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Quarles in the Enchiridion ; acting with s towards her children, that they feared more than her correction. Our poet r the protection of this worthy woman, and his home, until he reached his twelfth this period he participated, with two of the instruction of a private tutor. to Westminster school, and throught Dr. Neale, the Dean of Westminster, commended to the notice of Mr. Irela Master. Here the powers of his mind, of his heart, were rapidly developed ; classical learning obtained for him tl esteem of the tutors, and the amenity won the affection of his companions.
About fifteen, being then a King's elected to Trinity College, Cambridge anecdote related in Plume's Life of Bis school-fellow of Herbert, we discover t time, his acquirements were deemed full Ireland assured them, on their leavin " that he expected to have credit from University, or would never hope for it : he lived." It is recorded of Archbisho his boyhood he gave so many indication that his master, as if with a prophetic future eminence of his pupil, used fra “ He hoped he would remember Readi he became a great man." It is gratifyii both of these anticipations were nobly fu
So material a change in Herbert's mo the ever-wakeful anxiety of his parent, a on the excellent Dr. Nevil, then Dean
Quarles in the Enchiridion ; acting with such tenderness towards her children, that they feared her displeasure more than her correction. Our poet remained under the protection of this worthy woman, and in the quiet of his home, until he reached his twelfth year. During this period he participated, with two of his brothers
, and through the kindzess of
About fifteen, being then a King's scholar, he was
and Master of the College, to take her son under his protection, and provide a tutor to superintend his studies. Ellis, in his brief notice of Herbert, has remarked that nature intended him for a knight-errant, but that disappointed ambition made him a saint; but if the editor of the Early Specimens had even glanced over the poet's history, he would soon have seen the injustice of his opinion. An extract from a letter, written to his mother in his first year at Cambridge, will throw an interesting light on the state of his youthful feelings.
“But I fear the heat of my late ague hath dried up those springs by which scholars say the Muses use to take up their habitations. However, I need not their help to reprove the vanity of those many love-poems that are daily writ and consecrated to Venus ; nor to bewail that so few are writ that look towards God and heaven. For my own part, my meaning (dear mother) is, in these sonnets, to declare my resolution to be, that my poor abilities in poetry shall be all and ever consecrated to God's glory."
I confess my inability to discover any traces of knighterrantry in these sentiments. Jeremy Taylor says, that some are of age at fifteen, some at twenty, and some never. The life of Herbert, even from his boyhood, had been a ministration of purity and peace. Religion in a child is generally considered wonderful, as if the visitations of that daughter of heaven were only made to us when oppressed with years, and in the winter of our days. But this belief is one of the many errors in which we are so fond of indulging. A cruse of pure and beautiful thoughts is intrusted unto each of us at our birth, and if we treasure it as we ought, and employ its divine potency only in the nourishment of the good
be became a great man." It is gratifying to know that both of these anticipations were nobly fulfilled.
So material a change in Herbert's mode of life ercited the ever-wakeful anxiety of his parent, and she prevailed Mont Dr. Nevil
, then Dean of Canterbury,
and the holy, it will not waste or dimini of adversity. The amiable Dr. Hamn Eton, frequently stole away from his con most sequestered places, for the purpose Dr. More, the author of the Song of wont to declare that in his childhood tinually sensible of the presence of the De
The society of his mother, and the ini ments that beguiled his infancy, had exc ficial influence on the young poet's dis had much cause of thankfulness, also, ir solicitude of Dr. Nevil, who invited hin house, and assisted him with counsel Perfection, however, is not given to any m not surprising that the condescending int Master, gave birth to sensations of pride of the high-born Undergraduate. To tl may attribute the seclusion in which he 1 dislike to the formation of indiscriminate His few companions were selected for thei talents, and among them may be mention Ferrar, who afterwards rendered himself by the eccentric enthusiasm of his religion he was then a member of Clare Hall, of w been entered in 1606.
One of the prevalent follies of the young the University, at this period, was a love o clothes; and Herbert did not escape the When courtiers placed flowers behind their one of the most elegant noblemen of the ag Earl of Pembroke, wore ear-rings, the extrava fashion must have been widely disseminat
• See Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy, passim
and the holy, it will not waste or diminish in the bour of adversity. The amiable Dr. Hammond, when at Eron, frequently stole away from his companions to the most sequestered places, for the purpose of prayer; and Dr. More, the author of the Song of the Soul
, was Font to declare that in his childhood he was con tinually sensible of the presence of the Deity.
