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" that they should not eat of the most holy | phets.” (1 Sam. xxviii. 6.) And when things, till there stood up a priest with Urim Moses blessed the tribes of Israel, of Levi and Thummim." When ministers and he said, “ Let thy Urim and Thummim be biblical writers can bring forth the mind with thy Holy One.” (Deut. xxxii. 8.) of God as hidden and expressed in the The opinion concerning the Urim and Word of God, it is pleasant to hear, it is Thummim most generally received among profitable to read; but when the preaching the Jews is, that they were the twelve preis but a wild harangue, and the writing is cious stones in the breast-plate, on which without mind or matter, it is miserable to were engraven the names of the twelve lend them either our ears or our eyes. tribes of Israel; and that the oracle gave Until, in our regenerated minds, the priest its answer to any question proposed, by stands up with Urim and Thummim, and causing such letters in them to shine with bids us to eat of the most holy things, a superior lustre, or to appear prominent we can never minister unto the souls of above the rest, as formed the words of the God's people the bread of life, nor can we answer, which, some say, the high priest open to them the vital and sacred mysteries was by inspiration taught to spell, and disof eternal truth.

pose in their proper order, though others If these things are so essential, the maintain the several letters shone or apquestion arises-What was the Urim and peared prominent, not all together, but one Thummim typical of ? Have they passed after another, in the order which formed away for ever? or, do they still continue, the words of the answer. And whereas only expressed in another manner? all the letters of the alphabet are not

Rabbi David decided it as “unknown to us found in the names of the twelve tribes; what they signified." An old lexicon says, the Talmudists inform us that the names “ Urim” signifies Lights or Explanations. of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were likeThe word “ Thummim” signifies Per-wise engraven over the name of Reuben; fections.

and under that of Benjamin, the words No positive explanation is given of them shibhte-Jah, “the tribes of the Lord;" and in the Word of God; which suggests to by this means the alphabet was completed. my mind the necessity of a special reve- Josephus, and some others, imagine the lation in our souls; also, that faith is answer was returned by the stones of the important, and that the Lord designs, that, breast-plate appearing with an unusual lusin order to obtain clear and comfortable tre, when it was favourable, or in the conviews of these sacred mysteries, we should trary case, dim. The more common opidiligently search his Word, plead at his nion among Christians concerning the throne, and meditate upon his great sal. oracle by Urim and Thummim, and which vation-work, in all its several branches and Dr. Prideaux espouses, is, that when the blessings. Let my reader well digest one high priest appeared before the veil, or two plain facts respecting this Urim and clothed with his ephod and breast-plate, to Thummim.

ask counsel of God, the answer was given 1. It is a fact that no man was com- by an audible voice from the mercy-seat manded to make the Urim and Thummin: within the veil: which, he thinks, best as God made and gave the two tables to answers to the scripture expression of Moses, so did He make, and give, this inquiring at the mouth of the Lord” Urim and Thummim.

(Josh, ix. 14), and God's “communing" 2. They were in the breastplate, and and talking with those who consulted Him worn upon Aaron's heart.

(Exod. xxv. 22;. But this account will 3. The high priests of the Jews con- by no means agree with the history of sulted God in the most important affairs David's consulting the oracle by Abiathar: of their commonwealth, and received “When he knew Saul secretly practised answers by the Urim.

mischief against him, he said to Abiathar 4. The use of them was to inquire of the priest, Bring hither the ephod;" and God, and to receive an answer by tbem then he inquired of the Lord, “ Will the concerning his will. It is said in the book men of Keilah deliver me up into his of Numbers, that Eleazar the priest shall hands ?" (1 Sam. xxiii. 9–11.) And on ask counsel for Joshua after the judgment another occasion, “ I pray thee," said he to of Urim before the Lord. (Numb. xxvii. Abiathar,“ bring me hither the ephod: 21.) And when Saul "inquired of the and he brought the ephod: and David inLord, the Lord answered him not, neither quired at the Lord, Shall I pursue after by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by the pro- this troop?" &c. (chap. xxx. 7, 8). On

