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Southern District of New York, ss. E IT REMEMBERED, That' on the sixteenth day of February, A. D. of America, William s Cardell, of the said District, has deposited in this office the title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as author, in the words following, to wit :

“ Essay on Language, as connected with the Faculties of the Mind, and as applied to things in Nature and Art. Socia mentis lingua.

By William S. Cardell "

In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, "AP Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein inentioned." And also to an Act, entitled “an Act, supplementary to an Act, entitled an Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other pripts "

JAMES DILL, Clerk of the Southern District of New York

:

J. SEYMOUR, PRINTER, JOHN-STREET.

CONTENTS.

Introductory dissertation,

1

General view of language as intimately combined with

the mental powers, the instruction and welfare of na-
tions, and the whole social and commercial intercourse
of rational beings,

ib.

Structure of speech in its earliest known forms, deduced

from the nature and wants of man, and the condition of

savage life,

7

Brief history of the progress of letters, from the time of

their invention, with a slight notice of the changes to
which language has been subjected from political and

13

General character of the English language, and its bis-

tory, from the invasion of England by Julius Cesar, to

the present time,

Philosophic exposition of speech in its practical adapta-

tion to the purposes of life,

34

Elementary principles and definitions,

39

Classification of words,

44

Names of things grammatically considered,

ib.
do. do. philosophically

do.

ib.

Pronouns or substitutes,

62

Words of relation and description, adjectives,

66

Actions or affirmations-verbs,

107

Logic and philosophic elucidation of moods and tenses, 121

Etymons and practical explanations of the words errone-

ously called auxiliaries,

138

Verb to be,

141

Participles always adjectives by use,

165

Contractions in terms and in construction,

ib,

Adverbs,

178

Conjunctions,

180

Prepositions,

182

Irregular articnlations called interjections,

184

Structure of sentences,

185

Lessons in parsing, grammatical,

187

do. do. philosophic,

193

Specimens giving a slight view of the changes in language, 194

Examples of errors in practice,

203

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