The society of his mother, and the innocent aruse. ments that beguiled his infancy, had exercised a benefcial influence on the young poet's disposition. He bad much cause of thankfulness, also, in the fatherly solicitude of Dr. Nevil, who invited him to his own house, and assisted him with counsel and advice. Perfection, however, is not given to any man, and it is not surprising that the condescending intimacy of the Master, gave birth to sensations of pride in the breast of the high-born Undergraduate. To this cause we may attribute the seclusion in which he lived, and his dislike to the formation of indiscriminate friendships. His few companions were selected for their worth and talents, and among them may be mentioned Nicholas Ferrar, who afterwards rendered himself so notorious by the eccentric enthusiasm of his religious conduct: he was then a member of Clare Hall
, of which he had
what a height they had attained at Cambridge may be learnt from an "Item" in the amusing regulations issued by “the Vice-Chancellor and Caput," before the King's visit in 1614-15.
" Item.--Considering the fearful enormitie and excesse of apparell scene in all degrees, as namely, strange pekadivelas, vast bands, huge cuffs, shoe-roses, tufts, locks, and topps of hare Chair) unbeseeminge that modesty and carridge of Students in soe renowned an Universitye, it is straightlye charged,' that noe Graduate or Student in the Universitye presume to weare any other apparell or ornaments, especially at the tyme of his Majestie's abode in the towne than such onely as the statutes and laudable customs of this Universitye do allowe, uppon payne of forfeiture of 6s. 8d, for every default; and if any presume, after this publique warninge, to offend in the premises, such his willfull offence shal be deemed a contempte, and the party so offending shal be punished, over and besides the foresaid Mulct, a months imprisonment accord. inglie."—Nichols's Progresses of King James the First, vol. iii. p. 43-5.
Thc month's imprisonment was more effectual in deterring offenders than the mulct of 6s. 8d., although that was not a sum to be despised.
The King and Prince Charles entered Cambridge on the 7th of March, with "as much solemnity and concourse of gallants," as the severity of the weather per. mitted. The Earl of Suffolk had been recently appointed Chancellor of the University, in the place of his relation, Lord Northampton, and his arrangements for the reception of the Royal visiters were marked by the most magnificent liberality. He was established at St. John's, where bis expenses are said to have amounted to a thousand pounds daily. Lady Suffolk entertained her party, consisting principally of the Howards, at Mag
been eatered in 1606.
One of the prevalent follies of the young students of the University, at this period, was a love of expensive clothes; and Herbert did not escape the infection. When courtiers placed lowers behind their ears, and one of the most elegant noblemen of the age, William Earl of Pembroke, wore ear-rings, the extravagancies of fashion must have been widely disseminated *. To
Burton' Anatomy of Melancholy, passim.
dalen College. Herbert was now a M Trinity, having taken his Bachelor's de but I do not find that he took any acti preparation of the various amusements v University endeavoured to enliven the monarch. In 1616 he was made Master it appears, from a letter he addressed Danvers, in the March of the following income was not equal to his wants.
Sir John Danvers was the second hus Herbert, who married him about the 1608-9. The match is mentioned by that Chamberlain, in a letter dated March "Young Davers (Danvers) is likewise w widow Herbert, mother to Sir Edward, twice his age *." Sir John Danvers was H Northamptonshire in 1626, M.P. for the Oxford from 1625 to 1640, and Gentleman Chamber to Charles the First. He subsequ an active partizan of Cromwell, and was r the Council of State. His public life see justified the character given of him by Cla says that he was a “proud, weak, forma to Herbert he always behaved with kii generosity t.
To Sir John DANVERS. SIR-I dare no longer be silent, least while modest, I wrong both myself and also the confiden« have in me; wherefore I will open my case unto think, deserves the reading at the least; and i books extremely. You know, Sir, how I am now s
Birch's MSS., Brit. Mus. 4173. .Vide Noble's Lives of the Regicides, vol. i. p. 16 Nichols's Progresses of James the First, vol. iii. p. 979.