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give me leave to speak,-let Mr. Bligh go down to his cabin, and I make no doubt we shall all be friends again:" he then repeated, "Hold your tongue, sir; it is too late;" and threatening me if I said any thing more. Mr. Fryer then asked him to give a better boat than the cutter; he said, "No, that boat is good enough." Bligh now said to the master, that the man behind the hencoops (Isaac Martin) was his friend, and desired him (the master) to knock Christian down, which Christian must have heard, but took no notice; that Fryer then attempted to get past Christian to speak to Martin, but he put his bayonet to his breast, saying, "Sir, if you advance an inch farther I will run you through," and ordered two armed men to take him down to his cabin. Shortly afterward he was desired to go on deck, when Christian ordered him into the boat: he said, "I will stay with you, if you will give me leave." 66 No, sir," he replied, go directly into the boat." Bligh, then on the gangway, said, " Mr. Fryer, stay in the ship.” “No, by G―d, sir,” Christian said, 66 go into the boat, or I will run you through." Fryer states, that during this time very bad language was used by the people towards Mr. Bligh; that with great difficulty they prevailed on Christian to suffer a few articles to be put into the boat; that after the persons were ordered into the boat to the number of nineteen, such opprobrious language continued to be used, several of the men calling out, "Shoot the ;" that Cole, the boatswain, advised they should cast off and take their chance, as the mutineers would certainly do them a mischief if they staid much longer. Mr. Fryer then states the names of those who were under arms; and that Joseph Coleman, Thomas M'Intosh, Charles Norman, and Michael Byrne (prisoners) wished to come into the boat, declaring they had nothing to do in the business; that he did not perceive Mr. Peter Hey. wood on deck at the seizure of the ship.
On being asked what he supposed Christian meant when he said he had been in hell for a fortnight? he said, from the frequent quarrels that they had, and the abuse he had received from Mr. Bligh, and that the day before the mutiny Mr. Bligh had challenged all the young gentlemen and people with stealing his cocoanuts.
Mr. Cole, the boatswain, deposes,—that he had the middle watch; was awakened out of his sleep in the morning, and heard a man calling out to the carpenter, that they had mutinied and taken the ship; that Christian had the command, and that the captain was a prisoner on the quarter-deck; that he went up the hatchway, having seen Mr. Heywood and Mr. Young in the opposite berth; that coming on deck, he saw the captain with his hands tied behind him, and four sentinels standing over him, two of which were Ellison and Burkitt, the prisoners; that he asked Mr. Christian what he meant to do, and was answered by his ordering him to hoist the boat out, and shook the bayonet, threatening him and damning him if he did not take care; that when he found the captain was to be sent out of the ship, he again went aft with the carpenter to ask for the long-boat; that they asked three or four times before he granted it; that he saw Mr. Peter Heywood, one of the prisoners, lending a hand to get the fore-stayfall along, and when the boat was hooked on, spoke something to him, but what it was does not know, as Christian was threatening him at the time; that Heywood then went below, and does not remember seeing him afterward; that after the few things were got into the boat, and most of the people in her, they were trying for the carpenter's toolchest, when Quintal said, "D-n them, if we let them have these things they will build a vessel in a month;" but when all were in the boat she was veered astern, when Coleman, Norman and M'Intosh, prisoners, were crying at the gangway, wishing to
go in the boat; and Byrne, in the cutter alongside, was also crying; that he advised Mr. Bligh to cast off, as he feared they would fire into the boat.
The Court asked if he had any reason to believe that any other of the prisoners than those named were detained contrary to their inclinations? Answer "I believe Mr. Heywood was; I thought all along he was intending to come away; he had no arms, and he assisted to get the boat out, and then went below; I heard Churchill call out, 'Keep them below.'" The Court-"Do you think he meant Heywood?" "I have no reason to think any other."
Mr. Peckover the gunner's evidence is similar to that of Mr. Cole's, and need not be detailed.