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his sovereign, of private conspiracy and re- condemnation. Secondly, it shows thee that bellion against the king; "his treason con- thou hast no faith in the man Christ Jesus sisted in speaking evil of the king: yes, he had by nature, and that though thou hast no other even gone so far in his desperate rebellion as sins, yet thou art in a perishing state, because to give him the lie to his face, - for he that be of unbelief. It shall reprove of sin becuuse lieveth not hath made God a liar.” Thus, I found they believe not on me.' that Mr. Huntington brought Prodigalis In concluding these quotations I merely in guilty of unbelief, though he was no infi- add, that I pin my faith to no man, I call no del; who was likewise freely justified by the man master, nor acknowledge any voice but grace of God, through the redemption that is the voice of Jesus; from the relation I have in Christ Jesus; and now for the first time I given, I am satisfied that you will perceive received Mr. Huntington's testimony, in ad- that my exercises on this subject have been dition to others, that, not only law trans- more than mere thinking, and that my congressors, but disobedient rebels to the Gospel, clusions are the result of strong convictions. like myself, possessing all the religious know- I turn now at once to scripture testimony, ledge of Prodigalis, may yet obtain mercy " In the mouth of two or three witnesses through the rich atoning blood of Jesus. shall every truth be established.” This does not appear in the former passage: The question I propose to consider is this, in that he is speaking of the most obstinate “Does the Gospel require the obedience of and final acts of unbelief; in this of great faith of those who hear it, or not?" obstinacy indeed-struggling against light In the first place, I will show what I mean and convictions, but at last conquered and by the Gospel. Your correspondent, A brought to judgment in this world. The Little One," wisely makes a distinction beother ends in final impenitence, and is judged tween the covenant of grace and the Gospel in the world to come.

dispensation. In this I fully sympathise And here I take the opportunity of saying with him. The covenant of grace does not that I am more indebted to Mr. Hunting- consist in requiring obedience, but in bestowton for my views on this subject, than to any ing it; it neither exhorts nor commands, but other man; and he was none of your yea- promises what God will do for those who are and-nay men; he did not confound the Gospel | interested therein; this is Gospel in its strictwith duties and exhortations to the creature, est sense. But the Gospel as it is dispensed but when he brought a siuner to God's bar, taken in its largest sense, is a revelation of he was not afraid of demanding too much the Will of God to all men, wherever it comes from a miserable rebel,-robbing God of his and requires obedience, both from sinners and just demands to spare the helpless rebel. He from saints; it instructs, exhorts, commands; brought both Law and Gospel with each of it warns and threatens, as well as promises their requirements to play against him, till mercy, it judges and condemns, as well as he was left without either hope or shelter justities. This is what I mean by the Gospel from the stormy blast.

in the following remarks. “Little One" hav. From Mr. Huntington I turn to J. Bun- ing laid down the distinction between the yan, whose " Grace Abounding to the Chief of Gospel properly, and the Gospel dispensation, Sioners," strikes almost every chord of my allows that it is the duty of all men to be. own exercises; it is wonderful to me how he lieve, but not with all the heart that they tells me all that was in my heart. The good may be saved; he is afraid of asking more of man gives utterance to my very feelings in poor miserable sinners than they can pay, so the following words, “ Now I was in great he lowers the scale of charges, as if poor distress, thinking, in very deed, that I came bankrupt man could either pay little or much. too late; wherefore I went up and down be- I, for my part, admitting that it is a duty to moaning my sad condition, counting myself a believe, ain not afraid of laying the axe to thousand fools for standing off so long, and the root of the tree, but fear rather to dispending so many years in sin as I had done; minish aught from the requirements of the still crying out, Oli that I had turned sooner! Word; and in that Word I find no middle class Oh that ï had turned seven years ago! it between the believer that shall be saved, and made me also angry with myself to think the unbeliever that shall be damned. Ralph that I should have had no more wit, but to Erskine well describes my views respecting trifle away my time, till my soul and heaven the requirements of the Word and the grace were lost."

