117.

8 O had the monster seen those lily hands Tremble like aspen-leaves, upon a lute.

Titus Andronicus. Act II. Sc. 5. L. 45.

ATHENS Ancient of days! august Athena! where, Where are thy men of might? thy grand in soul? Gone glimmering through the dream of things First in the race that led to glory's goal, They won, and pass'd away—Is this the whole?

BYRON-Childe Harold. Canto II. St. 2.

that were;

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Aurora had but newly chased the night,
And purpled o'er the sky with blushing light.

DRYDEN—Palamon and Arcite. Bk. I. L. 186.



But when Aurora, daughter of the dawn,
With rosy lustre purpled o'er the lawn.
HOMER-Odyssey. Bk. III. L. 621. POPE's




Night's son was driving
His golden-haired horses up;
Over the eastern firths
High flashed their manes.

CHARLES KINGSLEYThe Longbeards' Saga.

These earthly godfathers of heaven's lights
That give a name to every fixed star
Have no more profit of their shining nights
Than those that walk, and wot not what they

Love's Labour's Lost. Act I. Sc. 1. L. 88.

And teach me how To name the bigger light, and how the less, That burn by day and night.

Tempest. Act 1. Sc. 2. L. 334.

There's some ill planet reigns;
I must be patient till the heavens look
With an aspect more favorable.
Winter's Tale. Act II. Sc. 1. L. 105.

O how loud
It calls devotion! genuine growth of night!
Devotion! daughter of Astronomy!
An undevout Astronomer is mad.
YOUNG-Night Thoughts. Night IX. L. 774.

AUDACITY (See also COURAGE) La crainte fit les dieux; l'audace a fait les rois.

Fear made the gods; audacity has made kings. CRÉBILLON during the French Revolution.



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The wolves have prey'd: and look, the gentle

day, Before the wheels of Phæbus, round about, Dapples the drowsy east with spots of grey. Much Ado About Nothing. Act V. Sc. 3. L.




Questa lor tracotanza non è nuova.

This audacity of theirs is not new.

DANTE—Inferno. VIII. 124. De l'audace, encore de l'audace, toujours de

l'audace. Audacity, more audacity, always audacity. DANTON during the French Revolution. (See

also CARLYLE-The French Revolution. Vol. II. 3. 4)

Audax omnia perpeti Gens humana ruit per vetitum nefas.

The human race afraid of nothing, rushes on through every crime. HORACE- Carmina. I. 3. 25.

At last, the golden orientall gate
Of greatest heaven gan to open fayre,
And Phæbus, fresh as brydegrome to his mate,
Came dauncing forth, shaking his dewie hayre;
And hurls his glistring beams through gloomy

ayre. SPENSERFaerie Queene. Bk. I. Canto V.

St. 2.




Audendo magnus tegitur timor.

By audacity, great fears are concealed. LUCAN-Pharsalia. IV. 702.

You cannot rob me of free nature's grace,
You cannot shut the windows of the sky
Through which Aurora shows her brightening

face. THOMSON—Castle of Indolence. Canto II. St. 3.

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