Mr. Purcell, the carpenter, corroborated, generally, the testimony of the three who had been examined. The Court asked, "Did you see Mr. Heywood standing upon the booms?" "Yes; he was leaning the flat part of his hand on a cutlass, when I exclaimed, 'In the name of God, Peter what do you with that?' when he instantly dropped it, and assisted in hoisting the launch out, and handing the things into the boat, and then went down below, when I heard Churchill call to Thompson to keep them below, but could not tell whom he meant; I did not see Mr. Heywood after that." The Court-" In what light did you look upon Mr. Heywood at the time you say he dropped the cutlass on your speaking to him?" Witness-"I looked upon him as a person confused, and that he did not know he had the weapon in his hand, or his hand being on it, for it was not in his hand; I considered him to be confused, by his instantly dropping it, and assisting in hoisting the boat out, which convinced me in my own mind that he had no hand in the conspiracy; that after this he went below, as I think, on his own account, in order to collect some of his things to put into the boat." The Court-" Do you, upon the solemn oath you have taken, believe that Mr. Hey.
wood, by being armed with a cutlass at the time you have mentioned, by any thing that you could collect from his gestures or speeches, had any intention of opposing, or joining others that might oppose, to stop the progress of the mutiny?" Witness "No." The Court-"In the time that Mr. Heywood was assisting you to get the things into the boat, did he, in any degree whatever, manifest a disposition to assist in the mutiny?" Witness "No." The Court-"Was he, during that time, deliberate or frightened, and in what manner did he behave himself?" Witness-"I had not an opportunity of observing his every action, being myself at that time engaged in getting several things into the boat, so that I cannot tell." The Court-" Putting every circumstance together, declare to this court, upon the oath you have taken, how you considered his behaviour, whether as a person joined in the mutiny, or as a person wishing well to Captain Bligh?" Witness" I by no means considered him as a person concerned in the mutiny or conspiracy."
Lieutenant Thomas Hayward, late third lieutenant of the Pandora, and formerly midshipman of the Bounty, deposes, that he had the morning watch; that at four o'clock Fletcher Christian relieved the watch as usual; that at five he ordered him, as master's mate of his watch, to look out, while he went down to lash his hammock up; that while looking at a shark astern of the ship, to his unutterable surprise he saw Fletcher Christian, Charles Churchill, Thomas Burkitt (the prisoner), John Sumner, Matthew Quintal, William M'Koy, Isaac Martin, Henry Hillbrandt, and Alexander Smith coming aft, armed with muskets and bayonets; that on going forward, he asked Christian the cause of such an act, who told him to hold his tongue instantly; and leaving Isaac Martin as a sentinel on deck, he proceeded with the rest of his party below, to Lieutenant Bligh's cabin; that the people on deck
were Mr. John Hallet, myself, Robert Lamb, Butcher, Thomas Ellison (prisoner) at the helm, and John Mills at the conn; that he asked Mills if he knew any thing of the matter, who pleaded total ignorance, and Thomas Ellison quitted the helm and armed himself with a bayonet; that the decks now became thronged with armed men; that Peter Heywood, James Morrison (two of the prisoners), and George Stewart were unarmed on the booms; that Fletcher Christian and his gang had not been down long before he heard the cry of murder from Lieutenant Bligh, and Churchill calling out for a rope, on which Mills, contrary to all orders and entreaties, cut the deep-sea line, and carried a piece of it to their assistance; that soon after Lieutenant Bligh was brought upon the quarter-deck with his hands bound behind him, and was surrounded by most of those who came last on deck.
This witness then states, that on the arrival of the Pandora at Matavai Bay, Joseph Coleman was the first that came on board; that he was upset in a canoe, and assisted by the natives; that as soon as the ship was at anchor, George Stewart and Peter Heywood came on board; that they made themselves known to Captain Edwards, and expressed their happiness that he was arrived; that he asked them how they came to go away with his majesty's ship the Bounty, when George Stewart said, when called upon hereafter he would answer all particu lars; that he was prevented by Captain Edwards from answering further questions, and they were sent out of the cabin to be confined. He then describes the manner in which the rest of the mutineers were taken on the island. Having stated that when he went below to get some things he saw Peter Heywood in his berth, and told him to go into the boat, he was asked by the Court if Heywood was prevented by any force from going upon deck, he answered, "No." The Court-"Did you, from his behaviour,