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The late Mr. John Warburton,



We shall not continue the review of Mr. As we hope to pass through the whole Warburton's life this month, as we wish of Mr. Warburton's life and ministry in very specially to call the attention of our the successive numbers of THE EARTHEN readers to a pamphlet now publishing by VESSEL, we shall only here make one John Gadsby, George Yard, Bouverie quotation from the diary of his last days. Street, London. This pamphlet is enti- This has been written by the present Mr. tled- "A Testimony to the Loving-kindness John Warburton, of Southhill, Beds; and and Faithfulness of a Covenant God, as revised by Mr. Philpot; and will

, no doubt, displayed in the Last Illness and blessed be a great comfort to many thousands of Death of the late John Warburton, forty- our spiritual Israel. The following extract two years pastor of, Zion. Chapel, Trow, is one sample of some of the happy prepabridge ; and published for the widow and rations which the Lord gave him for his family.

latter end. The writer saysThere is a two-fold excellency in this little book. In the first place, it has a It was some time in October, 1856, that my preface written by Mr. Philpot, in which dear father was first taken seriously ill, his comhe very sweetly describes his first inter- plaint being, as I understand, a disease of the view with, and his first hearing of, Mr. tained by his family and friends, whether he

heart. Shortly after, great fears were enterWarburton. In the second place, it con- would ever recover. In November, while I tains a simple, a faithful, and a most was supplying at Hurst, I received a letter profitable diary of the exercises, the from my sister, saying, if I wished to see him ecstacies, the trials, and the triumphs of alive she thought'no time was to be lost. I, this dear old saint, as gently down into of course, immediately set off, and arrived in " the narrow stream" he went.

Trowbridge the same night. Dear man! on

seeing me he was almost overcome by his feel. We have occasionally looked at the ings; so, finding him very weak, I said little laboured efforts of learned men, who have to him that night. On the morrow, I felt anx. done their best to prove the truthfulness ious to learn the state of his mind, and to of the Christian religion, but we must when I saw him again, I put the question to

know if anything oppressed him. Accordingly, confess, in our estimation, no demonstra- him, and begged him to tell me if he had anytion more conclusive and decided of the thing that lay heavy upon his mind, either power and preciousness of the saving concerning the family, the church, or himself. virtue of the gospel can ever be found Never shall I forget the pleasant smile upon than is given in the conversion, in the his countenance, as he answered, “My dear Christian character, in the successful child, if thou wast to put the world before me,

and say all should be mine to tell thee anyministry, and in the closing scenes of that thing upon my mind that in the least dis. well-known and greatly-beloved servant tresses me or gives the least pain, I could not. of Christ, John Warburton, of Trow- Bless God! I have a good conscience before bridge. We have read the conversion and him. Those truths that, in my little way, I ministry of Daniel Rowlands, the great in the view and expectation of death. o what Welcb Whitfield, and many others of a could I have done now, had I been suffered to similar character; but we can hardly think keep back the truth of God? But no thanks to there is any good man's life upon record me. I have been tempted to soften the truth, in which the

fallen sinner, and the justic and been determined not to give such offence fied believer, the incurable sinfulness of but God has made it to burn in my heart like

a fire, and out it has been obliged to come. our buman nature, and the superabound- 10 the traps that men have set for me! But, ing grace of God, was ever more power- bless my God, he has delivered the poor worm fully displayed and contrasted than in from them all. Just before I was taken ill,” The Mercies of a Covenant God” by John he went on to say, how the Lord did favour Warburton, which, in one bound volume, me, to be sure. Go where I would, there can still be had, we suppose, of any book- den, there he was; if into my summer-house, seller in Europe.

he went with me; if into the wood-house, VOL. XIII.--No. 148.