thereof If poor ignorant Bunyan thus bemoaned Wouldst thou distinctly know the sound himself, how much more might I do so, that Of law and grace? then don't confound had read the best authors, had sat under the The dispensation with the grace, excellent and searching ministry of the late For these two have a distinct place. 8. Turner of Sunderland, and heard several The Gospel thus dispensed we see: times in London such men as Comb, Stevens, Believe, and thou shalt saved be; Gadsby, Warburton, Kershaw, and yet withal If not, thou shalt be damn'd to hell, (though not a professor) I remained a grace- And in eternal torments dwell. less trifler. One more quotation from Bun- But sure, the gospel news we sing yan: “ The Spirit of Christ,” says he,“ shows Must be some other glorious thing, thee more sins than the sius against the law. Than precepts to believe the same, First, it shows thee that' All thy righteous- Whatever way we blend their name. ness is as filthy rags,'-all thy praying, medi- The gospel treasure's something more tation, hearing, reading, almsdeeds, fastings, Than means that do apply the store; reformation, &c., thou being an unbeliever, Believing is the method paved, deserve at the hands of God his curse and The gospel is the thing believed.”


To proceed.

to join the ranks of the faithful all their days, 1st. From the nature of Jehovah's record, who nevertheless choose the Lord for their I will show that faith is required of all that portion, and these are believers as well as hear it, and that no other faith is properly those who add profession to their faith. “Man believing in the sight of God but that of be- looketh at the outward appearance, God lieving with all the heart unto righteousness. looketh at the heart.” So I conclude, if God

2nd. From the unequivocal exhortations judges all men as unbelievers who do not beappended to and properly belonging to the lieve, that faith is a duty which is required of record, I will show that it is the duty of all them; they have heard his word, but have men to believe. To these two heads I will not received it. It is the duty to believe that endeavour to contine myself. If I cannot makes unbelief an offence; for where there prove my point from them, I cannot prove is no law there is no sin. “He that believeth it at all. Jehovah's record takes in two very not God hath made him a liar; because he important things—first, that we are all sin believeth not the record that God gare of his ners, already under the wrath of God; second, Son." that * Christ Jesus is come into the world, From the nature of Jehovah's record, the that whosoever believeth in him should not nature of the faith which it requires is also perish, but have everlasting life.” Of the first obvious. “Little One” asks,“ Was it your it is said, “ All have sinned and come short of duty saringly to believe in Christ Jesus the glory of God;" and, " The wages of sin your duty to believe you were one of his is death." Of the second, the Father saith, when you were dead in trespasses and sins? " This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well If so, ihen it was your duty to believe a lie.* pleased, hear ye him.” The Son saith, “I am Now, with every respect to “ Little One." it come a light into the world, that whosoever is clear that he inistakes the first great object believeth in me should not abide in darkness." of faith. It is not an object of faith presented And the Holy Ghost saith, “ To-day, if ye to the carnal man to believe he is one of will hear his voice, harden not your hearts." | Christ's; he must first believe before he is Such is Jehovah's record. In his testimony warranted to believe that he is one of the concerning sin, He declares the universal ruin redeemed; this is a blessed truth revealed for and danger of all men; and in his testimony them only who have already through grace concerning righteousness, He shows to all, believed. The first great objects presented in wherever the Gospel comes, the only way of this record for the credence of sinners are, escape from everlasting misery. God, our that they are sinners, and that Christ is the Maker and Judge, has stooped down to carth only Saviour, and it is their duty to submit to to speak to his creatures: before the final Him that they may be saved. I do not think judgment is set, He testifies unto them con- the phrase "savingly believe” is a very intelcerning their everlasting destinies, and it is ligible one. The Scripture phrases are—" To the creature's duty to hear Him;-however believe, that we may be saved," "To the averse to the Word, or incapable by sin of saving of the soul,” &c., which do not dereceiving it in love, man's depravity dimi- scribe a manner of believing, or the nature of nishes not in the least any of his obligations; faith, but the end of it. The sinner is the a debtor may not be able to pay his debts, subject of faith, Christ and his righteousness but his incompetence to pay relieves him not is the great object, and salvation the end of from his liabilities, every mite of which is it: each of these things is spiritual, -our justly due to his creditor. So it is an ever- disease is spiritual. Jesus' blood is a spiritual lasting obligation which we owe to God to remedy, and the salvation is also spiritual. hearken diligently to all his words, to submit Now what other faith can this record require to them, and receive them with affection; but that of believing with the heart unto and our depravity, though it leaves us with-righteousness?—the great object spoken ofout power to pay, leaves not God without and to what other end should a man believe right to demand.

