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his companions in crime, over whom he practised that same overbearing conduct of which he accused his commander Bligh. The object he had in view when he last left Otaheite had now been accomplished; he had discovered an uninhabited island out of the common track of ships, and established himself and his associates; so far there was a chance that he had escaped all pursuit; but there was no escaping from

“Those rods of scorpions and those whips of steel

Which conscience shakes."

The fate of this misguided young man, brought on by his ill treatment both of his associates and the Indians he had carried off with him, was such as might be expected-he was shot by an Otaheitan while digging in his field, about eleven months after they had settled on the island, and his death was only the commencement of feuds and assassinations, which ended in the total destruction of the whole party except Adams and Young. By the account of the former, the settlers from this time became divided into two parties, and their grievances and quarrels proceeded to such a height, that each took every opportunity of putting the other to death. Old John Adams was himself shot through the neck, but the ball having entered the fleshy part only, he was enabled to make his escape and avoid the fury of his assailants. The immediate cause of Christian's murder was his having forcibly seized on the wife of one of the Otaheite men, which so exasperated the rest that they not only sought the life of the offender, but of others also who might, as they thought, be disposed to pursue the same course.

This interesting little colony was now found to contain about forty-six persons, mostly grown-up young people, with a few infants. The young men, all born on the island, were finely formed, athletic, and handsome-their countenances open and pleas

ing, indicating much benevolence and goodness of heart; but the young women particularly were objects of attraction, being tall, robust, and beautifully formed, their faces beaming with smiles and indicating unruffled good-humour; while their manners and demeanour exhibited a degree of modesty and bashfulness that would have done honour to the most virtuous and enlightened people on earth. Their teeth are described as beautifully white, like the finest ivory, and perfectly regular, without a single exception; and all of them, both male and female, had the marked expression of English features, though not exactly the clear red and white that distinguish English skins, theirs being the colour of what we call brunette Captain Pipon thinks that from such a race of people, consisting of fine young men and handsome well-formed women, there may be expected to arise hereafter, in this little colony, a race of people possessing in a high degree the physical qualifications of great strength, united with symmetry of form and regularity of feature.

But their personal qualifications, attractive as they were, excited less admiration than the account which Adams gave of their virtuous conduct. He assured his visiters that not one instance of debauchery or immoral conduct had occurred among these young people since their settlement on the island; nor did he ever hear or believe that any one instance had occurred of a young woman having suffered indecent liberties to be taken with her. Their native modesty, assisted by the precepts of religion and morality instilled into their young minds by John Adams, had hitherto preserved these interesting people from every kind of debauchery. The young women told Captain Pipon, with great simplicity, that they were not married, and that their father, as they called Adams, had told them it was right they should wait with patience till they had acquired sufficient

property to bring up a young family before they thought of marrying; and that they always followed his advice, because they knew it to be good.

It appeared that from the time when Adams was left alone on the island, the sole survivor of all the males that had landed from the Bounty, European and Otaheitan, the greatest harmony had prevailed in their little society; they all declared that no serious quarrels ever occurred among them, though a few hasty words might now and then be uttered ; but, to make use of their own expression, they were only quarrels of the mouth. Adams assured his visiters that they were all strictly honest in all their dealings, lending or exchanging their various articles of livestock or produce with each other in the most friendly manner; and if any little dispute occurred, he never found any difficulty to rectify the mistake or misunderstanding that might have caused it, to the satisfaction of both parties. In their general mtercourse they speak the English language commonly; and even the old Otaheitan women have picked up a good deal of this language. The young people, both male and female, speak it with a pleasing accent, and their voices are extremely harmonious.

The little village of Pitcairn is described as forming a pretty square; the house of John Adams, with its out-houses, occupying the upper corner, near a large banyan-tree, and that of Thursday, October Christian the lower corner opposite to it. The centre space is a fine open lawn, where the poultry wander, and is fenced around so as to prevent the intrusion of the hogs and goats. It was obviously visible, from the manner in which the grounds were laid out and the plantations formed, that in this little establishment the labour and ingenuity of European hands had been employed. In their houses they have a good deal of decent furniture, consisting of beds and bedsteads with coverings. They have

also tables and large chests for their clothing; and their linen is made from the bark of a certain tree, and the manufacture of it is the employment of the elderly portion of the women. The bark is first soaked, then beaten with square pieces of wood of the breadth of one's hand, hollowed out into grooves, and the labour is continued until it is brought to the breadth required, in the same manner as the process is conducted in Otaheite.

The younger part of the females are obliged to attend, with old Adams and their brothers, to the culture of the land; and Captain Pipon thinks this may be one reason why this old director of the work does not countenance too early marriages, for, as he very properly observed, when once they become mothers they are less capable of hard labour, being obliged to attend to their children; and, judging from appearance, “one may conclude," says the captain," they would be prolific;" that " he did not see how it could be otherwise, considering the regularity of their lives, their simple and excellent though abstenious mode of living, their meals consisting chiefly of a vegetable diet, with now and then good pork, and occasionally fish.”

The young girls, although they have only the example of their Otaheitan mothers to follow in their dress, are modestly clothed, having generally a piece of cloth of their own manufacture reaching from the waist to the knees, and a mantle, or something of that nature, thrown loosely over the shoulders, and hanging sometimes as low as the ankles : this mantle, however, is frequently thrown aside, being used rather as a shelter for their bodies from the heat of the sun or the severity of the weather, than for the sake of attaching any idea of modesty to the upper part of the person being uncovered; and it is not possible, he says, to behold finer forms than are exhibited by this partial exposure. Captain Pipon observes, “it was pleasing to see the good taste and quickness with which they form little shades or parasols of green leaves, to place over the head or bonnets to keep the sun from their eyes. A young girl made one of these in my presence, with such neatness and alacrity as to satisfy me that a fashionable dressmaker of London would be delighted with the simplicity and elegant taste of these untaught females.” The same young girl, he says, accompanied them to the boat, carrying on her shoulders, as a present, a large basket of yams,

over such roads and down such precipices as were scarcely passable by any creatures except goats, and over which we could scarcely scramble with the help of our hands. Yet with this load on her shoulders she skipped from rock to rock like a young roe.”

“ But,” says Captain Pipon, “what delighted us most was the conviction which John Adams had impressed on the minds of these young people, of the propriety and necessity of returning thanks to the Almighty for the many blessings they enjoy. They never omit saying grace before and after meals, and never think of touching food without asking a blessing from Him who gave it. The Lord's Prayer and the Creed they repeat morning and evening."

Captain Pipon imagines the island to be about six miles long and perhaps three or four miles broad, covered with wood; the soil apparently very rich, and the variety of products great and valuable, but much labour would seem to be required to clear away the woods. The dimensions here given, however, are much greater than they have subsequently been found to be.

The visiters having supplied these poor people with some tools, kettles, and other articles, such as the high surf would allow them, with the assistance of the natives, to land, but to no great extent, the two officers again passed through the surf, with the

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