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sawing and chopping wood, he was with me mixing together the things of God and man. too. He led me back through all the footsteps Persecution from the heads of the College fell he had brought me, both in providence and upon me, which much severed the tie, and grace. O how my soul was broken down with broke to pieces the pleasing prospects I was his loving-kindness. I tell thee what, John, indulging of worldly advancement. A great I could hardly walk about; for the smiles of gulf seemed placed also in my feelings between God seemed too much for the body to bear, my former friends and myself; and one day At last, I said to him, 'My dear Lord, what in particular, in the year 1829, as I was sitart thou about to do with thy poor worm ? ting on my horse, near the College gates, it 0, I wanted him to take me home.” I said, was so impressed on my mind that Oxford “Father, your desire will soon be granted.” was no place for me that I gladly turned my " Well," he said, “ if putting up my finger back upon it, and went to reside permanently would raise me up or take me out of the body, at Stadhampton. A long and trying illness I would not do it, contrary to the will of God. in the year 1830, from which indeed I have Not my will, but thine, O Lord, be done." never fully recovered, was also made a means

of deepening a sense of my own sinfulness and The preface to this pamphlet has been opening up the truth more clearly and fully read by us with deep interest. The poor to my soul ; and the solitude of a country vil sinner's pathway from death to life-from lage, with an entire seclusion from all worldly Sinai to Zion from the wilderness to society, much favoured prayer, meditation,

and reading the Scriptures. Powerful temptagospel Canaan-has always been watched tions also assailed my soul, and trials and sorby us with

an intensity, never to be rows of various kinds were spread in my path. described. We do so dearly love to hear, I mention these things not from any desire to or to read, a good man's testimony con- dwell on personal matters, but to show how cerning the way whereby the Lord

far my mind was prepared to break through brought him to himself; and delivered, separate the Churchman, and more especially

those barriers of pride and prejudice which pardoned, and espoused his precious soul. the clergyman from the Dissenter, and make We do love something definite, something me desirous of seeing and hearing a man of indisputable, something so prominently God, out of my own narrow pale. marked with the finger of God, that no It was then some time in the year 1833, or spiritual mind can question the reality of 1834, that Mr. Warburton came to Abingdon it for one moment. In the call of Abra- to preach at the chapel of my dear friend, Mr.

Tiptaft, whom I had intimately known for ham, Moses, David, Gideon, Isaiah, Jere- some years previously as a brother clergyman, miah, Ezekiel, and Saul of Tarsus, you and whose secession a year or two before from have the bold, the brilliant, the unmis- the Establishment had not broken or impaired takeable voice of the Lord God Almighty. our union in mind and heart in the great In the call and conversion of the late Abingdon, about eight miles distant, to see John Warburton you have the same. and hear Mr. Warburton. I was then and We fear there are few men, in our day, had been for some time a good deal exercised who can furnish any testimony at all in my mind about eternal things, and went approaching it. To such an extent, it is with many fears, and under much bondage not essential. Still, we repeat, we like of England, which I was then beginning to

both on account of my position in the Church to have it.

feel, and the state of my own soul, which was, In the preface, Mr. Philpot has given as I have hinted, then passing through various us a neat account of his first interview trials. Though reared in the lap of learning, with the now deceased John Warburton. and instructed almost from childhood to conWe feel thankful for such a record; and of winning a position in the world, I had,

sider mental attainments as the grand means we are quite sure our readers will be glad some six or seven years before, been taught to read a portion of it; therefore, we give by the weight of eternal realities laid on my the following. Mr. Philpot says

conscience, to value grace as the one thing

needful; and the trials and temptations I was I shall never forget my first interview with passing through in a lonely village, separate Mr. Warburton, which was some time in the from all society but that of a few people who year 1833 or 1834. I was at that time a min- feared God, had deepened the feelings in my ister in the Church of England, and fellow of breast. Under these ciroumstances, I went to a college at Oxford, but was living

in a little vil. Abingdon, feeling my own want of grace, and lage in Oxfordshire, named Stadhampton, therefore with more fears than hopes, as about which was one of the parishes then under my to see and hear a servant of God so

When I first went to Stadhampton, in possessed of it, and anticipating, rather : the year 1828, it was with the intention of frown than a smile both in the pulpit and the riding backwards and forwards to Oxford, and parlour. thus maintaining my connection with the I afterwards learned that the poor dear man, University, where I took pupils, and where I having heard I was a man of great learning, was looking for the highest offices in my Col- was almost as much afraid of meeting the Oro lege. But I soon found that there was no ford scholar as the Oxford scholar was of




meeting him. But how much better grounded | EPISTLES TO THEOPHILUS. were my fears than his; and how much his grace outshone my learning!