but the salvation of his soul? The record A testimony is given, whether from men or speaks of no other, it is adapted to no other, from God, that it may be believed; and this nor does it promise any other; on the contestimony of God concerns every creature trary, it threatens all that come short of it under heaven; it is applicable to all, and is with destruction, which they know not how to be declared to all; the very fact, therefore, soon may be executed, “He that believeth of its having to be declared to all shows it to not shall be damned." be the duty of all to hear it, and, if to hear it, Of those that believe not, the Scriptures to believe. If we slight, neglect, or disbelieve speak in the following manner:-" They rethe testimony of man, we despise the testi- ceived not the love of the truth, that they fier; what shall we say, therefore, of him might be saved;" they " obey not the truth;" who disbelieves the testimony of God? When are " disobedient," " stumble at the stumblingany man hears, he either believes or not; it stone," are " offended in him;" " they "subis impossible to be neutral: he either glorifies mit not to his righteousness," they received God by believing, or makes Him a liar by him not,” “ rejected,” “refused him;" they disbelieving. Faith has many degrees, and “hated," " did not love him," they “ will not unbelief has many; but there can be but two come unto him.” From these Scriptores we classes,—there is the outward infidel and the see the nature and guilt of unbelief, of which inward. Some men only dare to profess their there are inany degrees, but all are counted infidelity, but all men by nature say in their amongst the "disobedient" who do not obey the hearts, " There is no God;" but both these are truth, and all are offended" in Jesus who do infidels; so some believers never have boldness not love Him. For he that is not for is against.

Greek languages, and of late attacked the of everlasting light, and had our eyes but hereulean task of learning the Hebrew sin- have been opened as Elisha's were, we should gle-handed, and with which he became par- have seen the angelic messengers waiting, as lially acquainted; he was also an almost un. we were, to carry him to his God, and to our equ::lled arithmetician.

God: About two years ago, or more, it is thought “ To vie with Gabriel, while he sings that he began to suffer from paralysis; and With notes almost divine." what was most distressing, he began to be at a quarter past two on Wednesday morndreadfully afflicted in the back of the head, ing, he breathed his last, is quietly as I now which would cause him to weep bitterly, and breathe in this silent moment. And the deprive him of all power to think-nothing words which then struck my mind are could relieve it. I could not but observe to exactly expressive of that last moment, even my wife, some two years ago, or more," Don't to thai iota :you detect a difference in father's preaching " One gentle sigh his fetters broke, —, want of memory in particular?” My We scarce could say, he's gone, friends, the brain was beginning to soften Before his ransom'd spirit took and decay; and every time he made an effort Its station near the throne.” to study, he was forced to give in on account Thus he professed, --he lived what he proof the excruciating pain in the back of the fessed, -he died as he lived, --and now we heart. It made our very hearts bleed to wit-may add him to the number, --" These all Dess his agony.

died in faith.” He died aged 55 (the exact On one occasion I went to see him, and he age of his father). After death the head was was senseless and speechless—so insensible opened, and was found to possess not one that he lay for twelve hours with a pill on particle of brain, He spent it in his Master's his tongue, without the least effort to swallow service. or eject it-and knew no one. Speedily his speech and voice began to fail, so that he could not be heard; and sometimes, if heard, FORTY YEARS' SERVICE IN THE there would be a want of sense. Till at last