He received me, however, with much kindness, and talked pleasantly and profitably on the weighty matters of the kingdom of God. MOST EXCELLENT THEOPHILUS.-I now lay I heard him very comfortably in the evening; before you the laws by which the righteous and next morning after breakfast he would are to be finally judged. have me engage in prayer, which I did with a Eternal election is one rule of final judgtrembling heart, but seemed helped to express ment. Hence the kingdom is said to have simply what I knew and felt. We afterwards been prepared for them from the foundation went inside the coach together to Dorchester, of the world. Now, their being once chosen about seven miles off, conversing the chief part of the way, and there we parted very affec- in Christ stands for ever good; and this tionately. I do not wish to speak of myself, election is an election of grace; and this but I afterwards heard that my feeble lispings election is in Christ as the chosen Head, and had given me an abiding place in the dear also the Mediator of the new covenant. And man's heart, and laid a foundation for that being thus constituted one with him, they friendship and union which have subsisted will never be dealt with otherwise than ag unbroken ever since between us.

they are in him. And hence we see that In March, 1835, I was compelled, from the this original election of them in Christ gopressure upon my conscience, to secede from verns everything relative to them through all the Chureh of England, and was led by a sin- the circumstances of life and death, up to gular providence, and in marked answer to their final possession of glory, sanctified by prayer by a friend on my behalf, to pitch my God the Father, preserved in Christ Jesus, Wiltshire, where, in the following September, and called. Again, he shall send bis angels Mr. Warburton baptized me ; and I shall with the great sound of a trumpet, and never forget the power with which he preached shall gather together his elect. "Go thy that morning. Soon afterwards I went down way, for he is a chosen vessel unto me." to Trowbridge to supply his pulpit, and found Here we see that election before time, and there a gracious people, most of whom were calling in time, are inseparably connected; his spiritual children. He several times sup- nor can any bé effectually called but those plied for ine at Stamford and Oakham, after whom he did foreknow. How solemnly and ing lot was cast in those places; and there are strikingly is this truth set forth in some of those still there, who can bear testimony to the parables! Take the parable of the lathe power and savour with which he spoke. bourers in the vineyard.“ Here were men We have for many years generally met annu. ally at the Calne anniversary, a well-known professing to want employment, that is, they and remarkable gathering of the saints of God wish to be religious ; but who among them in that district of North Wilts., where we have turned out well, and proved to be good serbeen in the habit of preaching together, and vants ? What saith it? Doth it not speak I hope ever met and parted with renewed on this wise--that “many are called, but affection.

few chosen pp You will say, Why, then, What special marks of Divine sove were there many called ? Why, if you look reignty are here! It makes us think of at the parable you will see why the many Toplady's conversion by the poor

preacher ground of their professing to want employ

are called. They were called to work on the in the barn. Here is a learned collegian, ment; and so, no doubt, they did; but they a bigh-bred clergyman of the establish

very soon quarrelled with the sovereignty of ment sitting at the feet of a poor un- the master, and their eye became evil belearned Lancashire mechanic, whom the cause he was good; they looked with an Lord is pleased to honor,

evil eye at his chosen ones; over estimated There are scenes in the life of this (pharisee-like) their own services. What, departed champion we should like more then, made the difference between these serconspicuously to place upon record, but, vants, so that some did not murmur,-and for the present, we forbear.

yet those who did not murmur would the

next day have to bear the burden and heat WAIT only for a little while

of the day, and would yet be content to stay And then, thou tried one, God will smile: in that service? What, I say, was at the For Providence may take a turn,

root of this difference Election reconciles And you still more his love may learn. its objects to itself. The goodness of the Cheer up, thou poor afflicted thing, master to the few made their election maniWe know not what an hour may bring :

fest to them; for the master set these few An hour!—nay, e'er a moment might

in the order of time, and in favour bea Bring you an infinite delight. Deliverance is an open door,

fore the others. He began with the last; And then the trouble is no more!

and thus the pharisee is first, and the pubOnly a word and you are free,

lican last; but the God of heaven put the And then what goodness shall you see. publican first, and the pharisee last; and 8, River-st., Islington. W. HOUSE. thus it is that the first are last, and the last first ; " for many are called, and few chosen.” only men that could shew unto them the way And does the King make a marriage for of salvation. bis Son ? Wherein this parable like the I now come to the fourth class, which I other lies the secret of the difference between suppose I must call the luggage train ; for those who were rejected and those who were the man who is a sample of this class had finally received.

not on a wedding garment, but of course & Just look at the character of those who garment of bis own; he brought his luggage were not received, not forgetting that all with him. This is the mere Balaamite Calthose who were called to the wedding were vinist—sound to a certain extent in doctrine, already professionally the king's servants; but has never been experimentally stripped ; and, of course, called upon to give their he has never been in the fire, nor in the deep sanction to the marriage of the king's son. waters of soul trouble. He holds the roll of This very, marriage carries in it some truth in his hand, and has the word of truth thing of the doctrine of eternal election- much in his mouth ; but he is not a new the Lamb and the chosen bride for ever one; creature ; he has never truly put on Christ; and an everlasting, feast of good things is the powers of his soul are not truly wrapt in connected therewith. Now, look at the God's truth; and therefore, not being several classes of professed servants of the clothed with salvation, he only very partially King, professed lovers of God, professed savours of Christ-just enough to deceive the servants of the Most High. How do they King's servants, but not enough to deceive treat this eternal oneness of Christ and the the King himself. No doubt, I say, the church, and the gospel feast connected there- great likeness of his garment to the wedding with? The servants in this parable are di- garment would deceive the King's servants, vided into five classes.

but could not deceive the King himself. The first class would not come. These The King's garment cost bis Son too much were no doubt all freewillers to a man, and for him not to know it from all other gartherefore they would not come to give their ments, and, therefore, in a voice of thunder sanction to this marriage of Christ and the said to this confident professor, “Friend, church. They could not, of course, approve how camest thou in bither, not having a the terms of the marriage, the terms being wedding garment? and (as well he might) for them too positive, decisive, and certain; he was speechless.". But why should be be and therefore they would not come to those speechless ? Ah, why indeed! It was this terms,

that he had never been speechless before ; The second class made light of it. These his mouth had never been stopped by the are low Calvinists, who pretend to believe in power of true conviction of bis state as á lost electing grace; but they make light of it; sinner; and he was speechless also because telling their dear hearers not to trouble he was now made ashamed of his presumpthemselves about it, but simply attend to tion,

" Then said the King to his serrants, their farm, cultivate grace, and go on with Bind him hand and foot;" that is, reckon their merchandise, and attend to their own him among the bond children; and as the weddings, marrying one church to another, bondwoman and her son are to be cast out, until all' are bundled up together; and so this presumptuous one being (though thus obsequious to their teachers, they go among the free children) but a bond child, their way, one to his farm, another to his he must have the bond children's portionmerchandise, while the King's true servants “Cast him into outer darkness; there sball are not to be listened to.

be weeping (to think the King's servants The third class were highly incensed at the should be so cruel as to cast him out), and truth, and took the king's servants, and there shall be (secretly, in the dark) gnash. despitefully entreated them, and slew them.” ing of teeth," at those who have on a wedThese, you see, are the third class passen- ding garment. This class happily is not gers in the parliamentary train of things; very, very numerous, and this, perhaps, is it was by this state-religion class, this secu- indicated by its being represented by “one, lar-power class, this Popish class, that the who had not a wedding garment." Saviour himself was crucified; and by the Thus we bave in this solemn parable, l, same class have thousands of the King's ser- those who would not come ; 2, those who vants been slain; their eminent, high-toned made light of it ; 3, those who slew the piety could not endure either sound doctrine King's servants ; and 4, those who are sound or those who preached it. Well, thanks to enough in head to come in, but not right in Mercy, that the machinery of this old parlia. heart. mentary class is now so out of order that But here is another train of things-the they can no longer carry the King's servants express train-special and superior to all the to the stake or to prison. Heaven break rest,—" And conformed to the express image every wheel and every part of such infernal of the King's Son." Now, wbere lies the machinery, and burn every such devillish secret of all this? It lies, my good Theocarriage in the fire, that men may fly from a philus, in eternal election ; and so this parareligion which has taught them to slay the ble also closes with these words For many are called, and few are chosen." Elec- enabled to listen solemnly, listen earnestly tion takes good care of its objects ; it reveals prayerfully, tremblingly, rejoicingly, while itself to them, wins their affections, and the word of eternal truth opens the secretbrings them aright to the terms of the wed-“ All that dwell upon the earth shall worship ding, to the feast of the wedding, and to the him, whose names are not written in the presence of the King and his Son. Election Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the works secretly but surely; and so it runs— foundation of the world.” Rev. xiii. 8. And * Him that I have chosen I will cause to does a buge body of prosperous error raise the draw near unto me."