IRISH MISSION. he became quite prostrate, and was only relieved by his ever attentive and affectionate

No. I. wife moving him in and out of his bed. And Mr. Isaac McCarthy, of Madeley, in Shropthen he would sit for hours and not speak, shire, having laboured for many years in and look quite vacant. Sometimes his poor Ireland, has promised to give a few sketches mind wandered, and he would not know illustrative of his work, and of the character what he was talking about. And what, per of the popish priests.' We hope they will haps, was most touching, was when he tried

serve some good purpose. to speak, but could not, he burst into tears for minutes together, and sat afterwards To the Editor of the Earthen Vessel. dumb and still. Soinetimes he would rally, Madeley, Shropshire, 24th Sept., 1856. and spenk to friends who came to see him; MY DEAR BROTHER, -Agreeably to my and would invariably talk of Jesus as clearly promise, I now take up my pen, to give you and correctly as possible, whilst he would a brief account of a few facts which have lose himself on other matters.

come within my personal knowledge during After country air, physicians and surgeons, the forty years I have been on the Irish Misand all means failed, on the sabbath before sion, conducted under the management of the he died, he was evidently taken worse, and Baptist Irish Society. It has been frequently seemed to be quite conscious that he was asked, What good resulted from that entergoing, and kissed all his friends and relations prise? Unpleasant as it is for a man to write present, saying only, “ Peace, peace, all is or speak of himself, to the glory of God I peace." In the morning he rallied a little, may record it, I have baptized more than two and when I saw him I really thought him as hundred persons who were not ashamed of far from death as he was weeks past; indeed the Gospel of Christ. Many of these turned his dear partner, seeing that he had gone to out to be eminently useful. Six of these sleep on Monday night, and slept all night were called of God to the work of the mipretty quietly, thought that he would have a nistry. The Rev. Charles Row is one of comfortable day on Tuesday. Rising at six them. Several other brethren were endowed o'clock, she observed a great change in him, with gifts for extensive usefulness. and, indeed, it was his last sleep, for he began Several of what they call Roman Catholics, to breathe hard, and continued unconscious repented, believed, and were baptized. It all day, and lay motionless. Night came, and may help to check the growth of Puseyism, with his family, and many who had been which is the very essence of Popery, to know blessed by his ministry, till his chamber was how I have silenced the advocaoy of Roman full, and the hearts of most full with grief, Catholio priests, when they have urged upon and yet with gratitude to the Lord that his me what they call the reasonableness of praylast moments were quietness and peace. ing to the souls of the faithful departed. The Still sorrow would press on the mind to think, whole argument turns upon the question of that a dear husband, a dear father, and a dear knowledge; and I have always asked thempastor, was there; but he could not speak, Were the saints they now pray to omniscient he could not see, he did not know we were when in this life? This was never insisted there. Till the moment came when his re- upon. Finding them shrink from this quesdeemed spirit must take its flight to realms tion, I demand that they should distinctively answer my next interrogation-Are the souls | gave a dreadful negative to the prayer of the of the faithful departed endowed with this rich man; you and your church may never great attribute of the Deity at or after their expect anvihing better from an insulted God. death ? -- Are they then made equal to God All such acts declare your disbelief in God's himself in knowing all things? You must mercy and the whole of revelation.” first establish it as an indubitable fact, that

Yours truly, they know all the affairs of this life as per

Isaac McCARTHY. fectly as God himself, or else your creed must be founded upon manifest uncertainty and the grossest error. By this time, the

ACROSTIC. slipperiness of a newly-caught eel, I have always found that they made an effort to

Cast all thy burdens on the Lord;

He will sustain thee-trust his Word. escape from my grasp. When priests are aware that the foundation of their dogmatical

A true and faithful God He is; fabric has been shivered to atoms, they then

R ich are his gracious promises.. will, with the greatest artifice and low cun

"Lo! I am with you to the end," ning, endeavour to shift their antagonist from

E ngaged to succour and defend. his position, by asking him intricate and irri

S till on his promised aid depend. tating questions. But that would not do, While oft with outward cares oppressid, they must answer my questions or quit the A nd by thine in ward fears distress'd; field.