wonder and gain the admiration of the And how is it that some of the virgins had world? Where lies the secret of escape from oil in their vessels, and were ready, at the this delusion ? Here is the answer :-" They midnight cry, to go in with the bridegroom that dwell on the earth shall wonder, (that is, The secret was, that election cut them off admire and worship,) whose names were not from all false confidence, made them wise written in the Book of Life from the foundaunto salvation, and led them to choose those tion of the world.” Rev. xvii, 8. golden vessels of the sanctuary whicb contain And do some escape the burning lake? the golden oil. And what are these golden Where is the secret : "Ah! here it is, in that Fessels but the yea and amen promises of the which men make light of —" Whosoever was gospel ? These supplied them with grace. not found written in the Book of Life was cast Their hope, their faith, their love, could not into the lake of fire.” Rev. xx. 15. give up the ghost : could not go out. This And shall some dwell for ever in the promise is yea and amen, and never was heavenly city? Where is the root — the forfeited yet. But the others were not thus origin-of this? What is the explanation ? wise. They had not the faith of God's elect, It is simply, solemnly, this—“They which and knew not the bridegroom, and, therefore, are written in the Lamb's Book of Life.” bad no access to him, neither were ready, as Rev, xxi. 27. were the wise, to go in with him. The wise

Thus, my good Theophilus, you will meet bad just enough of evidential grace to prove at the bar of God with eternal election. Are that they were wise, and,

therefore, could you its heartfelt friend now? Do you receive not impart any unto the foolish; but they it in the love of it? Does your heart, by its must go and buy it at the cost of the same (election's) endearing power, ever glow with experience as had the wise. Hence says the gratitude to God for it; feeling bound to give Saviour to those whom he loves, “I counsel thanks for the hope you have that God hath, thee to buy of me.". If you obtain your oil, from the beginning, chosen you to salvation ? if you have your religion anywhere else, your Or do you give a mere cold Balaam-like assent lamp in the midnight hour of trouble, or of to it, simply because you find it in the letter death, will surely go out, and against all such of the word; and so it becomes a part of your the door of heaven will be shut.

creed; and, therefore, you like to have a My good Theophilus, cling, ever cling, to little, but not too much of it, making the eternal election; you cannot glory too much contemptible, the hypocritical excuse that you therein ; it will enable you to glory in all the are afraid, by being taken up so much with other truths of the gospel, and it will

enable this doctrine, you shall neglect other branches you to very greatly delight in the service of of truth, especially the practical parts ! the blessed God. And if your name be Dire delusion ! base falsehood ! insulting beli? I written in heaven, then "all are yours, and upon the pure truth of the blessed Gud. For ye are Christ's, and Christ is God's.” But if whereas the real truth is the more you glory your name be not written in heaven, then in electing grace; the more spiritually, nothing is yours but sin, and death, and vitally, and practically will you follow out perdition.

every other branch of truth. 'Look at it. It You know people say if election be true it stands thus—"He bath, from the beginning, is of no use to strive after a salvation. chosen you to salvation, through sanctification Well, it is of no use to strive after a salvation of the Spirit and belief of the truth." Again, which does not originate in eternal election, “Ye are a chosen generation, a royal priestfor such never did succeed, and never will

. hood, a holy nation, a peculiar people, that ye And so it is that many shall seek to enter in, should shew forth the praises of him who and shall not be able; because election not hath called you out of darkness into his being at the root of their religion they seek marvellous light." But why speak I thus to it not under the government of that sanctifi. Theophilus, whose very name signifies a friend eation of the Spirit by the truth by which and lover of God? alone salvation can be obtained. But the Well, then, my good Theophilus, if you do election shall obtain it.


times, rejoice that your name is Do errors arise, and carry the world away written in heaven, what will it be at that day by their power ?' Who are they that shall when electing grace shall give you full escape

possession of all the good of his chosen ? Now, my good Theophilus, may you be when you will rejoice for ever in the gladness

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