Though trouble rises like a floodThis brings to my recollection an occur- E ach trial shall but work thee good; rence just in point. I was, by a friend, in- Refined by them, each grace of thine vited to dine at what is by priests denomi- S ball fairer, stronger, brighter shine. nated a Station. They send their vestments

Boldly thy heav'nward course pursue, to whatever house they wish. This is a signal

A nd keep the glorious crown in view; given to the family to have everything in

N or fear, thou h earth and hell combine; readiness on some day appointed for holding

Kept by the power of grace divine, a meeting. On those occasions the priests

Soon shall th' inheritance be thine. hear confessions and give absolutions. A good dinner is the last ceremony of the day. POPLAR, Oct. 9th, 1856. W. T. No man could be made more welcome at this festival than your friend. There were five or six priests present at it. Two of them were en- The following lines were found in the coatgaged at the discussion held at Eskey, against pocket of Mr. W. McLean, of Edinburgh, a reading the Bible. The name of one of most exemplary Christian, who died 16th them was Huse. I had an interview with him of March, 1788. the following day. He conimenced a conversation by telling me what rapid success was Come, stingless death, heave o'er; lo! here's resulting from their missions. I kept abreast In bloody characters, by Him who was,

my pass, with him for some time, and at last I got And is, and shall be.' Jordan, cut thy stream, ahead of him. This stirred up all the popish fire of his constitution, and with great vehe- Jake channels dry; I bear my Father's name mence he exclaimed, " But, sir, you have no Stamp't on my brow; I'm ravished with my mission from God.” My reply was, I can

crown, produce my commission from the Lord Jesus It shines so bright. Down with all glory, down, Christ in a few moments;" and I referred him That worlds can give. I see the pearly port, to Christ's command to his Apostles, Mark The golden streets, where blessed souls resort, xvi. 15, 16; and then asked him to show me

The tree of life, floods gushing from the

throne, any other authority for preaching either from God or man. Again, in a burning passion, he Calline to joys. Begone short woes, begone;

I liv'd said, “ You Protestants have held us up to

die, but now I die to live; public view as a base set of idolaters. Thave I do enjoy more than I did believe; been ransacking my brains to find scripture

The promise--me into possession sends: in justification of our church in praying to Faitli in fruition, hope in glory ends! the souls of the faithful departed;” and he

From an old Magazine (date 1795). referred me to the following passage, “Father Abraham, have mercy upon me," &c., Luke xvi. 24. My reply was, * Mr. Huse, be not

THE LATE H. NICOLE. deceived in me; for, both in my pulpit and Tuat wellknown itinerant Gospel-preacher, on platforms, I have never shunned to de- H. Nicole, of Took's-court, Chancery-lane, clare your church to be idolatrous. We care departed this life October 7th. For a long nothing how you may qualify the word wor- time he had been lingering on the brink. He ship; while you offer prayers to fellow-crea- preached his last three sermons at St. John'stures you are idolaters. You say that you place, Lisson Grove; and his last text was, have been ransacking your brains for Scrip- How shall we escape if we neglect so great ture proof and precedency to prop up your salvation ?". On the afternoon of the first church in this species of worship, and it now Sunday in August he administered the Lord's appears very evidently that you have also Supper to us; but was very iil. The friends been ransacking the dreary regions of the at Beulah Chapel deeply feel his loss. He was damned to justify yourselves in worshippiug a faithful minister of the Gospel.–J. Munns, the souls of men and women. But Abraham' 8, Eastbourne Mews, Paddington.

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